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Wither (effect) JE2 BE2.png
Potion of DecaySplash Potion of DecayLingering Potion of Decay

See #Causes


#352A27 (bistre)



Wither is a status effect that inflicts damage over time.


Wither is an effect that keeps damaging the player as it continues. Unlike Poison, it can affect undead mobs, and can kill. It is usually difficult for the player to see how much health they have left, as it turns the player's health bar black.


An animation of HP when it receives a "Wither" status for 5 seconds (level 2).

The amount of damage inflicted to the affected entity is shown in the table below:

Level Ticks per ♥ ♥ per second
1 40 0.5♥ × 0.25
2 20 1♥
3 10 2♥
4[note 1] 5 4♥♥
5[note 1] 2 10♥♥♥♥♥
6+[note 1] 1 20♥ × 10
  1. a b c Due to damage immunity, the effective rate is 10 ticks ( 2 damage (♥) per second) at levels 4 and up.

The player's hearts turn black (♥ on Survival mode or ♥ on Hardcore[Java Edition only] mode), making it more difficult, but still possible, for the player to see their health. Death is reported as "<player> withered away". Amplifiers outside the range 0–31 (corresponding to levels 1–32) use modulo 32.


Cause Potency Length Lifetime damage Notes
Potion of Decay II 0:40 40♥ × 20 [Bedrock Edition only][more information needed]
Splash Potion of Decay II 0:30 30♥ × 15 [Bedrock Edition only][more information needed]
Lingering Potion of Decay II 0:10 10♥♥♥♥♥ [Bedrock Edition only][more information needed]
Arrow of Decay II 0:05 5♥♥♥ [Bedrock Edition only]
Wither II

0:10 (normal difficulty)
0:40 (hard difficulty)

10♥♥♥♥♥ (normal difficulty)
40♥ × 20 (hard difficulty)

When wither skulls make a direct hit on the target. Normal and Hard difficulty only.
Wither Skeleton I 0:10 5♥♥♥ Melee attack only.
Wither Rose I 0:02 1♥ Only when in range (within the block)
Suspicious Stew I 0:08 4♥♥ Must be made with Wither Rose

Unaffected mobs[]

Wither skeletons, withers and ender dragons are immune to Wither, while witches are 85% resistant to damage from Wither.

Data values[]


This section is about the effect IDs. For the IDs on potions, see Potion § Item data. For for the IDs on tipped arrows, see Arrow § Metadata.

Java Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID Translation key

Bedrock Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID Translation key


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Resource location
Advancement-fancy-raw.pngHow Did We Get Here?
Have every effect applied at the same time A Furious CocktailHave all of these 26 (27‌[upcoming: JE 1.19]) effects applied to the player at the same time: The source of the effects is irrelevant for the purposes of this advancement. Other status effects, if any, may be applied to the player, but are ignored for this advancement.
Note: This is a hidden advancement, meaning that it can be viewed by the player only after completing it, regardless if one or more of its child advancements have been completed.


Java Edition
1.4.212w34aWither (effect) JE1 BE1.png The Wither effect has been added, and it is inflicted by the wither's wither skulls and wither skeletons.
1.1418w43aWither Rose added, which inflicts the Wither status effect.
Suspicious stew have been added, which can inflict the Wither status effect.
Wither (effect) JE2 BE2.png Changed effect icon texture.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.11.0build 1Wither (effect) JE1 BE1.png Added the wither status effect, which is currently unobtainable.
v0.12.1build 1The Wither effect is now obtainable from wither skeleton attacks.
v0.16.0build 4The Wither effect is now obtainable from wither skull projectiles, and potions of decay as well as splash potion and tipped arrow variants.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha Wither effect can now be obtained from lingering potions of decay.
Bedrock Edition
1.11.0beta (effect) JE2 BE2.png Changed effect icon texture.
1.13.0beta suspicious stew and wither roses, which can inflict the Wither effect.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Wither (effect) JE1 BE1.png Added the wither status effect.


Issues relating to "Wither (effect)" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Wither is the only status effect that can harm both living and undead mobs.
  • The only mobs immune are mobs that inflict wither and boss mobs.