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Villagers are humanoid, passive, non-playable characters (NPCs) that spawn and move around in villages and sometimes igloos. They have different professions in the game.


Each villager has a presence that matches their profession. For example, farmers wear straw hats, and librarians have a book on the top of their heads. Unemployed villagers will wear the default clothing of the village's biome, without any additional work attire, and nitwits wear a green robe in the style of the village's biome. All villagers have green eyes, distinctly long noses, and have their arms crossed over their chests. Almost all villagers have headwear of some kind, as well as patterned robes going down to above their feet.


These are the professions that exist in the game, and the required job block they need to have to get the said job.

Villagers will spawn in their respective buildings depending on their profession. You can also trade with villagers using a unique system that allows you to 'rank up' individual villagers and unlock more of their items to exchange for. Each villager with each role trades different things. Some villagers don't trade at all unless they were given a profession by using a kind of job block (if it is unemployed), or unless the villager in question's trading system has been maxed out by a player. Players can give unemployed villagers who have not traded with a player before a job and unlock trades for them by placing a job block within their vicinity.


Villagers are considered as one of the most intelligent of all peaceful mobs. However, there are some factors that they are unaware of or pay no attention to. Villagers realize the day-night cycle as well. Villagers are not fond of water, and unlike the other peaceful mobs, they will immediately attempt to find a nearby escape route. Villagers will try to avoid zombies. If anything unintentionally attacks a villager, the harmed villager will be alarmed; however, nearby villagers won't react.

Villagers spawn in either village which can be located only in the flattest (or close to flat) biomes, such as desert biomes, savannahs, and plains, or in igloo basements. When a villager notices a zombie, they immediately begin to run away from them. Villagers are fast enough to escape a zombie, zombie villager, zombie pigman, or husk. However, this will not always protect them, since a baby zombie, baby zombie pigman, baby husk, or baby zombie villager will outrun them due to their increased speed. When it becomes night time, all villagers move in-doors to safety. Villagers will also run away when they see an illager such as a vindicator, evoker, pillager, ravager, or illusioner.

A common sight in a village would be a villager, if facing each other, assuming the human-like characteristic of "talking". When a player attacks a villager, they have steam coming from their heads, most-likely indicating anger or frustration. As of 1.6, villagers will produce noises (sounding similar to a "hmmm", a grunt, or a humming sound). They make noises on several occasions: when breeding is activated, when struck by a player, or when a player trades with one.

Villagers also can pick up food, and share it with other villagers. They will pick up wheat, bread, carrots, potatoes, and beetroots. All villagers will additionally pick up seeds and beetroot seeds. Still, only farmer villagers will plant them (giving grains to a non-farmer villager is only useful for disposing of excess seeds). Once a villager has enough food, and there are enough beds in the village, villagers will begin to breed.

In the Bedrock Edition, hitting villagers will make them run away from the player unless the player looks at its trading interface. Also, farmer villagers can be seen holding certain farm items like carrots and drop them to give them to other villagers.

As of 1.14, you can see villagers lying down in their beds. Each villager has a specific bed they sleep in, and can be woken up by the player. Every villager goes to bed when it becomes night-time.

Also as of 1.14, all villagers first spawn as an unemployed villager and receive a job by being close to a particular job block (e.g. being within a certain distance of a barrel will turn a jobless villager into a fisher). Once the said villager gets a job, they will keep that same job for the rest of their lives until the said job block is broken, making them turn back into an unemployed villager and will be shown to be upset. Trading with a villager who has just got a job or changed profession will make it so they can't change their business again, and will be locked into that job. That trade, however on the bedrock edition, trading with a villager will secure their profession, but NOT their businesses, meaning once their profession is locked, you can still pick their trades. Villagers will often return to their work stations to re-stock their merchandise for trading. Take note that they will only re-stock the items a few times after a day.
Villager Sound

Two villagers socializing.


Villagers can be traded within the game for various items depending on their "profession" or type of villager. The currency that they handle is emeralds. Some villagers will trade for emeralds, while others will take jewels and give items. Farmer type villagers, known for their straw hats, will sell for things such as wheat, carrots, potatoes, and melon seeds for emeralds, or vice versa. Farmers tend to occupy farms and plant new crops and take out the full-grown food. The butcher type, known for their headbands and white apron, will trade for meat such as pork chops, beef, mutton, and chicken. It is far more common for the trade to require the raw version of the flesh. Clerics, which can be recognized by their purple aprons, business for Ender pearlseyes of Ender, and other paraphernalia. They also allow a player to buy enchanted items by trading an unenchanted version of the article, in addition to a few emeralds as the cost of enchanting the item. One of the most common trades this particular villager offers is a sum of rotten flesh for a jewel. The blacksmith type of villager is now separated into three types: the toolsmith, which trades tool-related items, the weaponsmith (which usually sells for weapon-related purposes), and the armorer, which sells armor-related items. A typical trade to both of them is that they buy a large sum of coal for an emerald. The librarian villager is known for their book on top of their head; they purchase paper and vend books (sometimes also navigation-related items, such as bookshelves and compasses) and may even sell enchanted books. The fletcher, known for the quill in their hat, vends string-related items. The cartographers each adorned with a monocle, trade map-related items. The shepherd trades wool related issues. The Mason villager, known for their black apron, buys for stone-related details. Lastly, there is one other villager role called the nitwit (also referred to as the "generic villager"). They wear plain green robes and do not purchase or vend items, and don't have any type of job in the game.
Villagers all start with two trade agreements, usually an article for an emerald and an emerald for an item. They start at level one, called a novice. By trading with the villager, you slowly give them experience. With enough experience, villagers go to the next level and can have at least one possible trade.

Trading is one of the fastest ways to get emeralds legitimately in Survival, as farming animals and crops are far quicker than digging for jewels. This allows players to continually trade and renew trades that yield emeralds to a player. This is also known sometimes as "emerald farming".

As of Minecraft 1.8, the villagers' trading got a complete overhaul. Villagers could now have several trades when they are spawned, giving a player more flexibility when trading. Another factor that helps is that when purchasing, new trade possibilities can occur depending on how many new trades players have made already.

The Exploration Update added new "cartographer" villagers, who will trade their exploration map for a compass and varied amounts of emeralds gathered by a player.


As of 1.14 - Village and Pillage, villagers will now have a rank depending on how much the players trade with them. They will always start or spawn with the coal badge at first, but it will be better once players purchase with the same villager more often. Villagers with higher ranks, tend to have more trades, as well as better trades. Here are the trading rankings of villagers, with the stone being the lowest. Take note that buying items will make them rank up a little faster than selling things.


A player's reputation within a particular village can be increased or decreased in many ways, with one notable consequence: if a player has demand below -15, naturally spawned iron golems will become permanently hostile towards a player. Popularity can be gained by trading but will decrease by attacking villagers or iron golems. A player's demand can be high in one village, yet low in another. The reputation-meter starts for every player at 0, the minimum reputation is -30, and the maximum is 10. Actions which affect a player's status are as follows:

Action Change in Popularity
Trading with a villager +1
Spawning an Iron Golem +5
Attacking a villager -1
Killing a villager -2
Attacking a child villager -3
Killing a child villager -5
Killing an Iron Golem -5

Popularity can also affect the trading system to the villagers. If the player has a negative reputation, the trades will become slightly expensive. If the player has a positive reputation, the deals will get a little cheaper.


As of 1.14, villagers will now tend to talk to each other more often in the centre area of the village (the centre usually has bells around it) at a specific time. The villagers can gossip either about a player or for the sake of spawning an iron golem. Gossiping can be either have a positive or negative response and will affect the player's reputation unless the gossip is for a golem. The chatter can either be minor or significant, depending on what the player did. The reputation mechanic, however, is only present in the Java Edition.

Minor Gossip

  • + A player trades with a villager.
  • - A player hurts a villager.

Major Gossip

  • + A player cures a zombie villager.
  • - A player kills a villager.

Golem Gossip

  • Villagers will gossip about spawning an iron golem if enough villagers are onto that topic. (1.14.3+)



Illagers are hostile, village-like mobs. There are 5 (4 if excluding the ravager) types: the evoker, vindicator, illusioner, pillager, and ravager. All illagers will attack villagers, iron golems, wandering traders, and players. The evoker and vindicator spawn in woodland mansions, while the illusioners rely on commands (/summon illusioner) to spawn (however illusioners may/will naturally spawn in raids as of the 1.16 update). The pillager generates in pillager outposts and illager patrols. All of these mobs can also appear when an invasion (called a raid) occurs.


Witches are a type of hostile villager like mobs that are much like Illagers. They rarely spawn in the Overworld in low light levels, or by a witch's hut. Witches will also spawn if a villager is struck by lightning within four blocks. They will not attack villagers but will attack Iron Golems. They may also join pillager raids as healers, but they will not attack villagers.


NPC's are village-like mobs who are exclusive to the Education Edition. They provide tips and come in several different looks. Despite strongly resembling villagers like the other variants, NPCs do not trade, but right-clicking opens their "speech" interface.

Wandering Trader

Wandering Traders are probably the closest non-villager mob to resemble villagers. Not to be mistaken for one, they have blue clothing and are seen in many places, walking around during the day. They also leash two exclusive trader llamas with them, and have a trading interface as well, although completing a trade won't gain more deals from the NPC. Additionally, they will have a scheduled despawn time, and will also run away from zombies and Illagers. They will also use an invisibility potion if they see any hostile mob or when it is night-time and will drink milk when the sun rises.

Zombie Villager

Main article: Zombie Villager Zombie Villagers are mobs that appeared in Java Edition 1.4.2. They make up 5% of zombies that spawn in the Overworld. They will also look after a villager is killed by a zombie during a village siege, 50% on Normal and 100% on Hard, eliminating their trade offer. If a baby villager is killed during an assault, it will also become a baby zombie villager. Baby zombie villagers are faster than their grown-up counterparts and will not age. Zombie villagers can be cured and returned to ordinary villagers if weakened using a splash potion of Weakness, and then fed a golden apple. They will appear to shudder when being cured.
Zombie villagers 1.9

Multiple Zombie Villagers in Minecraft 1.9. Note how the color of their clothing relates to the Villager's original appearance.

2014-04-24 10.14.31

Two Zombie Villagers. Note that one of them is wearing Leather armor.


  • There is an unused texture for the villager found in the game files. It had an angry-looking face with red eyes.
  • Villagers may pick up certain items on the ground, such as beetroots, wheat, potatoes, carrots, seeds, and bread.
  • If a bolt of lightning hits a villager, then it will turn into a witch.
  • Cleric villagers and zombie villagers can spawn in an igloo.
  • Villagers are still able to see you even if you have an invisibility potion effect.
  • In the Minecraft 1.6 poster, a villager was wearing blue robes, but it never appeared in the final version of Minecraft 1.6.
  • Setting the game rule "mobGriefing" to false will make farmer villagers stop planting or harvesting crops.
  • Notch originally planned for villages to be populated by Pigmen instead of villagers.
  • Before 13w22a/1.6.1, villagers did not make sounds.
  • Although villagers are currently as simple as other passive mobs, they appear to have elementary intelligent coding already implemented. Before, if a player opens the door to their home and leaves it open, they will likely soon move out of the doorway. However, once outside, they may wander out into the wilderness. As of 1.2 however, they now automatically go inside at night.
  • In Beta 1.9 pre-release's files, there is a texture for nitwit villagers, which wear green robes. However, this could not be spawned.
    • The nitwit villager can be spawned in 1.7 using commands.
    • In the 1.14 update, the nitwit has made a comeback and is a green-robed villager, and unable to get a job/trade.
  • Before the 1.14 update, different but straightforward coloured clothes were used to indicate different professions of villagers. Brown suggested a farmer, purple reported a priest, white noted a librarian or cartographer, a villager with a black apron was a blacksmith, and a villager with a white apron was a butcher.
  • The textures for the librarian villager, priest villager, the unused villager in green robes, and witches have a "hood" next to their head, where a mob's hat texture would be, but it does not appear in the game.
  • When players stare at a villager, and the villager sees them, they will nod.
  • Since 1.2, villagers can now have children. They run faster than ordinary villagers and have a significantly smaller size. They cannot trade.
  • A player cannot trade with a nitwit villager unless they use commands.
  • Occasionally, children won't go inside houses at night.
  • Only a child can take a poppy from an iron golem.
  • Attacking a villager child is comparable to attacking an iron golem in terms of lowering popularity.
  • An Iron Golem spawns in each village.
  • Since the 12w21a snapshot, it is possible to trade with villagers by right-clicking them. This way it is possible to get usually not craftable items like bottle o' enchanting and chain armour, as well as rare items like diamonds.
    • It is possible to trade with villagers in the Windows 10 Edition.
  • As of snapshot 14w02b, villagers can have more professions (e.g. blacksmiths can be tool smiths, weaponsmiths, and armourers).
  • In snapshot 14w04a, farmer villagers can destroy full-grown plants, and replant them.
  • On April 1, 2014, Mojang announced that the villagers had taken over Minecraft and caused everyone's skin to look like a villager, as an April Fools joke from the Element Animation video. Players were unable to change their skins during that time.
    • During this time, everyone also had Element Animation's TEAVSRP (The Element Animation Villager Sounds Resource Pack) automatically installed.
  • When players put a ladder behind a door, and a villager tries to exit out of the door, the villager will go up the ladder, and they will spin in circles when they reach the top.
  • As of 15w35a, zombie villagers have new textures that are different for each type of villager.
  • Some players have noted villagers resemble "Squidward" from the television show "SpongeBob SquarePants" because of their long noses. Notch himself even commented on the resemblance, saying that they look like "Caveman Squidward's".[1]
  • They have also been nicknamed Ki-Adi-Mundi in rare cases because of their small resemblance to the Star Wars character.
  • Villagers were based on the shop keeper in Dungeon Master 2.
  • The height of the villager has changed from 1.8 blocks tall to 1.9 blocks tall.
  • Villagers were called "TESTIFICATE" in the Beta 1.9 pre-release.
  • Before 1.9, zombie villagers all had the same appearance. Now, their clothing is based on the villager they come from (and will turn into if cured).
  • Nitwit, unemployed, and baby villagers will shake their heads when a player tries to trade with them.
  • Using villagers, you can stack non-stackable items by clicking the trade option in the left side menu. This way, you can stack things like boats. Works only in 1.14+
  • In Bedrock Edition, villagers used to equip any kind of armour with the use of dispensers (simply fire an armour filled container, and the villager will t it). This will increase the villager's defence, but doesn't show the shield on the said villager and will not drop the equipped armour on death.
    • This feature is now reverted, and will not work anymore.
  • Frequently trading the same merchandise may make the price increase due to high demand. Not trading with a villager for a while may make them do discounts on their trades.
  • Villagers at the maximum level may sometimes follow you.
  • Baby villagers may roam around and play with each other. They can also be seen jumping in beds.
  • There was a glitch in the game where the villager's heads will be detached when they are sleeping.
  • When a player wins a raid, villagers will throw many items to the player. This varies in their profession (e.g., a librarian villager will give a book to a player).
  • Villagers can still sleep in the Nether and the End without their beds exploding.
  • If a player holds a spawn egg, they will not be able to trade with a villager.
  • The design of the cleric villager's apron has a creeper face behind it.
  • In Bedrock Edition, all zombie villagers will now wear regular robes regardless of the former outfit they formally wear. If they are cured; however, they will revert to the profession's outfit they last wore (Zombie villagers that were naturally spawned will have a random job).
  • Villagers will show their items in stock if they saw that you are holding something that they want (e.g. if a player has wheat, then a farmer villager will show an emerald to that player).
  • Players can edit what the villager is holding using the /replaceitem command in the slot.weapon.mainhand. This will make a villager be seen holding an item the player has given to them via commands.
  • There is a glitch in the game where a villager would work on a job block that is not supposed to be used by that villager (e.g. A cartographer was seen using a podium).
  • Throwing a snowball, or casting a fishing rod at a villager will result in them disliking you, and trading with them will be more costly and expensive than usual.
  • If a villager is multiple blocks away from the player when the trading menu is opened, the villager will walk up to the player and walk away after it is closed.
  • A villager can be heard making agreeing or disagreeing noises during the trading process, for example, if there is not enough of an item, the villager will disagree and if there is they will agree. The "villager disagrees" and "villager agrees" noises can be read if subtitles are on.


New VillagerB

Click for full Villager gallery.

See Also


Mobs in Minecraft
Passive Mobs
BatFace Bat OcelotFace Cat ChickenFace Chicken CowFace Cow
CodBody Fish (various) HorseHead Horse MooshroomFace Mooshroom BrownMooshroomFace Brown Mooshroom
ParrotFaceParrot PigFace Pig Big-rabbit-face Rabbit SheepFace Sheep
Snowgolemhead Snow Golem Squidface Squid TurtleFaceTurtle Villagerhead Villager
WanderingTraderFace Wandering Trader Fox FaceZ Fox StriderFace Strider(upcoming JE 1.16)
Neutral Mobs
DolphinHead Dolphin EndermanFace Enderman Vg face Iron Golem Big-llama-face Llama
PolarBearFace Polar Bear BetterWolfFace Wolf ZombiePigmanFace Zombie Pigman PiglinFace Piglin (upcoming JE 1.16)
Panda FaceZ Panda BeeFace Bee SpiderFace Spider (12 Neutral) CaveSpiderFace Cave Spider (12 Neutral)
Hostile Mobs
Blaze Face Blaze CreeperFace Creeper Enderdragon Face Ender Dragon EndermiteFace Endermite
EvokerFace Evoker GhastFace Ghast HuskFace Husk Magma Cube Face Magma Cube
PillagerFace Pillager Big-shulker-face Shulker SilverfishFace Silverfish SkeletonFace Skeleton
SlimeFace Slime Spider SkeletonFace Spider Jockey 50px-WitchFace Witch Wither face Wither
WitherSkeletonHead Wither Skeleton Spider WitherSkeleton Wither Skeleton Jockey ZombieFace Zombie Drownedheaad Drowned
StrayFace Stray VexFace Vex VindicatorFace Vindicator RavagerFace Ravager
PhantomFace Phantom Guardian Guardian Pillager FaceZ Illager Captain Big-elder-guardian-face Elder Guardian
ZombieVillagerFace Zombie Villager Hoglin face Hoglin(upcoming JE 1.16) ZoglinFace

Zoglin(upcoming JE 1.16)

Unused/Removed/Unimplemented Mobs
BeastBoyFace Beast Boy BlackSteveFace Black Steve ZombieFace Giant Illusioner Illusioner
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