See § Structure
|Can generate in
A village is a group or complex of buildings and other structures that generate naturally in the Overworld. A village is inhabited by villagers, cats, iron golems, passive livestock mobs, occasional zombie villagers, and wandering traders with their trader llamas. A village is a source of resources to the player, obtained from trading, chests, and materials found in the village. Villages are also targets of raid attacks by illagers.
- 1 Generation
- 2 Events
- 3 Structure
- 4 Abandoned villages
- 5 Mechanics
- 6 History
- 7 Issues
- 8 Trivia
- 9 Gallery
- 10 References
Villages generate naturally in plains, savanna, taiga, snowy tundra, and desert biomes. In Bedrock Edition, they also generate in snowy taiga, sunflower plains, taiga hills, and snowy taiga hills biomes. The type of the village, and therefore the style of all structures within it, is determined by the biome at the village center or meeting point. If the meeting point does not generate in one of the above biomes, the village defaults to plains style.
The following table shows the village styles corresponding to different biomes.
Sunflower plains[BE only]
Mountain Meadow[JE only]
Any other not listed here[note 1]
Taiga hills[BE only]
Snowy taiga[BE only]
Snowy taiga hills[BE only]
- If generated through mods, data packs or behavior packs
The number of villagers spawned depends on the number of beds in the village. Villagers spawn only in houses that have beds, while job site buildings (with no beds) always generate without villagers.
If a building or pathway generates over open-air, circular or square platforms of grass or sand (depending on the terrain) generates below the structure, which can cause surface oddities. This can be clearly seen when a village building generates over an ocean. Farms generate a few blocks of open space above them if they happen to generate inside a hill. Village buildings can also generate suddenly on the top of a mountain while the other buildings are at the bottom of the mountain. This happens a lot in savanna villages.
Some villages generate as abandoned; see § Abandoned villages below.
Villages are slightly more common in Bedrock Edition than in Java Edition. There is a roughly 1⁄2 chance that at least one village is present within 500 blocks of the world spawn point in Java Edition, while this chance is about 2⁄3 in Bedrock Edition. This is due to the fact that villages can generate in more biomes in Bedrock Edition, as well as being closer to each other within an eligible biome.
Despite the existence of jungle and swamp villagers, there are no swamp or jungle villages in the game.
- Upon generation
- Villagers (spawn in regular villages only)
- Iron Golems (spawn in regular villages only; one spawns near a village meeting point)
- Zombie Villagers (spawn in abandoned villages only)
- Horses (spawn in regular villages and abandoned villages)
- Pigs (spawn in regular villages and abandoned villages)
- Cows (spawn in regular villages and abandoned villages)
- Sheep (spawn in regular villages and abandoned villages)
- Cats (spawn naturally inside villages, one for every four beds for a maximum of five)
- Wandering Traders (one spawns periodically at a village meeting point)
- Trader Llamas (two spawn periodically at a village meeting point alongside a wandering trader)
- Iron Golems (In Bedrock Edition, they spawn periodically around the village center if there are at least 10 villagers and 20 beds in a village, for a maximum of two. In Java Edition, they spawn periodically if the villager spawning them has slept)
- During events
- Zombies (spawn during zombie sieges)[Java Edition only]
- Pillagers (spawn during raids)
- Vindicators (spawn during raids)
- Evokers (spawn during raids)
- Vexes (spawn during raids, summoned by evokers)
- Ravagers (spawn during raids)
- Witches (spawn during raids or when a villager is struck by lightning within four blocks of the bolt)
A player who kills an illager captain (found in an outpost or a patrol) receives the Bad Omen effect for 100 minutes. Like other status effects, Bad Omen can also be cleared by dying or drinking milk. Entering a village boundary while the effect is active triggers a raid, in which groups of illagers spawn and attack the village. Killing multiple captains in Java Edition gives the player a higher level of Bad Omen, and the higher the level, the higher the chance for the raiding mobs to wield enchanted weapons.
Zombie sieges are in-game events where many zombies spawn in a village, regardless of how well lit or walled off a village is. They have a 10% chance of occurring at midnight every night or during thunderstorms when a village has at least 20 valid beds.
The number of buildings making up a village can vary, and not every village consists of all building types at once. Apart from the meeting point, which is unique and systematic, the number of buildings of each type is randomly generated and increased in superflat[Java Edition only] worlds. The number of lamp posts and decorative structures (hay bales, melon patch, pumpkin patch, farms, snow and ice patches) has no restriction, as they are generated where no other buildings can be placed. These structures could have functions, and could be of great use to the player. Paths are found between the buildings of the village and often extend beyond them.
Structures are chosen randomly from a pool of possible buildings. No one building has a greater chance to appear than another.
The full list of the village house blueprints can be accessed by going here.
Architecture style, and blocks making up the village structures, vary according to village type. Not every building can generate in a single village, although some blocks can be found in any village, such as job site blocks and food items.
Villages generate paths between the buildings and extending outside of the village. Village paths generate at the level of existing terrain, potentially going up steep hills or down ravines without regard for whether an entity could actually traverse the path. Paths do not go below sea level and replace only grass blocks (with air above), water, lava, sand, sandstone, and red sandstone; all other blocks are ignored and the blocks underneath are considered for replacement instead. Villagers use these paths to travel across the village.
In plains, savanna, taiga, and snowy villages, paths are comprised of grass paths and grass. Savanna villages also generate farmland and crops in some paths. Grass paths that generate over water are replaced by the village style's planks type. Desert villages generate with smooth sandstone paths.
In Buffet worlds with cave generation, paths may generate on a separate layer from the rest of the buildings. In floating island generation, paths may not generate at all.
Trees, lamp posts, and other decorative structures can generate in the middle of paths as obstructions.
In an abandoned village, all generated villagers are instead zombie villagers, and all doors and light sources are missing. The zombie villagers do not despawn, but have no resistance to sunlight. The zombie villagers spawned inside these villages behave similar to drowned as they stay in the shade even when a player or villager are nearby, only coming out when the sun has set. In abandoned villages, most cobblestone blocks are replaced by mossy cobblestone, random blocks (particularly wood) are replaced by cobwebs, and all glass panes are replaced by brown stained glass panes to represent dirty glass. Abandoned villages also spawn stray cats, as well as the usual village livestock, but they do not spawn iron golems. The amount of buildings in a abandoned village can be slightly more than a normal village.
A village always consists of at least one acceptable bed and one villager. Rarely, a village structure can generate without beds, thus not qualifying as a village. Upon creation, a village center is defined as a bed claimed by the first villager (a village leader), or the gathering site block (a bell), and the village's size is the greater of 32 blocks or the distance to the furthest bed from the center. Any villager, village golem, siege-spawned zombie, or raid-spawned Illagers can pathfind back into the village if they find themselves farther than that many blocks from the center.
Villages are established by the number of valid beds in the village.
The maximum population of a village is the number of valid beds. If the population drops below that point (due to death or removal), but there are at least two villagers left who can reach each other, the villagers mate and breed until the population is at the maximum.
In Bedrock Edition, a village is created when at least one villager links to one bed. The village continues to exist as long as one of its villagers remains linked to one of its beds. If all beds are unlinked (by being destroyed, by players sleeping in them, or by villagers failing to pathfind to them), then the village ceases to exist. When this happens the villagers lose all links to job site blocks and bells, and cannot use them.
When the first villager links to a bed a village of size 65×25×65 blocks is created, centered on the pillow of that bed. The boundaries, and consequently the center (which is important because it defines where cats and iron golems can spawn), may change as other villagers link or unlink from point of interest (POI) blocks. When the boundaries change the center usually shifts to the location of POI block near the midpoint between the farthest out POI in each direction. In naturally generated villages there is usually a bell near the village center, but aside from that bells have no special role distinct from other POI in how the game defines and manages the village center and boundaries.
Villages have gathering sites where villagers may mingle. A gathering site is defined as a bell located within the village boundary. A wandering trader may spawn at a gathering site, accompanied by trader llamas. A villager will also ring the bell when a raid starts.
Job site blocks
Job site blocks are blocks such as grindstones, smithing tables, and lecterns, which are used by villagers. Villagers with the corresponding professions spend their time in front of their job site block, except for nitwits, baby villagers and unemployed villagers (villagers without profession overlays). Upon claiming a job site block, green particles appear above both the villager and the job site block, and the villager takes up the profession of the job site block if unemployed. Villagers that have already been traded with can claim only job site blocks related to their profession. Employed villagers that are not linked to a job site block are unable to restock their trades. Villagers cannot link to a job site block that has already been claimed by another villager. There are thirteen job site blocks in the game, each linking to their respective villager profession.
A player's popularity starts at zero when the player enters a new village and ranges between −30 and 30 in Java Edition, and between −30 and 10 in Bedrock Edition. The following can alter a player's popularity:
|Popularity of Actions|
|Action||Popularity Change in Java Edition||Popularity Change in Bedrock Edition|
|Hero of the Village (When the player gets the Hero of the Village effect using commands, the popularity also increases)||+10||0|
|Curing a zombie villager||0||+10|
|Present when a villager joins its first village (This includes curing the first zombie villager in a abandoned village or spawning villagers in a empty village)||0||+5|
|Upgrading a Villager to Expert/Master||+4||+1|
|Upgrading a Villager to Journeyman||+3||+1|
|Upgrading a Villager to Apprentice||+2||+1|
|Trading with a villager for the last offer slot on their list
(The offer list is in the master level of the trading system)
|Spending time in a village (does not increase popularity above 0)||0||+1|
|Attacking a villager (hitting the villager with a weapon or your hand or using a fishing rod on the villager. Projectiles like arrows, snowballs, and eggs, also count)||−1||−1 per hit|
|Killing a villager||−2||−2|
|Attacking a baby villager||−3||−3 per hit|
|Killing a baby villager||−5||−2|
|Killing a village's iron golem (Building an iron golem or spawning an iron golem using commands does not increase the player's popularity)||0||−5|
When a player acts directly on a villager, particles around that villager indicate the change in popularity: green sparks for increasing popularity, or small storm clouds for decreasing popularity.
A player's popularity does not reset on death, and players cannot alter other players' popularity. Popularity is stored per village; a player may have high popularity in one village and low in another. The player cannot see what their popularity in a village is, but if the iron golems attack the player means that the player's popularity is -15 or less. Additionally, because popularity is stored per village, if the entire village is destroyed, any accumulated popularity, positive or negative, is also eliminated.
If a village (at least one villager and one claimed bed) is repopulated after destroyed, the player's popularity resets at zero.
Iron golems spawned by a village will be hostile toward any player who has a popularity score of −15 or less.
Iron golems constructed by the player are always passive toward the player, even if the popularity score of the player is -15 or less or when the player attacks the iron golem or attacks a villager in front of the golem. Iron golems spawned by the player (using a
/summon command) or an iron golem that was naturally spawned in a village are neutral toward the player (they attack the player only if the player attacks them), or when the player's popularity of -15 or less.
The naturally spawned iron golem attacks the player if the player hits a villager (using a weapon, a fishing rod, snowballs, eggs, or your fists) in front of the golem. The iron golem will be neutral again if the player runs out of the iron golem's line of sight or far enough from it for a while, although hitting the iron golem makes it hostile for longer. This also applies to iron golems that are summoned by a command or iron golems that spawn regularly if a village population is big enough. Iron golems will get provoked again if a player's popularity score is -15 or less and goes into the line-of-sight with the golem, even when the player went away from the golem.
Distracting an provoked iron golem by summoning hostile mobs around the golem only makes it stop attacking the player for a short time. After killing all the hostile mobs around it, the iron golem will resume attacking the player.
|February 21, 2010||NPC villages and "monster towns" are mentioned.|
|July 1, 2011||A picture of villages was released by Notch before Beta 1.8 was released. In the early screenshot, villages were partly made of moss stone.|
|July 13, 2011||An early interview with Notch discussed his plans for the village.|
|August 10, 2011||Notch originally worked on villages by himself, but eventually gave the task to Jeb, so that he could work on other things.|
|August 11, 2011||Jeb has said that during early tests of villages, the lava in a blacksmith often set the village on fire.|
|August 26, 2011||Villages were shown to the public during the PAX 2011 demo, including the interiors.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|1.8||Pre-release||Villages added, which only generated in plains and desert biomes.|
|They were originally intended to be populated with pigmen.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease||Villagers have been added to villages. They have 'TESTIFICATE' written above their heads.|
|1.1||12w01a||Superflat added, allowing bigger villages.|
|Blacksmith buildings in villages now hold chests with loot.|
|1.2.1||12w07a||Villagers now repopulate villages based on how many houses there are available.|
|Zombie sieges can now occur once a village has reached a certain size.|
|The player may now add houses to villages, provided they are enclosed with a roof and wooden door.|
|12w08a||Larger villages now spawn iron golems to defend them.|
|1.3.1||12w21a||Desert villages are now made of sandstone instead of wood and cobblestone.|
|1.4.2||12w32a||Villages now track the "popularity" of individual players by username.|
|12w36a||Potatoes and carrots can now be found in NPC villages.|
|1.5||13w03a||Changes to water-block generation now make wells proper infinite water sources.|
|13w06a||The lamppost glitch in villages has been fixed.|
|1.7.2||13w36a||Savanna biome added, which villages can now generate in.|
|1.8||14w03a||Gravel roads in villages now have cobblestone underneath, to prevent them from collapsing into caves.|
|14w04a||Doors are now added to the closest village.|
|14w25a||Zombie sieges have been re-implemented.|
|14w30a||Wells in desert villages are now made of sandstone instead of cobblestone.|
|1.9||15w31a||Farms now include beetroot crops.|
|1.10||16w20a||Village structures are no longer restricted by biome boundaries, meaning that a village that starts in a valid biome can now spread into an adjacent invalid biome.|
|Villages now generate in taiga biomes (but not their variants), and are made of spruce wood.|
|Savanna villages are now made of acacia wood rather than oak. Acacia logs replace cobblestone in all structures except churches.|
|Paths no longer generate below sea level, and they are made with different material depending on the existing terrain.|
|Grass paths now generate rather than gravel paths, when generated on grass blocks.|
|Paths made of planks now generate over water and lava to form bridges.|
|Villages now have a 2% chance of generating as an abandoned village, which are inhabited only by zombie villagers, and generate without any doors or torches.|
|16w21a||Blacksmiths now generate with cobblestone in all biomes, rather than acacia logs in savannas and sandstone in deserts.|
|pre1||Zombie villagers generated in zombie villages no longer despawn.|
|Wooden fences are now substituted with the correct wood type for the biome.|
|Paths no longer replace most blocks, instead considering the blocks underneath, preventing them from generating in treetops or bridging ravines.|
|1.14||18w47a||Added raids, in which groups of illagers attack villages after a player kills an illager patrol leader then enters a village.|
|November 28, 2018||A hotfix for all 1.14 snapshots is released, updating the main menu with a panorama of the new villages.|
|18w48a||Updated the plains village look.|
|18w49a||Added snowy tundra villages.|
|Updated the savanna village look.|
|18w50a||Updated the taiga and desert village looks.|
|19w04a||Re-added zombie villages in desert and taiga biomes.|
|19w06a||Desert blacksmith buildings have been removed.|
|Improved village blacksmith building generation to prevent them from catching on fire from lava inside them.|
|19w07a||Re-added zombie villages in plains and savanna biomes.|
|Added snowy tundra zombie villages.|
|19w08a||Villages now spawn with at least one iron golem.|
|19w11a||Village detection is now based on beds, job sites, and meeting points instead of doors.|
|1.14.1||Pre-Release 1||Many structures are tweaked to have better lighting.|
|1.16||Pre-release 2||"Jellie" cats now spawn naturally in villages.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|v0.9.0||build 1||Added villages. They generate with gravel, wooden or sandstone bridges.|
|build 2||Desert villages are now made of sandstone.|
|build 4||Villages are now rare.|
|build 7||Villages are now more common.|
|v0.11.0||build 1||Grass path blocks now replace gravel paths in villages.|
|v0.12.1||build 1||Larger villages now spawn iron golems to defend them.|
|build 8||Farms now include beetroot crops.|
|v0.14.0||build 3||The door-to-villager ratio in villages has been increased (was previously 1:1).|
|v0.15.0||build 1||Added savanna and taiga village variants.|
|Villages can now generate in cold taiga and ice plains biomes. Buildings are made out of spruce wood like taiga villages.|
|Villages now have a 2% chance of generating as zombie villages. Buildings in zombie villages include cobweb and moss stone.|
|v0.16.0||?||Farms no longer generate crops in ice plains and cold taiga villages.|
|v0.16.2||Chests can now generate inside large houses in ice plains and cold taiga villages containing farming supplies.|
|1.8.0||beta 188.8.131.52||Cats now spawn in villages.|
|1.10.0||beta 184.108.40.206||Updated the look of plains, desert, savanna, taiga, snowy tundra, and snowy taiga villages.|
|Taiga villages are now more common.|
|Villages are now set by the number of beds in the village instead of doors.|
|Villages now have gathering sites in which a wandering trader can appear.|
|Villages now have job sites where villagers go to work.|
|Removed zombie villages.|
|1.11.0||beta 220.127.116.11||Villages now always spawn at least one iron golem.|
|Changed some structures; plains tannery now include a single cauldron, some poorly lit areas have torches, lava is no longer a fire hazard, added floors in some floorless houses.|
|Changed village generation by rebalancing the number of houses (buildings with beds) and job sites (buildings with job site blocks). Sand now also has sandstone support below.|
|Plains farms and plains toolsmith houses can now generate in new plains villages.|
|Animals now spawn in the village stables, animal pens, shepherd houses, and butcher houses.|
|Added chest loot to non-plains village variants.|
|Added raids, in which groups of illagers attack villages.|
|beta 18.104.22.168||Players with bad omen now trigger a raid when in villages.|
|1.13.0||beta 22.214.171.124||Re-added zombie villages.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU5||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||1.0.1||Added villages.|
|TU9||Blacksmith buildings in villages now hold chests with loot.|
|TU14||1.04||Added desert villages.|
|?||?||?||Wells in desert villages are now made of sandstone instead of cobblestone.|
|TU31||CU19||1.22||Patch 3||Savanna biome added, which villages can now generate in.|
|Gravel roads in villages now have cobblestone underneath, to prevent them from collapsing into caves.|
|TU43||CU33||1.36||Patch 13||Villages can now generate in cold taiga and ice plains biomes, constructed with spruce wood.|
|Villages now generate with grass paths instead of gravel.|
|Villages in savanna biomes now generate with acacia wood.|
|TU46||CU36||1.38||Patch 15||Villages now generate naturally in the taiga biome.|
|TU58||CU49||1.60||Patch 28||1.0.8||Villages generated in the desert or the savanna biome now replace the most sandstone/acacia wood with cobblestone.|
|TU60||CU51||1.64||Patch 30||1.0.11||Villages now generate naturally in cold taiga and snow plains biomes generating with spruce wood.|
|Desert villages no longer generate with cobblestone, including blacksmith and church buildings.|
|Tables in villages now have brown carpet instead of a pressure plate.|
|1.91||Added raids, in which groups of illagers attack villages after a player kills an illager patrol leader then enters a village.|
|Updated the look of plains, desert, savanna, taiga, snowy tundra, and snowy taiga villages.|
|Village detection is now based on beds, job sites, and meeting points instead of doors.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
- According to Jeb, originally they wanted a system for a village to expand in the population if the player improves it. But they found that it was computationally expensive to evaluate what constituted a house, so to make it simple, they decided that a door with an inside and outside counts as a house; however, the house was later changed to beds.
- Prior to Village and Pillage, the farms in villages would avoid overhanging by filling in the area below them with dirt when they spawned. When a farm overhangs a ravine, a tall rectangular dirt structure generates underneath. Buildings would fill the area below them with cobblestone, often resulting in the same behavior.
- Occasionally, surface ravines generate through villages, causing missing pathways or even entire buildings sunken into the ravine. This also applies to cave entrances and other surface oddities.
- In rare cases, players can find a tiny village consisting of one house, or even just one job site-building (a building with job site blocks) without any houses (building with beds), causing the village to not spawn any villagers.
- The plains village is the only type of village with much of its architecture resembling its old counterpart prior to Village & Pillage.
- In the Java Edition, village paths used to generate grass paths only when generated on grass blocks and used gravel in other cases. This is no longer the case due to a bug.
Another image of a village tweeted by LadyAgnes.
A snowy tundra village.
Villagers mingling about an iron golem.
3 villages generated in close proximity in Plains biome.
A preset for Coastal Village (Bedrock Edition only).
A squid in a farm village.
Two wandering traders in the meeting point at the plains village.
Three villagers are offering items in a farm.
A cat in a village.
A bee nest generated in a superflat village.
MINECON Earth 2018
Pre–Village and Pillage
An old desert village generated in mesa biome.
First official screenshot of a village generating with grass path blocks as roads.
A house that was damaged by a creeper explosion.
Pre–Village and Pillage
A village generated in the amplified world type. Notice how some of the buildings are built into the mountain, and others on huge cobblestone towers.
- "It's very likely the townspeople will be pigmen" – @notch on Twitter, April 25, 2011
- "Meet the villagers" – Minecraft.net
- "Just found this village when testing, they got their own turtle civilization! ^^" – @_LadyAgnes on Twitter, November 28, 2018