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This tutorial is designed to compare units of measurement in Minecraft to real life units and to compare different units used in-game.

## Time

To convert time in Minecraft to time in real life, simply divide by 72, and vice versa. To measure ticks in Minecraft, multiply the real time (seconds) by 20.

Minecraft Time Real Time Ticks
3.6 seconds = 0.05 seconds = 1
1 minute ≈ 0.83 seconds ≈ 17
1.2 minutes = 1 second = 20
1 hour = 50 seconds = 1,000
1.2 hours = 1 minute = 1,200
1 day = 20 minutes = 24,000
3 days = 1 hour = 72,000
1 week ≈ 2.33 hours = 168,000
1 lunar cycle (8 days) ≈ 2.67 hours = 192,000
1 month (30 days) = 10 hours = 720,000
72 days = 1 day = 1,728,000
1 year (365 days) ≈ 5.07 days = 8,760,000
504 days (1.38 years) = 1 week = 12,096,000
2160 days (5.92 years) = 1 month = 51,840,000
1 decade ≈ 50.69 days ≈ 7.22 weeks = 87,600,000
72 years (26280 days) = 1 year = 630,720,000
1 century ≈ 1.39 years = 876,000,000

## Amount of items

1 item is the most basic measurement in quantity.

• 1 block = 9 items. Used for resources that can be crafted into storage blocks and back (most kinds of processed minerals, slimeballs, bone meal, melon slices, wheat, dried kelp)
• 1 stack = 64 items = 7 blocks, 1 item. Note that some items like banners, signs, eggs, and ender pearls only stack to 16. So if someone says they have a stack of eggs, they have 16. For unstackable items, a stack is just 1. So saying things like "a stack of pickaxes" to mean "64 pickaxes" is best avoided. Simply say "64 pickaxes".
One stack of a fully-stackable material (e.g. stone, diamond) will fully occupy one slot in one's inventory.
• 1 full hopper = 5 stacks = 320 items.
• 1 stack of blocks = 9 stacks = 576 items when completely uncrafted.
• 1 full dispenser or dropper = 9 stacks = 576 items.
• Mining capacity of an unenchanted diamond pickaxe = 24 stacks 25 items = 1561 items.
• 1 full chest = 27 slots or 27 stacks = 1,728 items.
• Mining capacity of an unenchanted netherite pickaxe = 31 stacks 47 items = 2031 items
• 1 inventory = 37 stacks = 2,368 items, when the offhand is included.
• 1 full double chest = 2 chestfuls = 54 stacks = 3,456 items.
• Note: The phrase "double chest" is often shortened to "dub"; e.g. "a dub of cobblestone", meaning 54 stacks.
• 1 chestful of shulker boxes = 27 chestfuls = 729 stacks = 46,656 items.
• 1 double-chestful of shulker boxes = 54 chestfuls = 1458 stacks = 93,312 items.

A useful tool to convert different units in the game can be found on https://gamertools.net/minecraft/stacks/.

## Health

Main article: Health

The basic measure of health is one health point (1). One heart (2) is also commonly used when talking about health.

Damage/entity HP
Chicken 4
Item 5
Instant Damage 6
Diamond Sword 7
Netherite Sword 8
Cow 10
Sharpness V Netherite Axe 13 × 6.5
Player 20 × 10
Enderman 40 × 20
TNT 65 × 32.5 max
Iron Golem 100 × 50
Ender Dragon 200 × 100
Wither 300 × 150 [JE only] 600 × 300 [BE only]
Player with maximum Health Boost and maximum Absorption 2068 × 1034
`/kill` 3.4028234663852886E38 × 1.7014117331926E+38 (max value of double `0x7F7FFFFF`)

## Hunger

Main article: Hunger

Similarly, the basic unit in hunger is a food point—1 ()—displayed as a chicken drumstick.

A full hunger bar (20 ( × 10)) contains 20 food points.

Additionally there are another 20 saturation points, which are invisible but are used when performing actions before hunger, so the maximum value is 40.

## Speed

Main article: Player § Movement

## Distance

Minecraft's worlds are a voxel grid where each block represents a voxel which is one cubic meter (1m3) in real life.

Knowing that one block is one cubic meter,we can derive that:

### Metric units

Unit Desgination Blocks Pixels
1 Terameter* 1e12 blocks 16e12 pixels
1 Gigameter 1e09 blocks 16e09 pixels
1 Megameter 1e06 blocks 16e06 pixels
1 Kilometer 1000 blocks 16000 pixels
1 Hectometer 100 blocks 1600 pixels
1 Decameter 10 blocks 160 pixels
1 Meter 1 block 16 pixels
1 Decimeter 0.1 blocks 1.6 pixels
1 Centimeter 0.01 blocks 0.16 pixels
1 Millimeter 0.001 blocks 0.016 pixels
6.25 cm 0.0625 blocks 1 pixel
62.5 cm 0.625 blocks 10 pixels
6.25 m 6.25 blocks 100 pixels
• A "Terameter" is unneeded, because of the value exceeds the 32-Bit Integer, of 2,147,483,648 meters (2.147 Billion Meters, [2.147e09]), Let alone, that you can't even teleport past 30 million meters, horse-ride to 8,388,608 meters, or even walking past 4,194,304 meters.
Blocks Volume
1 block 1 m3
1 block 1000 litres

### Imperial/U.S customary units

Length Blocks
1 mile 1,609.344 blocks
1 yard 0.9144 blocks
1 foot 0.3048 blocks
1 inch 0.0254 blocks
Blocks Length
1 block 0.000621371192 miles
1.0936133 yards
3.2808399 feet
39.3700787 inches
Blocks Length (approx.)
1 block 11,760 miles
≈ 1 yard
≈ 3 feet
≈ 36 inches
1 pixel 128,160 miles
0.2 feet
2.46 inches
Blocks Volume
1 block ≈ 264 US fluid gallons
≈ 227 US dry gallons
≈ 219 Imperial Gallons