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This tutorial is exclusive to Java Edition. 
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This article needs to be updated. 
Please update this page to reflect recent updates or newly available information.
Reason: The "Create New World" screen has been overhauled in 1.19.4.

This tutorial will help you understand and navigate the menus of Minecraft: Java Edition. Although they are mostly self-explanatory, some things may need explaining. If you need help navigating the menu, simply find the appropriate section of this tutorial.

There are two major menu groups in Minecraft: Java Edition: the Main Menu and the Pause Menu.

Main Menu[]


Java menu

The Main Menu is what you first see when you enter the game. It appears with a moving panorama of a world beneath the group of buttons, the version number at the bottom left, as well as shows the game's logo with a splash to its bottom-right. This menu allows you to choose which game type to play as well as access Realms, the game Options, or quit the game.

Key Action
Singleplayer Takes you to the Singleplayer screen
Multiplayer Takes you to the Multiplayer screen
Minecraft Realms Takes you to the Minecraft Realms screen
Earth Icon Takes you to the Languages screen
Options Takes you to the Options screen
Person Icon Takes you to Accessibility Settings
Quit Game Exits the game


MainMenu SPMain

Singleplayer Menu

The Singleplayer button, located at the top of the group of buttons on the main menu, leads you to the screen as shown at the right. At the top of the screen, there is a space where you can search for any of your currently created worlds. In this menu, you can view, edit, and play all of your Singleplayer worlds. If you don't have any worlds, the game will direct you to the Create New World scene.

In the example at the right, there are two different worlds. Each world has its own section in the list, which contains the following information:

Key Action
World Name The current world name.
World File Name The name of the file which the world is stored in
  • It is set when you first create the world
  • Can only be changed by changing the actual world's folder name in the game files

Also displays the last time and date you accessed the world

World Data Displays the game mode of the world and which version of Minecraft: Java Edition it was last accessed in.

Also displays if cheats, experiments or Hardcore mode are enabled or not

Also found below the worlds list is a group of buttons which are explained below:

Key Action
Play Selected World Allows you to play in the selected world
Create New World Takes you to another screen where you can change the settings of and create a new world
Edit Takes you to another screen where you can change the settings of the selected world, such as reset its icon, make a backup, optimize, and others
Delete Deletes the selected world
Re-Create Creates a copy of the selected world by creating another one with the same world options

The copy will look as the original world was before the player modified the world

Cancel Takes you back to the main menu

Creating a New World[]

The "Game" tab of the world creation screen.

The "Game" tab.

As mentioned earlier, creating a new world will take you to another screen which allows you to change the settings of the world to be made.

Key Action
World Name Allows you to change the name of the world to be made
Game Mode Allows you to change the default game mode of the world. Options are Survival, Hardcore, Creative and Spectator. Spectator can only be selected if the world type is set to Debug Mode.
Difficulty Allows you to change the difficulty of the world (if you're on a singleplayer world, this can be changed in game)
Allow Cheats Allows you to disable or enable cheats
Create New World Creates a new world with the settings chosen
Cancel Takes you back to the Singleplayer Menu

World Generation Options[]

The "World" tab of the world creation screen.

The "World" tab.

Key Action
World Type The type of world to generate, can be Default, Superflat, Large Biomes, AMPLIFIED, Single Biome, or Debug Mode. Debug Mode can be accessed by holding Alt while scrolling through the world types. "Superflat" and "Single Biome" will bring up a "Customize" button. Debug Mode removes the "Generate Structures", "Allow Cheats" and "Bonus Chest" buttons.
Seed The seed used to generate worlds
Generate Structures The ability for villages, strongholds, and other structures to generate throughout the world
Bonus Chest Whether or not a chest with basic essentials (such as a wooden pickaxe, apples, wood planks, etc.) will generate near the spawn point

More World Options[]

The "More" tab of the world creation screen.

The "More" tab.

Key Action
Game Rules
Data Packs Allows you to load data packs into the world
Superflat Presets

Set presets for the superflat world to generate.

Preset Description
Classic Flat The default superflat world
Tunnelers' Dream A world with trees, plants, and 200+ layers of Stone
Water World A world filled with water
Overworld A world that mimics the Overworld
Snowy Kingdom A world filled with Snow
Bottomless Pit A world that lacks a Bedrock layer
Desert A desert world
Redstone Ready A Sandstone world that is suitable for Redstone contraptions
The Void A world with a Stone platform and nothing other than The Void
Buffet World Customization

The Buffet World Customization screen.

Customize how the buffet world will generate.

Key Description/Action
Biome Selector Ability to choose which biome the world uses in generating terrain. Biome choice determines things such like terrain, vegetation, generated structures (if applicable), and to some extent, mob spawning


Multiplayer Screen

Multiplayer Screen with 2 servers

The Multiplayer button, found below the Singleplayer button, takes you to the Multiplayer Menu which lets you join servers with other players, whether online or nearby. It appears with a list of known servers which you may connect to. When you first log in, the message "Scanning for games on your local network" will appear, meaning it is scanning for nearby servers which have been opened to LAN via the Pause Menu. You will also find several buttons on the bottom of the interface.

Key Action
Join Server Allows you to join the selected server
Direct Connect Allows you to connect to a server by entering its address
Add Server Allows you to add a server to your list by entering its name and address

(does not create your own server)

Edit Edits the name and address of the selected server
Delete Removes the selected server from the list
Refresh Reloads the screen
Cancel Return to the Main Menu
Add Server

In order to add servers to your server list, you will need to use the "Add Server" button, which takes you to a new menu where you can add a server by entering its name and address.

Key Action
Server Name Allows you to type in a name for the server to be listed as
Server Address Allows you to type the address for the server
Server Resource Packs Allows you to change how server resource packs will be handled
  • Deny: Always blocks any server resource packs from appearing without player notice
  • Prompt: Asks the player whether or not to show the resource pack (default)
  • Enabled: Always allows any server resource packs to appear without player notice
Done Saves the changes and adds the server to the list
Cancel Return to the server list without adding the server

Minecraft Realms[]

Main article: Realms
Realms Main

The "Homepage" of Realms

The third button on the main menu is labeled Minecraft Realms. This button will take you to the "Homepage" of Realms. Here you can perform all of the basic actions associated with Realms, which are as follows:

  • See all of the Realms you own / are invited to and information about them
  • Play on a Realm
  • Buy a new Realm
  • Configure your own Realm(s)
  • Leave a Realm
  • See new invitations
  • Find out more about Realms

The majority of these functions can be carried out by clicking on a Realm and using the button group at the bottom of the screen. Invitations can be accessed via the envelope next to the Realms logo. The What is Realms? link in the upper right hand corner takes you to the Realms website where you can learn more about the program.

There is a distinct difference between the server list in the Multiplayer screen and the Realms list. Here you can see all of the basic information about the Realm you may need. The exact layout is shown here:

Realms SingleMarked
Key Action
Realm name Can be changed by the owner
  • Displays Green if you are the owner of that Realm
  • Displays White if it is someone else's Realm
Realm description Can be changed by the owner
  • When a Minigame is active, this line is replaced with a Minigame notice.
Realms MinigameNotice
Realm owner's name Shows the current username of the owner
Realm owner's face Can be changed by the owner changing the face of their skin
Realm status Has three states: Green, Gray, and Red
  • Green: Realm is online
  • Gray: Realm is offline
  • Red: Realm has expired.

Ten (10) days prior to a Realm's expiration date, it will start blinking for the owner's screen. When hovered over, it will say Expires in # days, with # being the number of days until it expires. On the day of expiration, it will display Expires soon, until it actually expires and turns red.

Online player count Updates constantly to show the number of players currently playing on the Realm


Realms InvitationsCloseUp

Invitations can be accepted or declined via the envelope next to the Realms logo. If you have an invitation, you will see a little number dancing on the envelope. If the little number is instead a !!!, then it means that you have more than five invitations.

Realms InvitationsHover

If you hover over the envelope, a tooltip will appear. It will either say No pending invitations! or Pending invitations! If you click on this when you have some invitations, it will take you to a screen where you can accept or decline various invites.

Realms InvitedScreen

The example as shown at the right is a list of any and all Realms you have been invited to. The operations here are simple: You simply click on an item and you can either accept the invitation or decline it.

Once you have been invited to a Realm and accepted it the Realm will appear on your Realm list. At any time you can click on that Realm and click the Leave Realm button, which will uninvite you from that Realm until such time as you are invited again.

If you decline an invite your name is taken back off the invited list of that Realm, but keep in mind that the owner can re-invite you at any time. If you are getting spammed with an invite from a particular person and you don't want to see them again, email the support address and they may be able to help.

Realm Configuration[]

Realms Configure

The owner of a Realm has the ability to configure their Realm from inside minecraft:java edition. To access the configuration screen, you simply click on your Realm and click the Configure button.

From this screen, you can completely manage your Realm and its players. Written below is a detailed walkthrough of everything you can do to manage your Realm.

Player Management
To invite a player to your Realm all you need to do is click the + button and type in that player's username. When you click Invite, that player will be added to the whitelist and they will receive an invitation letter (explained above.) In this list, you can see the player's name and face, and you can also promote, demote, or remove them.

Promoting a player is done by clicking the crown icon next to their name. If it's lit up that player is promoted. If it is gray, that player has not been promoted. Being promoted is equivalent to becoming an operator on the Realm. Only the owner can promote or demote players.

To remove a player all you need to do is click the red x button next to their name. They will be taken off the whitelist and your Realm will disappear off of their list.

World Management
Realms BackupsScreen

The Edit World button on the Configuration screen takes you to a view similar to the one on the right. Here, you can edit your world file, which includes the following functions: reverting to a backup, downloading the latest backup, uploading a world from your current Singleplayer worlds, and resetting your world.

To manage backups, look to the left section of this screen. The list you see contains different backups of your world that Realms has saved over time. In each module, you can see the date and time for each backup. To the right of each backup is an orange arrow button. Click this and Realms will prompt you to clarify that you want to revert to that backup. If you click OK, it will take a moment and replace your current world with the backup you selected. Everything will be as it was when that backup was made. When a change in world, name or description is made there will be a plus sign next to the backup, that when clicked on will tell what was changed in that backup.

On the right, you have three buttons: Upload World, Download Latest, and Reset World.

Upload World

Realms allows you to upload a local game if it is 500MB or smaller so that you can continue playing online with friends. Once your local game has been uploaded, there are no size limitations within Realms. Note that there is a limit to the number of times you can upload or download a saved game. Currently it appears to be 3 uploads/downloads per 72-hour period, but there is no UI to indicate the number you have used, nor the amount remaining. After reaching the limit, you will be unable to further update or download your latest backup, however uploads and downloads are tracked separately. Support cannot reset this counter, and it takes 24–72 hours to reset.


In the Configuration screen, there is a button at the top that says Switch to Mini Game. Switching to a mini game will not delete your realm.

Realm Management
Allows managing the realm.
Realm Information

Allows you to change realm information.


Shows the start of the subscription, in how many days it will be renewed, and a link to extend it.

Expired Realms[]

After your subscription for a Realm expires, it is transferred to expired status. Many things in the interface change, as seen in the pictures below. Your server status indicator turns red, and when hovered over displays the message Expired Server. It will remain like this, as far as anyone knows, indefinitely. You can extend the Realm when it is in this state to keep the same server.


Main article: Options

Pause Menu[]

Key Description/Action
Back to Game Allows you to continue the game
Advancements Brings you to a list of advancements. Each advancement you earn gives you more advancements to unlock. Hovering over an icon gives you the advancement name, requirements, and status
Statistics Statistics are a game feature that allows players to track how many times they have completed certain tasks.
Report Bugs Opens the Minecraft bug tracker.
Give Feedback Opens the Minecraft Feedback site.
Open to LAN Will open the world you are in to your local area network. By doing so, anybody connected to your local area network can connect to your world. (Note that this option is however replaced with a button to activate the social interactions screen during online games.) This will be reset when you quit the game when you published it via Singleplayer worlds. (Multiplayer servers never reset this). The /publish command has the same result.
Save and Quit to Title Saves your world and take you back to the main menu.
Player Reporting Opens the social interactions screen. This button is replaced with the “Open to LAN” button in singleplayer games.