Minecraft Wiki
This article is about the mob. For the wearable armor-like item, see Turtle Shell.
Health points

30♥ × 15





Hitbox size

In Java Edition:
Height: 0.4 Blocks
Width: 1.2 Blocks
Height: 0.12 Blocks
Width: 0.36 Blocks
In Bedrock Edition:
Height: 0.4 Blocks
Width: 1.2 Blocks
Height: 0.032 Blocks
Width: 0.096 Blocks



Usable items

A turtle (in Java Edition), also known as a sea turtle (in Bedrock Edition), is a common passive mob found in beach biomes. They are the only source of scutes, which drop from baby turtles when they mature into adults.


Turtles spawn on the sand in the Overworld on beaches with daylight, but not in its snowy variant or stony shores, occasionally in small groups of up to 5 individuals.

10% of turtles spawned are babies.

In Java Edition, turtles spawn at light levels greater than 8, on sand blocks less than 4 blocks above sea level (typically at Y=62).

In Bedrock Edition, turtles spawn in groups of 2–6, at light level 7 or higher, at Y=60–67.


When turtles die, they drop:

Baby turtles do not drop anything when they die.

When a baby turtle grows up to an adult it drops:

Upon successful breeding, 1–7 is dropped.


Turtles can both move around on land and swim in water. They move slowly on land, but they can swim at a fast speed in the water. Like other passive mobs, they move around aimlessly and flee when attacked. When on land, they generally attempt to move to the nearest water source with direct sky access. When in an enclosed area, such as a player-made enclosure, they generally swim in circles if the water is in the area, and rarely go on land to explore, if there is any.

Turtles cannot be attached to leads,[2] but they can be led by a player holding seagrass within 10 blocks of the turtle.

Turtles can be picked up by boats[Java Edition only] and minecarts.

Turtles are killed instantly when struck by lightning.

As with other aquatic mobs, turtles suffer extra damage when hit by a trident with the Impaling enchantment,‌[Java Edition only][until JE Edition Combat Tests] and cannot drown, despite the fact that real-life turtles breathe air.


Turtles and turtle eggs are attacked by the following mobs:

Mob Attack baby turtles Attack adult turtles Attack turtle eggs
Zombies, zombie villagers, husks and drowned Yes No Yes
Zombified piglins, blaze No No Yes
Skeletons, strays and wither skeletons Yes No No
Goats Randomly Randomly No
Wild ocelots, wild wolves, stray cats and foxes Yes No No
Tamed wolves When owner attacks When owner attacks No
Zoglins Yes Yes No
Johnny vindicators Yes Yes No
Withers Yes Yes Partial[note 1]
Ravagers No No Partial[note 1][BE only]

Zombies and their variants deliberately trample on turtle eggs, causing them to break.

  1. a b Unlike zombies, zombified piglins, and their variants, withers and ravagers do not intentionally break turtle eggs, but are able to break turtle eggs if they are in its way.

Home beach[]

Turtles remember the block on which they hatch as their home beach. No matter how far away the turtle is, it always attempts to return to its home beach to lay its eggs after breeding.

If the player uses a tool enchanted with Silk Touch to obtain and move turtle eggs to a new location before hatching, the baby turtles remember the new hatching location as their home beach.

If a turtle is spawned from a spawn egg, summoned with the /summon command, or spawned by mob spawners, it remembers the spawn location as its home beach.

A turtle digs sand around the block on which it lays its eggs.


A turtle lays eggs after digging.

Feeding two turtles seagrass causes them to enter love mode, causing one of the turtles to have eggs in its inventory and appear a bit bigger (about 0.2 of a block) than normal turtles. The pregnant turtle then travels back to its home beach, which is where it first spawned. Upon arrival, it seeks a nearby sand block on which to lay its eggs. A turtle always lays eggs within 9 blocks from where it was born. The turtle digs vigorously while turning 360 degrees for several seconds a few times, and then lays 1–4 turtle eggs. In Java Edition, the pregnant turtle re-enters love mode for 30 seconds after laying the eggs while the other turtle is available to be fed again immediately after mating. In Bedrock Edition turtles have a 90-second cooldown between breeding.


Turtle eggs can be placed on any block in clusters of up to 4, however, they hatch only on sand or red sand, above or below water. Eggs can be broken without tools and can also be trampled by living entities falling or walking on them. When a multi-egg block is trampled, eggs are broken one at a time. A turtle can walk on the eggs without breaking them. Harvesting eggs with Silk Touch drops an egg, which the player can collect. Mining an egg with Silk Touch resets the egg's growth.

Turtle eggs progress toward hatching by cracking. Cracking occurs during random ticks, and an egg hatches once it has cracked 3 times. When a multi-egg block hatches, all eggs within the block hatch simultaneously. Eggs grow fastest during the night and typically take 4 to 5 in-game days to hatch. See Turtle egg#Hatching for more details.


With a height of 0.12 blocks, baby turtles are among the smallest mobs in the game. Baby turtles are small enough that when they walk on soul sand, they are entirely within the space at the top of the block and therefore suffocate in it, much like endermites and silverfish.

Upon hatching, baby turtles search for the nearest water block within a 47×1×47 region two blocks below the turtle and attempt to approach it.

Baby turtles take one Minecraft day to grow up (20 minutes). The growth can be accelerated using seagrass. Each use reduces the remaining growth duration by 10%. Upon becoming an adult, the turtle drops a scute.


SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Turtle chirps??entity.turtle.ambient_landsubtitles.entity.turtle.ambient_land??16
Turtle dies??entity.turtle.deathsubtitles.entity.turtle.death??16
Turtle baby dies??entity.turtle.death_babysubtitles.entity.turtle.death_baby??16
Turtle hurts??entity.turtle.hurtsubtitles.entity.turtle.hurt??16
Turtle baby hurts??entity.turtle.hurt_babysubtitles.entity.turtle.hurt_baby??16
Turtle lays egg??entity.turtle.lay_eggsubtitles.entity.turtle.lay_egg??16
Turtle swims??entity.turtle.swimsubtitles.entity.turtle.swim??16
Turtle shambles??entity.turtle.shamblesubtitles.entity.turtle.shamble??16
Turtle baby shambles??entity.turtle.shamble_babysubtitles.entity.turtle.shamble_baby??16

Data values[]


Java Edition:

NameIdentifierTranslation key

Bedrock Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID Translation key

Entity data[]

Turtles have entity data associated with them that contains various properties.

Java Edition:

Main article: Entity format
  • Entity data
    • Additional fields for mobs that can breed
    • Tags common to all entities
    • Tags common to all mobs
    •  HasEgg: 1 or 0 (true/false) - true if the turtle has an egg.
    •  HomePosX: The X coordinate the turtle travels toward to lay its eggs after breeding.
    •  HomePosY: The Y coordinate the turtle travels toward to lay its eggs after breeding.
    •  HomePosZ: The Z coordinate the turtle travels toward to lay its eggs after breeding.
    •  TravelPosX: Used for swimming to random points in water.
    •  TravelPosY: Used for swimming to random points in water.
    •  TravelPosZ: Used for swimming to random points in water.

Bedrock Edition:

See Bedrock Edition level format/Entity format.


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Resource location
Advancement-plain-raw.pngThe Parrots and the Bats
Breed two animals together HusbandryBreed a pair of any of these 22 mobs: A mule must be the result of breeding a horse and a donkey for this advancement as they are not breed-able together. Other breed-able mobs, if any, can be bred, but are ignored for this advancement.husbandry/breed_an_animal
Advancement-fancy-raw.pngTwo by Two
Breed all the animals! The Parrots and the BatsBreed a pair of each of these 22 mobs: A trader llama does not count as a llama, and a mule must be the result of breeding a horse and a donkey for this advancement as they are not breed-able together. Other breed-able mobs, if any, can be bred, but are ignored for this advancement.husbandry/bred_all_animals


August 17, 2012On Reddit, Jeb was asked "I asked at pax about turtles, any work done about those?" and replied "No... I saw Mo' Creatures' turtles and got a bit demotivated to do my own ones. Maybe later..."
September 19, 2012In a Reddit post anticipating the addition of another animal mob (which turned out to be the bat in 12w38a), Jeb replied to confirm that it would not be a turtle: "The truth is that I'll maybe end up adding turtles one day, it's just that Mo's turtles are difficult to top."
December 26, 2017Turtle (pre-release).png Turtle mobs were announced at Minecraft.net.
Java Edition
1.1318w07aTurtle.png Turtle.png Added turtles and baby turtles.
18w07bTurtles are now bred using seagrass, instead of raw cod.
18w11aAdded drowned, which attack baby turtles.
1.1418w44aAdded stray cats, which attack baby turtles.
19w07aAdded foxes, which attack baby turtles.
1.1519w39aTurtle 19w39a.png Baby Turtle 19w39a.png Due to a bug, the baby turtle and turtle models are currently broken.
19w40aThe turtle models have been fixed.[3]
Bedrock Edition
1.5.0beta Turtle.png Added turtles (named sea turtles) and baby turtles.
1.8.0beta stray cats, which attack baby turtles.
1.13.0beta foxes, which attack baby turtles.
1.16.100beta turtles now play a sound when they lay eggs.
Legacy Console Edition
TU69 1.76 Patch 38Turtle.png Turtle.png Added sea turtles and baby sea turtles.


Issues relating to "Turtle" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.



Developer screenshots[]

In other media[]


  1. MC-125562 resolved as "Works as Intended"
  2. MC-125629 resolved as "Works as Intended"
  3. MC-161858