Tropical Fish

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This article is about the mob. For item, see Tropical Fish (item). For the mob in minecraft dungeons, see MCD:Tropical Fish. For other uses, see Fish.
Tropical Fish
Blue Dory.pngButterflyfish.pngCichlid.pngClownfish.pngCotton Candy Betta.pngGoatfish.pngParrotfish.pngQueen Angelfish.pngRed Lipped Blenny.pngTomato Clown.pngTomato Clownfish.pngTriggerfish.pngWhite-Gray Dasher.pngWhite-Silver SunStreak.pngYellowtail Parrot.png
Anemone.pngBlack Tang.pngBlue Tang.pngDottyback.pngEmperor Red Snapper.pngMoorish Idol.pngOrnate Butterfly.pngRed Cichlid.pngRed Snapper.pngThreadfin.pngYellow Tang.png
Health points




Hitbox size

In Java Edition:
Height: 0.4 Blocks
Width: 0.5 Blocks

In Bedrock Edition:
Height: 0.52 Blocks
Width: 0.52 Blocks


Lukewarm Ocean and its variants
Warm Ocean and its variants

Items usable on

Tropical Fish are common passive mobs found in oceans. There are 2,700 naturally occurring variants. Using commands up to 3,584 visually distinctive variants can be spawned.


Java Edition[edit]

In Java Edition, tropical fish spawn in groups of 8 at 24 (cylindrical) to 64 (spherical) blocks away from the player, with random patterns (see below) in lukewarm or warm oceans, as well as their deep variants.

Bedrock Edition[edit]

In Bedrock Edition, fish spawn underwater at 12-32 blocks away from the player. Tropical fish spawn only in warm ocean biomes, in groups of 3-5 for the same preset pattern, and in groups of 1-3 for a random pattern. In addition, tropical fish only spawn on the surface (i.e., there must not be a spawnable block above the spawn location with a non-solid block on top).



Tropical fish tend to swim in schools of fish (a maximum of nine tropical fish per school).

The player may collect a fish by using a water bucket on it, which gives the player a bucket of fish. Fish placed with buckets do not despawn naturally. When that fish bucket is used against a block, it empties the bucket, placing water with that fish swimming in it. An empty bucket may be used as well.‌[Bedrock Edition only]


Tropical fish cannot survive out of water. Outside of water, they flop around like guardians for a while until eventually they suffocate and die like squid. In Bedrock Edition, they rotate when flipping. Fish cannot swim or breathe in cauldron water.[1]

Fish have a weakness to weapons that have the Impaling enchantment, which also affects squid, turtles, guardians, elder guardians and dolphins.‌[Java Edition only]


The 22 uniquely-named varieties of tropical fish in Java Edition.
top: White-Silver SunStreak, Tomato Clownfish, Yellow Tang, White-Gray Dasher
second row: Parrotfish, Queen Angel Fish, Red Cichlid, Red Lipped Blenny, Red Snapper, Threadfin
third row: Cotton Candy Betta, Dottyback, Red Emperor, Goatfish, Moorish Idol, Ornate Butterfly
bottom: Anemone, Black Tang, Blue Dory, Butterfly Fish, Cichlid, Clownfish

Java Edition[edit]

When tropical fish spawn in the wild, 90% of the time they appear as one of the 22 varieties seen on the right, and the other 10% of the time their patterns, size, and colors are completely random, drawn from any of 2 shapes, 15 colors, 6 patterns, and 15 colors for the pattern. The color black does not appear on any naturally-spawned tropical fish, since the eyes are usually hard to see.[2] These result in 2,700 naturally-occurring combinations.

Tropical fish can be summoned with black as one or both of their colors, and/or without any visible pattern,[more information needed] though even without the pattern they can still have a pattern color, causing a further 884 possible combinations, 480 of which look the same due to the missing pattern.

Bedrock Edition[edit]

Tropical fish do not have common varieties in Bedrock Edition. Instead, for naturally spawned tropical fish spawn in attempt as 22 preset and another attempt use randomly chosen patterns, sizes, and colors (except black). Tropical fish from spawn egg will use randomly chosen patterns, sizes, and colors (except black).


Tropical fish variants in buckets have names that are assigned based on their colors and type. In Bedrock Edition, the names are in the name of the bucket, giving names like "Bucket of Plum Blockfish", "Bucket of Sky-Orange Snooper", or "Bucket of Orange-Lime Dasher". In Java Edition, the type, and colors are displayed as item tooltips.

In Bedrock Edition, the following colors are renamed from their defaults when they refer to tropical fish. Parentheses indicate default name and color id - see § Entity data.

  • Sky (Light Blue; 3)
  • Rose (Pink; 6)
  • Silver (Light Gray; 8)
  • Teal (Cyan; 9)
  • Plum (Purple; 10)

The base color is first, and the pattern color is next if it is different.

The fish type is determined according to the shape and pattern of the fish:

Flopper Glitter Betty
Stripey Blockfish Clayfish
Tropical Fish Patterns.png
Kob Snooper Brinely
Sunstreak[n 1] Dasher Spotty

Some varieties of tropical fish don't follow the normal naming system; instead, they reference real-life fish species. In Java Edition, these unique fish are limited to the 22 common varieties. In Bedrock Edition, there are also 22 uniquely-named tropical fish, though they are not all the same as in Java Edition. These uniquely-named tropical fish aren't different from regular tropical fish in terms of design or behavior.

These varieties are:

Name Type
Anemone Orange-Gray Stripey
Black Tang Gray Flopper
Blue Dory‌[BE only] Gray-Light Blue Sunstreak‌[JE only]
Gray-Sky SunStreak‌[BE only]
Blue Tang‌[JE only] Gray-Blue Flopper
Butterflyfish White-Gray Clayfish‌[JE only]
White-Gray Brinely‌[BE only]
Cichlid Blue-Gray Sunstreak[n 1]
Clownfish Orange-White Kob
Cotton Candy Betta[n 2] Pink-Light Blue Spotty‌[JE only]
Rose-Sky Spotty‌[BE only]
Dottyback Purple-Yellow Blockfish‌[JE only]
Plum-Yellow Blockfish‌[BE only]
Emperor Red Snapper[n 2] White-Red Clayfish
Goatfish White-Yellow Spotty
Moorish Idol White-Gray Glitter
Ornate Butterflyfish‌[JE only]
Ornate Butterfly‌[BE only]
White-Orange Clayfish
Parrotfish Cyan-Pink Dasher‌[JE only]
Teal-Rose Dasher‌[BE only]
Queen Angelfish‌[JE only]
Queen Angel Fish‌[BE only]
Lime-Light Blue Brinely‌[JE only]
Lime-Sky Brinely‌[BE only]
Red Cichlid Red-White Betty
Red Lipped Blenny Gray-Red Snooper
Red Snapper Red-White Blockfish
Threadfin White-Yellow Flopper
Tomato Clown‌[BE only] Red-White SunStreak[n 1]
Tomato Clownfish‌[JE only] Red-White Kob
Triggerfish Gray-White SunStreak[n 1]
Yellowtail Parrotfish‌[JE only]
Yellowtail Parrot‌[BE only]
Cyan-Yellow Dasher‌[JE only]
Teal-Yellow Dasher‌[BE only]
Yellow Tang Yellow Flopper
  1. a b c d Sunstreak in Java Edition, SunStreak in Bedrock Edition.
  2. a b The Emperor Red Snapper and Cotton Candy Betta have different names between the US and UK localizations, being 'Red Emperor' and 'Candyfloss Betta' in the UK.

Color-White Kob Variants[edit]

Information icon.svg
This feature is exclusive to Java Edition. 

There are different base colors of color-white kobs. Using the /summon command to make a different base color-white kobs. In order to summon a color-white kob, use /summon tropical_fish ~ ~ ~ {Variant:(Color-White Kob ID)}.

Name Type ID
Orange Clownfish Orange-White Kob 65536
Magenta Clownfish Magenta-White Kob 131072
Light Blue Clownfish Light Blue-White Kob 196608
Yellow Clownfish Yellow-White Kob 262144
Lime Clownfish Lime-White Kob 327680
Pink Clownfish Pink-White Kob 393216
Gray Clownfish Gray-White Kob 458752


SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
NoneNone[sound 1]?Randomlyentity.tropical_fish.ambientNone[sound 1]???
??Plays when it diesentity.tropical_fish.deathsubtitles.entity.tropical_fish.death?0.816
??Plays when on landentity.tropical_fish.flopsubtitles.entity.tropical_fish.flop0.3?16
??Plays when damagedentity.tropical_fish.hurtsubtitles.entity.tropical_fish.hurt??16
  1. a b Empty events do not have this parameter set.

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDEntity tags (JE)Translation key
Tropical Fishtropical_fishaxolotl_always_hostiles‌[upcoming: JE 1.17]entity.minecraft.tropical_fish

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID Translation key

Entity data[edit]

See also: Chunk format

Tropical fish have entity data associated with them that contains various properties.

  • Entity data
    • Tags common to all entities
    • Tags common to all mobs
    •  FromBucket: 1 or 0 (true/false) - Whether the fish had ever been released from a bucket.
    •  Variant: A 4-byte integer.
      • The least significant byte has a value of either 0 for a small fish, or 1 for a large fish. Values above 1 result in an invisible fish.
      • The next byte has a value from 0–5, representing the pattern on the fish. Values above 5 result in a fish with no pattern.
      • The next byte has a value from 0–15, representing the color of the fish's body.
      • The most significant byte has a value from 0–15, representing the color of the fish's pattern.


Main article: Tropical Fish/DV

The fish sizes and patterns are depicted in the following table, with white body color and dark-gray pattern color.

second-least byte
0 1 2 3 4 5
least byte
Flopper Glitter Betty
Stripey Blockfish Clayfish
Tropical Fish Patterns.png
Kob Snooper Brinely
Sunstreak Dasher Spotty

The 22 varieties of tropical fish most commonly found throughout the world have Variant tag values from the following table, which also lists what color/shape/patterns come from that value.

Shape Pattern Base color Pattern color Variant Name
0 0 1 0 65536 Orange-White Kob
0 0 14 0 917504 Red-White Kob
1 3 14 0 918273 Red-White Blockfish
1 4 14 0 918529 Red-White Betty
1 5 0 1 16778497 White-Orange Clayfish
0 4 5 3 50660352 Lime-Sky Brinely
0 5 6 3 50726144 Rose-Sky Spotty
0 1 7 3 50790656 Gray-Sky SunStreak ‌[Bedrock Edition only]
1 0 0 4 67108865 White-Yellow Flopper
0 5 0 4 67110144 White-Yellow Spotty
1 1 4 4 67371265 Yellow Stripey
1 3 10 4 67764993 Plum-Yellow Blockfish
0 3 9 6 101253888 Teal-Rose Dasher
1 2 0 7 117441025 White-Gray Glitter
0 3 0 7 117441280 White-Gray Dasher
0 4 0 7 117441536 White-Gray Brinely
1 1 1 7 117506305 Orange-Gray Stripey
1 0 7 7 117899265 Gray Flopper
0 1 11 7 118161664 Blue-Gray SunStreak
0 1 0 8 134217984 White-Silver Sunstreak
1 0 7 11 185008129 Gray-Blue Flopper ‌[Java Edition only]
1 5 0 14 234882305 White-Red Clayfish
0 2 7 14 235340288 Gray-Red Snooper

The variant number is the sum of the most significant byte × 224 + second most significant byte × 216 + second least significant byte × 28 + least significant byte.


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS)
I am a Marine Biologist.pngI am a Marine BiologistCollect a fish in a bucketUse an empty bucket on any fish mob to collect it.20GBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Namespaced ID
Advancement-plain-raw.pngTactical Fishing
Catch a fish... without a fishing rod! Fishy BusinessUse a water bucket to pick up any fish mob.husbandry/tactical_fishing


Java Edition Alpha
June 28, 2010Notch mentioned that fish might be a feature of coral, if he were able to add coral: "... I do know that the corals will have tiny fish particles around them."
October 4, 2010Fish were a passive mob that Notch showed interest in adding. In the promotional graphic for the Halloween Update, Notch indicated he would add fish. However, they were only added as an item; there was no code for a fish mob.
Java Edition
October 5, 2012Fish were jokingly teased in the fake snapshot 12marc40awesome, along with coral and "fish blocks".
April 13, 2013When Jon Kågström was asked in his AMA on Reddit, "What mob would you like to implement into the game?" He responded, "I would like to add birds, fish and tree animals to make it more alive. However this will take some time before it can be done."
July 31, 2013During Notch's AMA on Reddit, when asked about what happened to his plans of adding fish as a mob, he responded, "Oh yeah, the fish!"
1.13November 18, 2017Tropical Fish Preview Green.png Tropical Fish Preview White.png Two fish mobs, presumably early tropical fish, were shown off in a clip presented at MineCon Earth.
18w10aAdded tropical fish.
18w10bTropical fish now make sounds and no longer use the player damage sound.
1.13.118w31aFish now have a 5% chance of dropping bone meal when killed.
Upcoming Java Edition
1.1720w51aTropical fishes are now attacked by axolotls.
Bedrock Edition
March 1, 2018ThorsHand11 states on the official Minecraft Discord that "more than a handful" of tropical fish will be added.
1.4.0beta all 4 variants of fish mobs.
1.8.0beta fish are now slightly bigger.
1.13.0beta fish now drop experience when killed.
Legacy Console Edition
TU69 1.76 Patch 38Added fish mobs.
Education Edition
1.4.0Added all 4 variants of fish mobs.


Issues relating to "Tropical fish" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


Official Artwork[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. MC-126819 – "fish bouncing and suffocating on top of the cauldron which fills with water" resolved as "Won't Fix"
  2. MC-169763 Resolved as "Works as Intended"