Reason: This page should include only stuff generated as base terrain (e.g. floating islands, oceans, end islands); as far as im aware the other things on this page count as decorators or whatever 1.16.2 calls them
This page lists generated terrain features that are created in a Minecraft world.
- 1 Overworld
- 2 The Nether
- 3 The End
- 4 Technical details
- 5 History
- 6 Videos
- 7 References
Mountains are high elevation terrain that has jagged peaks and higher land. They also contain emerald ore, but the higher it gets, the more emerald ore generates there.
Cliffs are steep vertical slopes that can sometimes generate beside an ocean or a big lake.
Fjords happen when rivers cut through high-medium elevation terrain and thus, creating a fjord. Rivers are deeper here than usual.
Floating islands are structures that float in mid-air. Floating islands are normally just small chunks of floating dirt and stone found near cliffs, but on rare occasions they can be large structures that even have springs and trees on them. Floating islands are most frequently found in windswept hills biomes and their variants, as well windswept savannas.
Hollows are the opposite of floating islands. They look like caves, but they have nothing to do with cave generation (although they may intersect with them). When there are many overhangs, they close together and create a hollow. They have exactly the same floor as the terrain above, depending on the biome that they are located in, unlike caves. Hollows have no specific floor. Grass blocks can generate inside too and survive without light. When they generate under the sea level, they are filled with water. They are extremely rare in the default world. Can be found far more commonly in certain customized worlds.
Hills are randomly generated pieces of land on the map. Like stairs, hills are always traversable to their lowest point by virtue of the algorithm that generates them; there is almost always a place on each level from where the next level can be accessed, meaning that the player can climb a hill one level at a time until they reach the top. Cases where this is not true are rare.
The uppermost layers of the terrain are converted to a biome-dependent material: usually grass blocks and dirt, or sand in deserts and beaches. Podzol is found in giant tree taiga, mycelium in mushroom field biomes, and red sand is found in the badlands biome. Sandstone is generated under the sand.
Occasionally, instead of being converted to dirt or sand, the top layer is stripped away, leaving a 'basin' of bare stone. They occur more often in forests or plains and occasionally contain water. Commonly, minerals can be found in these, generally coal ore and iron ore. If generated in a Badlands biome, gold ore can also be seen.
Hoodoos are tall spike-like structures found in badlands, consisting of six colors of terracotta. While this structure is found exclusively in eroded badlands, all badlands biomes actually have this structure, but set to false except for eroded badlands and can occasionally pass altitude layer 100.
Since water generates on the surface of the world below y=63, land it covers can turn into large lakes. These lakes are often quite shallow, and are never more than a few blocks deep. Large lakes generate pockets of sand, gravel, and clay on the lake floor, also known as disks. When large lakes generate near the shore they can turn into small bays. Unlike rivers, there is no seagrass on the lake bed.
Coral reefs are structures that consist of corals, coral fans, coral blocks and sea pickles. In Bedrock Edition, the coral reefs can also consist of dead corals, dead coral fans and dead coral blocks.
- Bee nests: Generate on a small amount of oak and birch trees in various biomes, containing three bees.
- Blob: Blobs of a certain type of ore or mineral.
- Disks: Small circular patches of clay, sand, and gravel found underwater.
- Ore vein: A long streak of ore and rock.
- Spring: A water or lava source block that generates on the side of a hill, cave or ravine.
- Random patch: naturally generating clusters of plants or fungi such as grass, ferns and flowers.
- Forest rock: Boulder made entirely of mossy cobblestone found in giant tree taiga.
- Ice spike: tall spires made of packed ice found in the ice spikes biome.
- Iceberg: hill-like ice structures made out of ice, blue ice, packed ice, and snow found in frozen ocean.
- Dripstone cluster: Stalagnate composed entirely of dripstone blocks.
- Amethyst geode: Geodes of amethyst also consist of calcite and smooth basalt as outer layer found underground.
- Leaf clay: clay patches with dripleaves found in lush caves, has dry and pool variant, pool variant looks like a pond.
Lava seas are found at and below level 31 in the Nether. They make a large portion of the Nether and are extremely common. They can stretch for hundreds of blocks in any direction, and are usually bordered by netherrack, or occasionally soul sand, gravel and/or magma blocks. Striders can spawn in lava seas.
A few ghasts swimming in a lava sea.
In the nether, basins generate the same size and shape as they do in the Overworld. Unlike their Overworld counterparts, however, Nether basins replace the ground with netherrack instead of stone. Nether basins can also expose ores, mainly nether quartz ore and nether gold ore.
Notably, basins generate independent of the y-coordinate; if a basin generates in an overhang in the Nether, an identical basin is guaranteed to generate at the exact same x and z coordinates on the ground below such an overhang.
A basin generated in a crimson forest biome, exposing nether quartz ore.
A basin in a warped forest.
A large basin in a nether wastes biome.
For the following structures, please click on the links.
The center of the End is a large, asteroid-like island composed entirely of end stone, floating in the void. At a distance of 1000 blocks away, an endless expanse of more islands begins, away from the main island. These consist of large islands, about the size of the main island, and smaller ones, which are usually thin and small.
The outer end islands are found 1000 blocks away from the central island. They vary in size from large islands to smaller "mini islands". Generated structures such as End cities and End ships spawn here, along with chorus trees and basins. The player can be taken to the end islands through the End gateway.
End spikes are generated structures that are made of obsidian.
The obsidian platform is a square of obsidian that generates when a player enters the End.
A portal that takes you back to the Overworld.
Basins in the End generate as they would in the Overworld and the Nether, with the exception being that they never expose any ores. End basins may generate on both the central island and outer islands, and chorus trees may occasionally take root in them.
Features are generated for a given chunk after the terrain has been formed. The chunk format includes a tag called
TerrainPopulated that indicates whether features whose point of origin is in that chunk have been generated. If it is false or missing, they generate again. Feature generation is based on what is already in the chunk, so (for example) flagging a chunk that has already been populated for repopulation approximately doubles the amount of ore in it.
When features are generated, they can spill over into neighboring chunks that have been previously generated. Thus, a tree at the edge of the generated world (and probably visible only via external tools) may be overwritten by a lake before the player reaches it. It is also theoretically possible for two worlds generated with the same seed, from the same version of Minecraft, to differ slightly depending on the players' travel routes, because the chunk generation order may determine which of two conflicting features overwrite or suppress the other.
|Java Edition pre-Classic|
|Cave game tech test||Development on "Cave Game" started; caverns added.|
|Java Edition Classic|
|0.0.12a||Added ocean around map.|
|0.0.14a||Added trees. At this point they were simply stumps covered with a thin leaf layer.|
|0.0.15a (Multiplayer Test 1)||Trees have a new shape.|
|August 25, 2009||Video uploaded showing changed cavern generation; longer and narrower caverns, and bigger caves the deeper you travel.|
|Surface lava lakes shown to be possible but unlikely, despite existing as early as 0.0.12a_03.|
|Java Edition Infdev|
|20100227-1||Temporarily removed caves, trees and ores to test basic infinite world functionality.|
|20100320||Re-added trees and ores.|
|Redid mineral blobs|
|20100327||Caves are removed again.|
|20100616||Caves are now again implemented.|
|Java Edition Alpha|
|v1.0.1||Caves can now be far bigger and more expansive.|
|v1.2.0||preview||Added the Nether but not all Nether-related generated structures.|
|v1.2.6||Added small lakes and rare lava pools, both on the surface and randomly in caves.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|1.8||Pre-release||Added huge mushrooms.|
|Added river biomes and vast oceans.|
|Sand and gravel beaches removed due to the changes in the terrain generation algorithm.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||Added the End and End-related main island generated structures, including the End island, the obsidian platform, the end spikes and the exit portal.|
|1.1||12w01a||Sand beaches have made a return, but the way they look and generate are not the same as before.|
|1.2.1||12w07a||The generation of beaches has been greatly improved.|
|1.6.1||13w17a||Water oases no longer generate in deserts.|
|1.7.2||13w36a||Gravel beaches have been returned to the terrain.|
|Mountains now generate as part of the "M" biome variants.|
|The desert oases appear in the desert M biome.|
|Moss stone boulders were added.|
|1.9||15w31a||Added the outer islands of the End.|
|Added chorus trees.|
|Added the end gateway portal.|
|1.13||18w08a||Caves and canyons can now generate underwater.|
|Frozen Ocean have made a return, but without customized, they look and generate, but are not the same unused.|
|18w10d||Added coral reefs.|
|1.16||20w06a||Added basalt pillars.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|v0.1.0||Added sand and gravel beaches, oceans, frozen oceans, cliffs, mountains, basins, blobs, springs, and trees.|
|v0.9.0||build 1||Added caves, lava pools, rivers, huge mushrooms, moss stone boulders, ice patches, and ice spikes.|
|Frozen oceans no longer generate.|
|Removed gravel beaches.|
|v0.12.1||build 1||Added the Nether, along with lava oceans, glowstone clusters, soul sand beaches, hidden lava, gravel beaches, and nether quartz blobs.|
|1.0.0||alpha 0.17.0.1||Added the End and End-related generated structures, including the End islands, the obsidian platform, the obsidian towers, the end fountain, end cities, end gateways, and chorus trees.|
|1.2.0||beta 126.96.36.199||Added ravines.|
|1.4.0||beta 188.8.131.52||Added icebergs.|
|Added coral reefs.|
|Ravines can now generate underwater.|
|Frozen oceans have made a return, but the way they look and generate are not the same as before.|
|beta 184.108.40.206||Caves can now generate underwater.|
|1.16.0||beta 220.127.116.11||Added basalt pillars.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU5||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||1.0.1||Added ravines.|
|Sand and gravel beaches removed due to the changes in the terrain generation algorithm.|
|TU9||Added the End along with End-related structures such as the End island, the obsidian platform, the obsidian towers, and the end fountain.|
|Sand beaches have made a return, but the way they look and generate is not the same as before.|
|TU19||CU7||1.12||Water oases no longer generate in deserts.|
|TU69||1.76||Patch 38||Added coral reefs and underwater caves and ravines.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
|1.7.10||Added chorus trees.|