In Java Edition:
In Bedrock Edition:
A snow golem is a snowman-like utility mob that helps defend against monsters.
Creating a snow golem requires the player to stack two snow blocks, then place a pumpkin[Bedrock Edition only], a carved pumpkin, or a jack o'lantern on top. A dispenser may also be used to place the pumpkin. The building pattern also works when arranged sideways or upside-down, as long as the pumpkin is the last block placed. In Java Edition, the player can also place the pattern in any order with an uncarved pumpkin, then use shears on the pumpkin to create a snow golem.
The snow golem spawns at the location of the pumpkin when created horizontally.
Snow golems drop 0–15 snowballs upon death.
Snow golems do not follow players. Snow golems have good path-finding skills; like most mobs, snow golems avoid cacti, fire, lava, and water. They avoid falling off cliffs, although they are immune to fall damage. Snow golems can be put on leads and tied to fences.
A snow golem wears its carved pumpkin as a helmet, just like the player does: its actual head is hidden beneath. Shearing a snow golem removes the pumpkin, revealing its face and making it drop the pumpkin. The pumpkin is stored using the
Pumpkin tag instead of
ArmorItems; a snow golem does not display its
HandItems or its
ArmorItems. After shearing the pumpkin, the player can give a snow golem a new pumpkin only by using a command, such as data.
Snow golems "melt" (take fire damage) in biomes with a temperature greater than 1.0, or dry/warm biomes like badlands, deserts, savannas and biomes in the Nether. The Fire Resistance effect allows them to survive in these biomes.[Java Edition only]
They also melt (take damage) when in contact with rain or water, or any water source block.
Snow golems do not take freezing damage from powder snow.
Snow golems move toward all monsters (except ghasts) and throw snowballs at them up to 10 blocks away, provoking them, regardless of whether they attack the player. They throw one snowball per second. Thrown snowballs do not deal damage except to blazes and wolves, but the snowballs knock back any mobs that they hit.
Additionally, snow golems never intentionally attack the player.
Snow golems also attack creepers, provoking them and causing them to explode.
A snow golem is not provoked by another golem (snow or iron) attacking it, although an iron golem that is hit accidentally by a snow golem's snowball attacks the snow golem.
The snow golem's snowballs can deal damage (other than knockback) if the shot flies through a lava block.[Bedrock Edition only]
As they move, they leave a trail of snow on the ground if the blocks can support it. If a snow golem is on a hopper or if the mobGriefing game rule is false, a snow trail does not appear. They produce snow only in biomes having a temperature less than 0.81, which includes cold, snowy, and temperate biomes (including the End but not jungle).
Provocation by other mobs
The list below contains mobs (including players) that can have hostile interactions with snow golems. The snow golem also attacks neutral monsters or hostile mobs that attack the player such as spiders or zombified piglins.
|Entity||Snow golem attacks the mob?||Attacks the snow golem?||Notes|
|Blaze||Yes||When attacked, group retaliates|
|Chicken Jockey||Yes||When attacked||Snow golems attack the rider, but the golem can accidentally hit the chicken. The rider attacks the golem.|
When a zombified piglin rider is attacked, the group of zombified piglins retaliate.
|Ender Dragon||Yes||Accidentally||When in near vicinity, snow golems try to attack the ender dragon, although they are rarely able to.|
|Enderman||Yes||No||Unlike when a player looks at an enderman, an enderman is not provoked by a snow golem looking at it.|
|Endermite||Yes||When attacked, group retaliates|
|Ghast||Accidentally||Accidentally||Fireballs can hit snow golems, dealing damage and setting them on fire.|
|Giant[unused mob]||Yes||No||Giants cannot move or attack due to lacking AI.|
|Hoglin||Yes||When attacked, group retaliates||A group of hoglins does not retaliate if babies are attacked.|
||Yes||When attacked||Snow golems also attack unarmed pillagers, despite them being passive in Java Edition.|
|Iron Golem||Accidentally||When attacked|
|Killer Bunny||Accidentally||When attacked|
|Accidentally||When attacked||A snow golem attacks a llama that accidentally hits the golem with its spit. After being hit by the golem, the llama deliberately attacks the golem.|
|Piglin||Yes||When attacked, group retaliates||Snow golems also attack baby piglins, despite them being passive.|
|Piglin Brute||Yes||When attacked, group retaliates|
|Player||No||At player's discretion||Unlike iron golems, snow golems are passive to the player.|
|Polar Bear||Accidentally||When attacked|
|Shulker||Yes||When attacked, group retaliates|
|Silverfish||Yes||When attacked, group retaliates|
|Yes||When attacked||Snow golems attack Skeletons riding skeleton horses, but the golem can accidentally hit the skeleton horse.|
[upcoming: JE 1.19]
|Yes||When attacked or noticed||Snow golems always attack wardens that are in range.|
|Wither||Yes||Yes||Snow golems always attack withers, even when the attacks do no damage while the wither is generating health after being summoned.|
|Wolf (wild)||Accidentally||When attacked, group retaliates|
|Wolf (tamed)||When attacked||In defense of owner||Tamed wolves attack the snow golem if the owner attacks the golem. When attacked by the wolf, the golem retaliates.|
|Zoglin||Yes||Yes||Unlike hoglins, a group does not attack the golem if the golem attacks one zoglin.|
||Yes||When attacked||Swimming drowned do not attack any mob that is not touching water during daytime.|
|Zombified Piglin||Yes||When attacked, group retaliates|
|All other mobs||Accidentally||No|
|Sound||Subtitles||Source||Description||Resource location||Translation key||Volume||Pitch||Attenuation|
|Snow Golem dies||?||?||?||?||16|
|Snow Golem hurts||?||?||?||?||16|
|Name||Identifier||Numeric ID||Translation key|
Snow golems have entity data associated with them that contain various properties.
- Entity data
- Tags common to all entities
- Tags common to all mobs
- Pumpkin : 1 or 0 (true/false) - whether or not the Snow Golem has a pumpkin on its head.
|1.0.0||September 21, 2011||Snow golems were first showcased by Notch on Twitter as a new mob that is "craftable, is friendly, and throws snowballs at enemies. Also melts in hot biomes." and that it would "spread snow by walking around."|
|They were stated on Reddit to appear in Beta 1.9.|
|Notch originally planned to call this mob Snowmen. However, soon after revealing the name, Reddit user Cuttleman stated he would call them Snow Golems, a name Notch approved of and made official.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease||Added snow golems.|
|Snow golems flee when attacked.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 2||Snow golems can be bred with wheat and attack other snow golems nearby.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3||Reverted the above changes.|
|?||During the Beta release candidates, snow golems attack players holding wheat. However, they do not attack immediately.|
|1.2.1||12w06a||Snow golems have a new path-finding AI and can form a wall to attack mobs.|
|Snow golems now takes damage from rain and water.|
|12w07a||Snow golems now take damage in deserts, jungles, the Nether.|
|1.8||14w04a||Snow golems can now be created by dispensing the pumpkin from a dispenser atop two snow blocks.|
|14w05b||Snow golems' pumpkin heads are no longer visible when they have the Invisibility effect.|
|14w25a||Snow golems can now be built sideways and upside-down instead of just upright.|
|14w26c||Jack o'lanterns can no longer be used to build snow golems.|
|14w33a||Snow golems now attack creepers, provoking them.|
|1.8.1||pre1||Jack o'lanterns can now be used to build snow golems again.|
|1.9||15w31c||Snow golems can no longer cause damage to ender dragons.|
|15w46a||Snow golems no longer create a trail of snow layers, if the gamerule |
|15w49a||Snow golems' pumpkin can now be removed with shears.|
|15w50a||Added sounds |
|1.11||16w32a||Snow golems now use a byte data tag |
|The entity ID has been changed from |
|1.13||pre5||The entity ID has been changed from |
|1.14||18w43a||The textures of snow golems have been changed.|
|1.16||20w07a||Snow golems now drop a pumpkin when sheared.|
|20w15a||Snow golems can now be sheared by dispensers.|
|pre1||Snow golems are now damaged by splash water bottles and lingering water bottles.|
|1.17||21w13a||Snow golems are now immune to freezing.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|v0.12.1||build 1||Added snow golems.|
|build 2||Snow golems now spawn wearing a pumpkin.|
|build 3||Snow golems' pumpkin can now be removed with shears.|
|build 9||Snow golems can now leave a trail of snow in plains biomes.|
|v0.14.0||build 1||Snow golems can now be created by dispensing the pumpkin from a dispenser atop two snow blocks.|
|v0.16.0||build 5||Added sounds |
|1.0.5||alpha 184.108.40.206||Snow golems are no longer able to leave a trail of snow layers, if the gamerule |
|1.1.0||alpha 220.127.116.11||The entity ID has been changed from |
|?||The health of snow golems has been reduced from 10 to 4.|
|1.2.0||beta 18.104.22.168||The snow golem's face can now be seen only after shearing it.|
|1.10.0||beta 22.214.171.124||The textures of snow golems have been changed.|
|1.11.0||beta 126.96.36.199||Snow golems now take damage from walking over campfires.|
|1.16.100||beta 188.8.131.52||Snow golems now drop a pumpkin when sheared.|
|1.17.0||beta 184.108.40.206||Snow golems are now immune to freezing.|
|beta 220.127.116.11||Snow golems are now damaged by splash water bottles and lingering water bottles.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU7||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||Added snow golems.|
|TU11||The limit for snow golems in a world has been increased.|
|TU12||Snow golems have a new path-finding AI and can form a wall to attack mobs.|
|Snow golems now take damage in deserts, jungles, the Nether, and when in contact with rain and water.|
|TU43||CU33||1.36||Patch 13||Added sounds for snow golems.|
|PlayStation 4 Edition|
|1.90||The textures of snow golems have been changed.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
|0.1.0||Added snow golems.|
First screenshot of a snow golem, released by Notch on September 21, 2011.
- Snow golems cannot be made by pistons because the code for generating snow golems are found in the pumpkin’s
OnBlockPlace("placed by a player") event.
- Snow golems rarely spawn naturally in snow biomes; if two snow blocks happen to spawn naturally with a patch of pumpkins, a snow golem may spawn naturally.[Bedrock Edition only]
- They could also spawn in versions prior to 17w47a if a patch of carved pumpkins spawned in a snow biome, or if an enderman placed a carved pumpkin next to two blocks of snow. The chances of this are 1 in 5,000,000,000,000 (one in five trillion).
A snow golem attacks a spider.
A large group of snow golems in a lake.
Three snow golems that were built by endermen.
A snow golem riding in a minecart.
A sheared snow golem.
In other media
Lego Minecraft Snow Golem.
- "Also, they spread snow by walking around. Nice." – @notch on Twitter, September 21, 2011
- " Got frustrated with AWS, so I made a new mob! :D" – @notch on Twitter, September 21, 2011
- "It will be craftable, is friendly, and throws snowballs at enemies. Also melts in hot biomes." – @notch on Twitter, September 22, 2011