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Not to be confused with Patrol.
Raid bar.png
Raid bar BE.png



See § Loot


See § Raid Group

A raid is an in-game event in which waves of various mobs, mainly illagers, spawn and attack a village. It is triggered when a player with the Bad Omen status effect enters a village.


A player with the Bad Omen status effect triggers a raid upon entering a chunk with at least one villager and a claimed bed, or one of the 8 chunks surrounding it in a square. In Java Edition, a villager with a claimed bell or job site block can also trigger a raid, even if no claimed beds are present.

Bad Omen is obtained when a player kills an illager captain, which can be found at pillager outposts, woodland mansions, in patrols or during raids, as long as they are killed outside the raid range. If a player kills multiple captains in Java Edition, the Bad Omen accumulates up to Bad Omen V, causing members of the raiding party to have an increased chance of having enchanted weapons. Killing a patrol captain gives 1–5 Bad Omen levels, while killing an outpost captain always gives 1 level. In Bedrock Edition, the Bad Omen effect does not stack by killing multiple captains.

Raids can be triggered in the Overworld and the End, but in Java Edition, raids cannot be triggered in the Nether.[1]



In Java Edition, when a player with Bad Omen effect enters a 3×3×3 subchunk region around a village center, the effect disappears and the raid starts. A bossbar labeled "Raid" appears and begins charging. The bossbar is visible to players up to 96 blocks away (spherical) from the raid center. The bar is red and represents the total remaining health of the raid mobs. The number of mobs still alive displays when there are fewer than three. A horn sounds at the start of each wave, from the direction of the wave spawn and 13 blocks away from the player. Raid waves try to spawn in the same place, unless a player is too close. A villager rings the bell while the bossbar charges. Each subsequent wave is larger, with more mobs, including pillagers, witches, evokers, ravagers, and vindicators.

In Bedrock Edition, when a player with Bad Omen enters a 64x23x64 region around a village center (technically 1.12 blocks below the center), the effect disappears and the raid starts. A bossbar labeled "Raid" appears and begins charging. The bossbar is visible in a 128×88×128 region around the village center (technically 1.12 blocks below the center). The bar is purple, and represents the number of remaining mobs. While a wither is already present in the village and a raid starts, the bar is red and black. It is not clear whether or not this is intentional. The number of mobs still alive displays when there are fewer than three. A horn sounds at the start of each wave, and plays again at intervals until the wave has been defeated, or the player has lost. The horn plays from the direction of one of the illagers, which can help you locate it. The bell rings while the bossbar charges. Each subsequent wave is larger, with more mobs, including pillagers, witches, evokers, ravagers, and vindicators.


In Java Edition, illagers and witches not spawned as part of the raid (e.g. from a patrol) may join the raid and be counted by the bossbar, provided they are within 96 blocks of the village center. Illusioners can also join the raid. Raid captains may also join and can trigger a new raid when killed far enough from the village.

In Bedrock Edition, illagers cannot join raids. If a new raid is triggered after all beds are destroyed and then replaced, previously remaining illagers are not counted in the new raid bossbar.


Illagers have exclusive behavior during raids.

In Java Edition, vindicators in a raid take the initiative to open and close doors to search for villagers. They can sometimes break a wooden door in Normal [verify] or Hard difficulty if they cannot open the door normally. Evokers and illusioners gain 3X[verify] movement speed without any effect. This causes Evokers to sprint much faster than the player. Evokers exhibit normal attack behavior, but if they do not have a target, they sprint back and forth.

In Bedrock Edition, a vindicator spawned in a raid gains the ability to break doors in Normal difficulty, but does not actively seek doors. They try to break the door only when passing by.


When a wave captain is killed, other illagers in the raid try to pick up the banner dropped by the previous leader; the illager that retrieves the banner becomes the new wave captain. ‌[Java Edition only]

A player does not receive the Bad Omen effect when killing the patrol captain within a village. The captain is always a vindicator upon spawning, if possible.

Raid wave spawning[]

The raid spawns several waves of raider mobs. If a raid wave begins while an illager is somehow already present inside the village, the wave does not spawn at all and entirely fills up with however many existing illagers there are; When these illagers are defeated, the raid resumes as normal. In Java Edition, to find a valid spawn target location at the beginning of each raid wave, there are 3 spawn attempt phases with 20 attempts per phase. For each attempt, a random location is chosen a certain radius away from the raid center (64 blocks in the first phase, 32 in the second, and 0 in the third) at a random horizontal angle, with fractional results rounded down. Additionally, a random 0–4 is added to X and Z coordinates. In Bedrock Edition, the exact spawning mechanics are unknown, but the raid can spawn in the 128x32x128 region around the village center. In effect, the three spawn attempt areas are two rings and a 5×5 square. The target height is always on top of the topmost non-air block. For spawn location to be valid, the block underneath must have a solid opaque top face or be snow.

Valid spawn blocks include full blocks, upside-down slabs/stairs, soul sand, and packed/blue ice, but not glass, leaves, some light-emitting blocks (they do spawn on crying obsidian and jack-o-lantern), trapdoors, regular ice, bottom slabs, or carpet. In Bedrock Edition the raid can spawn on any block except leaves and scaffolding. Any light level is fine and player proximity does not matter. Waves tend to spawn near or at the last location they spawned at. The location must be in an entity-ticking chunk. If the game is unable to find a spawn location, the raid ends. Once a valid location is found, the horn sounds and all raider mobs for that wave spawn there at once. They then spread out and move toward the village. Once all raiders are killed, there is a 15-second cooldown before the next wave. However, if the last raider happens to move outside a spherical radius of 112 blocks from raid center, or the entire wave spawns outside that radius (which can happen with large differences in Y-level), then the next wave spawns immediately. Raiders that are part of a raid do not despawn naturally and do not contribute to the mob cap, but resume despawning once the raid is over or they leave it.

Raid wave composition[]

Java Edition[]

The number of waves depends on difficulty: There are 3 waves in Easy difficulty, 5 in Normal, and 7 in Hard. In Hard, there is a chance of 1 additional pillager and/or vindicator spawning. If the player's Bad Omen level is II or higher, one additional wave spawns (e.g. 4 in Easy, 6 in Normal, and 8 in Hard) with the same strength as the final wave. Raiders have an increased chance of spawning with enchanted items with higher bad omen levels, a 10% chance starting at Bad Omen II and up to a 75% chance at Bad Omen V.

Easy difficulty

When triggered with Bad Omen I, illager weapons are unenchanted. Bad Omen levels II through V each increases the possibility of low-level enchantments. There is a 25% chance of spawning an additional Pillager from 3 Pillagers each wave, totaling 4 Pillagers on Waves 2, 3, and the Extra Wave. And a 25% chance of spawning a Vindicator each wave, starting Wave 3.

Number of mobs in each wave
Mob Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Extra Wave
Pillager 4 - 5 3 - 4 3 - 4 3 - 4
Vindicator 2 - 3 0 - 1 0 - 1
Ravager 1 1
Total mobs 4 - 5 5 - 7 4 - 6 4 - 6
Overall total 13 - 18 17 - 24
Normal difficulty

There's a 50% chance of spawning either a additional Pillager from 3 Pillagers per wave, and/or a Vindicator on each wave. Witches can also spawn, but they only spawn with a 50% chance on Waves 3, and 5, but excluding Wave 4, only then will Wave 4, spawn 3 Witches respectively. A Ravager also spawns at Wave 3, but if there is an extra wave, there's a chance of 2 Ravagers in the extra wave- without them being a Pillager-Ravager Jockey, only Wave 5 spawns a Pillager-Ravager Jockey.

Number of mobs in each wave
Mob Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 4 Wave 5 Extra Wave
Pillager 4 - 5 3 - 4 3 - 4 4 - 5 4 - 5 4 - 5
Vindicator 0 - 1 2 - 3 0 - 1 1 - 2 4 - 5 4 - 5
Ravager 1 1 - 2
Witch 0 - 1 3 0 - 1 0 - 1
Evoker 1 1
Ravager + Pillager 1
Total mobs 4 - 6 5 - 7 4 - 7 8 - 10 10 - 13 10 - 14
Overall total 31 - 43 41 - 57
Hard difficulty or Hardcore gamemode

There are at least 3 Pillagers each wave except Wave 7. However, Waves, 1, 4, 5, and 6 spawn at least 4 Pillagers, but each wave has a 50% Chance to spawn additional Pillagers. Vindicators spawn at a completely random number, but spawn at least 1 Vindicator, starting at Wave 4, but a different minimum number of Pillagers spawn from Wave 5 on, they have a 50% chance to spawn extras on each wave also. 50% chance to spawn Witches on wave 3, 5, and 6. Excluding wave 4, which Wave 4 will spawn 3 Witches, and from Wave 7 on, at least 1 Witch will spawn. If there is an extra wave, there is a 50% chance of spawning a Ravager-Vindicator Jockey during Wave 7 only.

Number of mobs in each wave
Mob Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 4 Wave 5 Wave 6 Wave 7 Extra Wave
Pillager 4 - 6 3 - 5 3 - 5 4 - 6 4 - 6 4 - 6 2 - 4 2 - 4
Vindicator 0 - 2 2 - 4 0 - 2 1 - 3 4 - 6 2 - 4 5 - 7 5 - 7
Ravager 1
Witch 0 - 1 3 0 - 1 0 - 1 1 - 2 1 - 2
Evoker 1 1 2 2
Ravager + Pillager 1
Ravager + Vindicator 1 1 - 2
Ravager + Evoker 1 1
Total mobs 4 - 8 5 - 9 4 - 9 8 - 12 10 - 15 7 - 12 13 - 18 13 - 19
Overall total 51 - 83 64 - 102

Bedrock Edition[]

In Bedrock Edition, the number of waves depends on difficulty, regardless of Bad Omen level without any additional waves. There are three waves in Easy difficulty, five in normal, and seven in hard. They spawn with enchanted weapons at level 5 on easy and at levels 5-19 in other difficulties. There are no attempts to spawn additional mobs in any difficulty.

Number of mobs in each wave
Mobs Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 4 Wave 5 Wave 6 Wave 7
Pillager 4 3 3 3 5
Vindicator 2 4 2 6
Ravager 1 1
Witch 3 1
Evoker 1 1 2
Ravager + Pillager 1 1
Ravager + Evoker 1
Total mobs 4 5 4 6 7 8 11
Overall total 13 (Easy) 26 (Normal) 45 (Hard)


All mobs in a raid drop their own regular loot.

Special Drops

The raid captain drops

In Java Edition[]

Pillagers, vindicators, and evokers drop their regular loot.

In Bedrock Edition[]

In addition to regular loot, pillagers and vindicators can drop:

Additionally, depending on difficulty, they have a 65% chance of dropping on easy and normal, while 80% chance of dropping on hard:


  • Iron equipment from raider drops has 50% chance of being enchanted with random enchantment(s) at a low-to-medium level.
  • Iron equipment from raider drops is always damaged.
  • Emerald is both a regular raid drop and an additional drop.
    • Only emerald drops are affected by looting enchantment, increased by 1% per looting level.

In Java Edition, villagers give the player extra loot (gifts) after the raid, while in Bedrock Edition, the illagers drop extra loot when killed.

Bad Omen[]

In Java Edition, besides triggering a raid, the Bad Omen status effect's level of the triggering player also affects the raid mechanism. When the Bad Omen level is higher than one, an additional wave spawns with the same strength as the final wave. With a higher level of Bad Omen to a raid, the illagers in the raid have a higher chance of being equipped with enchanted weapons. Players can also drink milk to remove any level of the Bad Omen effect. In Bedrock Edition, Bad Omen does not affect the enchanted weapons.


If the attacked village no longer registers as a village (i.e. all villagers were killed or all claimed beds were destroyed), the raid ends, the Raid bar displays "Raid - Defeat", and all of the illagers celebrate: the evokers, pillagers and vindicators raise their hands, the pillagers jump up and down‌[JE only] or raise their hands‌[BE only], and all of them emit "celebration sounds".

SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Pillager cheers??entity.pillager.celebratesubtitles.entity.pillager.celebrate1.0?16
Vindicator cheers??entity.vindicator.celebratesubtitles.entity.vindicator.celebrate1.0?16
Ravager cheers??entity.ravager.celebratesubtitles.entity.ravager.celebrate1.0?16
Evoker cheers??entity.evoker.celebratesubtitles.entity.evoker.celebrate1.0?16
Witch cheers??entity.witch.celebratesubtitles.entity.witch.celebrate1.0?16

If all illagers are killed in the final wave, any player who has killed an illager in the raid receives the Hero of the Village effect at the same level as the Bad Omen level of the raid. The villagers shoot off fireworks, and the Raid bar displays "Raid - Victory". The Hero of the Village effect activates only when the player is in the village in where the raid was defeated, and the effect wears off if the player leaves the village.

Raids cannot end naturally if at least one baby villager remains, because illagers are passive to baby villagers, except for the “Johnny” vindicator.‌[Bedrock Edition only]

In some cases a raid ends after a set amount of time, if all left over raiders cannot move.


In Java Edition during a raid, villagers emit "sweat particles". At least one villager rushes to the village meeting point and rings the bell to alert other villagers to get inside their houses during the warmup of an upcoming raid wave.

After successfully defending a village from a raid, the villagers emerge from their houses and celebrate, by setting off firework rockets and cheering, although villagers do not have a celebrate sound unlike the illagers.


Villagers give players gifts after the raid in Java Edition. Villagers throw items at the player that are related to their profession. After throwing a gift a villager has a cooldown between 30 seconds and 5 minutes and 30 seconds before they can throw another gift at the player. That means the more villagers the player has, the more gifts they receive.


In Java Edition, witches participating in a raid often help other illagers by splashing a Potion of Regeneration or Healing. Witches do not attack villagers and do not throw harmful potions at them.[2]

In Bedrock Edition, witches participating in a raid do not heal other illagers, but still attack the player and iron golems. Witches are passive toward villagers, but their harmful splash potions might hit a villager by accident.

Mobs not counted[]

Vexes summoned by evokers do not count as part of the raid. Killing them has no effect on the raiding bar, and the raid can end in victory even if there are vexes remaining.


If a raid goes on for 48,000ticks (40 minutes in real time) the raiding bar disappears and a message appears saying "raid expired", although expired the still living illagers stay until killed.


SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Ominous horn blaresFriendly Creatures?event.raid.hornsubtitles.event.raid.horn0.01?16

NBT structure[]

Main article: raids.dat format


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS4)
PS4 Other platforms
Feeling IllDefeat an Evoker30GSilver
Kill the Beast!Defeat a Ravager.30GSilver
We're being attacked!Trigger a Pillager Raid.Walk in a village with the Bad Omen effect applied.20GBronze
Sound the Alarm!Ring the bell with a hostile enemy in the village.20GBronze
I've got a bad feeling about thisKill a Pillager Captain.20GBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Resource location
Advancement-plain-raw.pngVoluntary Exile
Kill a raid captain.
Maybe consider staying away from villages for the time being...
AdventureKill an entity in the #raiders entity tag wearing an ominous banner.
Note: This is a hidden advancement, meaning that it can be viewed by the player only after completing it, regardless if one or more of its child advancements have been completed.
Advancement-fancy-raw.pngHero of the Village
Successfully defend a village from a raid Voluntary ExileKill at least one raid mob during a raid and wait until it ends in victory.
Note: This is a hidden advancement, meaning that it can be viewed by the player only after completing it, regardless if one or more of its child advancements have been completed.


Java Edition
1.1418w47aAdded raids.
18w49aThere are now two waves per Bad Omen level.
Players now have to complete a wave before the next one starts.
The raid boss bar now slowly fills up when a raid is triggered or when a wave is cleared.
18w50aPatrol captains now give 1–3 Bad Omen levels when killed. Outpost captains always give 1 only.
Captains can now spawn at outposts.
Ravagers start at wave 2, witches at wave 4, evokers at wave 5.
19w13aPatrol captains now give 1–6 Bad Omen levels when killed.
Players now get the Hero of the Village effect after completing raids.
1.14.3Pre-Release 3Raids can now be enabled or disabled by using the command /gamerule disableRaids.
September 29, 2019Illusioners were mentioned as potential candidates for addition to raids in Java Edition 1.16, in analogy to the implementation of brown mooshrooms as announced a year earlier.
Bedrock Edition
1.11.0beta raids, available only through experimental gameplay.
Raids are currently unused at this time and use a pink boss bar color.
beta can now be triggered by the player, making them no longer unused.
A bell-ringing sound can now be heard during raids.
beta now get the Hero of the Village effect after completing raids.
beta now get Bad Omen if a village is no longer registered as a village during a raid.
beta message now appears when a raid expires after 2-3 in-game days.
Maximum distance of raiding illager spawn from the village has been increased and now depends on render distance and a suitable block, which is up to 1024.
1.13.0beta successful village raid celebration.
Players no longer receive Bad Omen when all villagers die or all beds are destroyed during a raid.
1.18.0beta now use a red boss bar color to match Java Edition.
Raid mobs now despawn after a raid ends if the players move too far away.
beta boss bars now decrease whenever a raider takes damage.
PlayStation 4 Edition
1.91Added raids.


Issues relating to "Raid" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • If the player leaves a village during a raid, obtains another level of Bad Omen, and returns to the village, then the effect is nullified and has no effect on the progressing raid.
  • The horn sound that blares at the start of each wave is created by a corkscrew didgeridoo.[3]
  • A Ravager with vindicator rider (in .json code) is an unused mob In Bedrock Edition.
  • Vexes are not counted as part of the raid despite being summoned by an Evoker. A raid can be completed with leftover vexes.
  • Witches are not considered illagers, and although allied with the raiders, they don't attack villagers. Cory Scheviak jokingly explained that witches spawn in raids are just along for the ride.[4]


See also[]


  1. MC-148540 resolved as "Works as Intended"
  2. MC-139947 resolved as "Works As Intended"
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CvqmhgmO2Bg
  4. "Witches aren't illagers - they are just along for the ride!" – Cory Scheviak