Minecraft Wiki
Not to be confused with Raid.
This article is about the patrol in Minecraft. For the user group of Minecraft Wiki, see Minecraft Wiki:Patrollers.

A patrol.

A patrol[Java Edition only] or pillager patrol[Bedrock Edition only] is a rare, naturally-spawning group of pillagers.


Patrols spawn as a group of 1 to 5 pillagers in Java Edition or 2–5 illagers in Bedrock Edition, one of which is the patrol captain. The patrol captain wears an ominous banner, known as the illager banner in Bedrock and Education Editions, on its head. The other illagers follow the captain around.

The patrol captain always spawns as a pillager captain, unless using commands.

In Java Edition, patrols never spawn if /gamerule doPatrolSpawning is set to false.


Patrols spawn naturally after the world age reaches 100 minutes (5 in-game days), then after a delay between 10–11 minutes an attempt is made to spawn a patrol with 20% chance of success. After an attempt is made, the delay is reset.

Patrols spawn in any Overworld biome except mushroom fields and its variants, although a patrol may wander into a mushroom biome after spawning.

Patrollers do not spawn in Peaceful difficulty.

Java Edition[]

Patrols can spawn during the day on blocks with a block light level of 8 or lower. If a player is within 5 by 5 by 5 sub-chunk cube around a village, patrols do not spawn.

A visual representation of patrols' spawning conditions. Captains can spawn on dark green blocks and the "support" pillagers can spawn on any green blocks.

The game picks a random location 24–48 blocks along each of the X and Z axis away from the player to try to spawn the patrol's captain. If a pillager cannot spawn at the chosen position, it gives up and does not spawn anything. If the captain can spawn, the game tries to spawn 1 + localDifficulty[verify] (rounded up) more pillagers, with each pillager spawning within a 4-block radius square around the previous pillager.

Bedrock Edition[]

In Bedrock Edition patrols spawn around 24–48 blocks away from the player (or more than 48 blocks away if the player is in a village). Additionally, patrols can spawn in biomes where common monsters cannot spawn such as in:

Patrols spawn on solid blocks at light level 0–7[verify] at the surface.


Bedrock Edition[]

Player can summon pillager patrol captain and pillager patrol members via command within spawn event.

Summon pillager patrol captain:

/summon pillager ~ ~ ~ minecraft:promote_to_patrol_captain

Summon pillager patrol members:

/summon pillager ~ ~ ~ minecraft:spawn_as_patrol_follower

Summon unused vindicator patrol captain:

/summon vindicator ~ ~ ~ minecraft:promote_to_patrol_captain


Patrol looks at a villager and attracts their attention.

Patrols seek villages, wander around, and attack nearby players, adult villagers, iron golems, snow golems[Bedrock Edition only] and wandering traders. The patrol members' heads turn to follow a player or villager-like mob who looks at them or attracts their attention. A player or villager-like mob who approaches within 10 blocks of the patrol provokes them into loading their crossbows and attacking, and pursuing if the player flees. The pursuit lasts until either of the parties dies or gets 10 blocks away.

Witches that join the patrol assume the patrol's behavior.[1]

In Java Edition, any illagers, ravagers, or witches that did not spawn with the patrol can join the patrol if sufficiently near a patrol captain. Evokers and illusioners who join a patrol wander around but do not seek out targets as other illager members in the patrol. They still do cast spells to attack mobs, however.

If a "Johnny" vindicator joins a patrol, all patrol members assume the Johnny vindicator's aggressive behavior, attacking any non-illager mob, which includes witches and ravagers (which are not illagers in Java Edition), except baby villagers and ghasts.

In Bedrock Edition, when one of the patrol members is attacked, it alerts nearby patrol members within 10 blocks to attack the same target as a swarm. The attacker can be any mob and doesn't need to be a player, and the distance between attacker and patrol can be up to 64 blocks away from alerted patrol members. This means that a llama who accidentally spits on a patrol member can provoke all of the members of the patrol at once. Vindicator patrol members target and attack the player without prior provocation.

A patrol spawned by a player might not function properly; instead, causing some of the patrol members to wander around. One of the ways to fix this is to reduce the size of the patrol to around 5 members. Another way is to make the captain move, as the rest of the patrol members can move along with it and follow it around. Witches might not function properly in a patrol because the witch is not an illager.

Just like normal pillagers, when a patrol pillager's arrow hits another pillager, the hit pillager does not retaliate, although the vindicator might attack the pillager that hit it.‌[Bedrock Edition only]

The patrol captain always drops an ominous banner, known as the illager banner in Bedrock Edition, upon death.

Bad Omen[]

Main article: Bad Omen

Upon killing a patrol captain (either directly or when a tamed wolf kills it), the player receives the Bad Omen effect for 100 minutes (displayed as infinite in Java Edition), which has no consequences unless the player enters a village. Upon entering a village, the effect is removed from the player and a raid spawns nearby after about five seconds. In Java Edition, the level of the Bad Omen determines the chance of enchantment on raid members' weapons and additional waves. The number of waves depends on the difficulty. In Bedrock Edition, killing multiple pillager captains does not grant another level of Bad Omen, and does not increase the chance of raiding mobs yielding enchanted weapons. The Bad Omen effect can be removed by drinking milk, entering a village, waiting until the effect is over, or the player's death.


Java Edition
1.1418w45aAdded patrols, which can spawn all types of illagers (minus the illusioner and the evoker) including ravagers.
18w46aRavagers no longer spawn in patrols.
Patrols now spawn 5 illagers instead of 4.
18w47aAdded the Bad Omen status effect, which is applied to players upon killing a patrol captain.
Patrols now spawn less often.
18w50aThe player now gets unlimited time Bad Omen status effect when killing a patrol captain.
1.14.3Pre-Release 2Vindicators no longer spawn in patrols.
Patrols now spawn less commonly.
Patrols can now spawn in all biomes except mushroom fields and its variants.
Patrols no longer spawn if the block light level disallows monster spawning.
1.15.2Pre-Release 1Patrol spawning can now be controlled using /gamerule doPatrolSpawning
1.1620w06aPatrols no longer spawn when the player is close to a village.
Bedrock Edition
1.11.0beta patrols, with slightly different mechanics.
beta that spawn from patrols now follow the patrol captain.
Patrols can now be enabled or disabled using the /mobevent command.
beta now spawn 48 blocks away or farther if the player is in a village boundary.
1.13.0beta can now spawn in all biomes except for mushroom fields and its variants.
The delay for patrols to spawn has been increased to 10-11 minutes, from 5-6 minutes.
Patrols now attack in swarms.
1.14.0beta can no longer spawn in the End and Nether.
1.18.0beta and its captain variant no longer spawn in patrols.
PlayStation 4 Edition
1.91Added patrols.


Issues relating to "Patrol", "Pillager patrol", or "Illager patrol" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • The idea of pillagers appearing in patrols was decided based on wanting pillagers to not be "hidden away," giving the player a sense of life in the world outside of their personal area.[2]
  • In Bedrock Edition, it is possible for patrols to spawn directly inside villages.
  • Although vindicator patroller and captain no longer spawn in Java and Bedrock edition, the vindicator captain still can be still found in the game data pack and summoned via command.


See also[]