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Minecraft Wiki
For other uses, see Obsidian (disambiguation).
Obsidian JE3 BE2.png



Yes (64)


Blast resistance










Catches fire from lava


Obsidian is a dark purple block known for its high blast resistance and strength. It is most commonly found when water flows over lava. Among other things, obsidian is used to construct the frames of the nether portal and enchanting tables.


Obsidian drops itself only when mined with a diamond or netherite pickaxe; otherwise, it drops nothing.

Block Obsidian
Hardness 50
Breaking time[A]
Default 250
Wooden 125
Stone 62.5
Iron 41.7
Diamond 9.4
Netherite 8.35
Golden 20.85
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Enchanting a pickaxe with Efficiency and using a beacon with Haste both drastically decrease the mining time. See the obsidian farming tutorial for more information.

Also, 8 obsidian are dropped by an ender chest when broken without Silk Touch.

Natural generation[]

Naturally occurring obsidian.

Water pouring onto lava springs, forming obsidian.

Obsidian generates naturally in all dimensions:


Obsidian is created when a nether portal is generated in the Nether or the Overworld. This portal can then be mined, providing a way of obtaining obsidian renewably.

  • In Java Edition, if the nether portal generated floating in the air then 4 extra obsidian will be created in the bottom of the portal.

When a player enters the End, a platform of 25 obsidian blocks is generated for the player to spawn on. This platform can then be mined, and gets regenerated when an entity (only in pre-1.9/1.16) enters the End, which provides another way of obtaining obsidian renewably. Obsidian pillars also regenerate when the ender dragon respawns.

Using a water spring to mine obsidian.

Obsidian is formed when flowing water touches a lava source block, and can be found naturally where water from a spring or lake has flowed over a nearby lava pool.

Chest loot[]

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Obsidian Bastion remnant Generic chest 4–6 24.4%
Nether fortress Chest 2–4 8%
Ruined portal Chest 1–2 46.4%
Village Weaponsmith's chest 3–7 25.6%
Bedrock Edition
Obsidian Bastion remnant Generic chest 4–6 24.4%
Nether fortress Chest 2–4 8%
Ruined portal Chest 1–2 46.4%
Village Weaponsmith's chest 3–7 25.6%


Piglins may barter a block of obsidian when given a gold ingot with a chance of 8.71%.


Obsidian is useful for building explosion-resistant structures as it has, along with anvils and netherite blocks, a blast resistance of 1,200; the highest of all blocks obtainable in Survival mode (together with crying obsidian and block of netherite). Obsidian also cannot be destroyed by the ender dragon. However, ender dragons can traverse obsidian blocks without destroying them.

These qualities make obsidian an extremely effective defensive block, and it is commonly used in many bases in multiplayer servers as protection from griefers.

End crystals can be placed on top of obsidian, which can be useful in PvP combat, or just as decoration.

Nether portals[]

Obsidian is used to create a nether portal frame, which is then ignited using fire. The frame must be a vertical rectangle any size from 4×5 to 23×23. The corners of the frame are not required for an operational portal.

Crafting ingredient[]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Beacon Glass +
Nether Star +
Nether Star
Enchanting Table Book +
Diamond +

Ender Chest Obsidian +
Eye of Ender

Note Blocks[]

Obsidian can be placed under note blocks to produce "bass drum" sounds.

Piston interactivity[]

Obsidian cannot be pushed by pistons. It also cannot be pushed nor pulled by sticky pistons.


Java Edition:

SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksOnce the block has brokenblock.stone.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
None[sound 1]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.stone.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenblock.stone.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
Block placedBlocksWhen the block is placedblock.stone.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.stone.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
  1. a b MC-177082

Bedrock Edition:

SoundSourceDescriptionResource locationVolumePitch
BlocksOnce the block has brokendig.stone1.00.8
BlocksFalling on the block with fall damagefall.stone0.41.0
BlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenhit.stone0.370.5
?BlocksJumping from the blockjump.stone0.121.0
?BlocksFalling on the block without fall damageland.stone0.221.0
BlocksWalking on the blockstep.stone0.31.0
BlocksWhen the block is placeduse.stone1.00.8

Data values[]


Java Edition:

NameResource locationBlock tags (JE)FormTranslation key
Block & Itemblock.minecraft.obsidian

Bedrock Edition:

NameResource locationNumeric ID FormTranslation key
Obsidianobsidian49Block & Itemtile.obsidian.name


Icon Achievement In-game description Actual requirements (if different) Gamerscore earned Trophy type (PS4)
PS4 Other platforms
Into The NetherConstruct a Nether Portal.Light a nether portal.30GBronze
EnchanterConstruct an Enchantment Table.Pick up an enchantment table from a crafting table output.20GBronze


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Resource location
Advancement-plain-raw.pngIce Bucket Challenge
Obtain a block of obsidian Hot StuffHave a block of obsidian in your inventory.story/form_obsidian
Advancement-plain-raw.pngWe Need to Go Deeper
Build, light and enter a Nether Portal Ice Bucket ChallengeEnter the Nether dimension.story/enter_the_nether
Advancement-plain-raw.pngInvicon Enchanted Book.gifEnchanter
Enchant an item at an Enchantment Table Diamonds!Insert an item in an enchanting table, then apply an enchantment.story/enchant_item


Java Edition Classic
0.28Obsidian JE1 BE1.png Added obsidian.
Obsidian is extremely tough to break and drops one cobblestone block when broken.
Java Edition Infdev
20100227Added the obsidian wall, which marks the X and Z axes, intersecting at 0,0. This creates two intersecting planes extending just above the surface of the solid material that surrounds them.
20100313The obsidian wall has been removed.
20100617-2Obsidian is now created when water touches a lava source.
20100618Obsidian now drops itself when broken.
Obsidian's explosion resistance increased. Before this, obsidian had the same blast resistance as stone.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.14Obsidian made indestructible to TNT.
v1.2.0previewIntroduced the nether portal, made using obsidian, which also makes obsidian renewable.
However, since diamond pickaxes are not yet renewable, obsidian cannot be fully renewably obtained.
Java Edition Beta
1.8Pre-releaseObsidian can now be mined with an iron pickaxe (has since been removed[when?]) or moved by endermen.
?Obsidian can no longer be mined by an iron pickaxe.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3The enchantment table has been introduced, which is crafted using obsidian.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4Introduced the End, with obsidian platform and obsidian pillars.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6Obsidian mining time has been decreased from 15 to 2.5 seconds.
?Obsidian mining time has been increased from 2.5 to 9.4 seconds.
1.112w01aObsidian can now be found in village blacksmith chests.
1.3.112w21aThe ender chest has been introduced, which is crafted using obsidian.
As diamond pickaxes can now be purchased from blacksmith villagers, obsidian can now be fully renewably obtained.
1.4.212w36aThe beacon block has now received a crafting recipe, which uses obsidian.
12w38aThe wither's blue wither skull projectile has been introduced, which produces a special explosion that can destroy obsidian.
1.7.213w36aObsidian can now be destroyed with explosives by summoning a fireball with custom data.
1.814w25aAn infinite obsidian glitch (allowing conversion of redstone into obsidian) has been fixed during the implementation of the new block metadata format.
14w30aObsidian can now be found inside chests in nether fortresses.
1.915w31aObsidian now generates as part of the end cities.
15w43aThe obsidian yield from nether fortress chests has been slightly decreased.
1.1116w39aObsidian now generates in woodland mansions.
July 18, 2017Obsidian (Texture Update pre-release 1).png Jeb tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.
July 19, 2017Obsidian (Texture Update pre-release 2).png Jeb tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.
July 11, 2018Obsidian (Texture Update pre-release 3).png Jasper Boerstra tweets an image of an updated obsidian texture.
?Obsidian TextureUpdate Revision Something.png This texture of obsidian was shown at some point (not in game).
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 49.
18w09aObsidian now generates in some underwater ruins.
1.1418w43aObsidian JE2.png The texture of obsidian has been changed.
18w44aObsidian JE3 BE2.png The texture of obsidian has been changed, once again.
1.1620w07aObsidian has a 1109 (~0.92%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.
20w09aObsidian now has a 10113 (~8.84%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1–5.
20w16aObsidian now generates in bastion remnants chests.
Obsidian can now spawn as part of ruined portals or be found in its chests.
1.16.220w30aThe chance of finding obsidian in bastion remnant chests have been slightly decreased.
Pocket Edition Alpha
Pre-releaseObsidian (texture) JE1 BE1.png Obsidian JE1 BE1.png Added obsidian.
v0.5.0Glowing obsidian has been added, which drops a block of regular obsidian when mined.
The newly added nether reactor structure generates a "spire" of obsidian when activated.
v0.6.0The "spires" generated by nether reactors are now made of netherrack, instead of obsidian.
v0.9.0build 1Obsidian can now be found in villages within blacksmith chests.
v0.12.1build 1Obsidian can now be used to form nether portals.
Obsidian is now used to craft enchantment tables.
v0.13.0build 2Obsidian now requires 6.5 seconds to mine, rather than 3.
v0.16.0build 4Obsidian is now used to craft beacons.
The wither's "blue wither skull" projectile has been introduced, which produces a special explosion that can destroy obsidian.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha is now used to craft ender chests and end crystals.
Obsidian now generates naturally in the End as obsidian platforms, obsidian pillars and some parts of end ships in end cities.
1.1.0alpha now generates in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.4.0beta now generates in some underwater ruins.
1.10.0beta JE3 BE2.png The texture of obsidian has been changed.
Obsidian can now be found in village weaponsmith chests.
1.16.0beta can now be obtained from bartering.
?Obsidian breaking time is now 6.2 seconds instead of 9.6 seconds.
beta now has a 10106 (9.43%) chance of being offered by piglins when bartering, in a stack size of 1.
Obsidian now be found in bastion remnants chests.
Obsidian can now generate as part of ruined portals and can be found in its chests.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Obsidian JE1 BE1.png Added obsidian.
1.90 Obsidian JE3 BE2.png The texture of obsidian has been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Obsidian JE1 BE1.png Added obsidian.


Issues relating to "Obsidian" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Obsidian is one of the hardest blocks to destroy in Minecraft. In reality, obsidian is glass-like in texture and quite fragile.
  • Geologically, obsidian is a volcanic glass that forms when lava is flash-cooled. It's the only igneous rock that's glassy.
  • Destroying an obsidian block with a diamond pickaxe, while underwater, without standing on solid ground, would take 3 minutes and 54 seconds.
  • 71.25 times the explosive power of TNT would be required to destroy a block of obsidian; however, additional TNT increases the blast radius, not explosive power. It is possible to /summon an explosion strong enough to destroy obsidian.
  • The blue wither skull has the ability to destroy obsidian as a special feature; its explosion is otherwise no stronger than a ghast's fireball.


Java Edition[]

Bedrock Edition[]

See also[]

External links[]