Minecraft Wiki

The nether portal block is the translucent part of the nether portal that teleports the player to and from the Nether.


The nether portal block can not be obtained as an item even by using the /give command. The item form is completely nonexistent in Java Edition, but it can be obtained through add-ons or external editors in Bedrock Edition, or through using multiple glitches at once.

The nether portal block can be placed using commands such as /fill or /setblock and is generated when a nether portal is lighted.


See also: Nether portal

Nether portal blocks can stably exist only within a nether portal structure, unlike end portal blocks. When the block is updated and detects it is not part of such a structure, it is destroyed.

Nether portal blocks can be used to teleport entities between the Nether and the Overworld. When a player in the Overworld or the Nether stands in a nether portal block for 4 seconds, the player is taken to the other dimension. While in the nether portal block, the player can neither open their inventory nor interact with blocks with GUI. The player can step out of a portal before it completes its animation to abort the teleport. However, in Creative mode there is no wait time—the player immediately transfers between dimensions. If there is already an active portal within range (125 blocks) in the other world, the player appears in that portal. Otherwise, a portal is created at or near the corresponding coordinates. If a single portal block is placed using commands, it can still be used to travel to the Nether.

Nether portal blocks make distinctive sounds, and emit the same purple particles produced by endermen, endermites, and ender chests. Portal blocks emit a light level of 11, dimmer than a torch.

Falling block entities can be teleported through a portal, but a piston cannot push a block through.

Much like water or lava, portal blocks cannot be broken by tools except in Creative. However, portal blocks can be destroyed by explosions (even weak ones) and can be replaced by placing water or lava sources in the same block (can also be done by dispensers). If any portal block is destroyed, the whole portal is deactivated as adjacent portal blocks are updated and detect that the portal structure is no longer complete.

While nether portals themselves cannot be lit in the End, a portal block set in the End and in custom dimensions behave exactly like in the Overworld, calculating coordinates in the Nether with the same 1:8 ratio. They teleport players to the Nether in Java Edition, and to the Overworld in Bedrock Edition.

Piston interactivity[]

Nether portal blocks cannot be pushed by pistons. They also cannot be pushed or pulled by sticky pistons.



Java Edition:

SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksOnce the block has brokenblock.glass.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
Block placedBlocksWhen the block is placedblock.glass.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
Block breakingBlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenblock.glass.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
None[sound 1]Entity-DependentFalling on the block with fall damageblock.glass.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
FootstepsEntity-DependentWalking on the blockblock.glass.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
  1. a b MC-177082

Bedrock Edition:

SoundSourceDescriptionResource locationVolumePitch
BlocksOnce the block has brokenrandom.glass1.00.8-1.0
BlocksWhen the block is placeddig.stone1.00.8-1.0
BlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenhit.stone0.40.6
PlayersFalling on the block with fall damagefall.stone0.41.0
PlayersWalking on the blockstep.stone0.31.0
PlayersJumping from the blockjump.stone0.121.0
PlayersFalling on the block without fall damageland.stone0.221.0


Java Edition:

SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Portal whooshes [sound 1]BlocksRandomlyblock.portal.ambient[sound 2]subtitles.block.portal.ambient[sound 2]0.50.8-1.210
None[sound 3]Ambient/EnvironmentAfter the player is teleported through a nether portalblock.portal.travel[sound 2]None[sound 3]0.250.8-1.216
Portal noise intensifies [sound 1]Ambient/EnvironmentWhen the player enters a nether portalblock.portal.trigger[sound 2]subtitles.block.portal.trigger[sound 2]0.250.8-1.216
  1. a b The subtitle refers to it generically as a portal rather than specifically a nether portal: see MC-218020
  2. a b c d e The sound event and translation string still refers to this generically as "portal", despite the block being named "nether_portal"; see also MC-193751
  3. a b MC-184622

Bedrock Edition:

SoundSourceDescriptionResource locationVolumePitch
Ambient/EnvironmentAfter the player is teleported through a nether portalportal.travel1.01.0
Ambient/EnvironmentWhen the player enters a nether portalportal.trigger1.01.0

Data values[]


Java Edition:

NameIdentifierFormBlock tagsTranslation key
Nether Portalnether_portalBlockhoglin_repellents

Bedrock Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID FormItem ID[i 1]Translation key
Nether Portalportal90Block & Ungiveable Item[i 2]Identical[i 3]tile.portal.name
  1. ID of block's direct item form, which is used in savegame files and addons.
  2. Unavailable with /give command
  3. The block's direct item form has the same id as the block.

Block states[]

See also: Block states

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
axisx xThe portal's long edge runs east–west.
zThe portal's long edge runs north–south.

Bedrock Edition:

NameMetadata Bits Default value Allowed valuesValues for
Metadata Bits
unknown unknown0If placed with this state, the portal's long edge runs north–south. If set to it, its direction will be tied to that of adjacent portals.
x1The portal's long edge runs east–west.
z2The portal's long edge runs north–south.


History of the block itself[]

Missing Model JE3
This section would benefit from the addition of more images. 
Please remove this notice once you've added suitable images to the article.
The specific instructions are: The block may have been way lighter at some point in Pocket Edition's history: https://youtu.be/5N0x7X-nkCQ&t=3m27s
This section is missing information about
  • "It is now possible to smash nether portals by simply punching them." was listed as a change that happened at some point in 1.0.0. Testing reveals it doesn't happen at all in Survival mode, so was this meant to refer to Creative and that detail was left out?
  • "The nether portal has been changed, having a slightly darker look." listed for Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4 in the main nether portal page. I can't seem to find any visual changes to nether portals in this version at all.. 
Please expand the section to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0previewFile:Nether Portal (NS) JE1.png Nether Portal (EW) JE1 Added the nether portal block.
It currently cannot be destroyed by flowing fluids.
Java Edition Beta
1.6Test Build 3Nether Portal (NS) JE2 Nether Portal (EW) JE2 Nether portal blocks no longer have a top face.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6Nether portal blocks are no longer affected by smooth lighting.[1]
RC1It is no longer possible to break portal blocks with water or lava. Both stop before hitting the portal and act as if the portal were a solid block; placing water instead of fire in the portal automatically deactivates the portal anyway.
1.2.112w08aThe player can now (again) break a block portal in creative by punching it. It makes the same sound as glass being destroyed.
1.513w02aNether portal blocks now use the texture in resource packs: textures/blocks/portal.png.
1.7.213w37aNether portal blocks now use block data values (later changed to block state) to determine their orientation. Due to these changes, nether portals created in 1.6.4 and earlier have a tendency to close when upgrading.
Metadata value 1 corresponds to a portal that reaches the west and east sides of the block, and 2 corresponds to one that touches the north and south sides. 0, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14 and 15 also appear as north/south and 5, 9 and 13 as east/west, however they appear to be unused.
13w37bNether Portal (unconnected) JE1 Nether portal blocks with damage value 3, 7, 11 and 15 now have a vertical post appearance rather than the pane or sheet appearance of other states.
13w41aNether portals, water and ice are now visible through each other.
Nether Portal (unconnected) JE2 Nether Portal (NS) JE3 Nether Portal (EW) JE3 This also makes the rear planes visible from the front planes.
13w42aNether Portal (unconnected) JE3 Nether Portal (NS) JE4 Nether Portal (EW) JE4 Nether portals no longer show their back face.
1.814w03aNether portal blocks with data values 3, 7, 11 and 15 now appear as north-south connected again.
14w18aNether Portal (NS) JE5 Nether Portal (EW) JE5 Nether portals no longer have side faces.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 90.
pre5The block ID of nether portals has been changed to nether_portal.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.12.1build 1Nether Portal BE[verify] Added nether portal blocks.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Nether Portal JE2[verify] Added nether portal blocks.

History of the block's effects[]

Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0previewA unique screen effect is shown after traveling through a nether portal, in which the "nausea" effect slows down and the overlay disappears.
Java Edition Beta
1.6Test Build 3The nether portal's screen distortion effect now increases more smoothly. Previously, it would start off extremely subtly before becoming extremely intense.
Java Edition
1.3.112w22aZombie pigmen now rarely spawn from portal blocks in the Overworld.
?trigger.ogg will now always play to completion when using a nether portal.
1.1620w14aHoglins are now scared of nether portal blocks.
Pre-release 3Nether portal blocks now have a loot table.[2]
1.20Pre-release 1Nether portals no longer produce a screen animation and sound after changing dimensions.[3]
Pocket Edition Alpha
?The sounds of nether portals have been updated to match Java Edition.

Nether portal "item"[]

The following content is transcluded from Technical blocks/Nether Portal.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0previewNether portals have an unobtainable item form corresponding to its block ID. It can be obtained via inventory editors with numeric item ID 90.
When placed, nether portal blocks will always be in the east-west position. Further updates to the block will result in instantaneous deletion.
Java Edition Beta
1.6Test Build 3Nether portal items can be obtained from the newly added debug chests, mainly from the 5th slot of the 4th chest from the left, and the 16th slot of the 7th chest from the left.
releaseDebug chests no longer spawn, preventing Nether portal items from being obtained this way.
1.8Pre-release 2 ;)Added pick block functionality. This will change the currently selected slot to any containing a nether portal item, but will not allow it to be obtained if not already in the hotbar.
Java Edition
1.2.5preNether portal items can now be obtained via Pick Block in creative.
1.3.112w16aNether portal items can now be obtained in singleplayer worlds via the /give command using the respective numeric ID.
12w17aNether portals can no longer be obtained with pick block in Creative.
12w18aLikely due to the server split in this version, nether portal blocks now take a frame to disappear when updated. As a result, when two nether portal blocks are placed next to each other horizontally with the item, they can be seen to connect.
1.814w25aThe direct item form of Nether portals has been removed from the game. It can no longer exist as an item in any way, only as a placed block.
Pocket Edition Alpha
?Nether portals exist as an item.
?Nether portal blocks, when placed with this item, while always facing a single direction by default, would rotate accordingly if placed next to an existing nether portal block to connect with it.[4]
?Nether portal blocks no longer align with other placed nether portal blocks and instantly disappear, unless the only surrounding blocks are nether portals, air, and/or obsidian.


Java Edition Alpha
v1.2.0previewNether portal items have an unstable item model which changes depending on blocks which are targeted or in loaded chunks. It uses this model in inventories, when held in first or third person view or as a dropped item.
Nether Portal (inventory) (NESW) JE1 Initially the Nether portal item would appear as a full cube like many other blocks, but targeting an existing portal block would cause the item to morph into its shape: Nether Portal (inventory) (NS) JE1 Nether Portal (inventory) (EW) JE1
Having an existing nether portal block within loaded chunks also appears to influence the shape of the nether portal item. For example, if no existing blocks are loaded, the item may appear in its full cube state, but loading a chunk containing an north-south oriented nether portal will result in the item automatically becoming north-south.
Java Edition Beta
1.6Test Build 3Nether Portal (inventory) (NS) JE2 Nether Portal (inventory) (EW) JE2 Nether Portal (inventory) (NESW) JE2 Block items have changed in this version to be brighter and rotated 90 degrees clockwise from their prior appearances. The "pane" appearance shapes can be seen to have been inverted as a result, with east-west oriented how north-south was previously and vice versa.
1.8Pre-releaseNether Portal (inventory) (NS) JE3 Nether Portal (inventory) (EW) JE3 Nether Portal (inventory) (NESW) JE3 Block items are now far brighter than before.
Java Edition
1.0.0RC2Nether Portal (inventory) (NS) JE4 Nether Portal (inventory) (EW) JE4 Nether Portal (inventory) (NESW) JE4 Block items are now more shaded again.
1.3.112w22aNether Portal (inventory) (NS) JE5 Nether Portal (inventory) (EW) JE5 Nether Portal (inventory) (NESW) JE5 Block items have been rotated back to their pre-Beta 1.6 orientations.
1.4.212w34aNether Portal (inventory) (NS) JE6 Nether Portal (inventory) (EW) JE6 Nether Portal (inventory) (NESW) JE6 Block items have been brightened to an almost unnoticeable degree.
1.7.213w37bNether Portal (inventory) (unconnected) JE1 With the addition of post-shaped nether portals, the item can take on this shape as well.
13w42aNether Portal (inventory) (unconnected) JE2 Nether Portal (inventory) (NS) JE7 Nether Portal (inventory) (EW) JE7 Nether Portal (inventory) (NESW) JE7 Nether portal items now appear translucent in the inventory. As a dropped item, in a player's hand, or in an item frame, they still appear opaque.
13w42bNether portal items now appear translucent when dropped or in an item frame.
1.7.413w47aNether portal items now appear translucent when held, in both first person and third person.
1.814w18aNether Portal (texture) JE2-a1 The Nether portal item form is now 2D.
Bedrock Edition
?Invicon Nether Portal The nether portal item looks like this, and does not shapeshift in response to existing blocks. However, if it is updated, it will break.


Java Edition

Item (and block) names did not exist prior to Beta 1.0.

  • Beta 1.0 - 14w25a: Portal
  • (As block name, item does not exist) 14w25a - 17w47a: Portal
  • (As block name, item does not exist) 17w47a and onwards: Nether Portal
Bedrock Edition
  • ? - ?  : Portal

Texture generation prior to Java Edition 13w02a and Bedrock Edition v0.15.0[]

Due to the large number of Atan2 and Sine operations, all frames of animation (a total of 32, at a resolution of 16×16) for the portal block are generated once at-startup and stored into an internal animation strip; The random shimmer is the same every time, as the game always uses a random number generator with a seed of 100L.

To generate one frame of the nether portal animation:

# assume time is a value from 0 to 1; a value of 1 will result in
# the same image as a time value of 0 (excluding the random shimmering effect)
def setup_portal_sprite (time: float, output: Image):
	random = Random(100)
	wide, tall = output.size
	for x in range(wide):
		for y in range(tall):
			n = 0.0
			for dir in range(2):
				# All in this loop is done twice to create two spirals,
				# one of which offset to the topright
				spiral_x = (x - dir * (wide // 2)) / wide * 2.0
				spiral_y = (y - dir * (tall // 2)) / tall * 2.0
				spiral_x += 2 if spiral_x < -1 else -2 if spiral_x >= 1 else 0
				spiral_y += 2 if spiral_y < -1 else -2 if spiral_y >= 1 else 0

				mag = spiral_x ** 2.0 + spiral_y ** 2.0
				out_spiral = atan2(spiral_y, spiral_x)

				# Mag is used here to make the arms of the spiral constrict
				# the further from the centre of the spiral they are
				out_spiral += ((time * pi * 2) - (mag * 10) + (dir * 2)) * (dir * 2 - 1)
				# `(i * 2 - 1)` will reverse the direction of the spiral if is 0
				# `* 0.5 + 0.5` will bring the spiral into the range of 0 to 1 rather than -1 to 1
				out_spiral = sin(out_spiral) * 0.5 + 0.5
				# make the intensity of the spiral's arms diminish with distance from the centre
				out_spiral /= mag + 1
				# divide by two so that the final range is 0 to 1 instead of 0 to 2,
				# as we're generating two spirals
				n += out_spiral / 2

			n += random.range(0.0, 0.1) # make the spirals shimmer slightly at random
			r = int(n ** 2 * 200 + 55)
			g = int(n ** 4 * 255)
			b = int(n * 100 + 155)
			output.set_pixel(x, y, r, g, b, b) # blue is used for transparency

The portal block is the only one of the procedural textures that is ported 1:1 in the 1.5 resource pack changes; Unlike the water animations, the alpha channel was not made uniform in the 1.15 texture update.


Issues relating to "Nether Portal (block)" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.