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"Mountains" redirects here. For the seventh Minecraft novel, see Minecraft: The Mountain.
For the biome formerly named mountains, see Windswept Hills.

A mountain made up of several mountain biomes.

Mountains refer to six somewhat rare cold, snowy, and temperate biomes.

Description[]

These are the six related sub-biomes that generate in mountainous terrain in areas with low erosion values. They all can generate pillager outposts, with the meadow also being able to generate villages and snowy slopes being able to generate igloos. Some of these biomes are the only places where goats can spawn in the game. Just like the windswept hills, emerald ores can be found in these biomes, specially at higher altitudes and both coal and iron ores are commonly found in the peaks.

Variants[]

There are six sub-biomes that can make up the mountains.

Slopes[]

These are the three biomes that can make up the slopes of mountains.

Meadow[]

Meadow
Mountain Meadows.png
Type

Lush/Temperate‌[JE only]
Cold‌[BE only]

Rarity

Uncommon

Temperature

0.5‌[JE only]
0.3‌[BE only]

Structures

Pillager Outpost
Village

Blocks

Grass Block
Oak Log
Oak Leaves
Birch Log[JE only]
Birch Leaves[JE only]
Bee Nest
Dandelion
Cornflower
Poppy
Allium
Oxeye Daisy
Azure Bluet
Stone
Emerald Ore
Infested Stone

Grass color


 #83BB6D

Foliage color


 #63A948

Water color


 #0E4ECF

The meadow is a grassy biome filled with patches of flowers and turquoise-green grass and tall grass, where sheep, donkeys and rabbits spawn. All small flowers generate except blue orchids, tulips, lilies of the valley or wither roses. Rarely, a lone oak or birch tree of any size can generate and always has a bee nest. Both pillager outposts and plains villages can generate in this biome, making this the only mountain biome where villages can generate. This biome usually generates in the lower sides of some mountains but can also generate standalone in plateaus, mainly next to plains and other temperate biomes.

In Java Edition :

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Passive category
Sheep252–4
Donkey151–2
Rabbit252–6
Hostile category
Spider100496.251
Zombie95496.252–4
Zombie villager5496.252–4
Skeleton80496.251–2
Creeper100496.251
Slime[note 1]100496.251
Enderman10496.251–2
Witch5496.251
Spider Jockey1496.251
Chicken Jockey0.25496.251
Ambient category
Bat10102
  1. Only on slime chunks.

Grove[]

Grove
Mountain Grove.png
Type

Snowy

Rarity

Uncommon

Temperature

-0.2

Structures

Pillager Outpost

Blocks

Snow
Powder Snow
Snow Block
Dirt
Spruce Log
Spruce Leaves
Emerald Ore
Infested Stone

Grass color


 #80B497

Foliage color


 #60A17B

Water color


 #3F76E4
[JE only]

The grove creates a forest of spruce trees on the sides of a mountain, reminiscent of a snowy taiga but the surface is covered with snow layers, snow blocks, dirt and a lot of powder snow instead of grass blocks. Rabbits, wolves and red foxes can spawn in this biome. This biome generates in high altitudes beneath the peaks and on hilltops next to forested biomes such as dark forests and taigas, and can generate at lower altitudes if next to snowy biomes.

Grove use the same mob spawning chances as windswept hills for hostile and ambient categories. As for others:

In Java Edition :

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Passive category
Sheep[note 1]12604
Pig10604
Chicken10604
Cow8604
Wolf8604
Rabbit4602–3
Fox8602–4
  1. Common passive mobs are also intended to spawn in this biome, but can't spawn due to the lack of grass blocks

Snowy slopes[]

Snowy Slopes
Snowy Slopes 1.18.png
Type

Snowy

Rarity

Uncommon

Temperature

-0.3

Structures

Pillager Outpost
Igloo

Blocks

Snow
Snow Block
Powder Snow
Stone
Emerald Ore
Infested Stone

Grass color


 #80B497

Foliage color


 #60A17B

Water color


 #3F76E4
[JE only]

The snowy slopes is a mostly barren biome covered in snow, multiple layers of snow blocks and powder snow, with some sides also having stone cliffs. Goats spawn in this biome alongside rabbits. This is the only mountain biome where igloos can generate. Just like the grove, this biome generates at the slopes of the mountain, beneath the peaks and in hilltops, usually in areas with less forested biomes, such as plains and snowy tundras, and can start generating at lower altitudes in snowy regions.

Snowy slopes use the same mob spawning chances as windswept hills for hostile and ambient categories. As for others:

In Java Edition :

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Passive category
Rabbit492–3
Goat591–3

Peaks[]

There are three peak biomes that generate only at the tops of the mountains, if they are tall enough to generate them, and are dependant on the surrounding biomes' temperatures.

Jagged peaks[]

Jagged Peaks
Jagged Peaks.png
Type

Snowy

Rarity

Uncommon

Temperature

-0.7

Structures

Pillager Outpost

Blocks

Snow
Snow Block
Stone
Ice
Emerald Ore
Infested Stone

Grass color


 #80B497

Foliage color


 #60A17B

Water color


 #3F76E4
[JE only]

The jagged peaks biome generates in regions with snowy, cold and temperate biomes and is more likely to generate in taller and more jagged and pointy peaks that often pass the clouds and can peak at y=256. It is covered by a single layer of snow blocks with stone underneath often exposing ores such as coal, iron and emerald, and just like the snowy slopes, stone cliffs can generate in some sides of the mountain. Only goats spawn in this biome.

Jagged peaks use the same mob spawning chances as windswept hills for hostile and ambient categories. As for others:

In Java Edition :

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Passive category
Goat551–3


Frozen peaks[]

Frozen Peaks
Snow Capped Peaks.png
Type

Snowy

Rarity

Uncommon

Temperature

-0.7

Structures

Pillager Outpost

Blocks

Snow
Stone
Snow Block
Ice
Packed Ice
Emerald Ore
Infested Stone

Grass color


 #80B497

Foliage color


 #60A17B

Water color


 #3F76E4
[JE only]

The frozen peaks are covered by snow, snow blocks, with glaciers of packed ice and occasional small blobs of ice. Only goats can spawn in this biome. This biome usually generates in smaller and smoother hills near snowy, cold and temperate biomes, but it can also generate in slightly jagged and taller peaks but less compared to the jagged peaks biome.

Frozen peaks use the same mob spawning chances as jagged peaks for passive category, and windswept hills for hostile and ambient category.

Stony peaks[]

Stony Peaks
Stony Peaks 1.18.png
Type

Lush/Temperate

Rarity

Uncommon

Temperature

1.0

Structures

Pillager Outpost

Blocks

Stone
Andesite[JE only]
Calcite
Granite[JE only]
Gravel
Emerald Ore
Infested Stone

Grass color


 #9ABE4B

Foliage color


 #82AC1E

Water color


 #3F76E4
[JE only]

The stony peaks are a warmer variation of both the jagged peaks and the frozen peaks biomes that generates when a mountain peak is in a region with lukewarm biomes such as savannas and jungles, and it doesn't generate snowy slopes or groves in the slopes of the mountain, unless there's a colder biome bordering the peak. It is mainly covered by stone with large strips of calcite and exposed ores. The grass and foliage in this biome have a unique vibrant light green tint, similar to the tint of a shattered savanna in Bedrock Edition.

Stony peaks use the same mob spawning chances as jagged peaks for the hostile and ambient categories. No mobs spawn as part of the passive category.

Data values[]

ID[]

Java Edition:

NameResource location
Meadowmeadow
Grovegrove
Snowy Slopessnowy_slopes
Jagged Peaksjagged_peaks
Frozen Peaksfrozen_peaks
Stony Peaksstony_peaks

Bedrock Edition:

NameResource location
[No displayed name]meadow
[No displayed name]grove
[No displayed name]snowy_slopes
[No displayed name]jagged_peaks
[No displayed name]frozen_peaks
[No displayed name]stony_peaks

History[]

September 28, 2019During MINECON Live 2019, the mountains won the community biome vote; additions were improved terrain generation, powder snow, and goats.
October 3, 2020The Caves & Cliffs update was announced at Minecraft Live 2020, showing a sneak peek at goats and the new mountain generation.
Java Edition
1.18Experimental Snapshot 1Added the meadow, grove, snowy slopes, lofty peaks and snowcapped peaks biomes.
experimental snapshot 2Blue orchids no longer spawn in meadows.
Oaks and Birches can now have a small chance of generating in meadows, oftentimes with a bee nest on them.
Infested stone and emerald ore now generate in the new mountain biomes.
experimental snapshot 3Added the stony peaks biome.
Meadows and peaks are less likely to generate in flat, low elevation areas.
Snow capped peaks and snowy slopes no longer generate with dirt under snow layer.
Pillager outposts now generate in all the new mountain biomes.
Villages now generate in mountain meadows.
Goats now spawn in the new mountain biomes.
experimental snapshot 4Snowy slopes no longer generate with dirt under the surface layer.
Strips of andesite, calcite and granite now generate in stony peaks.
experimental snapshot 5Mountain tops are now more jagged and pointy.
Mountain areas and peak biomes now are slightly larger on average.
Raised the average mountain height.
Fixed an unintentional change from snapshot 4 that made mountains lower and smoother.
experimental snapshot 6Groves and snowy slopes are less likely to generate on mountain peaks.
Groves and snowy slopes start generating lower down in cold areas and higher up in warmer areas.
21w37aStrips of andesite, granite, and gravel no longer generate in stony peaks.[1]
Spruce trees no longer generate in mountain groves.[2]
21w38aSpruce trees once again generate in mountain groves.
21w39aTrees in mountain meadows now always contain a bee nest.
21w40aGoats no longer spawn in the stony peaks biome.
"Lofty Peaks" has been renamed to "Jagged Peaks".
"Snowcapped Peaks" has been renamed to "Frozen Peaks".
The ID lofty_peaks has been changed to jagged_peaks.
The ID snowcapped_peaks has been changed to frozen_peaks.
21w41aThe snowy slopes and jagged peaks surfaces have been fixed to work like they did in the experimental snapshots, where some (but not all) sides of the peaks are exposed stone.
Bedrock Edition
Caves & Cliffs (experimental)beta 1.16.200.52Added goats, which currently spawn in extreme hills as a placeholder.
beta 1.16.220.50Added the mountain biome variants: mountain meadow, mountain grove, snowy slopes, jagged peaks, and snow capped peaks.
Goats now spawn in the snowy slopes biome.
?The terrain of the new mountains is now cut off at Y=256.
beta 1.17.20.22Goats now only spawn in snowy slopes biome.
beta 1.17.20.23Hostile mobs can now spawn in the new mountains and cave biomes.
beta 1.17.40.20Villages now spawn in meadows.
Meadows now spawn a lone oak or birch tree, often with bee nests.
Infested stone now generates in the new mountain biomes.
Added stony peaks.
Goats now only spawn in snowy slopes, jagged peaks, stony peaks, and snowcapped peaks.
Rabbits can now spawn in meadows and snowy slopes.
Donkeys and sheeps can now spawn in meadow biome.
Foxes can now spawn in grove biome.
1.18.0beta 1.18.0.20The new mountain biomes can now generate by default without enabling experimental gameplay.

Issues[]

Issues relating to "Mountains" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

Gallery[]

See also[]

References[]

  1. MC-236816 – "Granite, andesite and gravel strips no longer generate in stony peaks, as well as diorite, granite and andesite strips for stone shores" – resolved as "Works As Intended"
  2. MC-236698 – "Big Spruce Trees don't generate in Groves" – resolved as "Fixed"
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