Minecraft is a sandbox construction game designed by Markus "Notch" Persson and Mojang Studios and developed on the Java platform. The game allows players to collect, assemble, or destroy a variety of blocks in a three-dimensional, procedurally-generated environment. The game takes inspiration from multiple sources, specifically the game Infiniminer

Development began in May 2009, with pre-orders for the full game starting June 13, 2009. The game was officially released by Notch in mid-November 2011 during MineCon.     

During late 2019, Minecraft has sold over 176 million copies worldwide across all platforms, making it the 2nd highest selling video game of all time, only behind Tetris.



Main article: Blocks

Blocks make up the Minecraft landscape and are integral to gameplay. They can be broken, collected, and placed in an infinite number of arrangements. They can be used in crafting and manipulated in many other ways. The face of a block is 16 by 16 pixels, and each block is proportionately one cubic meter.


Main article: Crafting

Since the uses of natural blocks are limited, it is imperative that players make use of the crafting interface to survive. Players can combine items in a 2x2 interface (extended to 3x3 by use of a crafting table), with each item taking up one square of the grid. Different arrangements of items create usable items, which players can exploit to further their collection of resources, and in turn create more items.

Minecraft Versions

Minecraft has experienced several stages of evolution throughout the years and is available across a variety of platforms.

Java Edition

Originally referred to as PC Edition, this is the original platform of Minecraft, developed by Mojang and available for Windows, MacOS, and Linux.

Bedrock Edition

The multi-platform version, which includes:

Legacy Console Edition

A category of Minecraft versions developed for a variety of gaming consoles over the years, including:

New Nintendo 3DS Edition

A version of Minecraft that is available for the New Nintendo 3DS, New Nintendo 3DS XL, and New Nintendo 2DS XL, but is not available for any of the original 3DS models.

Education Edition

An educational version of Minecraft that was designed for classroom use. It contains a variety of unique tools and interfaces to aid in the teaching/learning process. No other version of Minecraft is like it.

Minecraft: Story Mode

A separate, stand-alone episodic video game series developed by Telltale Games in collaboration with Mojang. This version does not offer the same freedom and procedurally-generated world of the other versions. Instead, the player is guided through a somewhat linear story, making choices that influence the outcome.

Pi Edition

A version of Minecraft developed for the Raspberry Pi. This edition was intended as an educational tool for novice programmers and was based on a slightly cut down version of Pocket Edition Alpha 0.6.1. Although officially discontinued, it is available to download for free from

Minecraft China

A localized edition of Minecraft for mainland China, developed by Mojang AB and NetEase, first released for PC on August 8, 2017. It is a stripped-down version of Java and Bedrock Editions, with servers being limited to only servers approved and hosted in China.

Minecraft Earth

An augmented reality (AR) mobile game for Android and iOS, Minecraft Earth is currently in early access, 0.20.0.

Hardware requirements

Any computer with the following hardware should suffice. However, for a more enjoyable experience, there are also some recommended requirements.

Minimum requirements:

  • CPU: Intel P4/NetBurst Architecture or its AMD Equivalent (AMD K7)
  • RAM: 2GB
  • GPU: Intel GMA 950 or AMD Equivalent
  • HDD: At least 90MB for game core and sound files
  • Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 6 or up is required to be able to run the game

Recommended requirements:

  • CPU: Intel Pentium D or AMD Athlon 64 (K8) 2.6 GHz
  • RAM: 4GB
  • GPU: GeForce 6xxx or ATI Radeon 9xxx and Up with OpenGL 2 Support (excluding integrated chipsets)
  • HDD: 150MB

TV Appearance

Egg's guide to Minecraft

Villager News



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