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Lush Caves
Lush Caves.png





0.5‌[Java Edition only]
0.9‌[Bedrock Edition only]


Amethyst Geodes


Oak Log
Azalea Leaves
Flowering Azalea Leaves
Flowering Azalea
Rooted Dirt
Hanging Roots
Moss Block
Moss Carpet
Tall Grass
Small Dripleaf
Big Dripleaf
Cave Vines
Spore Blossom
Glow Berries

Grass color

[JE only]

[BE only]

Foliage color

[JE only]

[BE only]

Water color

[JE only]

A lush cave is a temperate Overworld cave biome that has a unique fauna and flora and is found underground below azalea trees.


Lush caves generate underground at any height, usually in areas with forested biomes. Azalea trees generate on any empty space above a lush cave, with roots consisting of rooted dirt and hanging roots that generate down until reaching the lush cave. This is most common at the surface, but they can sometimes generate inside caves if there is enough room. In Bedrock Edition, the grass and foliage take a light green color, the same from mushroom fields biomes.

Underground, moss and ores covers the floors and ceilings, along with moss carpets, grass and azalea bushes on the floors. On the ceiling, vines and cave vines with glow berries grow down and light up the caves, and spore blossoms grow from the ceiling and drip water particles. A lush cave contains springs and shallow lakes with clay where dripleaf plants grow out of them. Sometimes these lakes generate dry.

Players cannot spawn in a lush caves biome during the world generation.

Bats, glow squid, tropical fish, and axolotls are the only passive mobs that spawn, with the latter being exclusive to the biome.

In Java Edition, the mob spawn rate for lush caves is:

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Water creature category
Glow Squid10204–6
Ambient category
Hostile category
Zombie Villager5516.251
Slime[note 1]100516.254
Spider Jockey1516.251
Chicken Jockey0.25516.251
Water ambient category
Tropical Fish25258
  1. Spawn attempt succeeds only in slime chunks.

Data values[]


Java Edition:

NameResource locationTranslation key
Lush Caveslush_cavesbiome.minecraft.lush_caves

Bedrock Edition:

NameResource locationNumeric ID
[No displayed name]lush_caves?


October 3, 2020The lush caves biome is shown at Minecraft Live 2020. During development, lush caves contained calcite.
November 27, 2020Agnes Larsson shows a prototyping of lush caves.
March 9, 2021Agnes Larsson tweaked some values for the lush caves.
Java Edition
1.1721w10aAdded the lush caves. Ambient cave noises are not played in this biome yet.
Currently the biome is accessible only in buffet or custom world type.
21w11aReduced the amount of floating water in lush caves.
March 22, 2021Henrik Kniberg shows the natural generation of lush caves.
1.18Experimental Snapshot 1Lush caves now generate naturally.
experimental snapshot 2Lush caves are now slightly smaller and slightly less common.
experimental snapshot 5Lush cave biomes were unintentionally made smaller and more fragmented.[1]
experimental snapshot 6Lush cave generation has been fixed.
21w40aTropical fish now spawn in lush caves.
Bedrock Edition
Caves & Cliffs (experimental)beta the lush caves. They don't naturally generate yet and are accessible only through add-ons.
beta now generate in lush caves.
beta caves now generate throughout the Overworld behind experimental gameplay toggle.
1.17.10releaseLush caves can now generate naturally outside the beta versions behind experimental gameplay toggle.
1.17.30beta caves can now generate below Y=0 to Y=-64 if the Caves & Cliffs experimental gameplay toggle is enabled.
1.17.40beta now generate inside of lush caves instead of above them on the surface.[2]
1.18.0beta caves can now generate naturally by default, and no longer have to be enabled with experimental gameplay toggle.
beta fish now spawn in lush caves.


Issues relating to "Lush Caves" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • The Swedish painter John Bauer was one of the main inspirations behind the design and idea of the lush caves biome, specifically Bauer's 'Oskuldens Vandring' (Innocent's Journey) painting.[3]



  1. "Minecraft 1.18 experimental snapshot 6 is out!"u/MrHenrik2 on Reddit, September 1, 2021
  2. MCPE-125800 – "[Experimental] Vines from lush caves can generate on the surface" – resolved as "Fixed"
  3. "Minecraft Live: Caves & Cliffs - First Look @ 6:07" – Minecraft on YouTube, October 10, 2020

See also[]