Minecraft Wiki
Lush Caves
Lush Cave 1.18.png





0.5‌[Java Edition only]
0.9‌[Bedrock Edition only]


Amethyst Geodes


Oak Log
Azalea Leaves
Flowering Azalea Leaves
Flowering Azalea
Rooted Dirt
Hanging Roots
Moss Block
Moss Carpet
Tall Grass
Small Dripleaf
Big Dripleaf
Cave Vines
Spore Blossom
Glow Berries

Grass color

[JE only]
[check the code][BE only]

Foliage color

[JE only]
[check the code][BE only]

Water color

[JE only]
[check the code][BE only]

A lush cave is a temperate Overworld cave biome that has a unique fauna and flora and is found underground below azalea trees.


Lush caves generate underground at y-10 to y-50 height, usually in areas with forested biomes. Azalea trees generate on any empty space above a lush cave, with roots consisting of rooted dirt and hanging roots that generate down until reaching the lush cave. This is most common at the surface, but they can sometimes generate inside caves if there is enough room.

Underground, moss and ores covers the floors and ceilings, along with moss carpets, grass and azalea bushes on the floors. On the ceiling, vines and cave vines with glow berries grow down and light up the caves, and spore blossoms grow from the ceiling and drip water particles. A lush cave contains springs and shallow lakes with clay where dripleaf plants grow out of them. Sometimes these lakes generate dry.

Players cannot spawn in a lush caves biome during the world generation.

Bats, glow squid, tropical fish, and axolotls are the only passive mobs that spawn, with the latter being exclusive to the biome. While hostile mobs can spawn throughout the biome, many areas have a light level greater than 0 due to the pervasive glow berries. Most hostile mobs are therefore found in large caverns more than 10 blocks high and near borders with other cave biomes.

In Java Edition, the mob spawn rate for lush caves is:

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Water ambient category
Tropical Fish25258
Underground water creature category
Glow Squid10104–6
Axolotl category
Ambient category
Hostile category
Zombie Villager5516.251
Slime[note 1]100516.254
Spider Jockey1516.251
Chicken Jockey0.25516.251
  1. Spawn attempt succeeds only in slime chunks.

In Bedrock Edition :

MobSpawn chanceGroup size
Water category
Tropical Fish[note 1]251101–3
Tropical Fish[note 1]751103–5
Passive category
Glow Squid10102–4
Hostile category
Zombie Villager54952–4
Slime[note 2]1004951
Spider Jockey14951
Chicken Jockey0.754951
  1. a b Tropical fish try to spawn twice, one for random pattern and another try for 1 of 22 unique pattern.
  2. Spawn attempt succeeds only in slime chunks.



These music tracks play while the player is in the Lush Caves.

in Minecraft
Gameplay Soundtrack Title Soundtrack Track preview Weight
piano3.ogg The Overworld "Mice on Venus" Minecraft - Volume Alpha No. 11 1
calm1.ogg The Overworld "Minecraft" Minecraft - Volume Alpha No. 8 1
calm2.ogg The Overworld "Clark" Minecraft - Volume Alpha No. 14 1
calm3.ogg The Overworld "Sweden" Minecraft - Volume Alpha No. 18 1
left_to_bloom.ogg Lush Caves, Meadow, the Overworld, and Menu screen "Left to Bloom" Minecraft: Caves & Cliffs (Original Game Soundtrack) No. 4 2
one_more_day.ogg Lush Caves, Meadow, Snowy Slopes, Frozen Peaks, the Overworld, and Menu screen "One More Day" Minecraft: Caves & Cliffs (Original Game Soundtrack) No. 6 1
floating_dream.ogg Lush Caves, Jagged Peaks, and the Overworld "Floating Dream" Minecraft: Caves & Cliffs (Original Game Soundtrack) No. 8 1

Data values[]


Java Edition:

NameIdentifierTranslation key
Lush Caveslush_cavesbiome.minecraft.lush_caves

Bedrock Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID
[No displayed name]lush_caves?


October 3, 2020The lush caves biome is shown at Minecraft Live 2020.
November 27, 2020Agnes Larsson shows a prototype of lush caves in which calcite can be seen.
March 9, 2021Agnes Larsson tweaked some values for the lush caves.
Java Edition
1.1721w10aAdded the lush caves. Ambient cave noises are not played in this biome yet.
Currently the biome is accessible only in buffet or custom world type.
21w11aReduced the amount of floating water in lush caves.
March 22, 2021Henrik Kniberg shows the natural generation of lush caves.
1.18Experimental Snapshot 1Lush caves now generate naturally.
experimental snapshot 2Lush caves are now slightly smaller and slightly less common.
experimental snapshot 5Lush cave biomes were unintentionally made smaller and more fragmented.[1]
experimental snapshot 6Lush cave generation has been fixed.
21w40aTropical fish now spawn in lush caves.
Bedrock Edition
Caves & Cliffs (experimental)beta the lush caves. They don't naturally generate yet and are accessible only through add-ons.
beta now generate in lush caves.
beta caves now generate throughout the Overworld behind experimental gameplay toggle.
beta caves can now generate below Y=0 to Y=-64.
beta now generate inside of lush caves instead of above them on the surface.[2]
1.18.0beta caves can now generate naturally by default, and no longer have to be enabled with experimental gameplay toggle.
beta fish now spawn in lush caves.


Issues relating to "Lush Caves" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • The Swedish painter John Bauer was one of the main inspirations behind the design and idea of the lush caves biome, specifically Bauer's 'Oskuldens Vandring' (Innocent's Journey) painting.[3]


See also[]


  1. "Minecraft 1.18 experimental snapshot 6 is out!"u/MrHenrik2 on Reddit, September 1, 2021
  2. MCPE-125800 – "[Experimental] Vines from lush caves can generate on the surface" – resolved as "Fixed"
  3. "Minecraft Live: Caves & Cliffs - First Look @ 6:07" – Minecraft on YouTube, October 10, 2020