Minecraft Wiki

This guide is a simplified overview of all the changes in the Adventure Update (Java Edition Beta 1.8.x - 1.0.x releases), which assumes at least some familiarity with Beta 1.7.x releases.



Name Image Habitat Drops Note
Mooshroom Red Mooshroom JE1
  • Use a bowl on it to get Mushroom Stew.
  • Can be sheared, which drops red mushrooms and turns it into a normal cow.
  • Otherwise functions identically to a cow.
Snow Golem Snow Golem JE1 BE1
Snow golem build configuration.
  • Will attack hostile mobs by throwing snowballs at them.
  • Is passive towards players.
Villager FarmerLibrarianPriestBlacksmithButcher
  • None
Magma Cube Magma Cube Revision 1
  • Come in 3 sizes.
  • The 2 larger sizes split into multiple smaller versions when killed.
Blaze Blaze JE1 BE1
  • There are spawners in nether fortresses.
  • Can hover in the air.
  • Launch fireballs that ignite any block, mob or player that is hit.
Cave Spider Cave Spider JE1 BE1
  • There are spawners in mineshafts.
  • Can poison players.
  • Smaller than normal spiders, letting them fit through 1-block wide spaces.
Silverfish Silverfish
  • There are spawners in strongholds.
  • Spawn when an infested block is broken.
Enderman Enderman
  • If a player "stares" at it, it will attack the player.
  • Have the ability to teleport, and will periodically do so while attacking.
  • Will teleport away from projectiles and sunlight.
  • is harmed when in contact with water.
Ender Dragon Ender Dragon
  • 12,000
  • The final boss of the game.



Name Image Obtaining Tool Required Uses
Monster Egg Blocks Stone Bricks JE1 BE1Stone JE4Cobblestone JE3 BE2
  • Pickaxe (does not drop item)
  • When mined, a silverfish spawns that immediately attacks the player.
Stone Bricks Stone Bricks JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
  • Pickaxe
  • Building material
Mossy Stone Bricks
Cracked Stone Bricks
Mossy Stone Bricks JE1 BE1

Cracked Stone Bricks JE1 BE1
  • Pickaxe
  • Building material
Stone Brick
Slabs and Stairs
Stone Brick Slab JE1 BE1

Stone Brick Stairs (N) JE3 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Stone Bricks
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Stone Bricks
  • Pickaxe
  • Allows players to walk upwards without jumping.
Slabs and Stairs
Brick Slab JE1

Brick Stairs JE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Ingredients Crafting recipe
  • Pickaxe
  • Allows players to walk upwards without jumping.
Fence Gate Oak Fence Gate JE2
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Stick +
Oak Wood Planks

  • Axe
  • While closed, mobs and players cannot jump over it.
Glass Pane Glass Pane JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
  • Can be used as a transparent decorative block.
Iron Bars Iron Bars (EW) JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Iron Ingot
  • Pickaxe
  • Can be used as a transparent decorative block.
Cauldron Cauldron JE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Iron Ingot

  • Pickaxe
  • A decorative block that can store water.
Brewing Stand Brewing Stand (empty) JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Blaze Rod +

  • Pickaxe
  • Used to create potions
Enchantment Table Enchanting Table JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Book +
Diamond +

  • Pickaxe
  • Used to enchant tools, weapons and armor
Melon Melon JE2 BE2
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Melon Slice

  • Sword/Axe
  • Drops melon slices when broken.
Melon Stems and
Pumpkin Stems
Stem Age 0 JE1Stem Age 1 JE1Stem Age 2 JE1Stem Age 3 JE1Stem Age 4 JE1Stem Age 5 JE1Stem Age 6 JE1Stem Age 7 JE1
  • Created by planting the corresponding seeds on farmland.
  • Any
  • Mature stems randomly grow melons or pumpkins on adjacent farmland blocks.
Vines Vines (N) JE1
  • Shears
  • Can be placed on the side of any block that fills its whole cube and blocks entity movement.
Lily Pad Lily Pad JE1 BE1
  • Generates in the water in swamps.
  • Any tool
  • Can be used to stand on water.
Mycelium Mycelium JE1 BE1
  • Shovel
  • Mushrooms can grow on this block regardless of light level.
Mushroom Block Brown Mushroom Block JE1 BE1Red Mushroom Block JE1 BE1Mushroom Stem (ES) JE1 BE1
  • Axe
  • Drops mushrooms of the same color.
  • Not obtainable without commands in this version.
Nether Bricks Nether Bricks JE1 BE1
  • Pickaxe
  • Building material
Nether Brick Stairs Nether Brick Stairs (N) JE3 BE1
  • Generates in nether fortresses.
  • Pickaxe
  • Can be used as a building block.
Nether Brick Fence Nether Brick Fence JE1 BE1
  • Generates in nether fortresses.
  • Pickaxe
  • Functions the same as normal fences.
Nether Wart Crops Nether Wart Age 0 JE1Nether Wart Age 1-2 JE1Nether Wart Age 3 JE1
  • Can be found growing inside special rooms in nether fortresses.
  • Any tool
End Portal Frame End Portal Frame JE2Filled End Portal Frame JE2
  • Indestructible
  • Putting an eye of ender into each portal frame block activates the end portal.
End Portal (block) End Portal
  • Created when an end portal is activated.
  • Indestructible
  • Entities and players that touch this block are teleported to the end.
End Stone End Stone JE1 BE1
  • Pickaxe
Dragon Egg Dragon Egg JE1
  • Obtained from defeating the ender dragon.
  • Any tool
  • The rarest item in the game, only one will naturally exist per world.



Name Image Obtaining Uses
Music Disc Music Disc Blocks JE1 BE1Music Disc Chirp JE1 BE1Music Disc Far JE1 BE1Music Disc Mall JE1 BE1Music Disc Mellohi JE1 BE1Music Disc Stal JE1 BE1Music Disc Strad JE1 BE1Music Disc Ward JE1 BE1Music Disc 11 JE1 BE1
  • Added multiple new discs that are only obtainable in creative mode.
  • Added the "Blocks", "Chirp", "Far", "Mall", "Mellohi", "Stal", "Strad", "Ward" and "11" music discs.
  • Can be played in a Jukebox to produce music.
Raw Chicken Raw Chicken JE1 BE1
  • Restores 2 (🍗) and 1.2 saturation.
Cooked Chicken Cooked Chicken JE1 BE1
Ingredients Smelting recipe
Raw Chicken +
Any fuel

  • Restores 6 (🍗🍗🍗) and 7.2 saturation.
Raw Beef Raw Beef JE1 BE1
  • Obtained by killing Cows.
  • Restores 3 (🍗🍗) and 1.8 saturation.
Steak Steak JE1 BE1
Ingredients Smelting recipe
Raw Beef +
Any fuel

  • Restores 8 (🍗🍗🍗🍗) and 12.8 saturation.
Rotten Flesh Rotten Flesh JE1
  • Restores 4 (🍗🍗) and 0.8 saturation.
Melon Slice Melon Slice JE1 BE1
  • Restores 2 (🍗) and 1.2 saturation.
  • Used to craft glistering melons.
Melon Seeds Melon Seeds
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Melon Slice
  • Found in mineshaft chests.
  • Melon seeds are used to grow melons.
Pumpkin Seeds Pumpkin Seeds
Ingredients Crafting recipe
  • Found in mineshaft chests.
  • Pumpkin seeds are used to grow pumpkins.
Ender Pearl Ender Pearl JE1
  • When thrown, will teleport the player wherever it lands.
  • Used to craft the Eye of Ender.
Eye of Ender Eye of Ender JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Blaze Powder +
Ender Pearl

  • When thrown, flies in the direction of the stronghold.
  • Used to activate the End Portal.
Blaze Rod Blaze Rod JE1 BE1
  • Used to craft brewing stands.
  • Used to craft blaze powder.
Blaze Powder Blaze Powder JE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Blaze Rod
  • Used to craft strength potions.
  • Used to craft the Eye of Ender.
Magma Cream Magma Cream JE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Blaze Powder +

  • Used to craft fire resistance potions.
Spider Eye Spider Eye JE1 BE1
  • Used to craft poison potions.
  • Used to craft fermented spider eyes.
Fermented Spider Eye Fermented Spider Eye JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Brown Mushroom +
Sugar +
Spider Eye

  • Used to reverse the effects of potions.
  • Used to craft weakness potions.
Ghast Tear Ghast Tear JE1 BE1
  • Used to craft regeneration potions.
Gold Nuggets Gold Nugget JE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Gold Ingot
  • Used to craft gold ingots.
  • Used to craft glistering melons.
Glistering Melon Glistering Melon Slice JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Gold Nugget +
Melon Slice

  • Used to craft healing potions.
Nether Wart Nether Wart (item) JE1
  • Found growing in special rooms inside Nether Fortresses.
  • Can be farmed on soul sand in The Nether.
  • An essential ingredient in potions.
Glass Bottle Glass Bottle JE1 BE1
Ingredients Crafting recipe
  • Can be filled with water.
Water Bottle Water Bottle JE1 BE1
  • Obtained by using a glass bottle on water or a cauldron.
  • Can be used to create potions.



Name Obtaining Effects
Awkward Potion
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Nether Wart +
Water Bottle

  • None
Mundane Potion
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Redstone Dust +
Water Bottle

  • None
Thick Potion
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Glowstone Dust +
Water Bottle

  • None
Potion of Healing
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Glistering Melon +
Awkward Potion

Potion of Fire Resistance
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Magma Cream +
Awkward Potion

Potion of Regeneration
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Ghast Tear +
Awkward Potion

Potion of Strength
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Blaze Powder +
Awkward Potion

Potion of Swiftness
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Sugar +
Awkward Potion

Potion of Poison
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Spider Eye +
Awkward Potion

Potion of Weakness
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Fermented Spider Eye +
Awkward Potion

Potion of Harming
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Fermented Spider Eye +
Potion of Healing

Potion of Slowness
Ingredients Brewing recipe
Fermented Spider Eye +
Potion of Swiftness



Name Image Causes Description
Speed Speed JE1 BE1 Potions of Swiftness Increases Movement Speed
Slowness Slowness JE1 BE1 Potions of Slowness Decreases Movement Speed
Haste Haste JE1 BE1 None Increases Mining Speed
Mining Fatigue Mining Fatigue JE1 BE1 None Decreases Mining Speed
Strength Strength JE1 BE1 Potions of Strength Increases Attack Strength
Weakness Weakness JE1 BE1 Potions of Weakness Decreases Attack Strength
Jump Boost Jump Boost JE1 BE1 None Increases Jump Height
Nausea Nausea JE1 BE1 None Distorts the Screen
Regeneration Regeneration JE1 BE1 Potions of Regeneration, Golden Apples Health increases over time
Poison Poison JE1 BE1 Potions of Poison Health decreases over time
Resistance Resistance JE1 BE1 None Decreases damage taken
Fire Resistance Fire Resistance JE1 BE1 Potions of Fire Resistance Provides immunity to fire and lava
Water Breathing Water Breathing JE1 BE1 None Provides immunity to drowning
Invisibility Invisibility JE1 BE1 None Makes the subject invisible
Blindness Blindness JE1 BE1 None Decreases Vision
Night Vision Night Vision JE1 BE1 None Increases Vision
Hunger Hunger JE1 BE1 Rotten Flesh, Raw Chicken Increases hunger loss rate
Instant Health Potions of Healing Health increases immediately
Instant Damage Potions of Harming Health decreases immediately

Non-mob entities[]


Name Image Creation Drops Note
Experience Orbs Experience Orb Value -32768-2
  • Can be obtained by gathering experience orbs from defeating mobs and players.
  • Adds to the player's total experience when collected.
End Crystal End Crystal JE1 BE1
  • Generates on top of end pillars.
  • Creates a beam that heals the ender dragon.



Name Image Generates Chests Mobs Description
Village OakHouse Plains Can generate blacksmith buildings with 1 chest Villagers
  • Clusters of buildings made from oak wood and cobblestone connected by pathways.
Huge mushroom Huge Brown Mushroom JE1 BE1Huge Red Mushroom JE1 BE1 Mushroom biomes No None
Ravine DoubleRavine Underground No None
  • long and tall cracks of air that carve a large empty space into the earth.
Mineshaft Old MineshaftCave Spider Spawner Area JE1 BE1 Underground Chests are randomy scattered throughout the structure Cave Spiders from spawners, other monsters from natural spawning
  • Maze-like tunnel systems filled with wooden supports and minecart rails.
Nether Fortress Nether Fortress Bridge JE1 BE1Nether Fortress Well JE1 BE1 The Nether No Blazes from spawners, magma cubes and zombie pigmen
  • Huge elevated netherbrick fortresses that spawn in the nether.
Stronghold StrongholdPortalRoom JE1 BE1 Underground Chests can be found in multiple different types of rooms Silverfish from spawners and infested blocks, other monsters from natural spawning
  • Large subterranean fortresses made from stone bricks and other materials.
  • Contain portals to the End.
Obsidian platform Obsidian platform The End No None
  • Where players entering The End always spawn.
Obsidian Pillar Obsidian Pillar JE1 BE1 The End No None
  • Generate throughout the end's central island.
  • Are capped by an End Crystal that heals the enderdragon.
Exit Portal EnderDragonPortal JE1 BE1 The End No None


An entirely new terrain generator has been added, containing numerous new Biomes:


Name Image Description Structures
Forest Forest
  • Very similar to beta forests
Plains Plains
  • Larger than before
Desert Desert
  • Larger than before
Swamp Beta 1.8.1
  • A flat biome with vine-covered trees and large shallow lakes
Extreme Hills Extreme Hills Edge-Old
  • A biome with bluish grass and very tall mountains
Taiga Snowy Taiga
  • A snowy forest with spruce trees
Ice Plains Iceplainsb1.9
  • Similar to plains, but snowy
Ice Mountains Snowy Mountains
  • Similar to extreme hills, but snowy
River River
  • A long and thin canal of water
Frozen River Frozen River
  • The snowy variant of rivers
Ocean Ocean b4 1.13
  • Replaces old oceans (generated structures).
  • Deeper and vaster than before.
  • Floor is now made up of sand, dirt, and clay.
  • Clay is now more commonly found due to this.
Frozen Ocean Old Frozen Ocean
  • The snowy variant of oceans
Mushroom Island Mushroom Fields
  • A rare biome often found on islands in the ocean, covered in mycelium and giant mushrooms
Mushroom Island Shore Mushroom Field Shore
  • The flat shores of mushroom islands
The End End
  • A new dimension containing the ender dragon



Name Description
Creative Mode A new gamemode in which the player can fly, cannot take damage, can break any block instantly, and has an inventory containing an infinite supply of most blocks and items.
Flying A new ability available in creative mode, activated by double-tapping the jump key.
Sprinting Double-tapping the forward key allows you to move faster at the cost of losing hunger.
Hunger Food no longer instantly heals, but instead fills up a hunger bar. Sprinting and regenerating health drains hunger.
Experience Killing mobs gives you experience points which can be used in enchanting.
Enchanting Using an enchanting table you can spend experience points to apply enchantments to items.
Brewing Using a brewing stand you can brew ingredients into water bottles to create potions.



Enchantment Max Level Applicable Items Notes
Unbreaking III
  • Increases item durability.
Protection IV
  • Decreases incoming damage.
Blast Protection IV
  • Decreases incoming explosion damage.
Fire Protection IV
  • Decreases incoming fire damage.
Projectile Protection IV
  • Decreases incoming projectile damage.
Aqua Affinity I
  • Increases underwater mining rate.
Respiration III
  • Increases underwater breathing time.
Feather Falling IV
  • Decreases incoming fall damage.
Efficiency V
  • Increases Mining Speed.
Fortune III
  • Increases item drops from blocks.
Silk Touch I
  • Allows certain blocks to drop themselves instead of their normal drops.
Sharpness V
  • Increases damage.
Smite V
  • Increases damage against undead mobs.
Bane of Arthropods V
  • Increases damage against arthropod mobs.
Fire Aspect II
  • Lights enemies on fire.
Knockback II
  • Increases knockback.
Looting III
  • Increases item drops from mobs.



Icon Achievement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Resource location
Advancement-fancy-rawSniper DuelKill a skeleton with an arrow from more than 50 metersMonster HunterUse a launched arrow to kill a skeleton, wither skeleton, or a stray from 50 or more blocks away, horizontally.snipeSkeleton
Advancement-plain-mini-rawDIAMONDS!Acquire diamonds with your iron toolsAcquire HardwarePick up a diamond from the ground.diamonds
Advancement-plain-mini-rawEnchanterUse a book, obsidian and diamonds to construct an enchantment tableDIAMONDS!Pick up an enchantment table from a crafting table output.enchantments
Advancement-fancy-rawOverkillDeal nine hearts of damage in a single hitEnchanterDamage can be dealt to any mob, even those that do not have nine hearts of health overall.overkill
Advancement-plain-mini-rawLibrarianBuild some bookshelves to improve your enchantment tableEnchanterPick up a bookshelf from a crafting table output.bookcase
Advancement-plain-mini-rawWe Need to Go Deeper\Into The NetherBuild a portal to the NetherDIAMONDS!\Acquire HardwareEnter a nether portal, and be teleported to the opposite dimension.\Light a nether portal.portal\
Advancement-fancy-rawReturn to SenderDestroy a Ghast with a fireballWe Need to Go Deeper\Into The NetherKill a ghast using a ghast fireball.ghast\
Advancement-plain-mini-rawInto FireRelieve a Blaze of its rodWe Need to Go Deeper\Into The NetherPick up a blaze rod from the ground.blazeRod\
Advancement-plain-mini-rawLocal BreweryBrew a potionInto FirePick up a potion from a brewing stand potion slot. An already-created potion placed and removed qualifies.potion
Advancement-fancy-rawThe End?Locate the EndInto FireEnter an end portal.theEnd
Advancement-fancy-rawThe End.Defeat the Ender DragonThe End?Enter the end exit portal.theEnd2\