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Instant Damage
Instant Damage JE1.png
Potion of HarmingSplash Potion of HarmingLingering Potion of Harming

See #Causes


#430A09 (maroon)


Negative (positive for undead mobs)

Instant Damage is an instant status effect that decreases health for living mobs and heals the undead.


Instant Damage inflicts magic damage of 3♥♥ × 2level. Undead mobs (including the wither) are healed as if with Instant Health instead. Death is reported as "<player> was killed by magic". When applied using a lingering potion, damage is inflicted every second. As this is magic damage, it can be decreased only via Resistance and Protection.‌[Java Edition only]

An Instant Damage IV potion is powerful enough to kill a player instantly.


Cause Potency Damage Heals undead Length Notes
Potion of Harming I 6♥♥♥ Instant
Potion of Harming II II 12♥ × 6 Instant
Splash Potion of Harming I 6♥♥♥ 4♥♥ Instant Witches throw this potion at their target.
Splash Potion of Harming II II 12♥ × 6 8♥♥♥♥ Instant
Lingering Potion of Harming I 3♥♥ per second
15♥ × 7.5 total
2♥ per second
10♥♥♥♥♥ total
Lingering Potion of Harming II II 6♥♥♥ per second
30♥ × 15 total
4♥♥ per second
20♥ × 10 total
0:05 Dragon Fireballs cause this much harm.
Arrow of Harming I 6♥♥♥ 4♥♥ Instant
Arrow of Harming II II 12♥ × 6 8♥♥♥♥ Instant

Immune mobs[]

  • Witches are 85% resistant to Instant Damage.
  • Endermen are immune to Instant Damage from splash potions, lingering potions and tipped arrows, but not from commands.

Data values[]


This section is about the effect IDs. For the IDs on potions, see Potion § Item data. For for the IDs on tipped arrows, see Arrow § Metadata.

Java Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID Translation key
Instant Damageinstant_damage7effect.minecraft.instant_damage

Bedrock Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID Translation key
Instant Damageinstant_damage7potion.harm


Java Edition Beta
1.8Pre-releaseAdded instant damage.
Java Edition
1.1519w41aInstant Damage JE1.png Added effect icon texture.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.11.0build 1Added instant damage, which was unobtainable at the time.
v0.12.1build 1Instant damage can now be obtained from {Potion of Harming and splash potion of harming.
v0.14.0build 1Added witches that utilize instant damage from splash potions as an offensive attack.
v0.15.0build 1Added Arrow of Harming that inflicts instant damage.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha damage can now be obtained from lingering potion of harming.
Legacy Console Edition
TU7CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Added Instant Damage, which can be obtained by a Potion of Harming or Splash Potion of Harming.
TU46CU36 1.38 Patch 15Added the Lingering Potion of Harming.
Added the Arrow of Harming.


Issues relating to "Instant Damage" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.