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Not to be confused with Villager or Pillager.
For the mob type in Minecraft Dungeons, see MCD:Illager.
This article is about the antagonistic variant of the villager. For zombie variant, see Zombie Villager. For non-illager humanoid mob, see Witch.

Every illager in Java Edition, along with ominous banner.

An illager[1] is a type of hostile mob that regularly spawns in woodland mansions, patrols, raids, and pillager outposts. All illagers are hostile toward players, villagers (excluding baby villagers), wandering traders and iron golems.


There are four specific criteria for a mob to be considered an illager:

  • "Johnny" vindicators do not attack the mob.
  • The mob cannot be damaged by evoker fangs or a ravager's roar.
  • The mob does not fight back when hit by a missed arrow shot by a pillager or illusioner.‌[JE only]
  • The mob does attack villagers but ignores baby villagers, unlike zombie variants.

List of mobs[]


Name Face Behavior Notes Image
Pillager PillagerFace.png Hostile Pillagers are illagers armed with crossbows, and are the most common type of illager. Pillager JE2.png
Vindicator VindicatorFace.png Hostile

Passive (Peaceful difficulty)‌[BE only]

Vindicators are illagers armed with an iron axe. If named "Johnny", they become hostile to all mobs except baby villagers, ghasts and other illagers. Vindicator JE3.png
Evoker EvokerFace.png Hostile

Passive (Peaceful difficulty)‌[BE only]

Evokers are powerful spell-casting illagers that use their spells to spawn fangs and vexes. Evoker.png
Illusioner[JE only] IllusionerFace.png Hostile Illusioners are illagers that are unused and exclusive to Java Edition that cast blindness spells, then fire with a bow and arrow. Illusioner.png
Ravager RavagerFace.png Hostile Ravagers are large bovine-like monsters that spawn only in raids. They can destroy certain blocks. Ravager BE1.png

Non-illager allies[]

Name Face Behavior Notes Image
Vex VexFace.png Hostile Vexes are tiny flying mobs summoned by evokers. Vex.gif
Witch WitchFace.png Hostile Witches can spawn in raids. They use splash potions as weapons or to heal the illagers.‌[JE only] Witch.png

Ravager jockeys[]

A ravager jockey is an illager that spawns riding a ravager. The riders can be pillagers, vindicators, or evokers.

Java Edition

A ravager ridden by a pillager spawns at raids in Wave 5. Ravagers ridden by vindicators and evokers spawn at Wave 7.

Bedrock Edition

A ravager ridden by pillager spawns at raids in Wave 5 and 7. Ravagers ridden by evokers also spawn at Wave 7. The ravagers ridden by vindicators do not spawn in raids, but can be spawned only with commands.


Illagers spawn naturally in patrols and raids. They always spawn naturally in groups while in patrols and raids, or inside their structures.

Only the pillager, vindicator, and evoker spawn naturally.

Vindicators and evokers that spawn naturally in woodland mansions do not despawn or respawn.

Ravagers spawn exclusively in raids.

Raid Captain[]

Main article: Raid captain

Illagers sometimes have their own captain. Any illager has a small chance to be a raid captain with an ominous banner (even when using a spawn egg‌[Java Edition only], or when summoned by commands). Raid captains can spawn in raids‌[Java Edition only] and patrols.[more information needed]

in Java Edition, ominous banner equips on raid captain helmet slot. in Bedrock Edition, illager banner equips on illager captain chestplates slot.


Main articles: Patrol and Raid

Illagers have their own in-game events, led by raid captains‌[Java Edition only]:

  • Patrol — a naturally spawned group of five pillagers roaming the landscape and monitoring the villages.
  • Raid — waves of illagers and witches spawn and attack a village with ominous horn blares. in Java Edition, An illager captain spawns in each wave with other illagers, usually with a vindicator as the captain. It is triggered when a player with the Bad Omen status effect enters a village. Raiders and villagers usually have different behavior in a raid. In Bedrock Edition, any killed raiders drops special loot. Raiders celebrate after defeating a village.


Main articles: Bad Omen and Hero of the village

Killing a raid captain in patrols, in a mansion,‌[JE only] or in an outpost inflicts the player with the Bad Omen effect, which triggers a raid when that player enters a village with the effect still active.


Main article: MCD:Illageralt

The illageralt alphabet.

Illagers have an alphabet called illageralt, a rune font from Minecraft Dungeons. Currently only usable via commands.

Java Edition[]

All illagers ignore baby villagers, but may still hit them by accident.

Illagers do not retaliate when hit by a missed arrow shot by a pillager or illusioner.

A vindicator can disable the player's shield with its iron axe attack, even when riding a mob. If a player fails to land a melee attack on a vindicator that rides a ravager during a raid in Hard difficulty, the vindicator rider can deal great damage to a player without protection from a shield.

All illagers, ravagers, and witches within 48 blocks of a bell that has been rung gain three seconds of theGlowing effect, effectively highlighting them through walls.


On all difficulty levels, damaged illager mobs call all other same type illagers within an area centered on the attacked illager to target the attacker. For example, pillagers attack a skeleton that injures another pillager, but pillagers do not aid a vindicator hit by a skeleton.[more information needed]


During raids, vindicators can open doors like villagers. They can break wooden doors in normal or hard difficulty, if they cannot open the door successfully.[2]Evokers and illusioners gain high movement speed without any effect.

A raid captain spawns in each wave with other raiders, usually with a vindicator as the captain. During raids, player can spawn raid captains by using spawn egg.

Illagers pick up ominous banners dropped by raid captains, depends on how many raid captains die in this wave. If the raid captain is still alive, they do not pick up the banner from last wave remains or if thrown by the player.


All illagers, ravagers, and witches joins nearby patrol actively. If a "Johnny" vindicator joins a patrol, all patrol members assume the "Johnny" vindicator's aggressive behavior.

Bedrock Edition[]

Vindicators and evokers do not despawn and are passive on Peaceful difficulty.

All illagers and vexes ignore baby villagers, but pillagers and illusioners may still shoot them by accident.

A dispenser can equip an evoker, vindicator, pillager with armor. However, No armor are visible on them and no armor drops upon death.

Pillagers and ravagers do not purposefully attack other illagers. However, non-pillagers and non-ravagers do attack pillagers who hit them with missed arrows.[3] Vindicators and evokers retaliate against a pillager if the pillager accidentally hits the vindicator or evoker with an arrow, although the evoker fang deals no damage to pillagers. Vexes summoned by an injured evoker can still attack the pillager.

A "ravager with vindicator rider" is unused in Bedrock Edition. It can be summoned by a spawn event command without raid configuration.

After Texture Update, illagers still use the java 1.14 snapshot texture, including some of the marketplace textures (for example, pillager's arms).[4][5] Also, a ravager's leg texture in Bedrock Edition is different from that in Java edition.


Java Edition
1.1116w39aAdded vindicators, evokers and vexes.
1.1217w16aAdded illusioners.
1.1418w43aAdded pillagers.
1.1821w37aAdded illageralt.
Illagers no longer attack baby villagers.
Pocket Edition
1.1.0alpha vindicators, evokers, and vexes.
Bedrock Edition
1.9.0beta pillagers.
1.10.0beta ravagers.
1.11.0beta no longer attack baby villagers.
?Armor no longer visible on evoker, vindicator and pillagers.


  • Illager structures are always themed around dark oak wood.
  • All illagers' eyes are green‌[BE & EE only] with the exception of vindicators,‌[JE only] which have blue eyes. In the Texture Update, vindicators and illusioners were changed have to green eyes, but in the Java snapshot 18w47b and Bedrock beta the color of the vindicator's eyes was turned to blue again. However in Minecraft Dungeons both vindicator, pillager and ominous banner's eyes are blue.
  • For the Minecon mob vote of 2020, there was a candidate to add in the Iceologer, an Illager from Minecraft Dungeons. However, it was eliminated in the 2nd round, surpassing the Moobloom but beaten by the Glow Squid.
  • Witches allied with the illagers during raids. Cory Scheviak jokingly explained that witches spawn in raids are just along for the ride.[6]
  • According to Minecraft Mobestiary, illagers were "expelled" from villages due to their "unspeakable activities".



  1. "The Illagers were created because we were talking about having some kind of generic, evil soldier mob in the game - slightly more intelligent than skeletons. It felt natural to have an evil villager. We figured they were ill-willed villagers and so from the beginning they were supposed to be "Ill Villagers". And then Tommaso suggested they should be EVIL-agers - and then we cut it down to just Illagers."-Jens Bergensten-"Meet the Vindicator" – Minecraft.net, June 20, 2017
  2. Non-raider vindicator cannot chop down wooden doors.
  3. MCPE-42373
  4. MCPE-140420 Vindicator have green eyes
  5. Outdated Texture
  6. "Witches aren't illagers - they are just along for the ride!" – Cory Scheviak