Minecraft Wiki
This article is about the block. For farms in villages, see Farm. For the practice of producing resources, see Farming.
Farmland.pngMoist Farmland.png



Yes (64)


Blast resistance







Java Edition: Partial (Blocks light)
Bedrock Edition: Yes



Catches fire from lava

Block: Yes
Item: No

Farmland is a block on which seeds, root vegetables, and most saplings can be planted and grown.



When mined (even with a Silk Touch tool), farmland drops dirt. In Java Edition, it can be obtained from the inventory only by using commands, or by the Creative inventory or the pick block control.

Block Farmland
Hardness 0.6
Breaking time[A]
Default 0.9
Wooden 0.45
Stone 0.25
Iron 0.15
Diamond 0.15
Netherite 0.1
Golden 0.1
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Natural generation[]

Farmland occurs naturally in villages where wheat, potatoes, carrots, beetroots, pumpkin stem, and melon stem are grown. Patches of farmland are surrounded by logs or sandstone, spruce trapdoor, and cobblestone. They also naturally occur in woodland mansions.


A player may create a block of farmland by using a hoe on a dirt block, grass block, or dirt path.


Farmland is required to grow six of the game's types of crops.

Plants such as saplings[1], ferns, grass, and flowers[2] may be planted on farmland. Mushrooms[3], sugar cane[4], bamboo[5], dead bushes[6], twisting vines[7] and cacti cannot be planted on farmland.

In Java Edition, acacia saplings don't grow on farmland and 2×2 trees cannot be grown if the northwest sapling is on farmland.

In Bedrock Edition, 2×2 giant spruce trees and giant jungle trees don't grow if the northwest sapling is on farmland.

Ladders and torches cannot be attached to the side of a farmland block. Farmland is a partial block (15/16th of a block in height) and so mobs cannot spawn on it.


Conditions in which farmland either is or isn't hydrated.

A farmland block is created dry, and eventually reverts back to dirt if not hydrated and nothing is planted on it.

For farmland to become hydrated, water must be present:

  • up to four blocks away horizontally (including diagonally) from the farmland block.
  • at the same level or one block above the farmland block level.

The blocks between the farmland block and the water make no difference. Flowing or still water also makes no difference.

The rate at which farmland becomes hydrated cannot be changed. Each farmland block within a 9×9 grid of farmland with a single water block in the middle has exactly the same chance of becoming hydrated as a single farmland block in an ocean.

Farmland can also be hydrated by rain.

Different types of seeds grow faster on hydrated farmland than on dry farmland. Hydrated farmland yields a fully developed wheat crop in a little over a single day/night cycle.


Farmland eventually decays into normal dirt if is dehydrated and nothing is planted in it. Additionally, a farmland block becomes a dirt block, regardless of its state of hydration, if any of the following occur:

  • The player or any mob jumps/falls on the block (with a greater chance as falling speed increases).
  • A piston arm is extended over a farmland block.
  • A piston pushes a farmland block down.
  • A solid block covers the top surface of the farmland block such as when pumpkin or melon blocks appear, or when trees grow.
  • An enderman teleports directly on top of a farmland block.
  • Snow falls directly on top of a farmland block.

When farmland decays, any crops growing on the block are dropped as items, as if they were harvested.

A ravager does not turn farmland to dirt when stepping on it, but it does destroy all crops.


Java Edition:

SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksOnce the block has brokenblock.gravel.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
None[sound 1]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.gravel.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenblock.gravel.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
Block placedBlocksWhen the block is placedblock.gravel.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.gravel.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
  1. a b MC-177082

Data values[]


Java Edition:

NameIdentifierFormBlock tagsTranslation key
FarmlandfarmlandBlock & Itemmineable/shovelblock.minecraft.farmland

Bedrock Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID FormItem ID[i 1]Translation key
Farmlandfarmland60Block & Giveable Item[i 2]Identical[i 3]tile.farmland.name
  1. ID of block's direct item form, which is used in savegame files and addons.
  2. Available with /give command.
  3. The block's direct item form has the same id with the block.

Block states[]

See also: Block states

Java Edition

Name Default value Allowed values Description
moisture0 0
Increasing levels of wetness. The wetness value counts down to 0 while the farmland does not have access to water. The wet texture is used only on level 7. Newly hydrated farmland jumps from 0 to 7.

Bedrock Edition

NameMetadata Bits Default value Allowed valuesValues for
Metadata Bits
0 0
Increasing levels of wetness. The wetness value counts down to 0 while the farmland does not have access to water. The wet texture is used only on level 7. Newly hydrated farmland jumps from 0 to 7.


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Resource location
Advancement-plain-raw.pngA Seedy Place
Plant a seed and watch it grow HusbandryPlant one of these 5 crops: Other crops and plants, if any, can be planted, but are ignored for this advancement.husbandry/plant_seed


Java Edition Classic
May 21, 2009Notch shows interest in adding farmland.
Java Edition Indev
20100206Farmland JE1 BE1.png Moist Farmland JE1 BE1.png Added farmland.
There is currently a bug that allows players to destroy any block (even bedrock) by placing a dirt block under a block, tilling the dirt, and planting seeds on the dirt. This causes the block above the tilled dirt to disappear without giving a resource.
Farmland is created by tilling grass blocks or dirt using a hoe.
Wheat seeds can be planted on farmland.
Java Edition Alpha
v1.0.17Fences can now be placed below farmland to prevent it from decaying.
v1.1.1Sneaking on farmland now also prevents it from decaying.
Java Edition Beta
1.2The block destruction bug for farmland has been fixed.
1.5Rain now hydrates farmland.
1.6Farmland can now be dug faster using a shovel.
1.7Farmland JE2.png Moist Farmland JE2.png The side texture of farmland is now aligned to the bottom of the model instead of the top.
1.8Pre-releaseDropped farmland items no longer appear larger than normal blocks.
Java Edition
?Farmland with a crop on top no longer reverts to dirt (destroying the crop) due to dehydration, although it still can via trampling.
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 5Farmland JE3 BE3.png Moist Farmland JE3 BE3.png The texture of dirt has been changed, resulting the texture of farmland changing.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6Farmland can now decay even if fences are placed below it.
1.111w48aAs a response to the bug fix in Beta 1.9 Prerelease 6, farmland can now be trampled only if the player jumps onto it; walking no longer affects it. Animals, villagers, and other mobs can now similarly trample farmland by jumping on it, but not by walking.
11w49aParticles and items no longer destroy farmland.
Melon and pumpkin blocks no longer need farmland to spawn onto, as they can now grow on normal dirt or grass blocks.
1.814w25aMissing Model (inventory) JE1.png Farmland no longer has an item model.
1.915w37aFarmland has an item model again.[8]
15w46aSmall mobs no longer turn farmland to dirt by falling on it.
1.10.1releaseFarmland has now been reduced from a full block tall to 1516.
1.1116w38aUsing pick block now gives the player the farmland itself instead of dirt.
16w39aFarmland now generates in the dual-staged farm room in woodland mansions.
1.1317w47aFarmland is now available in the Creative inventory.
Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 60.
1.1418w43aFarmland JE4 BE6.png Moist Farmland JE4 BE4.png The texture of farmland has been changed.
1.1519w36aBlocks that can now be manually placed on farmland without turning it into dirt can now also be pushed into it by a piston without turning the farmland under the block the piston has pushed into dirt.
Pre-Release 2Farmland now suffocates mobs.
Pre-Release 3Farmland no longer suffocates mobs.
1.16.220w29aFarmland once again suffocates mobs.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.1.0Farmland JE1 BE1.png Moist Farmland JE1 BE1.png Added farmland. It was unobtainable at the time.
v0.2.0Farmland BE2.png Moist Farmland BE2.png The texture of dirt has been changed.
v0.4.0Farmland JE3 BE3.png Moist Farmland JE3 BE3.png The side texture of farmland is now aligned to the bottom of the model instead of the top.
Farmland can now be created by using a hoe on dirt or grass blocks.
v0.5.0Farmland can now be trampled into dirt when jumped on.
v0.9.0build 1Farmland now naturally generates in villages.
Pocket Edition
1.1.0alpha now generates in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
?Farmland BE4.png Farmland with hydration values between 1 and 6 now uses coarse dirt as the side texture.
1.10.0beta BE5.png Moist Farmland JE4 BE4.png The texture of farmland has been changed.
Farmland is now used as the job site block for farmer villagers.
1.11.0beta is no longer used as the job site block for farmer villagers.
1.12.0beta JE4 BE6.png Dry farmland no longer uses coarse dirt as the side texture.[9]
1.16.100beta can now be obtained from the Creative inventory.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Farmland JE3 BE3.png Added farmland.
TU55CU47 1.54 Patch 251.0.5Farmland is now obtainable if the player uses "pick block" on it in Creative mode.
1.90 Farmland JE4 BE6.png The texture of farmland has been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Farmland JE3 BE3.png Added farmland.


Issues relating to "Farmland" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Farmland is not trampled when walking onto it from a slab next to it.
  • Farmland does not revert to dirt if the player jumps onto it, if a block is two blocks above the farmland being jumped on.
  • Farmland in Bedrock Edition is a full block, therefore a hopper cannot pick up items on a farmland block from underneath it.
  • According to the developer, Xilefian, "there's code that makes [crops] grow faster if they're in rows with a space between them" [10]

See also[]