Experience (EXP or XP for short) can be obtained by gathering experience orbs from mining, defeating mobs and players, breeding, trading, fishing, completing advancements,[Java Edition only] and using grindstones and furnaces. Experience gained during a player's life affects the player's score on the death screen. While having no direct effect on the player character, it can be used to enhance their equipment through enchanting, or by using an anvil to repair, rename, or combine enchantments on equipment. Experience also recovers durability on items with Mending that are being worn, or are in-hand.
- 1 Sources
- 2 Leveling up
- 3 Score
- 4 Sounds
- 5 Data values
- 6 Video
- 7 History
- 8 Issues
- 9 Trivia
- 10 Gallery
- 11 References
Experience can be gained from several different sources:
- From killing most mobs, which drop experience orbs along with any other items.
- A mob does not drop experience unless it dies within five seconds (100 game ticks) of an attack registered as a player hit (including tamed wolves and TNT). This allows gaining experience from, say, knocking a monster off a cliff etc. (fetching the orbs might be another question). The player can also try to "claim" a burning monster by hitting or shooting it once—even if the blow doesn't kill it, if the fire does within 5 seconds, it drops XP.
- Deaths of hostile zombified piglins always register as kills by the player they are targeting, regardless of whether that player ever touched that zombified piglin.
- Mobs killed by TNT activated by a player using flint and steel drop XP as usual; however, mobs killed by TNT that was activated by fire, redstone, or an explosion that wasn't player activated don't drop any experience.
- Mobs drop a random number of orbs, and the orbs can have different values. However, the total value always remains within the values given below, regardless of difficulty setting.
- Hostile mobs give more experience than passive ones. Baby animals, bats, golems, and villagers give no experience at all. The ender dragon gives orbs totaling 12,000 XP the first time a player kills it – 12 times more than anything else in the game – and 500 XP the next times.
- Mining (destroying) a spawner block gives 15–43 points of experience as orbs.
- From mining any ore that drops a resource, rather than ore. The orbs are produced along with the mineral item(s). If a Silk Touch pickaxe is used to mine the ore block, the experience is not dropped, but the block can later be placed and mined normally to release the mineral and the experience.
- The ore still produces orbs if destroyed by an explosion, whether or not it was caused by player activated TNT.
- From smelting any of various items.
- Smelting any ore yields some experience, but normally only iron, gold, nether gold, and ancient debris are worthwhile. For all other ores, mining them is better.
- Moderate amounts are gained by smelting/cooking other materials: food, clay balls or blocks, cactus, wood logs, sand, or cobblestone, cactus giving the most.
- The smelted material must be taken from the furnace through its GUI window. If the player uses a hopper to unload the furnace, it is possible to retrieve all experience produced by the furnace by smelting an extra item and taking it from the GUI. Dumping the contents by breaking the furnace drops all stored experience as collectable experience orbs.
- From breeding animals, which produces orbs where the parents are, along with the baby animal. Breaking eggs does not give experience.
- From fishing. The experience is awarded immediately upon reeling in the fish, even if the fish itself is not picked up.
- From trading with villagers.
- A bottle o' enchanting releases orbs when broken.
- From the
- From disenchanting items in a grindstone.
- From completing a challenge advancement.[JE only]
Gathering experience points from experience orbs increases the player's experience level by gradually filling a bar on the bottom of the screen until a new level is achieved when the bar is full. When the player dies, they drop experience orbs worth 7 * current level experience points, up to a maximum of 100 points (enough to reach level 7), and all of the other experience vanishes. If the gamerule
keepInventory is set to true, the experience is kept even if the player dies.
Experience orbs fade between green and yellow colors and float or glide toward the player up to a distance of 7.25 blocks (calculated from the center of player's feet and the center of the experience orb), speeding up as they get nearer to the player. Experience orbs pulled toward a player are slowed by cobwebs. Experience orbs can also be pulled around or away from the player by running water currents.
When collected, experience orbs make a bell-like sound for a split second. Unlike resources, experience points are picked up gradually: no matter how many orbs are in the range of the player, they are added to the player's experience one at a time (10 orbs/second). In extreme cases, this can result in the player being followed by a swarm of orbs for many seconds. If an experience orb isn't collected within 5 minutes of its appearance, it disappears.
Experience orbs vary in value. The general worth of an orb is reflected by its size, with eleven possible sizes corresponding to specific values. The three smallest sizes are the most commonly encountered, as the majority of experience dropped by mobs and blocks is less than ten. Dense experience orbs, from values 17 and up, have orange "eyes" or "cores", and are less frequently encountered, most commonly from defeating the ender dragon, wither and other players, disenchanting objects on a grindstone, breaking spawners, and collecting items from high- traffic furnaces (currently the only way to obtain size 11 orbs in Survival mode). Unlike with dropped items, experience orbs do not merge into larger higher-value experience orbs when close to each other.[until JE 1.17]
|Orb||Minimum value||Maximum value|
Naturally spawned orbs always have an integer value of 1–11, 17, 37, 73, 149, 307, 617, 1237, or 2477. Fishing, breeding, and trading drop a single orb with a random value in the appropriate range. Breaking blocks, killing mobs and players, smelting items, and bottles o' enchanting calculate their total experience amount and then split it into values of 1, 3, 7, 17, 37, 73, 149, 307, 617, 1237, and 2477. Higher values are chosen first, so, for example, a total value of 1000 would be dropped as orbs with values 617, 307, 73, and three 1s. Note that while the first Ender Dragon in a world drops 12,000 experience, it is dropped in 10 waves of 1000 and one of 2000, so no orbs of value 2477 are dropped. Such orbs can only exist in the world via furnaces which have had a lot of traffic.
Experience orbs with negative values can be created using the
/summon command, either using values below 0 or above 32767 due to 16-bit integer overflow. They have the smallest texture of experience orb. While collecting them does not affect the player's experience bar in any way, they can deduct durability from a tool enchanted with Mending, provided the tool is already damaged prior to collection of the orbs.
Like items, experience orbs float when on water. Experience orbs can be destroyed by fire, lava, explosions, and cacti, and can trigger pressure plates and tripwires. Experience orbs can also stop minecarts.
Experience amounts by source
- Excludes baby animals and jockeys.
- Experience is dropped when these mobs split or die. This means the larger ones may drop experience several times before being fully defeated.
- Jockeys consists of two mobs that move as one. Each part drops experience separately when it is defeated.
- Elder guardians are considered monsters In Java Edition, while they are considered bosses In Bedrock Edition.
- For fractional values, first multiply this value by the number of smelted items removed from the furnace, then award the player the whole-number part, and if there is a fractional part remaining, this represents the chance of an additional experience point.
- For example, when smelting 1 coal ore and removing the coal, the value is 0.1, so this grants a 10% chance of getting 1 experience point.
- Or, when smelting 7 cobblestone and removing all 7 stone, the value is 0.1 * 7 = 0.7, so this grants 70% chance of getting 1 experience point.
|Level||Total XP||Difference of XP between levels|
The formulas for figuring out how many experience orbs needed to get to the next level are as follows:
- Experience required =
- 2 × current_level + 7 (for levels 0–15)
- 5 × current_level – 38 (for levels 16–30)
- 9 × current_level – 158 (for levels 31+)
One can determine how much experience has been collected to reach a level using the equations:
- Total experience =
- level2 + 6 × level (at levels 0–16)
- 2.5 × level2 – 40.5 × level + 360 (at levels 17–31)
- 4.5 × level2 – 162.5 × level + 2220 (at levels 32+)
- See here for a spreadsheet with Total experience and required experience up to level 10000
- To get from level 0 to level 30 requires 1395 experience.
- To get from level 27 to level 30 requires 306 experience.
- Killing one large slime and all the slimes that split from it yield from 12 to 28 experience, with an average of 20.
- The maximum level required for enchanting is level 30, while the anvil accepts jobs up to level 39 (in creative mode the anvil limit is removed).
- Level 16 is a quarter of the way to level 30, while level 22 is about halfway there. Level 30 in turn, is halfway to level 39.
- Killing the ender dragon the first time gives approximately 68 XP levels. The ender dragon actually drops 10 waves of orbs worth a total of 1,000 experience points per wave, and another worth a total of 2,000. Taken separately, the smaller waves could take a player from zero to level 26, while the big wave would take a player from zero to level 34. The largest orb dropped has a value of 1237 experience points, and can take a player from zero to level 28 all by itself.
- The maximum level of XP that players can get legitimately is 238,609,312, and at this level the experience bar disappears, because reaching the next level would require more XP than the 32-bit integer limit (2,147,483,647, which is 231 - 1). However, it is possible to reach level 2,147,483,647 using commands. In this case, the experience bar may disappear and reappear.
The score is the number of experience the player has collected since their last death. This number is the total experience the player has collected, rather than the amount of experience they had upon death. When the player dies, the score is displayed on the death screen.
|Sound||Subtitle||Source||Description||Namespaced ID||Translation key||Volume||Pitch||Attenuation|
|Name||Namespaced ID||Translation key|
|Name||Namespaced ID||Numeric ID||Translation key|
Experience orbs have entity data associated with them that contain various properties.
- Entity data
- Tags common to all entities
- Age: The number of ticks the XP orb has been "untouched". After 6000 ticks (5 minutes) the orb is destroyed.
- Count:[upcoming: JE 1.17] The remaining number of times that the orb can be picked up. When the orb is picked up, the value decreases by 1. When multiple orbs are merged, their values are added up to result orb. When the value reaches 0, the orb is depleted.
- Health: The health of XP orbs. XP orbs take damage from fire, lava, falling anvils, and explosions. The orb is destroyed when its health reaches 0. However, this value is stored as a byte in saved data, and read as a short but clipped to the range of a byte. As a result, its range is 0-255, always positive, and values exceeding 255 overflow.
- Value: The amount of experience the orb gives when picked up.
|Java Edition Classic|
|0.24_SURVIVAL_TEST||A precursor to the experience system was the point system added in this version.|
|Java Edition Indev|
|February 17, 2010||XP levels are mentioned by Notch.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|June 11, 2011||In an image of the new lighting system, a small spherical shape can be seen on the left side of the screen. The orb was yellow due to a warm light from a torch.|
|June 12, 2011||Notch claimed the previous image had an error and posted a new one, this time, without a yellow sphere.|
|June 14, 2011||In a later tweet, Notch showed a picture of a Beta 1.7 change-list. Although it was completely blurred out and was, at first, thought of as a joke, Notch later stated that one of the pictures with the new lighting system and the change list had a secret in them.|
|One place that people discussed it was on the Minecraft Forums, where it was discovered that the tabs at the top of the change list that were partly covered, could be decoded based on the two-pixel tall pattern available in the image.|
|After a user named "tmcaffeine" successfully decoded it, the tabs read: |
|1.8||Pre-release||Experience was originally revealed by Jeb during an interview with Minecraft Forum. Jeb released a picture of the 1.8 GUI list, which shows the experience bar, among other things.|
| Added experience.|
|There is currently no measurable benefit for gaining experience orbs and levels.|
|Pre-release 2||Experience orbs no longer render as translucent.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease||For this version only, as a test, experience is gained when the player is jumping. However, experience still does not do anything.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 2||Removed the ability of gaining experience when jumping.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||The ability to spend experience levels for enchanting items has been added.|
|The experience level number is now shown, and each level is harder to get to than the previous one.|
|Beta Sound Update||Experience orbs used to make a lower pitch of the collecting items sound, but now Experience orbs make a twinkling sound when collected.|
|?||The amount of experience orbs dropped by a player on death is now limited.|
|The score the player gains now appears correctly on "Game over!" screen. Each experience orb is worth one Score Point.|
|1.2.1||12w04a||Added bottles o' enchanting, an item that the player can gain experience from.|
|12w05a||The need for experience when enchanting in creative mode has been removed. Due to this, bottles o' enchanting are now only useful in adventure maps.|
|Experience requirements have been changed, in this update.|
|1.3.1||12w22a||Players can now get experience from mining, breaking mob spawners and smelting in a furnace. A very large amount of experience can be collected while mining, sometimes into the hundreds of levels.|
|Coal, lapis lazuli, redstone, diamond and emerald ore now give players experience points.|
|Iron and gold ore now instead give experience when they are smelted.|
|The cost to gain each level has been made constant, at 17 experience points per level.|
|Only level 30 is required to get the maximum level of enchanting.|
|12w23a||XP levels now cost 17 experience orbs each until level 16, after which the cost per level grows linearly, and the total XP grows quadratically (incorrectly stated "exponentially" by Mojang). However, it is easier to get to 30 levels than it was before 12w22a.|
|1.4.2||12w38a||Leveling up now makes a twinkly bell sound, similar to, but longer than the experience orb sound.|
|12w39a||Experience levels can now be used in commands by typing, for example, @a[lm=4,l=7], choosing everyone between 4 and 7 levels inclusive. This is normally used in a command block.|
|12w41a||Added anvils, which allows for the repairing and combining of items, at the cost of experience levels.|
|The level-up sound from collecting experience now plays every 5 levels, and is shortened.|
|1.6.1||13w21a||Experience levels no longer appear in creative mode. Previously, experience would be hidden, but experience levels would show.|
|1.8||14w02a||The changes to the enchanting system mean that leveling up now requires more experience.|
|The texture of experience orbs has been changed.|
|1.9||15w46a||Experience is now collected at the feet, meaning that if a large amount of experience is collected, it no longer blocks the player's view.|
|1.11||16w32a||The entity ID of experience orbs has been changed from |
|1.13||18w19a||Experience orbs now float up in water.|
|pre5||The experience orb ID has been changed to |
|1.15||?||Experience orbs now appear translucent again.|
|?||Experience orbs no longer appear translucent.|
|19w46a||Experience orbs now appear immediately when a mob is killed (similar to loot), instead of when its corpse disappears.|
|The rendering of experience orbs has been changed. They have become translucent again.|
|Upcoming Java Edition|
|1.17||20w45a||Experience orbs now sometimes merge when in large quantities.|
|Experience orbs no longer follow dead players.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|v0.12.1||build 1||Added experience.|
|build 8||Experience orbs now burn in fire or lava.|
|1.1.0||alpha 184.108.40.206||The entity ID of experience orbs has been changed from |
|1.14.0||beta 220.127.116.11||The amount of experience dropped by animals now matches Java Edition.|
|1.16.100||beta 18.104.22.168||Experience orbs now float up in water.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU7||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||1.0.1||Added experience.|
|Experience is collectable from smelting and/or mining ores, breeding and killing mobs.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
|1.1.06||Experience is now collectable from smelting and/or mining ores, as well as trading.|
The experience level costs were heavily revised in snapshot 12w22a and 12w23a. Before these, reaching level 50 (the maximum usable on a single enchantment) required 4625 experience, corresponding to defeating 925 hostile mobs (assuming the "common" ones.) Afterward, considerably less experience is needed to get into higher levels (The amount which would formerly get the player to level 30 now gets them to level 39). Higher levels cost more experience than lower ones, but the levels are still easier to get than in 1.2.5. Now, level 30 is the maximum for enchantments, and that cost is equivalent of 165 "common" mobs, less than 1/5 the old price.
- If a player kills a mob by firing potions out of a dispenser, no experience is dropped.
- Using experience on enchanting or repairing does not decrease the score which is shown upon death.
- If the player gains too many experience points, such as 1 trillion, the experience bar and level counter completely disappear from the HUD. This appears to occur around level 32,767 or 215−1, the largest value representable by a 16-bit signed integer.
- The maximum XP that can be gained from the
/experiencecommand is 2,147,483,647 levels or 231−1, the largest value representable by a 32-bit signed integer and by Java's int type.
- The maximum level is 238,609,311 before the experience bar disappears altogether.
- Every 5 levels, a special XP sound plays. The sound plays each time the player reaches a multiple of 5 levels.
- Before Beta 1.9 Prerelease 2, the score on the death screen always read &e0.
- This was caused by an error with coloring the text. In Classic (including the Survival Test versions which featured the original score system), the '&' character was used to color text, so '&e0' would produce '0' in bright yellow. This was later changed to instead use the '§' character for colored text, but because the death screen hadn't been updated with this, the raw formatting code was shown.
- Despite being widely dropped by mobs and blocks and being obtainable from fishing, experience orbs cannot be configured using loot tables.
- The texture file for experience orbs contains an additional five orb sprites which are all identical to the size 3 sprite. Their purpose is unknown; it is likely that they are just placeholder sprites in the texture.
The first picture of the Orb. Notice, it is on the very left side of the page not the torch in the middle.
The Beta 1.7 "change-list" (the Adventure Update was supposed to be Beta 1.7).
- "And here's a heavily censored changelist for 1.7 so far: http://i.imgur.com/AQXoh.png (does not include Jens's stuff)" – @notch, June 12, 2011