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"Enchant" redirects here. For the command, see Commands/enchant. For the block used to enchant, see Enchanting Table. For the command NBT tag, see Tutorials/Command NBT tags § Items. For the Minecraft Dungeons mechanic, see Minecraft Dungeons:Enchanting.
Enchanted Iron Pickaxe.gif
The glint animation applied to an enchanted iron pickaxe.

Enchanting is a mechanic that augments armor, tools, weapons, and books with one or more of a variety of "enchantments" that improve an item's existing abilities or imbue them with additional abilities and uses. A special "glint" animation appears on items that are enchanted.

Enchanting equipment

Name Icon Usage
Enchanting Table Used for enchanting items
Bookshelf Each bookshelf (up to 15) increases the level of the enchantments given by the enchanting table
Lapis Lazuli Required to power the enchanting table
Anvil Used to combine enchanted items (tools, armor, weapons), add enchantments from books, or repair an enchanted item while preserving enchantments
Grindstone Used to remove all non-curse enchantments on an item (returning a small amount of experience), and optionally repair an item (for no experience)
Enchanted book Invicon Enchanted Book.gif Can be combined with another item through an anvil to add enchantments to the item

Enchanting methods

Enchanting-Table.png
An enchanting table surrounded by bookshelves.

There are four ways to enchant an item in Survival mode:

  • Through an enchanting table in exchange for experience points and lapis lazuli. Only unenchanted items may be enchanted this way.
  • Through an anvil, combining an enchanted book with an item.
  • Through an anvil, combining two of the same item with different existing enchantments into a single item that has the enchantments of both.
  • Through a librarian villager, which may enchant books respectively for emeralds instead of lapis lazuli and experience.

A player may also obtain items already enchanted:

Server operators and players in singleplayer worlds with cheats enabled can also enchant items using commands such as /enchant. When enchanted with the /give command, the maximum enchantment level is 255‌[Java Edition only]. In Creative mode, items can be enchanted via an anvil and enchanted books, with no experience points required. Enchanted books are available in the Creative mode inventory, with individual book displays for the highest level of each enchantment and other levels available via the "Search" tab.

Enchanting table

Main article: Enchanting mechanics
Enchanting Table GUI.png
Enchanting table interface. Top: Without item. Bottom: With item, hovering over the third line.

An item can be enchanted by using an enchanting table and placing the item in the input slots and 1–3 Lapis Lazuli in its dedicated slot. Upon placing the item, three (pseudo)randomized options appear on the right of the GUI. The glyphs here do not affect the enchantment, but hovering over a presented enchantment shows one enchantment to be applied (on mobile devices, the player can tap an enchantment before putting in the lapis lazuli or hold the enchantment before release). The only choices available have a level requirement equal to or below the player's current level and a lapis lazuli requirement equal to or below the number of lapis lazuli placed in the table. Each option imbues the item with a randomized set of enchantments that are dependent on the number of experience levels required (e.g. a level 10 enchantment can give a pickaxe the "Efficiency II" enchantment); the actual level cost and the number of lapis lazuli required have no effect.

Although the player must have at least the level requirement to get an enchantment, the number of levels that the player is charged is the same as the lapis lazuli requirement. For example, if the third enchantment listed is a level 30 enchantment, the player must have at least 30 levels, but pay only 3 levels and 3 lapis lazuli.

The level requirement influences the quantity, type, and level of enchantments instilled in the item, with a higher experience level generally resulting in more and/or higher-level enchantments. Nevertheless, there is a significant random factor, and even a level 30 enchantment (the maximum) doesn't guarantee more than one enchantment, or even that enchantments are "maximum strength" — a level 30 enchantment can still yield Fortune II or Efficiency III alone, for example. On the other hand, it is possible for multiple different enchantments to be given from one use of the enchanting table. For example, a level 30 enchantment applied to a pickaxe may yield both Efficiency lV and Unbreaking lll.

To increase the enchantment level, bookshelves can be placed next to the enchanting table while keeping one block of air between them. To gain access to the previously mentioned level 30 enchantments, a total of 15 bookshelves need to be placed around the enchanting table. See the Enchantment Mechanics page for more detailed information on this.

Enchanting a book produces an enchanted book, which does nothing on its own, but effectively "saves" the enchantment for later application to another item with an anvil.

Unlike with an anvil, using the enchanting table while on Creative still costs experience. However, if the player doesn't have enough experience, then experience reduces to zero and the enchantment still works, even when using the enchanting table while already at level zero.

Affecting offered enchantments

Enchanting any item at any enchantment level changes the player's enchantment seed, which changes the possible enchantments for every item at every enchantment level. Thus, if none of the available enchantments for a tool are desired, 1 lapis lazuli and 1 level could be spent to enchant a book or a different tool to refresh the list.

The possible enchantments depend on the player's enchantment seed, the item type, and material, and the enchantment level (1–30). Removing the item and putting it back in, clicking on the item slot with a different item, using a different item of the same type and material, replacing or moving the table (but keeping the same number of bookshelves), using a different table with the same number of bookshelves, or replacing or rearranging the bookshelves without changing their total number does not affect the possible enchantments.

Changing the enchantment levels offered by adding, removing, or blocking bookshelves alters the enchantments shown, but does not change possible enchantments; using another enchanting table with the previous bookshelf number still shows the previous enchantments. The enchantments for a particular enchantment level (with the same seed and item) do also differ depending on which row they appear in, but they are not "better" or "worse" based on the row despite the different resource costs.

Anvil combinations

Main article: Anvil mechanics

An anvil can be used to combine the enchantments of two items, sacrificing one of them and repairing the other. The items must be compatible; they must either be the same type and material (such as two iron swords) or an item and an enchanted book with an applicable enchantment (such as a bow and an Infinity enchanted book).

Combining two enchanted items, books or one of each with the same enchantment at the same level produces an item or book with the next higher level of that enchantment up to the maximum allowed in survival mode; for example, a book with Thorns I and Unbreaking II combined with a book with Unbreaking II produces a book with Thorns I and Unbreaking III.

To combine items, the player places the target item in the anvil's first slot and the sacrifice item in the second slot. If the combination is allowed, the resulting enchanted item appears in the anvil's output slot and an experience level cost, labeled "Enchantment Cost", appears below (green if the player has enough experience levels, red if they don't). To complete the enchanting, the player removes the enchanted item from the anvil's output slot, and their experience level is reduced accordingly.

The experience cost depends on the enchantments, with highly enchanted items costing more. If the target item is also being repaired, that costs more as well. The target item can also be renamed, at additional cost. There is also an accumulating surcharge for prior work done on anvils. In Survival mode, work that costs more than 39 levels of experience is refused although it may still be possible to perform the same work in steps. For example, a damaged enchanted bow may be repaired on an anvil with an ordinary bow, and then another enchanted bow may be used to combine enchantments with the repaired bow.

Enchanted books

Main article: Enchanted Book

Enchanted books can be made by enchanting a book in an enchanting table at the cost of experience points. They can also be found in the chests of several structures, purchased with emeralds from a librarian villager, or caught while fishing.

Enchanted books can be applied to tools, weapons, and armor, or combined with other enchanted books in an anvil. In this way, some enchantments that cannot normally be obtained on an item through use of the enchanting table can still be applied to those items, such as applying Thorns to boots.

Although enchanted books can have multiple enchantments of any type, only enchantments appropriate to a given item type are applied to that item when combined in an anvil. For example, an enchanted book may have both the Respiration and Power enchantments, but the Respiration enchantment is lost if the book is applied to anything but a helmet. Likewise, the Power enchantment is lost if the book is applied to anything but a bow.

In Creative mode, enchanted books can be used to apply any enchantment to any item, such as a stick having Knockback II.‌[JE only] However, mutually-exclusive enchantments, such as Infinity and Mending, cannot be applied this way or even via /enchant (though both enchantments function as normal when obtained on a bow through the /give command).

The experience costs for using books are considerably less than for combining items with similar enchantments since the books themselves cost levels to create. However, it's still an extra cost, and enchanting items directly has a chance to get multiple enchantments. The advantage of books is that they can be stockpiled for use on an item of choice and allow for controlled combinations. For example, a Silk Touch book can be used on an axe, pickaxe, or shovel, and the player can decide which item receives which enchantment.

Disenchanting

The only way to disenchant items is via the grindstone or by repairing the items via the crafting grid. Using the grindstone removes all enchantments (except Curse of Binding and Curse of Vanishing) but gives some experience back based on the level of the enchantment(s) and their value.

Summary of enchantments

Each enchantment in the table below includes attributes that are possible for the player to acquire legitimately in Survival mode. Other combinations are possible in creative mode or with cheats, mods, or third-party software.

  • Max Level: Maximum levels for enchantments vary, but the game can comprehend up to 32-bit integer values (−231 to 231−1). Exceeding this value results in an overflow, and eventually resets itself to 0.
  • Primary Items: The items that can receive the enchantment legitimately in Survival mode by using an enchanting table. Items of any material can be enchanted (some more easily than others – see Enchantment mechanics).
  • Secondary Items: Items that, in Survival mode, cannot receive the enchantment from an enchanting table but can from an enchanted book with an anvil.
  • Weight: Relative probability of the enchantment being offered.
Summary of enchantments
Name Summary Treasure[note 1] Incompatible
With
Max
Level
Primary
Items
Secondary
Items
Weight
Aqua Affinity Increases underwater mining speed. No I 2
Bane of Arthropods Increases damage and applies Slowness IV to arthropod mobs (spiders, cave spiders, silverfish, endermites and bees). No Smite, Sharpness V [BE only] [JE only] 5
Blast Protection Reduces explosion damage and knockback.
No Fire Protection, Protection, Projectile Protection IV 2
Channeling During thunderstorms, tridents can strike enemies with a lightning bolt. No Riptide I 1
Cleaving[upcoming: JE Combat Tests] Increases damage and shield stunning.
Unknown Sharpness, Bane of Arthropods, Smite III
Curse of Binding
Items cannot be removed from armor slots. Yes I 1
Curse of Vanishing
Item disappears on death. Yes I 1
Depth Strider Increases underwater movement speed.
No Frost Walker III 2
Efficiency Increases tool speed, as well as the chance for axes to disable shields. No V 10
Feather Falling Reduces fall damage. No IV 5
Fire Aspect Sets target on fire. No II 2
Fire Protection Reduces fire damage and burn time.
Mutually exclusive with other protections.
No Blast Protection, Protection, Projectile Protection IV 5
Flame Arrows shot are ignited and deal fire damage to the target. No I 2
Fortune Increases the amount of block drops. No Silk Touch III 2
Frost Walker Allows the player to walk on water by freezing the water under their feet. Yes Depth Strider II 2
Impaling Increases damage against aquatic mobs. In Bedrock Edition, increases damage against mobs in water or rain. No V 2
Infinity Prevents consumption of arrows. No Mending I 1
Knockback Increases knockback. No II 5
Looting Increases mob loot. No III 2
Loyalty Trident returns after being thrown. No Riptide III 5
Luck of the Sea Increases rate of good loot (enchanting books, etc.). No III 2
Lure Decreases time for bites. No III 2
Mending Repairs the item using experience. Yes Infinity I 2
Multishot Fires 3 arrows at the same time. No Piercing I 2
Piercing Arrows pierce entities, allowing for arrows to pierce through stacks of mobs. No Multishot IV 10
Power Increases arrow damage. No V 10
Projectile Protection Reduces damage from projectiles.
No Protection, Blast Protection, Fire Protection IV 5
Protection Reduces generic damage. No Blast Protection, Fire Protection, Projectile Protection IV 10
Punch Increases arrow knockback. No II 2
Quick Charge Decreases crossbow charging time. No III 5
Respiration Extends underwater breathing time. No III 2
Riptide Trident launches player with itself when thrown while in water or rain. No Channeling, Loyalty III 2
Sharpness Increases melee damage. No Bane of Arthropods, Smite V [BE only] [JE only] 10
Silk Touch Mined blocks drop themselves. No Fortune I [BE only] 1
Smite Increases damage to the undead. No Bane of Arthropods, Sharpness V [BE only] [JE only] 5
Soul Speed Increases movement speed on soul sand and soul soil. Yes III 1
Sweeping Edge
[Java Edition only]
Increases sweeping attack damage. No III 2
Swift Sneak Increases sneaking speed. Yes III 1
Thorns Taking damage causes the attacker to also take damage. No III 1
Unbreaking Reduces durability damage. No III 5
  1. Treasure enchantments are those that can't be obtained using an enchantment table.

Summary of enchantments by item

Enchantments that have multiple levels are shown with their maximum level numbers. Mutually exclusive enchantments can be combined using commands (e.g., /give @s bow{Enchantments:[{id:infinity,lvl:1},{id:mending,lvl:1}]} 1). Also, a player can exceed the maximum levels of enchantments (e.g., /give @s netherite_sword{Enchantments:[{id:fire_aspect,lvl:10}]} 1). However, if that number goes above 10, it looks like this:


Crafting
[1].
Item Any combination of Only one from each column
Helmet Mending, Unbreaking III, Respiration III, Aqua Affinity, Thorns III Protection IV,
Projectile Protection IV,
Fire Protection IV,
Blast Protection IV
Turtle Shell
Chestplate Mending, Unbreaking III, Thorns III
Leggings Mending, Unbreaking III, Thorns III, Swift Sneak III
Boots Mending, Unbreaking III, Feather Falling IV, Soul Speed III, Thorns III Depth Strider III
Frost Walker II
Sword Mending, Unbreaking III, Fire Aspect II, Looting III, Knockback II, Sweeping Edge III[JE only] Sharpness V,
Smite V,
Bane of Arthropods V
Axe Mending, Unbreaking III, Efficiency V[2] Fortune III,
Silk Touch
Sharpness V
Smite V
Bane of Arthropods V
Cleaving III[upcoming: JE Combat Tests]
Pickaxe
Shovel
Hoe
Bow Unbreaking III, Power V, Punch II, Flame Infinity,
Mending
Fishing Rod Mending, Unbreaking III, Lure III, Luck of the Sea III
Trident Mending, Unbreaking III, Impaling V Channeling Loyalty III
Riptide III [note 1]
Crossbow Mending, Unbreaking III, Quick Charge III Piercing IV,
Multishot
Shears Mending, Unbreaking III, Efficiency V, Silk Touch[BE only]
Shield Mending, Unbreaking III
Elytra
Flint and Steel
Carrot on a Stick
Warped Fungus on a Stick
Compass
Recovery Compass
Curse of Vanishing
  1. Channeling and Loyalty can be used together but neither can be used with Riptide.

The tables below summarize the enchantments that can be obtained on specific items in Bedrock Edition and in Java Edition survival mode (Any enchantment can be applied to any item in Java Edition creative mode). Enchantments that can be applied to both hand slot items and armor slot items are listed in both tables.

  • An enchanting table indicates the item can receive the enchantment from an enchanting table.
  • An anvil indicates the item cannot receive the enchantment from an enchanting table (an enchanting table never offers the enchantment for the item), but can receive the enchantment by another method (for example, using an anvil to combine the item with an enchanted book or another enchanted item; note the enchanting table could still apply the enchantment to the item as a random additional enchantment).
Enchantments for hand slot items
Enchantment (Max) [JE only] [BE only]
Bane of Arthropods (V)
Channeling (I)
Cleaving (III) ‌[upcoming: JE Combat Tests]
Curse of Vanishing (I)
Efficiency (V)
Fire Aspect (II)
Flame (I)
Fortune (III)
Impaling (V)
Infinity (I)
Knockback (II)
Looting (III)
Loyalty (III)
Luck of the Sea (III)
Lure (III)
Mending (I)
Multishot (I)
Piercing (IV)
Power (V)
Punch (II)
Quick Charge (III)
Riptide (III)
Sharpness (V)
Silk Touch (I) [BE only]
Smite (V)
Sweeping Edge (III)
Unbreaking (III)
Enchantments for armor slot items
Enchantment (Max)
Aqua Affinity (I)
Blast Protection (IV)
Curse of Binding (I)
Curse of Vanishing (I)
Depth Strider (III)
Feather Falling (IV)
Fire Protection (IV)
Frost Walker (II)
Mending (I)
Projectile Protection (IV)
Protection (IV)
Respiration (III)
Soul Speed (III)
Swift Sneak (III)
Thorns (III)
Unbreaking (III)

Maximum effective values for enchantments

This section is missing information about a better lead section with a better summary. 
Please expand the section to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page.

A table shows the effective limits for enchantments (found also here).

Enchantment Stackable Effective min Effective max Notes
Aqua Affinity Largest on first in armor 1 1
Bane of Arthropods Adds Single:
-2147483648
Stacked:
-52241757371157708
Single:
2147483647
Stacked:
52241757371157708
Adds 2.5 * level damage
Affects arthropods with slowness amplifier 3 for 1 + random(0, level / 2) seconds
Blast Protection Adds 1 255 Reduces damage by a factor of min(20, level * 2) / 25
Reduces explosion knockback by a factor of level * 0.15
Higher levels are treated as 255
Channeling First 1 1
Curse of Binding First 1 1
Curse of Vanishing First 1 1
Depth Strider Largest on first in armor 1 3 Higher levels are treated as 3
Efficiency First 1 255 Increases mine speed by level² + 1
Higher levels are treated as 255
Feather Falling Adds 1 7 Reduces damage by a factor of min(20, level * 3) / 25
Fire Aspect First 1 255 Sets mobs on fire for level * 4 seconds
Higher levels are treated as 255
Fire Protection Adds for damage reduction
Largest of first in armor for duration reduction
1 10 Reduces damage by a factor of min(20, level * 2) / 25
Reduces fire duration by a factor of level * 0.15
Flame First 1 1
Fortune First 1 255 Anything that uses the apply_bonus loot table function works like this
Higher levels are treated as 255
Frost Walker First 1 14 Higher levels are treated as 14
Impaling Adds Single:
-2147483648
Stacked:
-52241757371157708
Single:
2147483647
Stacked:
52241757371157708
Adds 2.5 * level damage
Infinity First 1 1
Knockback First 1 255 Adds level knockback strength
Higher levels are treated as 255
Looting First 1 255 Higher levels are treated as 255
Loyalty First 1 127 Increases return speed by 0.05 * level
Higher levels are treated as 0
Luck of the Sea First 1 255 Adds level luck
Higher levels are treated as 255
Lure First 1 5 Reduces lure time by 5 * level seconds
Higher levels prevent fish from appearing
Mending First 1 1
Multishot First 1 1
Piercing First 1 127 Higher levels are treated as 0
Power First 1 255 Increases damage by 0.5 * level + 0.5
Higher levels are treated as 255
Projectile Protection Adds 1 10 Reduces damage by a factor of min(20, level * 2) / 25
Protection Adds 1 20 Reduces damage by a factor of min(20, level) / 25
Punch First 1 255 Adds level * 0.6 knockback strength
Higher levels are treated as 255
Quick Charge First 1 5 Reduces draw time by 0.25 * level seconds
Higher levels prevent charging of crossbow
Respiration Largest of first in armor 1 255 Causes a level / (level + 1) chance not to decrease air level
Higher levels are treated as 255
Riptide First 1 1
Sharpness Adds 0 Single:
2147483647
Stacked:
36028799149670399
Adds 0.5 * max(0, level - 1) + 1 damage
Silk Touch First 1 1
Smite Adds Single:
-2147483648
Stacked:
-52241757371157708
Single:
2147483647
Stacked:
52241757371157708
Adds 2.5 * level damage
Soul Speed First 1 255 Increases speed by 0.03 + (level * 0.0105)
Higher levels are treated as 255
Sweeping Edge First 1 255 Increases sweeping damage by a factor of level / (level + 1) times the hit's damage
Higher levels are treated as 255
Swift Sneak Adds 1 5 Increases walking speed while sneaking by level * 50%
Higher levels are treated as 5
Thorns Individual Procs 1 2147483647 Chance of hitting is 0.15 * level
Deals level - 10 damage if level is 11 or greater, otherwise deals random(0, 3) + 1
Unbreaking First 1 255 Items only have a 1 in level + 1 chance to take damage. Armor has a 0.6 chance to take damage even if it would otherwise skip it.
Higher levels are treated as 255

Item data

  •  tag: The item's main tag.
    •  Enchantments: Contains enchantments on this item that affect the way the item works.
      • : A single enchantment.
        •  id: The name of the enchantment.
        •  lvl: The level of the enchantment, where 1 is level 1. Values are clamped between 0 and 255 when reading.
    •  StoredEnchantments: Contains enchantments for enchanted books.
      • : A stored enchantment, identical structure to each enchantment in Enchantments.
    •  RepairCost: Number of experience levels to add to the base level cost when repairing, combining, or renaming this item with an Anvil.

Videos

History

October 1, 2011The first images of the enchantment screen are revealed, with enchantments written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet. The first enchantment translates into "Well Played Internets You Are Good", the second translates into "These Names Will Be Random And Confusing", and the third translates to "Each Spell Costs Experience Levels". The Standard Galactic Alphabet or SGA was originally created by Tom Hall for use in the Commander Keen series of computer games.
October 3, 2011The first images of a player wearing enchanted armor are revealed.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3The basics of enchanting have been added.
Enchantment tables do not require bookshelves to get maximum enchantments.
Enchantments are to be labeled in the enchantment table as random words written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4A bug where all enchantments would show up as Feather Falling I has been fixed.
Enchanting has been now properly enabled in multiplayer. Previously, if a player attempted to enchant an item, it appeared enchanted for the client, but updated with the un-enchanted status once the player logged out and then back in again.
1.2.112w05aEnchanting no longer requires experience in creative mode.
12w06aBows and golden swords now have a small chance of being already enchanted when dropped by their respective mobs.
?Enchanting always gives the highest level available for the 3rd enchant, instead of randomly choosing a level (requiring clicking the item in and out (or attempting to insert a non-enchantable item over the item to be enchanted) many times to get level 50 enchants)
1.3.112w22aThe maximum enchantment power has been lowered from 50 to 30.
Experience is now collectable with mining and smelting in a furnace.
12w23aGlint (animated glow effect) on enchanted tools and armor is now visible on multiplayer.
1.4.212w41aEnchantments can be combined using anvils, allowing some high level enchantments to be applied where they were not previously possible.
1.4.4preEnchantments can be applied using /enchant. However, Protection is unavailable due to a bug.
1.4.612w49a/enchant now works with ID 0, meaning it can be used to apply Protection.
The player can now enchant books to then be used to enchant a tool.
1.7.213w36aThe fishing rod can be enchanted without the use of books.
1.814w02aEnchanting has received a major overhaul where there is now a secondary cost, which is lapis lazuli.
When enchanting an item, one enchantment now appears in the tooltip when selecting an enchantment (e.g Looting III?...).
Levels are now hard to obtain again (like pre-1.3 settings.)
Level 5 enchants (Sharpness, Power, Smite and Bane of Arthropods) can be applied without the use of an anvil.
Villager trading has been revamped: clerics no longer enchant items, while blacksmiths trade enchanted items.
1.915w42aEnchantments with max 1 level no longer displays the level, e.g. "Infinity" rather than "Infinity I".
15w47bShears can no longer be enchanted with Silk Touch.
15w47cShears now harvest cobweb without requiring Silk Touch.
1.11.1Anvils no longer allow enchanted books to apply to items, if no change in enchantments would take effect. This can occur if all enchantments on the book are incompatible with existing enchantments on the item – or if the enchanted book has no enchantments.
1.1317w47aHoes can be enchanted.
1.1519w39aDue to a rewrite of the rendering engine, the enchanting animation was changed.
19w42aEnchanted items now glow in the dark.
1.1620w10a‎Hoes can be enchanted with Efficiency, Fortune and Silk Touch.
1.17.1Pre-release 1Due to a bug, the maximum enchantment level that can be read has been changed to 255.[3]
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.12.1build 1Added the enchanting system.
Bedrock Edition
1.4.0beta 1.2.13.11When Experimental Gameplay is enabled, tridents can be enchanted.
1.16.0beta 1.16.0.57‎Hoes can be enchanted with Efficiency, Fortune and Silk Touch.
Legacy Console Edition
TU7CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Added the enchanting system.
TU31CU19 1.22 Patch 3Enchanting now consumes lapis lazuli.
Enchanting has been re-balanced.
Enchanted books can now receive multiple enchantments at once.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Added enchantments.

Issues

Issues relating to "Enchanting" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.

See also

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