Enchanting is a mechanic that augments armor, tools, weapons, and books with one or more of a variety of "enchantments" that improve an item's existing abilities or imbue them with additional abilities and uses.
|Enchanting Table||Used for enchanting items|
|Bookshelf||Each bookshelf (up to 15) increases the level of the enchantments given by the enchanting table|
|Lapis Lazuli||Required to power the enchanting table|
|Anvil||Used to combine enchanted items (tools, armor, and weapons), or repair an item while preserving enchantments|
|Used to remove all non-curse enchantments on an item (returning a small amount of experience), or repair an item (for no experience)|
|Enchanted Book||Can be combined with another item through an anvil to add enchantments to the item|
There are three ways to enchant an item in Survival mode:
- Through an enchanting table in exchange for experience points and lapis lazuli. Only unenchanted items may be enchanted this way.
- Through an anvil, combining an enchanted book with an item.
- Through an anvil, combining two of the same item with different existing enchantments into a single item that has the enchantments of both.
A player may also obtain items already enchanted:
- Through a villager, who may trade some enchanted items for emeralds.
- Through fishing, which gives a chance of obtaining enchanted items.
- Through a zombie, drowned, husk, piglin, skeleton, stray, wither skeleton, and zombified piglin – if they have enchanted items and the player kills them, it has an 8.5% chance of them dropping each said item.
- Through finding them in end cities and other assorted treasure chests, such as shipwrecks, mineshafts, dungeons, desert temples, jungle temples, woodland mansions, ocean ruins, strongholds, ruined portals, and bastion remnants.
- Bartering offers an enchanted book or iron boots.
- Through killing pillagers and vindicators in raids.[Bedrock Edition only]
Server operators and players in singleplayer worlds with cheats enabled can also enchant items using commands such as
/enchant. When enchanted with the
/give command, the maximum enchantment level is 2,147,483,647[Java Edition only]. In Creative mode, items can be enchanted via an anvil and enchanted books, with no experience points required. Enchanted books are available in the Creative mode inventory, with individual book displays for the highest level of each enchantment and other levels available via the "Search" tab.
An item can be enchanted by using an enchanting table and placing the item in the input slots and 1–3 Lapis Lazuli in its dedicated slot. Upon placing the item, three (pseudo)randomized options appear on the right of the GUI. The glyphs here do not affect the enchantment, but hovering over a presented enchantment shows one enchantment to be applied (on mobile devices, the player can tap an enchantment before putting in the lapis lazuli or hold the enchantment before release). The only choices available have a level requirement equal to or below the player's current level and a lapis lazuli requirement equal to or below the number of lapis lazuli placed in the table. Each option imbues the item with a randomized set of enchantments that are dependent on the number of experience levels required (e.g. a level 10 enchantment can give a pickaxe the "Efficiency II" enchantment); the actual level cost and the number of lapis lazuli required have no effect.
Although the player must have at least the level requirement to get an enchantment, the number of levels that the player is charged is the same as the lapis lazuli requirement. For example, if the third enchantment listed is a level 30-50 enchantment, the player must have at least 30 levels, pays only 3 levels and 3 lapis lazuli.
The level requirement influences the quantity, type, and level of enchantments instilled in the item, with a higher experience level generally resulting in more and/or higher-level enchantments. Nevertheless, there is a significant random factor, and even a level 30 enchantment (the maximum) doesn't guarantee more than one enchantment, or even that enchantments are "maximum strength" — a level 30 enchantment can still yield Fortune II or Efficiency III alone, for example.
To increase the enchantment level, bookshelves should be placed next to the enchanting table while keeping one block of air between them. To gain access to the previously mentioned level 30 enchantments, a total of 15 bookshelves need to be placed around the enchanting table. See the enchantment mechanics page for more detailed information on this.
Unlike with an anvil, using the enchanting table while on Creative still costs experience. However, if the player doesn't have enough experience, then experience reduces to zero and the enchantment still works, even when using the enchanting table while already at level zero.
Affecting offered enchantments
Enchanting any item at any enchantment level changes the player's enchantment seed, which changes the possible enchantments for every item at every enchantment level. Thus, if none of the available enchantments for a tool are desired, 1 lapis lazuli and 1 level could be spent to enchant a book or a different tool to refresh the list.
The possible enchantments depend on the player's enchantment seed, the item type, and material, and the enchantment level (1–30). Removing the item and putting it back in, clicking on the item slot with a different item, using a different item of the same type and material, replacing or moving the table (but keeping the same number of bookshelves), using a different table with the same number of bookshelves, or replacing or rearranging the bookshelves without changing their total number does not affect the possible enchantments.
Changing the enchantment levels offered by adding, removing, or blocking bookshelves alters the enchantments shown, but does not change possible enchantments; using another enchanting table with the previous bookshelf number still shows the previous enchantments. The enchantments for a particular enchantment level (with the same seed and item) do also differ depending on which row they appear in, but they are not "better" or "worse" based on the row despite the different resource costs.
An anvil can be used to combine the enchantments of two items, sacrificing one of them and repairing the other. The items must be compatible; they must either be the same type and material (such as two iron swords) or an item and an enchanted book with an applicable enchantment (such as a bow and an Infinity enchanted book).
Combining two enchanted items, books or one of each with the same enchantment at the same level produces an item or book with the next higher level of that enchantment up to the maximum allowed in survival mode; for example, a book with Thorns I and Unbreaking II combined with a book with Unbreaking II produces a book with Thorns I and Unbreaking III.
To combine items, the player places the target item in the anvil's first slot and the sacrifice item in the second slot. If the combination is allowed, the resulting enchanted item appears in the anvil's output slot and an experience level cost, labeled "Enchantment Cost", appears below (green if the player has enough experience levels, red if they don't). To complete the enchanting, the player removes the enchanted item from the anvil's output slot, and their experience level is reduced accordingly.
The experience cost depends on the enchantments, with highly enchanted items costing more. If the target item is also being repaired, that costs more as well. The target item can also be renamed, at additional cost. There is also an accumulating surcharge for prior work done on anvils. In Survival mode, work that costs more than 39 levels of experience is refused although it may still be possible to perform the same work in steps. For example, a damaged enchanted bow may be repaired on an anvil with an ordinary bow, and then another enchanted bow may be used to combine enchantments with the repaired bow.
Enchanted books can be made by using an enchanting table to enchant a book. (They can also be found in generated chests, purchased with emeralds from a villager librarian, or looted by fishing rod.) The book can receive multiple enchantments of any type, but only enchantments appropriate to a given item type may be applied to that item. For example, the same book may receive Respiration and Power enchantments, but the Respiration enchantment is lost if the book is applied to anything but a helmet, and the Power enchantment is lost if the book is applied to anything but a bow.
Enchanted books are used on an anvil to add enchantments to items, including other books. They can apply some enchantments to items that cannot be enchanted from an enchanting table, such as applying Thorns to boots.
In Creative mode, books can enchant any item with any enchantment, such as a stick having Knockback II.[JE only] However, mutually-exclusive enchantments, such as Infinity and Mending, cannot be applied this way or via
/enchant (though are still available via
The experience costs for using books are considerably less than for combining items with similar enchantments since the books themselves cost levels to create. However, it's still an extra cost, and enchanting items directly has a chance to get multiple enchantments. The advantage of books is that they can be stockpiled for use on an item of choice and allow for controlled combinations. For example, a Silk Touch book can be used on an axe, pickaxe, or shovel, and the player can decide which item receives which enchantment.
The only way to disenchant items is via the grindstone or by repairing the items via the crafting grid. Using the grindstone removes all enchantments (except Curse of Binding and Curse of Vanishing) and gives experience back based on the level of the enchantment(s) and their value.
Summary of enchantments
Each enchantment in the table below includes attributes that are possible for the player to acquire legitimately in Survival mode. Other combinations are possible in creative mode or with cheats, mods, or third-party software.
- Max Level: The maximum level of experience is 2147483647 (2^31)-1 (the maximum value for ints in Java), which can be obtained using commands. However, items with levels higher than 32767 (2^15-1) or lower than -32768 get changed to between -32768 and 32767 when moved in the inventory.
- Primary Items: The items that can receive the enchantment legitimately in Survival mode by using an enchanting table. Items of any material can be enchanted (some more easily than others).
- Secondary Items: Items that, in Survival mode, cannot receive the enchantment from an enchanting table but can from an enchanted book with an anvil.
- Weight: Relative probability of the enchantment being offered.
The table may be inaccurate and is subject to change.
|Aqua Affinity||Increases underwater mining speed.||I||2|
|Bane of Arthropods||Increases damage and applies Slowness IV to arthropod mobs (spiders, cave spiders, silverfish, endermites and bees).||Smite & Sharpness||V||[BE only]||[JE only]||5|
|Blast Protection||Reduces explosion damage and knockback.
||Fire Protection; Protection; Projectile Protection||IV||2|
|Channeling||Trident "channels" a bolt of lightning toward a hit entity. Functions only during thunderstorms and if target is unobstructed with opaque blocks.
|Cleaving [upcoming: JE Combat Tests]||Increases damage and shield stunning.
||Sharpness, Bane of Arthropods & Smite||III|
|Curse of Binding
||Items cannot be removed from armor slots, except in Creative mode or due to death or breaking.||I||1|
|Curse of Vanishing
||Item destroyed on death.||I||1|
|Depth Strider||Increases underwater movement speed.
|Efficiency||Increases mining speed. When applied to an Axe it increases the chance that the axe may stun a shield, with the base chance being 25% and a 5% increase for each level of efficiency.||V||10|
|Feather Falling||Reduces fall damage.||IV||5|
|Fire Aspect||Sets target on fire.||II||2|
|Fire Protection||Reduces fire damage and burn time.
Mutually exclusive with other protections.
|Blast Protection; Protection; Projectile Protection||IV||5|
|Flame||Arrows set the target on fire, and ignite TNT if hit.||I||2|
|Fortune||Increases certain block drops. Higher levels increase chances.||Silk Touch||III||2|
|Frost Walker||Turns water beneath the player into frosted ice and prevents the damage the player would take from standing on magma blocks.||Depth Strider||II||2|
|Impaling||Trident deals additional damage to mobs that spawn naturally in the ocean. In Bedrock Edition, having impaling on a trident also deals extra damage to players or mobs in water or rain.||V||2|
|Infinity||Shooting consumes no regular arrows. Does not include Tipped Arrows or Spectral Arrows.||Mending||I||1|
|Looting||Increases mob loot. Higher levels increase loot dropped.||III||2|
|Loyalty||Trident returns after being thrown. Higher levels reduce return time.||Riptide||III||5|
|Luck of the Sea||Increases rate of good loot (enchanting books, etc.). Higher Levels Increase chance.||III||2|
|Lure||Decreases wait time until fish/junk/loot "bites". Higher Levels increase speed.||III||2|
|Mending||Repair the item while gaining XP orbs.||Infinity||I||2|
|Multishot||Shoot 3 arrows at the cost of one; only one arrow can be recovered.||Piercing||I||2|
|Piercing||Arrows pass through multiple entities. Only available to the Crossbow.||Multishot||IV||10|
|Power||Increases arrow damage.||V||10|
|Projectile Protection||Reduces projectile damage such as damage from arrows, thrown tridents, ghast and blaze fireballs, etc.
||Protection, Blast Protection, Fire Protection.||IV||5|
|Protection||Reduces most types of damage by 4%[JE only] or 5%[BE only] for each level.||Blast Protection; Fire Protection; Projectile Protection||IV||10|
|Punch||Increases arrow knockback.||II||2|
|Quick Charge||Decreases crossbow charging time.||III||5|
|Respiration||Extends underwater breathing time. Stacks with a Turtle Shell||III||2|
|Riptide||Trident launches player with itself when thrown. Functions only in water or rain.||Channelling & Loyalty||III||2|
|Sharpness||Increases damage for melee weapons.||Bane of Arthropods & Smite||V||[BE only]||[JE only]||10|
|Silk Touch||Mined blocks drop themselves, with a few exceptions.||Fortune||I||[BE only]||1|
|Smite||Increases damage to undead mobs.||Bane of Arthropods & Sharpness||V||[BE only]||[JE only]||5|
||Increases walking speed on soul sand or Soul Soil, but damages the Boots overtime||III||1|
[Java Edition only]
|Increases sweeping attack damage.||III||2|
|Thorns||Reflects some of the damage taken when hit, at the cost of reducing durability with each proc.||III||1|
|Unbreaking||Reduces the chance of an item taking damage. Higher levels reduce the chance further.||III||5|
Summary of enchantments by item
Enchantments that have multiple levels are shown with their maximum level numbers.
- Channeling and Loyalty can be used together but neither can be used with Riptide.
The tables below summarize the enchantments that can be given to specific items in Bedrock Edition and in Survival mode in Java Edition. (Creative mode in Java Edition allows any item to have any enchantment.) Enchantments that can be applied to both hand slot items and armor slot items are listed in both tables.
- An enchanting table indicates the item can receive the enchantment legitimately in Survival mode by using an enchanting table.
- An anvil indicates the item cannot receive the enchantment legitimately in Survival mode by using an enchanting table (an enchanting table never offers the enchantment for the item), but can receive the enchantment by another method (for example, using an anvil to combine the item with an enchanted book or another enchanted item; note the enchanting table could still apply the enchantment to the item as a random additional enchantment).
|Enchantment (Max)||[JE only]||[BE only]|
|Bane of Arthropods (V)|
|Cleaving (III) [upcoming: JE Combat Tests]|
|Curse of Vanishing (I)|
|Fire Aspect (II)|
|Luck of the Sea (III)|
|Quick Charge (III)|
|Silk Touch (I)|
|Sweeping Edge (III)|
|Aqua Affinity (I)|
|Blast Protection (IV)|
|Curse of Binding (I)|
|Curse of Vanishing (I)|
|Depth Strider (III)|
|Feather Falling (IV)|
|Fire Protection (IV)|
|Frost Walker (II)|
|Projectile Protection (IV)|
|Soul Speed (III)|
- tag: The item's main tag.
- Enchantments: Contains enchantments on this item that affect the way the item works.
- : A single enchantment.
- id: The name of the enchantment.
- lvl: The level of the enchantment, where 1 is level 1. Saved as short when created by enchanting tables or loot tables, but read as an int and supports full int range.
- : A single enchantment.
- StoredEnchantments: Contains enchantments for enchanted books.
- : A stored enchantment, identical structure to each enchantment in Enchantments.
- RepairCost: Number of experience levels to add to the base level cost when repairing, combining, or renaming this item with an Anvil.
- Enchantments: Contains enchantments on this item that affect the way the item works.
|October 1, 2011||The first images of the enchantment screen are revealed, with enchantments written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet. The first enchantment translates into "Well Played Internets You Are Good", the second translates into "These Names Will Be Random And Confusing", and the third translates to "Each Spell Costs Experience Levels". The Standard Galactic Alphabet or SGA was originally created by Tom Hall for use in the Commander Keen series of computer games.|
|October 3, 2011||The first images of a player wearing enchanted armor are revealed.|
|1.0.0||Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3||The basics of enchanting have been added.|
|Enchantment tables do not require bookshelves to get maximum enchantments.|
|Enchantments are to be labeled in the enchantment table as random words written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet.|
|Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4||A bug where all enchantments would show up as Feather Falling I has been fixed.|
|Enchanting has been now properly enabled in multiplayer. Previously, if a player attempted to enchant an item, it appeared enchanted for the client, but updated with the un-enchanted status once the player logged out and then back in again.|
|1.2.1||12w05a||Enchanting no longer requires experience in creative mode.|
|12w06a||Bows and golden swords now have a small chance of being already enchanted when dropped by their respective mobs.|
|?||Enchanting always gives the highest level available for the 3rd enchant, instead of randomly choosing a level (requiring clicking the item in and out (or attempting to insert a non-enchantable item over the item to be enchanted) many times to get level 50 enchants)|
|1.3.1||12w22a||The maximum enchantment power has been lowered from 50 to 30.|
|Experience is now collectable with mining and smelting in a furnace.|
|12w23a||Glint (animated glow effect) on enchanted tools and armor is now visible on multiplayer.|
|1.4.2||12w41a||Enchantments can now be combined using anvils, allowing some high level enchantments to be applied where they were not previously possible.|
|1.4.4||pre||Enchantments can now be applied using |
|The player can now enchant books to then be used to enchant a tool.|
|1.7.2||13w36a||The fishing rod can now be enchanted without the use of books.|
|1.8||14w02a||Enchanting has received a major overhaul where there is now a secondary cost, which is lapis lazuli.|
|When enchanting an item, one enchantment now appears in the tooltip when selecting an enchantment (e.g Looting III?...).|
|Levels are now hard to obtain again (like pre-1.3 settings.)|
|Level 5 enchants (Sharpness, Power, Smite and Bane of Arthropods) can now be applied without the use of an anvil.|
|Villager trading has been revamped: clerics no longer enchant items, while blacksmiths trade enchanted items.|
|1.9||15w42a||Enchantments with max 1 level no longer displays the level, e.g. "Infinity" rather than "Infinity I".|
|15w47b||Shears can no longer be enchanted with Silk Touch.|
|15w47c||Shears now harvest cobweb without requiring Silk Touch.|
|1.11.1||Anvils no longer allow enchanted books to apply to items, if no change in enchantments would take effect. This can occur if all enchantments on the book are incompatible with existing enchantments on the item – or if the enchanted book has no enchantments.|
|1.13||17w47a||Hoes can now be enchanted.|
|1.15||19w42a||Enchanted items now glow in the dark.|
|?||Due to a rewrite of the rendering engine, the enchanting animation was changed.|
|1.16||20w10a||Hoes can now be enchanted with Efficiency, Fortune and Silk Touch.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|v0.12.1||build 1||Added the enchanting system.|
|1.4.0||beta 184.108.40.206||When Experimental Gameplay is enabled, tridents can now be enchanted.|
|1.16.0||beta 220.127.116.11||Hoes can now be enchanted with Efficiency, Fortune and Silk Touch.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU7||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||1.0.1||Added the enchanting system.|
|TU31||CU19||1.22||Patch 3||Enchanting now consumes lapis lazuli.|
|Enchanting has been re-balanced.|
|Enchanted Books can now receive multiple enchantments at once.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
Place 15 bookshelves around an enchanting table to get the highest level enchantments.
The GUI of the enchantment table in Pocket Edition while the Pocket UI Profile is activated (top = no item, bottom = with item hovering on the second line).