Emerald Ore

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This article is about the ore. For the item, see Emerald. For the mineral block, see Block of Emerald.
Emerald Ore
Emerald Ore JE3 BE2.png
Deepslate Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png



Yes (64)


Blast resistance



Emerald Ore: 3
Deepslate Emerald Ore: 4.5







Catches fire from lava


Emerald ore is the rarest mineral block in the game. It drops emeralds when mined, or itself if mined with a pickaxe with the Silk Touch enchantment.

Deepslate emerald ore is a Creative-only variant of emerald ore.‌[Java Edition only]



See also: Fortune § Ore

Emerald ore can be mined with an iron pickaxe or higher. Otherwise it drops nothing. If mined without Silk Touch, the block drops 1 emerald (or more with Fortune).

Block Emerald Ore Deepslate Emerald Ore
Hardness 3 4.5
Breaking time[A]
Default 15 22.5
Wooden 7.5 11.25
Stone 3.75 5.65
Iron 0.75 1.15
Diamond 0.6 0.85
Netherite 0.5 0.75
Golden 1.25 1.9
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Natural generation[edit]

Emerald ore can generate in Overworld in the form of mineral veins. Single emerald ores attempt to generate 3 to 8 times per chunk, from altitudes (y levels) 4 to 31, within any type of mountains, or within a chunk that is at least partially occupied by such a biome.

‌In Java Edition 1.17[upcoming], emerald ore attempts to generate 50 times per chunk in veins of 1, from levels 32 to 320, being most common at level 255, and becoming less common towards either end of the range. Emerald ore replaces only stone.

‌In Bedrock Edition 1.17[upcoming], emerald ore attempt to generate 20 times per chunk in all types of mountains biomes in veins of 0-10 ores, from Y=128 to Y=256, being more common as the y-level increases. The generation in extreme hills biomes is unchanged. Emerald ore that replaces deepslate in extreme hills generates as deepslate emerald ore.

Deepslate emerald ore does not generate naturally and is available only from the Creative inventory.‌[Java Edition only]


Smelting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Emerald Emerald Ore +
Any fuel


Note blocks[edit]

Emerald ore can be placed under note blocks to produce "bass drum" sound.


Java Edition:

SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksOnce the block has brokenblock.stone.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
None[sound 1]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.stone.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenblock.stone.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
Block placedBlocksWhen the block is placedblock.stone.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.stone.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
  1. a b MC-177082

Bedrock Edition:

SoundSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDVolumePitch
BlocksOnce the block has brokendig.stone1.00.8
BlocksFalling on the block with fall damagefall.stone0.41.0
BlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenhit.stone0.370.5
?BlocksJumping from the blockjump.stone0.121.0
?BlocksFalling on the block without fall damageland.stone0.221.0
BlocksWalking on the blockstep.stone0.31.0
BlocksWhen the block is placeduse.stone1.00.8

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDFormTranslation key
Emerald Oreemerald_oreBlock & Itemblock.minecraft.emerald_ore
Deepslate Emerald Oredeepslate_emerald_oreBlock & Itemblock.minecraft.deepslate_emerald_ore

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID FormTranslation key
Emerald Oreemerald_ore129Block & Itemtile.emerald_ore.name
Deepslate Emerald Oredeepslate_emerald_ore662Block & Itemtile.deepslate_emerald_ore.name


Note: The extreme hills biome has since been renamed to mountains


Java Edition
May 21, 2012The week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system.[1] At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.[2]
1.3.112w21aEmerald Ore JE1.png Added emerald ore.
The announced ore has been changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore has remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.[3] As this item was not announced before the snapshot was released, most translations call emerald "diamond".
Emerald ore generates in veins of up to 10 blocks.
12w21bEmerald Ore JE2 BE1.png The texture of emerald ore has been corrected. The previous ruby texture remains as "ruby.png". Translations of emerald as diamond have also corrected.
An analysis of a 500×500 extreme hills biome with MCEdit gives the following ore distributions: The graphs show that the distribution of all ores except for lapis lazuli is even in a certain range and falls off sharply at the borders. While the total amount of emerald is with 3386, even higher than the amount of diamonds (2997), the ore is spread out over double the height range, meaning that at a certain level the chance for finding an ore was just about half of the chance of finding a diamond ore, effectively making it twice as rare when tunnel mining.
12w22aVein size was reduced to 1 block.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 129.
1.1418w43aEmerald Ore JE3 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
Upcoming Java Edition
1.1721w07aOre generation has been changed, emerald now generates on higher altitudes in mountains rather than lower.[more information needed]
February 18, 2021Emerald Ore (pre-release).png JAPPA shows new textures of emerald ore.
1.1721w08aEmerald Ore JE4 BE3.png The texture of emerald ore has been changed.
21w10aDeepslate Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added deepslate variant of emerald ore, which does not generate naturally.
Added emerald_ores block tag.
21w15aOre generation has been reverted to 1.16 generation. However, emerald ore was not reverted due to a bug.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.9.0build 1Emerald Ore JE2 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
Emerald ore can be mined with a stone pickaxe instead of an iron one.
v0.12.1build 1Mining emerald ore now drops experience orbs.
Emerald ore can now be collected with Silk Touch, dropping the block itself.
Emerald ore now drops extra emeralds with the Fortune enchantment.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta emerald ore now requires an iron pickaxe.
1.10.0beta Ore JE3 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
1.16.220beta Ore JE4 BE3.png The texture of emerald ore has been changed.
Emerald ore can now be found exposed and in veins of size 0-10 on the surface of the new mountain biome variants.
Upcoming Bedrock Edition
1.16.230beta Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added deepslate variant of emerald ore.
Legacy Console Edition
TU14CU1 1.04 Patch 11.0.1Emerald Ore JE2 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
1.90 Emerald Ore JE3 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Emerald Ore JE2 BE1.png Added emerald ore.


Issues relating to "Emerald Ore" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Even though emerald ore is rarer than diamond ore, emerald ore is generally found more often in mountains biomes than diamond ore, as the emerald ore blocks are generated in a more scattered fashion.
  • Emerald ores are one of two overworld ores with a unique texture, along with lapis lazuli ore[until JE 1.17].