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This article is about the ore. For the item, see Emerald. For the mineral block, see Block of Emerald.
Emerald Ore
Emerald Ore JE4 BE3.png
Deepslate Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png



Yes (64)


Blast resistance



Emerald Ore: 3
Deepslate Emerald Ore: 4.5







Catches fire from lava


Emerald ore is a rare mineral block that generates only in mountains biomes. It drops emeralds when mined, or itself if mined with a pickaxe with the Silk Touch enchantment.

Deepslate emerald ore is a variant of emerald ore that can generate in deepslate and tuff blobs.



See also: Fortune § Ore

Emerald ore can be mined with a pickaxe made from iron or better, otherwise it drops nothing. If mined without Silk Touch, the block drops 1 emerald (or up to 4 with Fortune).

Block Emerald Ore Deepslate Emerald Ore
Hardness 3 4.5
Breaking time[A]
Default 15 22.5
Wooden 7.5 11.25
Stone 3.75 5.65
Iron 0.75 1.15
Diamond 0.6 0.85
Netherite 0.5 0.75
Golden 1.25 1.9
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Natural generation[]

For emerald ore distribution, see Ore § Overworld.
Clock JE3 BE3.gif
This section needs to be updated. 
Please update this section to reflect recent updates or newly available information.
Reason: Deepslate emerald ore generation as of 21w16a

Emerald ore can generate in Overworld in the form of blobs. Single emerald ores attempt to generate 3 to 8 times per chunk, from altitudes (y levels) 4 to 31 within any type of mountains, or within a chunk that is at least partially occupied by such a biome. Emerald ore can replace stone, granite, diorite, andesite, tuff, and deepslate. Emerald ore that replaces tuff or deepslate will become deepslate emerald ore.

‌In Java Edition 1.18[upcoming], emerald ore attempts to generate 50 times per chunk in blobs of 1, from levels 32 to 320, being most common at level 255, and becoming less common toward either end of the range. Emerald ore can be exposed to the sky, which is intended.[1]

‌In Bedrock Edition 1.18[upcoming], emerald ore attempt to generate 20 times per chunk in all types of new mountains biomes in blobs of 0-10 ores, from Y=128 to Y=256, being more common as the y-level increases. Emerald ore also attempts to generate 50 times per chunk in all extreme hills biome in blobs of 0-10 ores, from levels 32 to 320, being most common at level 255, and becoming less common toward either end of the range.


Smelting ingredient[]

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Emerald Emerald Ore or
Deepslate Emerald Ore +
Any fuel


Note blocks[]

Emerald ore can be placed under note blocks to produce "bass drum" sounds.


Java Edition:

SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksOnce the block has brokenblock.stone.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
None[sound 1]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.stone.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenblock.stone.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
Block placedBlocksWhen the block is placedblock.stone.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.stone.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
  1. a b MC-177082

Bedrock Edition:

SoundSourceDescriptionResource locationVolumePitch
BlocksOnce the block has brokendig.stone1.00.8
BlocksFalling on the block with fall damagefall.stone0.41.0
BlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenhit.stone0.370.5
?BlocksJumping from the blockjump.stone0.121.0
?BlocksFalling on the block without fall damageland.stone0.221.0
BlocksWalking on the blockstep.stone0.31.0
BlocksWhen the block is placeduse.stone1.00.8

Data values[]


Java Edition:

NameResource locationBlock tags (JE)FormTranslation key
Emerald Oreemerald_oreemerald_ores
Block & Itemblock.minecraft.emerald_ore
Deepslate Emerald Oredeepslate_emerald_oreemerald_ores
Block & Itemblock.minecraft.deepslate_emerald_ore

Bedrock Edition:

NameResource locationNumeric ID FormTranslation key
Emerald Oreemerald_ore129Block & Itemtile.emerald_ore.name
Deepslate Emerald Oredeepslate_emerald_ore662Block & Itemtile.deepslate_emerald_ore.name


Note: This video is outdated. The extreme hills biome has since been renamed to mountains


Java Edition
May 21, 2012Emerald Ore JE1.png The week before the release of 12w21a, Jeb released a screenshot of himself testing the trading system.[2] At this time, what would become emerald ore was ruby ore.[3]
1.3.112w21aEmerald Ore JE1.png Added emerald ore.
The announced ore has been changed to an emerald ore. The texture for emerald ore has remained unchanged, as Jeb forgot to commit the new texture in the snapshot.[4] As this item was not announced before the snapshot was released, most translations call emerald "diamond".
Emerald ore generates in blobs of up to 10 blocks.
12w21bEmerald Ore JE2 BE1.png The texture of emerald ore has been corrected. The previous ruby texture remains as "ruby.png". Translations of emerald as diamond have also corrected.
An analysis of a 500×500 extreme hills biome with MCEdit gives the following ore distributions: The graphs show that the distribution of all ores except for lapis lazuli is even in a certain range and falls off sharply at the borders. While the total amount of emerald is with 3386, even higher than the amount of diamonds (2997), the ore is spread out over double the height range, meaning that at a certain level the chance for finding an ore was just about half of the chance of finding a diamond ore, effectively making it twice as rare when tunnel mining.
12w22aBlob size was reduced to 1 block.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 129.
Texture Update?Emerald Ore Texture Update Revision 1.png A new texture for emerald ore has been proposed.
1.1418w43aEmerald Ore JE3 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore has been changed.
1.1721w07aEmerald ore now generates as a spread, generating between Y=32 and Y=320 and peaking at Y=256.
February 18, 2021Emerald Ore (pre-release).png JAPPA shows new textures of emerald ore.
21w08aEmerald Ore JE4 BE3.png The texture of emerald ore has been changed.
21w10aDeepslate Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added deepslate variant of emerald ore, which does not generate naturally.
Added emerald_ores block tag.
The amount of emerald ore that generates has been increased.
21w15aMost ore generation has been reverted back to the pre-21w07a generation and requires the Caves & Cliffs Prototype Data Pack to be seen. However, emerald ore generation was not properly reverted due to a bug.[5]
21w16aEmerald ore now generates at the correct Y-levels, but it still generates more frequently than it did in 1.16.[6]
Deepslate emerald ore variant now generates naturally.
21w17aEmerald ore can now replace granite, andesite, diorite, tuff, and deepslate upon generating.
1.17.1Pre-release 2The frequency of emerald ore generation has been reverted to pre-1.17 levels.
Upcoming Java Edition
1.18Experimental Snapshot 1Emerald ore once again generates the way it did in the 1.17 snapshots without the use of a data pack.
Deepslate Emerald Ore no longer generates naturally.
experimental snapshot 2Emerald ore now generates in mountain meadows, mountain groves, snowy slopes, lofty peaks, and snow capped peaks.
21w40aEmerald ore generates more frequently and is now able to generate down to Y=-16.
Deepslate Emerald Ore now generates naturally again.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.9.0build 1Emerald Ore JE2 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
Emerald ore can be mined with a stone pickaxe instead of an iron one.
v0.12.1build 1Mining emerald ore now drops experience orbs.
Emerald ore can now be collected with Silk Touch, dropping the block itself.
Emerald ore now drops extra emeralds with the Fortune enchantment.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta emerald ore now requires an iron pickaxe.
1.10.0beta Ore JE3 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore has been changed.
1.16.220beta Ore JE4 BE3.png The texture of emerald ore has been changed.
Emerald ore can now be found exposed and in blobs of size 0-10 on the surface of the new mountain biome variants.
1.17.0beta Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.png Added deepslate variant of emerald ore.
beta generation has been changed, emerald now generates on higher altitudes in extreme hills rather than lower.[more information needed], also increased blob size to contain more than single ore.
Legacy Console Edition
TU14CU1 1.04 Patch 11.0.1Emerald Ore JE2 BE1.png Added emerald ore.
1.90 Emerald Ore JE3 BE2.png The texture of emerald ore texture has been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Emerald Ore JE2 BE1.png Added emerald ore.


Issues relating to "Emerald Ore" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • Even though emerald ore is rarer than diamond ore, emerald ore is generally found more often in mountains biomes than diamond ore, as the emerald ore blocks are generated in a more scattered fashion.




  1. MC-237455 – resolved as "Works As Intended"
  2. https://twitter.com/jeb_/status/204619936616808451
  3. snapshot 12w21a/b lang/en_US.lang: tile.oreRuby.name=Ruby Ore
  4. https://twitter.com/jeb_/status/205641953742819328
  5. MC-223260 – "Emerald ore does not generate as intended" – resolved as "Fixed"
  6. MC-226926 – "Emerald ore generates too often" – resolved as "Fixed"