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For other uses, see Dirt (disambiguation).
Dirt JE2 BE2.png



Yes (64)


Blast resistance










Catches fire from lava


Dirt is a type of block found abundantly in most biomes under a layer of grass blocks at the top of the Overworld.


Natural generation[edit]

Dirt is found at any altitude, and comprises the majority of the upper terrain layers in most overworld biomes, bridging the gap between stone and grass blocks in various thicknesses.

There are approximately 1,850 dirt blocks per chunk in plains, forest, snowy tundra, jungle, and mountain biomes. There can be as many as 3,000 in chunks with high mountains. Dirt also generates naturally in some houses in villages. Dirt also generates as part of the dirt floor found in the starting point area in mineshafts.

Dirt can generate in the Overworld in the form of blobs. Dirt attempts to generate 15 times per chunk in blobs of size 0-160 at any level in all biomes. It can replace stone, granite, diorite, andesite, tuff, cobblestone and deepslate.


Dirt drops as an item when broken with any tool or by hand, but a shovel is the quickest way to break it.

Block Dirt
Hardness 0.5
Breaking time[A]
Default 0.75
Wooden 0.4
Stone 0.2
Iron 0.15
Diamond 0.1
Netherite 0.1
Golden 0.1
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Farmland, grass paths, grass blocks, mycelium, and podzol drop dirt if broken without Silk Touch. Farmland and grass paths[JE only] drop dirt even if broken with Silk Touch.

Mob loot[edit]

Endermen drop a dirt block upon death, if holding one.


Farmland turns into dirt if either a mob jumps on it, or if nothing is planted on it and it is not within four blocks of water.

Coarse dirt can be tilled with a hoe to become dirt. This allows the player to convert gravel into dirt. Two blocks each of gravel and dirt become four blocks of coarse dirt, which can then be placed and tilled, which makes a renewable source of dirt.

Certain blocks can also transform into dirt when in invalid states, such as the death of grass blocks.


Dirt's primary use is for farming, but it can also be used as a highly available building block.

Crafting ingredient[edit]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Coarse Dirt Dirt +


Dirt has the ability to grow saplings, sugar cane, mushrooms, sweet berries, and bamboo, which can be planted directly in dirt under appropriate conditions.

Using a hoe on dirt turns it into farmland, enabling wheat seeds, pumpkin seeds, melon seeds, potatoes, carrots and beetroot seeds to be planted on it.

Grass and mycelium spreading[edit]

See also: Grass Block

When a dirt block is adjacent to a grass block and is exposed to a light level of at least 4, it is eventually converted into a grass block at random intervals.

Mycelium spreads in a similar fashion, but requires a light level of at least 9.


Java Edition:

SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksOnce the block has brokenblock.gravel.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
None[sound 1]BlocksFalling on the block with fall damageblock.gravel.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
Block breakingBlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenblock.gravel.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
Block placedBlocksWhen the block is placedblock.gravel.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
FootstepsBlocksWalking on the blockblock.gravel.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
  1. a b MC-177082

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDBlock tags (JE)FormTranslation key
Block & Itemblock.minecraft.dirt

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID FormTranslation key
Dirtdirt3Block & Itemtile.dirt.default.name


See also: Data values

In Bedrock Edition, dirt uses the following data values:

DV Description
0 Dirt
1 Coarse Dirt

Block states[edit]

See also: Block states

In Bedrock Edition, dirt uses the following block states:

Bedrock Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
dirt_typenormal normalDirt
coarseCoarse Dirt


Java Edition pre-Classic
rd-20090515Dirt JE1 BE1.png Added dirt.
Grass spreads to dirt when under light.
Java Edition Classic
0.24 SURVIVAL TESTGrass Blocks and Dirt now drops Dirt when broken.
Java Edition Indev
?Dirt now uses a sound distinct from grass.
Minecraft Indev20100206Dirt can now be tilled with a hoe into farmland.
Java Edition Infdev
Minecraft Infdev20100617-2Dirt and gravel now generate naturally as blobs underground.
Java Edition Beta
1.8Pre-releaseDirt now generates naturally in villages.
Java Edition
1.0.0Beta 1.9 PrereleaseMycelium has been introduced and now spreads to dirt.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 5Dirt JE2 BE2.png The texture of dirt has been changed. Dirt now has a slightly different arrangement of grains around the sides.
1.112w01aDirt is now generating in superflat world type.
1.4.212w38aDirt has been given new sounds for being placed and walked upon.
1.7.213w36aDirt JE2 BE2.png A "grassless dirt" variant has been added that grass would not spread onto. Its block ID is minecraft:dirt/1.
1.814w10aDirt with numerical metadata variants 3 through 15, which are inaccessible through normal gameplay, now have a missing texture Missing Texture Block JE3 BE2.png rather than appearing identical to dirt.
June 11, 2014Ryan Holtz revealed a new coarse dirt block, including its crafting recipe. "This will be a transparent switch-over in terms of world generation, as the coarse dirt block uses the same block ID and data value as the original grassless dirt block. As a result, even old worlds with the grassless dirt blocks should have them seamlessly change over to coarse dirt."
14w25aGrassless dirt has been replaced with coarse dirt.
Dirt and its variant are now defined via block states rather than by numerical metadata. Prior to this version, the numerical metadata variants of dirt were as follows:
DV Description
0 Dirt
1 Grassless Dirt
2 Podzol
3-15 Inaccessible "boring" variants of dirt
14w26aDirt with metadata values 3 through 15 have now been completely removed from the game.
14w27bDirt's textures now rotate randomly due to the addition of arrays to the block model format.
1.1116w39aDirt now generates in mansions.
1.1317w47aThe different variant block states for the dirt ID have been split up into their own IDs.
Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 3.
1.1419w05aDirt is now renewable due to the wandering trader selling podzol.
1.1720w45aA shovel can now be used on dirt to create a dirt path block.
21w06aDirt blobs are now able to generate below Y=0.
21w07aDirt blobs no longer generate below Y=0.
Pocket Edition Alpha
Pre-releaseDirt (texture) JE1 BE1.png Dirt JE1 BE1.png Added dirt.
v0.2.0Dirt JE2 BE2.png The texture of dirt has been changed.
v0.4.0Dirt can now be hoed into farmland.
v0.8.0build 2The textures of dirt are now randomly rotated.
v0.9.0build 1Dirt JE2 BE2.png Grassless dirt has been added.
v0.11.0build 1Dirt can now be obtained by breaking grass path blocks.
Pocket Edition
1.1.0alpha now generates in woodland mansions.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta dirt has been replaced with coarse dirt.
1.10.0beta is now renewable.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1Dirt JE2 BE2.png[verify] Added dirt.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Dirt JE2 BE2.png Added dirt.


Issues relating to "Dirt" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.