Crafting is the process of constructing tools, items, and blocks in Minecraft. Players can craft by moving items from their inventory to a crafting grid, arranging them according to a recipe. A 2×2 crafting grid can be accessed from the player's inventory and a 3×3 grid can be accessed by using a crafting table. Items crafted in the 2×2 grid can also be crafted in the crafting table.
Players in Creative[Bedrock Edition only], Survival or Adventure always have access to the 2×2 crafting grid from their inventory screen. Small crafting recipes that are at most 2×2 can be made there. These include wooden planks, sticks, crafting tables, torches and some shapeless recipes. To craft items using a 3×3 grid, create a crafting table with 4 wooden planks, place it in the world, and press use while facing it. This brings up an interface with a 3×3 crafting grid, which the player can use to craft any crafting recipe in the game. There is also a recipe book where you can access all the crafting recipes.
Some recipes do not require their ingredients to be arranged in a specific way on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shapeless recipes. For example, players can craft a fermented spider eye by placing its ingredients anywhere within the grid.[note 1]
On the other hand, many recipes must have their ingredients placed in the correct relative positions on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shaped recipes. Ingredients in shaped recipes can be ‘moved’ up, down, left, or right. They can also be flipped side-ways. For example, a 3×1 recipe, such as bread, can be made using the top, middle, or bottom row of the 3×3 grid, but it cannot be made using the 2×2 grid because it needs to be three items wide, and a bow may be made with the strings placed on the left instead of on the right.
There are recipes that may not be moved or mirrored in this way. These are commonly known as fixed recipes. For example, a chest needs to have eight planks placed precisely on every square except the middle. Fixed recipes can be added by data packs or mods.
- On this wiki, shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic. This symbol does not actually appear in the game.
The recipe book is a mechanic in Minecraft that serves as a catalog of recipes and as a crafting guide. It shows every crafting recipe that the player has had materials for.
Crafting recipes are organized in several different categories, as follows:
- The first tab contains every unlocked recipe.
- The second tab contains tools, weapons, and armor.
- The third tab contains building materials.
- The fourth tab contains food and miscellaneous items.
- The fifth tab contains redstone materials.
Complete recipe list
|Shaped Recipes||Shapeless Recipes|
Some items could be crafted previously, but cannot be crafted in the current version of Minecraft.
|Chainmail Helmet or
Chainmail Chestplate or
Chainmail Leggings or
|Enchanted Golden Apple||Block of Gold +
|Iron Horse Armor or
Golden Horse Armor or
Diamond Horse Armor
|Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
|Horse Saddle||Leather +
|The horse saddle itself is removed from game. Its 'successor', the Saddle, is not craftable|
|Java Edition Indev|
|0.31||20100128||Crafting is implemented.|
|Accessed by pressing B.|
|The only recipe was turning an apple into an arrow.|
|20100129||Removed apple to arrow recipe and replaced it with new recipes.|
|Early recipes include sticks, pickaxes, torches, swords, axes, and gold and iron blocks.|
|20100130||Indev was updated again with many other recipes. As new blocks and items were implemented into the game, new crafting recipes were made accordingly.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|1.2||Added shapeless recipes.|
|1.6||Test Build 3||While crafting, ⇧ Shift + clicking the crafting output makes the maximum amount possible of that item and moves it straight to the inventory.|
|1.6.5||⇧ Shift + clicking the crafting output only performs a single crafting action, instead of the maximum possible amount.|
|1.8||Pre-release 2 ;)||⇧ Shift + clicking now crafts the maximum amount possible again, reverting to the Beta 1.6 behavior.|
|1.8||14w30a||Added fixed recipes.|
|1.12||17w13a||The crafting GUI now includes a recipe tab, allowing players to know how to craft previously-crafted items, automatically fill in the recipe and filter out the recipes to what they can make from their inventory. This can be used in a crafting table and without, but the inventory crafting shows only 2×2 crafted items.|
|Recipes can be unlocked using a Knowledge Book without having to craft the item.|
|1.13||17w48a||Custom recipes are now loaded from data packs in data/(namespace)/recipes/(name).json.|
|Turning off the vanilla data pack also removes all recipes.|
|17w49a||Recipes can now refer to a tag instead of an item.|
|1.15||19w34a||While in a crafting table, ⇧ Shift+clicking an item or a stack in the inventory now transfers it directly to the 3×3 crafting grid.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|April 17, 2012||Daniel Kaplan released preview images of the Minecraft Advanced Touch Technology Interface System (MATTIS) crafting system in creative mode.|
|v0.3.0||The MATTIS crafting system was implemented.|
|v0.6.0||Added the stonecutter. This was used to make stone-related blocks.|
|v0.9.0||build 1||Improved the layout of the crafting screen by organizing blocks and items into categories.|
|The crafting screen shows only craftable recipes.|
|Crafting descriptions are no longer displayed.|
|v0.13.0||build 1||Removed the crafting functionality of stonecutter. All recipes requiring it are available through the crafting table and inventory.|
|v0.14.0||build 1||Added the ability to access the crafting system in creative mode.|
|1.0.0||alpha 0.17.0.1||Added classic crafting system to mobile device, available in advanced video settings.|
|1.2.0||beta 22.214.171.124||Replaced the MATTIS crafting system with the classic crafting system + recipe book.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU1||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||A simplified crafting system for the Xbox 360 was implemented with the first version release.|
|TU25||CU14||1.17||Added classic crafting system.|
|TU46||CU36||1.38||Updated fireworks crafting system.|
Older version of the MATTIS crafting interface, prior to Alpha v0.9.0.
Old Pocket Edition MATTIS crafting interface, with 2×2 grid.
Old Pocket Edition MATTIS crafting interface, with 3×3 grid.