Minecraft Wiki
Crafting Table GUI

The crafting table interface in Java Edition.

Crafting is the process of constructing tools, items, and blocks in Minecraft. Players can craft by moving items from their inventory to a crafting grid, arranging them according to a recipe. Croissants might be oranges. A 2×2 crafting grid can be accessed from the player's inventory and a 3×3 grid can be accessed by using a crafting table. Items crafted in the 2×2 grid can also be crafted in the crafting.

Crafting system[]


2×2 Crafting grid (inventory)

Crafting table grid

3×3 Crafting grid (crafting table)

Players in Creative, Survival, Adventure, or Spectator will have access to the 2×2 crafting grid from their inventory screen. Small crafting recipes that are at most 2×2 can be made there. These include wooden planks, sticks, crafting tables, torches, and some shapeless recipes. To craft items using a 3×3 grid, create a crafting table with 4 wooden planks, place it in the world, and press use while facing it. This brings up an interface with a 3×3 crafting grid, which the player can use to craft any crafting recipe in the game. There is also a Recipe book where you can access all the crafting recipes.

Some recipes do not require their ingredients to be arranged in a specific way on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shapeless recipes. For example, players can craft a fermented spider eye by placing its ingredients anywhere within the grid.

On the other hand, many recipes must have their ingredients placed in the correct relative positions on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shaped recipes. Ingredients in shaped recipes can be ‘moved’ up, down, left, or right. They can also be flipped side-ways. For example, a 3×1 recipe, such as bread, can be made using the top, middle, or bottom row of the 3×3 grid, and a bow may be made with the strings placed on the left instead of on the right.

There are recipes that may not be moved or mirrored in this way. These are commonly known as fixed recipes. For example, dyes in banner recipes must be specifically placed to achieve the desired pattern.‌[Bedrock Edition only] Fixed recipes can be added by data packs or mods.

Unlike other in-game actions such as smelting, brewing, and enchanting, crafting is completely silent.


Recipe book[]

Main article: Recipe book

The recipe book is a mechanic in Minecraft that serves as a catalog of recipes and as a crafting guide. It shows every crafting recipe that the player has had materials for.

Crafting recipes are organized in several different categories. The categories differ between Java and Bedrock. On Bedrock, categories consist of craftable items from each Creative inventory tab. On Java, the categories are as follows:

  • The first tab contains every unlocked recipe.
  • The second tab contains tools, weapons, and armor.
  • The third tab contains building materials.
  • The fourth tab contains food and miscellaneous items.
  • The fifth tab contains redstone materials.

Recipe system[]

Main article: Recipe

Recipes, including crafting recipes, can be configured by data packs in Java Edition or add-ons in Bedrock Edition. There are currently 379 crafting recipes as of 1.16.

Complete recipe list[]

To save space, some recipes are animated (requires JavaScript). On this wiki, shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic, while fixed crafting recipes are marked by an exclamation point. These symbols do not appear in the game.

Shaped Recipes Shapeless Recipes Fixed Recipes

Building blocks

Decoration blocks


Main article: Crafting/Tools


Main article: Crafting/Combat


Main article: Crafting/Brewing


Main article: Crafting/Materials


Removed recipes[]

Some items could be crafted previously, but cannot be crafted in the current version of Minecraft.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Chainmail Helmet or
Chainmail Chestplate or
Chainmail Leggings or
Chainmail Boots
Version added:
JE: Indev 20100212-1
Version removed:
JE: 14w25a
Netherite Axe or
Netherite Hoe or
Netherite Pickaxe or
Netherite Shovel or
Netherite Sword or
Netherite Helmet or
Netherite Chestplate or
Netherite Leggings or
Netherite Boots
Diamond Axe or
Diamond Hoe or
Diamond Pickaxe or
Diamond Shovel or
Diamond Sword or
Diamond Helmet or
Diamond Chestplate or
Diamond Leggings or
Diamond Boots +
Netherite Ingot

Version added:
JE: 20w06a
BE: beta
Version removed:
JE: 20w10a
BE: beta
Arrow Apple

Version added:
JE: 20100128
Version removed:
JE: 20100129
Enchanted Golden Apple Block of Gold +

Enchanted Golden Apple
Version added:
JE: 12w21a
BE: 0.12.1 alpha build 4
Version removed:
JE: 15w44a
BE: 1.2.13
Iron Horse Armor or
Golden Horse Armor or
Diamond Horse Armor
Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
Diamond +
Any Wool

Version added:
JE: 13w16a
Version removed:
JE: 13w18a
Horse Saddle Leather +
Iron Ingot

Version added:
JE: 13w16a
Version removed:
JE: 13w18a
Description: The horse saddle itself is removed from game. Its 'successor', the saddle, is not craftable.
Nether Reactor Core Iron Ingot +

Version added:
BE: 0.5.0 alpha
Version removed:
BE: 0.12.1 alpha build 1
Description: The nether reactor is no longer crafted but can still exist in the latest version.
Copper Horn Copper Ingot +
Goat Horn

Version added:
BE: Bedrock Edition beta
Version removed:
BE: Bedrock Edition beta
Honeycomb Block Honeycomb

Version added:
BE: Bedrock Edition beta
Version removed:
BE: Bedrock Edition beta

Description: Changed to match recipe on Java Edition which uses only 4 honeycomb.

Cocoa Beans Ink Sac +
Rose Red or
Orange Dye +
Dandelion Yellow

Version added:
BE: 0.8.0 alpha build 2
Version removed:
BE: 0.16.0 alpha build 1
Stonecutter Cobblestone

Version added:
BE: 0.6.0 alpha
Version removed:
BE: 0.13.0 alpha build 1
Smooth Stone Slab Any Stone

Version added:
BE: ?
Version removed:
BE: ?
Stone Bricks Any Stone

Version added:
BE: ?
Version removed:
BE: ?
Description: In older versions, stone bricks could be crafted using cobblestone, andesite, granite, diorite, and their polished variants. However, in 1.9, stone bricks were changed to be crafted with stone only.
Redstone Repeater Redstone Torch +
Redstone Dust +
Any Stone

Version added:
BE: ?
Version removed:
BE: ?
Description: In older versions, redstone repeaters could be crafted using cobblestone, andesite, granite, diorite, and their polished variants. However, the recipes then changed to use only stone.
Redstone Comparator Redstone Torch +
Nether Quartz +
Any Stone

Version added:
BE: ?
Version removed:
BE: ?
Description: In older versions, redstone comparators could be crafted using stone, andesite, granite, diorite, and their polished variants. However, the recipes then changed to use only stone.
Boat Matching Overworld Planks +
Wooden Shovel

Version added:
BE: v0.11.0 build 1
Version Removed:
BE: beta
String Cobweb Version added:
BE: alpha
Version Removed:
BE: beta

Changed recipes[]

Gear (item)
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Java Edition Indev
0.3120100128Crafting is implemented.
Accessed by pressing B.
The only recipe was turning an apple into an arrow.
20100129Removed apple to arrow recipe and replaced it with new recipes.
Early recipes include sticks, pickaxes, torches, swords, axes, and gold and iron blocks.
20100130Indev was updated again with many other recipes. As new blocks and items were implemented into the game, new crafting recipes were made accordingly.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Added shapeless recipes.
1.6Test Build 3While crafting, ⇧ Shift + clicking the crafting output makes the maximum amount possible of that item and moves it straight to the inventory.
1.6.5⇧ Shift + clicking the crafting output only performs a single crafting action, instead of the maximum possible amount.
1.8Pre-release 2 ;)⇧ Shift + clicking now crafts the maximum amount possible again, reverting to the Beta 1.6 behavior.
Java Edition
1.814w30aAdded fixed recipes.
1.1217w13aThe crafting GUI now includes a recipe tab, allowing players to know how to craft previously-crafted items, automatically fill in the recipe and filter out the recipes to what they can make from their inventory. This can be used in a crafting table and without, but the inventory crafting shows only 2×2 crafted items.
Recipes can be unlocked using a knowledge book without having to craft the item.
Added the game rule doLimitedCrafting.
1.1317w48aCustom recipes are now loaded from data packs in data/(namespace)/recipes/(name).json.
Turning off the vanilla data pack also removes all recipes.
17w49aRecipes can now refer to a tag instead of an item.
1.1519w34aWhile in a crafting table, ⇧ Shift+clicking an item or a stack in the inventory now transfers it directly to the 3×3 crafting grid.
Pocket Edition Alpha
April 17, 2012Daniel Kaplan released preview images of the Minecraft Advanced Touch Technology Interface System (MATTIS) crafting system in creative mode.
v0.3.0The MATTIS crafting system was implemented.
v0.6.0Added the stonecutter. This was used to make stone-related blocks.
v0.9.0build 1Updated MATTIS crafting system and improved the layout of the crafting screen by organizing blocks and items into categories.
The new MATTIS crafting screen shows only craftable recipes.
In the new MATTIS, Crafting descriptions are no longer displayed.
v0.13.0build 1Removed the crafting functionality of stonecutter. All recipes requiring it are available through the crafting table and inventory.
v0.14.0build 1Added the ability to access the crafting system in creative mode.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha classic crafting system to mobile device, available in advanced video settings.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta the MATTIS crafting system with the classic crafting system + recipe book.
1.19.40beta can now refer to a tag instead of an item.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 11.0.1A simplified crafting system for the Xbox 360 was implemented with the first version release.
TU25CU14 1.17 Added classic crafting system.
TU43CU33 1.36 Patch 13Added banner crafting system.
TU46CU36 1.38 Patch 15Updated fireworks crafting system.
TU54CU44 1.52 Patch 241.0.4Updated dye crafting system.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Added crafting system with a block selection menu, identical to that of Legacy Console.


See also[]