Minecraft Wiki

The crafting table interface in Java Edition.

Crafting is the process of constructing tools, items, and blocks in Minecraft. Players can craft by moving items from their inventory to a crafting grid, arranging them according to a recipe. A 2×2 crafting grid can be accessed from the player's inventory and a 3×3 grid can be accessed by using a crafting table. Items crafted in the 2×2 grid can also be crafted in the crafting table.

Crafting system[]

2×2 Crafting grid (inventory)

Crafting table grid

3×3 Crafting grid (crafting table)

Players in Creative,‌[Bedrock Edition only] Survival, Adventure or Spectator[Java Edition only] always have access to the 2×2 crafting grid from their inventory screen. Small crafting recipes that are at most 2×2 can be made there. These include wooden planks, sticks, crafting tables, torches and some shapeless recipes. To craft items using a 3×3 grid, create a crafting table with 4 wooden planks, place it in the world, and press use while facing it. This brings up an interface with a 3×3 crafting grid, which the player can use to craft any crafting recipe in the game. There is also a recipe book where you can access all the crafting recipes.

Some recipes do not require their ingredients to be arranged in a specific way on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shapeless recipes. For example, players can craft a fermented spider eye by placing its ingredients anywhere within the grid.[note 1]

On the other hand, many recipes must have their ingredients placed in the correct relative positions on the crafting grid. These are commonly known as shaped recipes. Ingredients in shaped recipes can be ‘moved’ up, down, left, or right. They can also be flipped side-ways. For example, a 3×1 recipe, such as bread, can be made using the top, middle, or bottom row of the 3×3 grid, but it cannot be made using the 2×2 grid because it needs to be three items wide, and a bow may be made with the strings placed on the left instead of on the right.

There are recipes that may not be moved or mirrored in this way. These are commonly known as fixed recipes. For example, dyes in banner recipes must be specifically placed to achieve the desired pattern.‌[Bedrock Edition only] Fixed recipes can be added by data packs or mods.

Unlike other in-game actions such as smelting, brewing, and enchanting, crafting is completely silent.

  1. On this wiki, shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic. This symbol does not actually appear in the game.

Recipe Book[]

Main article: Recipe book

The recipe book is a mechanic in Minecraft that serves as a catalog of recipes and as a crafting guide. It shows every crafting recipe that the player has had materials for.

Crafting recipes are organized in several different categories, as follows:

  • The first tab contains every unlocked recipe.
  • The second tab contains tools, weapons, and armor.
  • The third tab contains building materials.
  • The fourth tab contains food and miscellaneous items.
  • The fifth tab contains redstone materials.

Recipe system[]

Main article: Recipe

Recipes, including crafting recipes, can be configured by data packs in Java Edition or add-ons in Bedrock Edition. There are currently 379 crafting recipes as of 1.16.

Complete recipe list[]

To save space, some recipes are animated (requires JavaScript). On this wiki, shapeless recipes are marked with a pair of intertwined arrows on the crafting table graphic, while fixed crafting recipes are marked by an exclamation point. These symbols do not appear in the game.

Shaped Recipes Shapeless Recipes Fixed Recipes

Building blocks

Decoration blocks


Main article: Crafting/Tools


Main article: Crafting/Combat


Main article: Crafting/Brewing


Main article: Crafting/Materials


Removed recipes[]

Some items could be crafted previously, but cannot be crafted in the current version of Minecraft.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe Description
Chainmail Helmet or
Chainmail Chestplate or
Chainmail Leggings or
Chainmail Boots
Enchanted Golden Apple Block of Gold +

Enchanted Golden Apple
Iron Horse Armor or
Golden Horse Armor or
Diamond Horse Armor
Iron Ingot or
Gold Ingot or
Diamond +
Any Wool

Horse Saddle Leather +
Iron Ingot

The horse saddle itself is removed from game. Its 'successor', the Saddle, is not craftable


Java Edition Indev
0.3120100128Crafting is implemented.
Accessed by pressing B.
The only recipe was turning an apple into an arrow.
20100129Removed apple to arrow recipe and replaced it with new recipes.
Early recipes include sticks, pickaxes, torches, swords, axes, and gold and iron blocks.
20100130Indev was updated again with many other recipes. As new blocks and items were implemented into the game, new crafting recipes were made accordingly.
Java Edition Beta
1.2Added shapeless recipes.
1.6Test Build 3While crafting, ⇧ Shift + clicking the crafting output makes the maximum amount possible of that item and moves it straight to the inventory.
1.6.5⇧ Shift + clicking the crafting output only performs a single crafting action, instead of the maximum possible amount.
1.8Pre-release 2 ;)⇧ Shift + clicking now crafts the maximum amount possible again, reverting to the Beta 1.6 behavior.
Java Edition
1.814w30aAdded fixed recipes.
1.1217w13aThe crafting GUI now includes a recipe tab, allowing players to know how to craft previously-crafted items, automatically fill in the recipe and filter out the recipes to what they can make from their inventory. This can be used in a crafting table and without, but the inventory crafting shows only 2×2 crafted items.
Recipes can be unlocked using a Knowledge Book without having to craft the item.
1.1317w48aCustom recipes are now loaded from data packs in data/(namespace)/recipes/(name).json.
Turning off the vanilla data pack also removes all recipes.
17w49aRecipes can now refer to a tag instead of an item.
1.1519w34aWhile in a crafting table, ⇧ Shift+clicking an item or a stack in the inventory now transfers it directly to the 3×3 crafting grid.
Pocket Edition Alpha
April 17, 2012Daniel Kaplan released preview images of the Minecraft Advanced Touch Technology Interface System (MATTIS) crafting system in creative mode.
v0.3.0The MATTIS crafting system was implemented.
v0.6.0Added the stonecutter. This was used to make stone-related blocks.
v0.9.0build 1Improved the layout of the crafting screen by organizing blocks and items into categories.
The crafting screen shows only craftable recipes.
Crafting descriptions are no longer displayed.
v0.13.0build 1Removed the crafting functionality of stonecutter. All recipes requiring it are available through the crafting table and inventory.
v0.14.0build 1Added the ability to access the crafting system in creative mode.
Pocket Edition
1.0.0alpha classic crafting system to mobile device, available in advanced video settings.
Bedrock Edition
1.2.0beta the MATTIS crafting system with the classic crafting system + recipe book.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.0 Patch 1A simplified crafting system for the Xbox 360 was implemented with the first version release.
TU25CU14 1.17 Added classic crafting system.
TU46CU36 1.38 Updated fireworks crafting system.


See also[]