|Catches fire from lava||
A cactus is a plant block that generates naturally in dry areas and causes damage.
A cactus can be mined by hand without taking damage. The tool used to mine the cactus does not affect mining speed.
A cactus also removes and drops itself as an item if a piston tries to push it (trying to pull it does nothing) or moves a block into its space.
Using a sign on the side of a cactus causes both the sign and the cactus to drop as items.
Cacti naturally occur in desert and badlands biomes (twice more common in desert than in badlands). They generate as one (11⁄18 chance), two (5⁄18 chance), or three (2⁄18 chance) blocks tall. Rarely taller cacti can be found if generation chooses to generate another on top of one already generated (although not as commonly as sugar cane).
|Cactus||Village||Desert house chest||1–4||80.6%|
|Village||Desert house chest||1–4||80.6%|
A cactus block may be placed only on sand, red sand or another cactus block. A cactus breaks itself (and drops as an item) if any block with a solid material, or lava, occupies any of the 4 horizontally adjacent blocks. It also breaks if on the sand and the block above is water or lava.
When any entity, including players and mobs, touches a cactus, 1 damage is taken every 0.5 seconds. Damage from touching a cactus is reduced by armor, but touching it also damages the armor. Mobs do not avoid cacti when they pathfind.
Cacti destroy any items that come into contact with them, including cactus blocks harvested above them.
A cactus can also be placed in a flower pot, where it is rendered harmless.
Cactus naturally grow to a height of three blocks, adding a block of height when the top cactus block has received 16 random ticks (i.e. on average every 18 minutes, but the actual rate can vary widely). Bone meal does not work on cacti to speed their growth. A cactus does not need light to grow and is non-flammable. If a cactus has space directly above it, it grows even if the newly-grown block would immediately break due to adjacent blocks.
|Green Dye||Cactus +
|[Java Edition only]|
|Green Dye||Cactus +
|[Bedrock Edition only]|
Placing a cactus into a composter has a 50% chance of raising the compost level by 1.
|Sound||Subtitles||Source||Description||Namespaced ID||Translation key||Volume||Pitch||Attenuation|
|Block broken||Blocks||Once the block has broken||1.0||0.8||16|
|None[sound 1]||Blocks||Falling on the block with fall damage||None[sound 1]||0.5||0.75||16|
|Block breaking||Blocks||While the block is in the process of being broken||0.25||0.5||16|
|Block placed||Blocks||When the block is placed||1.0||0.8||16|
|Footsteps||Blocks||Walking on the block||0.15||1.0||16|
|?||Blocks||Once the block has broken||1.0||0.8|
|?||Blocks||Falling on the block with fall damage||0.4||1.0|
|?||Blocks||While the block is in the process of being broken||0.35||0.5|
|?||Blocks||Jumping from the block||0.12||1.0|
|?||Blocks||Falling on the block without fall damage||0.18||1.0|
|?||Blocks||Walking on the block||0.3||1.0|
|?||Blocks||When the block is placed||1.0||0.8|
|Name||Namespaced ID||Block tags (JE)||Form||Translation key|
|Cactus||Block & Item|
|Name||Namespaced ID||Numeric ID||Form||Translation key|
|Cactus||Block & Item|
In Bedrock Edition, cacti use the following data values:
|0||Freshly planted cactus.|
|1 to 15||The data value is incremented at random intervals.|
When it becomes 15, a new cactus block is created on top as long as the total height does not exceed 3.
|Name||Default value||Allowed values||Description|
|age||A freshly-planted cactus – and a cactus that has just grown cactus above it – each have an age of 0.|
The age is incremented at random intervals.
At age 15, a cactus may try to grow more cactus above it.
|Java Edition Alpha|
|The cactus inventory texture has a side texture on top.|
|Player receives 1 damage when punching them, right clicking on them, or making steps on them.|
|The cactus is a full block and acts identically to any one.|
|v1.0.11||Cacti can now be placed only on sand, and now have the requirement that the space around it has to be empty. Previously, cacti could be placed to form a damaging floor: both players and mobs would take half a heart of damage when they walk on a cactus block. This made it useful for traps, such as a hallway with a cactus block floor that would kill all mobs that walked on it.|
|Collecting cacti no longer hurts the player.|
|The model and texture have been updated to have spines around the block.|
|v1.0.14||Cactus blocks now can grow to a height of three blocks, allowing for farming. Prior to this update, cacti would not grow.|
|Java Edition Beta|
|1.2||Cactus can now be smelted, giving cactus green.|
|1.8||Pre-release||When dropped onto the world, the cactus item is no longer slightly larger than most other blocks, despite the fact that they are visibly smaller when placed, a bug shared with many other items. This is because it used the larger 'item' size, rather than the 'block' size.|
|1.9||15w43a||A potted cactus can now be found in the basement of the newly added igloo.|
|15w49a||Cacti now break if adjacent to lava, or if on sand and the block above is water or lava.|
|1.13||17w47a||Prior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 81.|
|Banners and signs can be placed horizontally adjacent to cactus, immediately breaking the cactus. This action was historically disabled.|
|1.14||18w43a||The texture of cacti has been changed.|
|18w44a||The texture of cacti has been changed, once again.|
|18w50a||Potted cacti can now be found in desert villages.|
|Cacti items can now be found in chests in desert village houses.|
|19w03a||Placing a cactus into the new composter has a 20% chance of raising the compost level by 1.|
|19w05a||Cacti now has a 50% chance of increasing the compost level in a composter by 1.|
|Pocket Edition Alpha|
|v0.2.0||Cacti are now available in the creative mode inventory.|
|v0.4.0||Cacti now appear 3D in the inventory and when dropped; previously they used a completely 2D item texture like many other plants.|
|Cacti now obey regular placement exceptions when being placed underwater or on snow.|
|v0.5.0||Cacti are now available from the nether reactor.|
|v0.8.0||build 2||The top texture of cacti has been changed.|
|build 4||The top texture of cacti has been reverted.|
|v0.12.1||build 1||Cacti are no longer available from the nether reactor.|
|?||The model of cacti has been changed. The spines behind cacti now render regardless of where viewed from.|
|1.0.0||alpha 0.17.0.1||Potted cacti now generate in the basements of igloos.|
|1.2.0||beta 22.214.171.124||Cacti are now found inside bonus chests.|
|1.10.0||beta 126.96.36.199||The texture of cacti has been changed.|
|A 3 block tall cactus and potted cactus now generates in new desert village houses.|
|Cacti can now be bought from wandering traders.|
|1.11.0||beta 188.8.131.52||Cactus can now be found desert village house chests.|
|Cactus can now be used to fill composters.|
|1.16.0||beta 184.108.40.206||Cactus once again deals damage to mobs and items standing on top of it.|
|Legacy Console Edition|
|TU1||CU1||1.0||Patch 1||1.0.1||Added cacti.|
|PlayStation 4 Edition|
|1.90||The texture of cacti has been changed.|
|New Nintendo 3DS Edition|
In older versions, endermen could place cacti on any block.
- Cacti can be placed underwater, provided they are placed on sand, and they grow if they break the surface.
- Cacti can be placed next to saplings, but the cactus breaks when the tree grows.
- Endermen could move and place cacti. Thus, they can increase the cactus population in deserts by moving cactus blocks as they grow.
- Signs can be placed on top of cacti. Paintings can also be placed on the sides of cacti, creating a nasty trap for anyone that tries to go through paintings.
- It is possible for cacti to generate on blocks other than sand due to terrain generation; refer to the gallery for examples.
- Cactus can be used in the desert to see if the player is in a newly generated area. If most of the cacti around the player is only one block high, then it is most likely new land.
- Dying from touching a cactus displays "[playername] was pricked to death" in the chat messages.
- Blocks can be placed on top of a cactus, including other cactus blocks.
- It is possible to place redstone next to a cactus block without destroying it.
- A 20 block tall cactus can be found on the seed 43931985876593125 at coordinates (-9711824 , ~ , 7726416) and more recently a 22 block tall one on seed 11343195073417814 at coordinates (14955936 , ~ , -3750655) and even a 23 block tall one on the seed 184693195438010998 and coordinates (16274576 ~ 10230656). All these seeds, found by the Minecraft@home research project, work on Java Edition 1.14.4.
- A cactus is the only thing in the game that destroys all blocks and items, including nether stars, which are immune to explosions, and all netherite items, which are immune to lava.
- Thus, cacti can be used as a better disposal bin for trash and other useless items than lava, and it is also safer, considering it deals far less damage than lava does.
- Top Snow can be placed next to cacti without breaking the cacti, no matter how many Top Snow layers stack.
Natural cactus generated against a village house.
A natural nineteen-block tall cactus.
A natural twenty block tall cactus.
A natural twenty-two block tall cactus, the second tallest known cactus.