Bubble Column

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Bubble Column
Bubble Column JE1 BE1.png
Bubble Column Upwards (non-fancy) BE1.pngBubble Column Whirlpool (non-fancy) BE1.png






Blast resistance










Catches fire from lava


A bubble column is a block generated by placing magma blocks or soul sand in water (source). Bubble columns push or pull entities and items in certain directions.



Bubble columns cannot be obtained as an item,‌[Java Edition only] and can be placed only by a block-placement command such as /setblock.

In Bedrock Edition, it may be obtained as an item via inventory editing, add-ons, or bugs.

Natural generation[edit]

Java Edition bubble column. (Click to see the animation)

When generating the world, caves, ravines and underwater ruins generate below the water surface. When lava generates in the former two, some lava is converted to obsidian, and some to magma blocks, which create bubble columns. All bubble columns generate bubble column blocks until the column reaches the surface of the water or a solid block above the magma block.


When a magma block is placed underwater, a whirlpool bubble column is generated.

When soul sand is placed under source water blocks, an upward bubble column is generated.


Players or any other air-breathing mobs can enter a bubble column to replenish their air supply, at the same speed that they would when they leave the water entirely. Water-breathing mobs avoid bubble columns because they suffocate if trapped in one. A bubble column is destroyed when moved by a piston. Bubble columns propagate only through water source blocks, stopping at any non-source block or waterlogged block. The height of a bubble column is limited only by the water's surface or by any obstructing blocks underwater.

Bubble columns cannot be created in downward flowing water.[1] Placing a kelp plant in downward-flowing water converts it into a source block.[verify]


A whirlpool, or downward bubble column, is the most common type that generates in the Overworld, often originating from magma at the bottom of underwater canyons. A whirlpool can be identified by the presence of air bubbles wandering downward. They drag entities downward. A boat ridden over a whirlpool shakes and eventually sinks if kept above the whirlpool for too long. A whirlpool has a vertical range of 86 blocks.


Upward bubble columns can be identified by the presence of vertically rising air bubbles. An upward bubble column accelerates entities upward. The longer an object rises through the bubble column, the faster it travels. At high enough speeds, players and entities can be launched out of water by several blocks. Sitting on the surface above a rising bubble column causes entities to bounce upward repeatedly by about 1 block. A player inside a rising bubble column can swim downward against the current, but very slowly.


Entities move at a speed of approximately 11 blocks (meters) per second when ascending a bubble column or 4.9 blocks per second when descending a bubble column.


SoundSubtitleSourceDescriptionNamespaced IDTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Bubbles pop??block.bubble_column.bubble_popsubtitles.block.bubble_column.bubble_pop0.1?16
Bubbles flow??block.bubble_column.upwards_ambientsubtitles.block.bubble_column.upwards_ambient0.6?16
Bubbles woosh??block.bubble_column.upwards_insidesubtitles.block.bubble_column.upwards_inside0.7?16
Bubbles whirl??block.bubble_column.whirlpool_ambientsubtitles.block.bubble_column.whirlpool_ambient0.6?16
Bubbles zoom??block.bubble_column.whirlpool_insidesubtitles.block.bubble_column.whirlpool_inside0.7?16

Data values[edit]


Java Edition:

NameNamespaced IDFormTranslation key
Bubble Columnbubble_columnBlockblock.minecraft.bubble_column

Bedrock Edition:

NameNamespaced IDNumeric ID FormTranslation key
Bubble Columnbubble_column415Blocktile.bubble_column.name


See also: Data values

In Bedrock Edition, bubble columns uses the following data values:

DV Description
0 The bubble column is a whirlpool.
1 The bubble column is upwards.

Block states[edit]

See also: Block states

Java Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
Determines whether the bubble column is upward or whirlpool.

Bedrock Edition:

Name Default value Allowed values Description
Determines whether the bubble column is upward or whirlpool.


November 18, 2017Bubble columns were shown in a video clip during MINECON Earth 2017. At the time, magma bubble columns rose upward.
Java Edition
1.1318w07aBubble Column JE1 BE1.png Added bubble columns.
18w08aBubble columns now generate in underwater ravines.
18w09aBubble columns now generate in underwater ruins.
Bedrock Edition
1.5.0beta Column Upwards (non-fancy) BE1.png Bubble Column Whirlpool (non-fancy) BE1.png Added bubble columns.
beta Column JE1 BE1.png Bubble columns can now be toggled to look similar to Java Edition, but only for devices that can handle them.
Legacy Console Edition
TU69 1.76 Patch 38Bubble Column JE1 BE1.png Added bubble columns.


Issues relating to "Bubble Column" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


Java Edition[edit]

Bedrock Edition[edit]