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A birch is a tree that appears similar to a common oak in terms of height and leaves, but with light bark and pale wood. It is most commonly found in birch forest biomes. Tall birches are found only in old growth birch forest biomes and cannot be grown with saplings without the use of cheats. As with oaks, a birch tree near flowers can generate with a bee nest attached.


There are two types of birch trees:

  • A shorter tree that can be grown by the player with birch saplings.
  • A taller, rare tree that generates only naturally, in old growth birch forest biomes.

Birch trees that are grown from saplings grow to be 5 to 7 blocks tall, while birch trees in the old growth birch forest biome can generate with trunks up to 13 blocks in height.

Leaf arrangement[]

All birch trees lack branches. Birch trees always grow around 50 to 60 leaves. The leaf distributions are shown visually above, each table cell representing one 'slice' of the tree viewed from above. The transparent leaves represent areas where leaves may grow, but do not always. The growth pattern, in detail, is as follows:

  • The topmost row is one above the height of the tree and always has exactly 5 leaves: one above the log and four orthogonally adjacent to it, forming a + shape.
    • 5 leaves
  • The second row is the top of the trunk and also has 4 leaves adjacent to it. Diagonal leaf blocks grow from a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 3 corners of the log.
    • 5 - 7 leaves
  • The third row has the log in the middle, surrounded orthogonally and diagonally by leaf blocks. Those 8 leaf blocks are also surrounded orthogonally, for an additional 12 leaf blocks. One can think of this as a 5×5 space where every block is leaves except the four corners. These corners are randomly filled with between 0 and 4 leaves, although having all four filled is rare.
    • 20 - 24 leaves
  • The fourth row generates with the same rules like the third and thus has a minimum of 20 and a maximum of 24 leaf blocks.
    • 20 - 24 leaves
  • The fifth and sixth (bottom) rows contain no leaves, only the log in the center. If the tree is 6 or 7 blocks tall, the additional 1 or 2 rows at the bottom are also just a log.
    • No leaves

Small oak and 1×1 jungle trees also have this arrangement of leaves.


Regular birch trees generate in forests, birch forests, dark forests and meadow, while tall birch trees only generate in old growth birch forests and rarely in meadow.

A regular birch near flowers may generate with a bee nest attached.


The birch tree variants spawn naturally in the indicated biomes:

Biome Birch Tree Birch Tall Birch Tree Tall Birch
Dark Forest
Birch Forest
Old Growth Birch Forest

Blocks and items[]

These items can be obtained from birch trees, except that saplings cannot be obtained from tall birch:


Birch saplings can be planted on:

Only normal birch trees can be grown from saplings. Tall birch trees generate naturally in the world.

Birch trees require a 3×3 column of unobstructed space at least 6 blocks above the sapling to grow (7 blocks including the sapling itself). Additionally, birch trees require 5×5 layers without obstruction for the top 3 layers of its final height. No horizontal clearance is needed at the base of the tree (a sapling planted in a hole 1 block deep can still grow).

A birch tree grown from a sapling and within 2 blocks of a flower has a 5% chance of having a bee nest containing 1–3 bees.

Fallen birch trees[]

Information icon
This feature is exclusive to Bedrock Edition and Minecraft Education. 

Birch Fallen Log Fallen Birch Log

In Bedrock Edition, a fallen birch may consist of a single upright log, or a stump. Logs lying on their side are often found 1–2 blocks from the stump. They occasionally have mushrooms on top.

A fallen birch tree has a log length of 5–8 blocks. A fallen tall birch has a log length of 5–15 blocks. The stump is never covered in vines.

Foliage colors[]

Main article: Tint

Birch leaves do not follow the foliage color rules that cause the trees to appear in different colors in different biomes. Birch leaves are always the same color regardless of the biome.


Java Edition Beta
1.2Birch trees introduced.
1.5Birch trees can now be grown using saplings.
Java Edition
1.7.213w36aAdded tall birch trees and the Birch Forest M (later renamed to Tall Birch Forest) biomes.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.1.0Added oak, spruce, and birch trees.
v0.11.0build 1Added tall birch tree variant.
Legacy Console Edition
TU1CU1 1.00 Patch 11.0.1Added oak, spruce, and birch trees.


Issues relating to "Birch" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • In real life, birch is a genus tree known as Betula which contains 30 to 60 known taxa.
  • Birch wood is generally hated upon by the Minecraft community due to its rather ugly texture (especially the Birch Logs).


Odd generation[]