Bedrock Edition guides/Caves & Cliffs

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For the Java Edition version of this guide, see Java Edition guides/Caves & Cliffs.
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Caves & Cliffs
Edition

Bedrock Edition

Official name

Caves and Cliffs

Released versions

This guide is a simplified overview of all changes in the Caves and Cliffs update (Bedrock Edition 1.17.x releases), and (Bedrock Edition 1.18.x releases), which assumes at least some familiarity with the Nether Update (Bedrock Edition 1.16.x releases).

Mobs[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Habitat Drops Note
Axolotl Lucy Axolotl JE2.pngWild Axolotl JE1.pngGold Axolotl JE2.pngCyan Axolotl JE2.pngBlue Axolotl JE2.png
  • Underground water
TBA
  • Comes in 5 variants.
  • Can be picked up in buckets.
  • Attack all fish, squids, guardians and drowned.
  • Gives Regeneration I and removes Mining Fatigue I when you help an axolotl kill a mob.
  • Will "play dead" to regenerate health.
Glow Squid Glow Squid BE1.gif
  • Underground water
  • Glows in the dark.
Goat Goat JE1 BE1.png
  • Mountains
  • Goat Horn (1–2) (when struck against a solid block)
  • 1–3 (when killed by a player or tamed wolf)
  • Jumps higher than other mobs.
  • May attack other mobs by ramming them.
  • Has a screaming variant with a unique set of sounds and more hostile behavior.
  • Can be bred with wheat.
  • Can be milked.

Changed[edit]

Name Image Changed
Drowned Drowned.png
  • Drowned no longer drop gold ingots, they now drop copper ingots instead.

Blocks[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Obtaining Tool Required Uses
Amethyst Cluster 84px84px84px84px
  • Grows on top of Budding Amethyst Blocks.
  • Fully Grown Amethyst Clusters drop Amethyst Shards.
Pickaxe (Iron or better)
Block of Amethyst Block of Amethyst JE3 BE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Amethyst Shard

  • Generates inside of Amethyst Geodes.
Pickaxe (Iron or better)
  • Used for decoration.
Budding Amethyst Budding Amethyst JE3 BE1.png
  • Generates inside of Amethyst Geodes.
  • Cannot be obtained in normal survival.
Pickaxe (drops nothing)
Calcite Calcite JE2 BE1.png
  • Generates in the middle layer of Amethyst Geodes.
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Smooth Basalt Smooth Basalt JE1 BE1.png
  • Generates on the outer layer of Amethyst Geodes.
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Tuff Tuff JE1 BE1.png
  • Generates in patches below Y=0.
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Tinted Glass Tinted Glass JE2.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Amethyst Shard +
Glass
Any
  • Glass that doesn't allow light to pass through.
Copper Ore Copper Ore JE2 BE2.png
  • Found in the Overworld from Y=4 to Y=63.
Pickaxe (Stone or better)
Copper Block Copper Block JE1 BE1.pngExposed Copper Block JE1 BE1.pngWeathered Copper Block JE1 BE1.pngOxidized Copper Block JE1 BE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Copper Ingot

Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used for decoration.
  • Advances to the next stage of Weathering every 50-82 in-game days.
  • Can crafted or used with Honeycomb to become waxed, which will stop it from weathering.
  • Weathering can be reduced by an axe or a lightning strike.
Cut Copper Cut Copper JE2 BE1.pngExposed Cut Copper JE1 BE1.pngWeathered Cut Copper JE1 BE1.pngOxidized Cut Copper JE1 BE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Copper Block
Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used for decoration.
  • Advances to the next stage of Weathering every 50-82 In game days.
  • Can crafted or used with Honeycomb to become waxed, which will stop it from weathering.
  • Weathering can be reduced by an axe or a lightning strike.
Cut Copper Slabs and Stairs

Cut Copper Slab JE2 BE1.pngExposed Cut Copper Slab JE1 BE1.pngWeathered Cut Copper Slab JE1 BE1.pngOxidized Cut Copper Slab JE1 BE1.png

Cut Copper Stairs (N) JE2 BE1.pngExposed Cut Copper Stairs (N) JE1 BE1.pngWeathered Cut Copper Stairs (N) JE1 BE1.pngOxidized Cut Copper Stairs (N) JE1 BE1.png

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cut Copper
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cut Copper
Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used for decoration.
  • Advances to the next stage of Weathering every 50-82 in-game days.
  • Can crafted or used with Honeycomb to become waxed, which will stop it from weathering.
  • Weathering can be reduced by an axe or a lightning strike.
Lightning Rod Lightning Rod (U) JE2 BE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Copper Ingot

Pickaxe (Stone or better)
  • Used to absorb/attract lightning, possibly to avoid fires or for use in farms.
Powder Snow Powder Snow JE1 BE1.png
  • Can be placed using a Powder Snow Bucket.
Shovel
  • Mobs and players will sink into it and take freezing damage.
  • Leather armor provides immunity to freezing. Leather boots prevent sinking.
  • Skeletons buried in powder snow will turn into strays.
  • Can be placed by dispensers containing powder snow buckets.
  • Puts out flames on burning mobs, at the cost of the powder snow block being destroyed.
Dripstone Block Dripstone Block JE1 BE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Pointed Dripstone

Pickaxe
  • Used for growing stalactites if a water source is above the block.
Pointed Dripstone Pointed Dripstone Base (D) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Middle (D) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Frustum (D) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Tip (D) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Tip Merge (D) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Base (U) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Middle (U) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Frustum (U) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Tip (U) JE1 BE1.pngPointed Dripstone Tip Merge (U) JE1 BE1.png
  • Generates in dripstone cave biomes.
  • Generates in dripstone clusters.
  • Sold by wandering traders.
Any
  • Pointed Dripstone stalagmites deal damage to any entity that falls or jumps on top of it.
  • Pointed Dripstone stalactites fall when the block above it is broken, dealing damage to any entity it hits.
  • Pointed Dripstone stalactites drip water, or lava if a lava is above the Stalactite. These drips will slowly fill up cauldrons with either water or lava.
  • Pointed Dripstone stalactites dripping water will grow longer and grow stalagmites beneath them.
  • Pointed Dripstone can be broken with tridents.
Sculk Sensor Sculk Sensor BE1.gif
  • TBA
Hoe
  • Detects vibrations made from nearby entites or blocks and emits a redstone signal.
  • Redstone comparators can measure vibration frequencies from sculk sensors and convert them into redstone signals.
  • Can only detect certain things, such as entites walking or flapping or blocks being placed or broken.
  • Will not detect vibrations made behind a block of wool.
Glow Lichen 84px
  • Generates in caves.
Shears
  • Produces light.
  • Can be spread with bonemeal.
Azalea Bush Azalea JE2 BE2.pngFlowering Azalea JE2 BE2.png
  • Generates in lush caves.
  • Grows from bonemealed moss blocks.
  • Drops from azalea leaves.
Any
  • Used for decoration.
  • Comes in normal and flowering variants.
  • Can be grown into azalea trees.
Azalea Leaves Azalea Leaves BE1.pngFlowering Azalea Leaves BE1.png
  • Generates on azalea trees.
Shears
  • Used for decoration.
  • Comes in normal and flowering variants.
Cave Vines Cave Vines Plant JE1 BE1.pngCave Vines Plant (berries) JE1 BE1.png

Cave Vines (head) JE1 BE1.pngCave Vines (berries) JE1 BE1.png

  • Generates in lush caves.
Any
  • Grows glow berries.
  • Vines with berries on them produce light.
Big Dripleaf Big Dripleaf JE1.png
  • Generates in lush caves.
  • Grows on top of small dripleafs.
Axe
  • Can be stood upon.
  • Will tilt if an entity stands on it for longer than 1 second, causing the entity to fall through.
  • Will immediately tilt if hit by a projectile.
  • A redstone signal will prevent it from tilting.
Small Dripleaf Small Dripleaf BE1.png
  • Generates in lush caves.
  • Sold by wandering traders.
Shears
  • Grows into big dripleafs.
Hanging Roots Hanging Roots JE2 BE1.png
  • Generates beneath azalea trees.
  • Grows from bonemealed rooted dirt.
Shears
  • A decorative block.
Rooted Dirt Rooted Dirt JE1 BE1.png
  • Generates beneath azalea trees.
  • Sold by wandering traders.
Any
  • Used for decoration.
Moss Block Moss Block JE1 BE1.png
  • Generates in lush caves.
  • Grows from bonemealed moss blocks.
  • Can be found in shipwreck chests.
  • Sold by wandering traders.
Axe
  • Creates grass, moss carpets, azaleas and flowering azaleas when bonemealed.
  • Prevents saplings placed on it from growing into trees.
  • Converts adjacent stone and sediment based blocks into moss blocks when bonemealed.
Moss Carpet Moss Carpet JE1 BE1.png
  • Generates in lush caves.
  • Grows from bonemealed moss blocks.
Any
  • Used for decoration.
Spore Blossom Spore Blossom BE1.png
  • Generates in lush caves.
Any
  • Produces spore particles.
Deepslate Deepslate (UD) JE3.pngDeepslate (EW) JE3.pngDeepslate (NS) JE3.png
  • Generates below Y=0.
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Infested Deepslate Deepslate (UD) JE3.pngDeepslate (EW) JE3.pngDeepslate (NS) JE3.png
  • Generates when a silverfish infests deepslate.
Pickaxe
  • Spawns a silverfish when broken.
Cobbled Deepslate Cobbled Deepslate JE2 BE1.png
  • Drops from deepslate.
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Polished Deepslate Polished Deepslate JE2 BE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cobbled Deepslate
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Deepslate Bricks and
Cracked Deepslate Bricks
Deepslate Bricks JE2 BE1.png

Cracked Deepslate Bricks JE1 BE1.png

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Polished Deepslate
Ingredients Smelting recipe
Deepslate Bricks +
Any fuel


0.1
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Deepslate Tiles and
Cracked Deepslate Tiles
Deepslate Tiles JE2 BE1.png

Cracked Deepslate Tiles JE1 BE1.png

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Deepslate Bricks
Ingredients Smelting recipe
Deepslate Tiles +
Any fuel


0.1
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Chiseled Deepslate Chiseled Deepslate JE2 BE1.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cobbled Deepslate Slab

Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Cobbled Deepslate,
Polished Deepslate,
Deepslate Brick and
Deepslate Tile
Slab, Stairs and Wall

Cobbled Deepslate Slab JE3.pngPolished Deepslate Slab JE2.pngDeepslate Brick Slab JE2.pngDeepslate Tile Slab JE2.png

Cobbled Deepslate Stairs JE3.pngPolished Deepslate Stairs JE2.pngDeepslate Brick Stairs JE2.pngDeepslate Tile Stairs JE2.png

Cobbled Deepslate Wall JE3.pngPolished Deepslate Wall JE2.pngDeepslate Brick Wall JE2.pngDeepslate Tile Wall JE2.png

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cobbled Deepslate or
Polished Deepslate or
Deepslate Bricks or
Deepslate Tiles
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cobbled Deepslate or
Polished Deepslate or
Deepslate Bricks or
Deepslate Tiles
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Cobbled Deepslate or
Polished Deepslate or
Deepslate Bricks or
Deepslate Tiles
Pickaxe
  • Used for decoration.
Deepslate Ores Deepslate Coal Ore JE1 BE2.pngDeepslate Copper Ore JE2 BE2.pngDeepslate Diamond Ore JE2 BE1.pngDeepslate Emerald Ore JE1 BE1.pngDeepslate Gold Ore JE2 BE1.pngDeepslate Iron Ore JE2 BE1.pngDeepslate Lapis Lazuli Ore JE3 BE2.pngDeepslate Redstone Ore JE2 BE1.png
  • Generate below Y=0.
Pickaxe
  • Function the same as their stone equivalents, but take twice as long to mine.
Blocks of Raw Iron, Copper and Gold Block of Raw Iron JE3 BE2.pngBlock of Raw Copper JE2 BE2.pngBlock of Raw Gold JE3 BE2.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Raw Iron or
Raw Copper or
Raw Gold

Pickaxe
  • Can be crafted back into raw ores.

Changed[edit]

Name Image Changed
Cauldron Powder Snow Cauldron JE1.png
  • Can now be filled with powder snow.
All Signs Oak Standing Sign (S) JE1 BE1.pngSpruce Standing Sign (S) JE1 BE1.pngBirch Standing Sign (S) JE1 BE1.pngJungle Standing Sign (S) JE1 BE1.pngAcacia Standing Sign (S) JE1 BE1.pngDark Oak Standing Sign (S) JE1 BE1.pngCrimson Standing Sign (S) JE1 BE1.pngWarped Standing Sign (S) JE1 BE1.png
  • Sign text can now be made to glow using glow ink sacs.
  • A normal ink sac can be used to remove the glowing effect.
Coal, Diamond, Emerald, Gold, Iron, Lapis Lazuli and Redstone Ore Coal Ore JE5 BE4.pngDiamond Ore JE5 BE5.pngEmerald Ore JE4 BE3.pngGold Ore JE7 BE4.pngIron Ore JE6 BE4.pngLapis Lazuli Ore JE4 BE4.pngRedstone Ore JE4 BE3.png
  • Have been given new textures.
Blackstone and Gilded Blackstone Blackstone JE3 BE2.pngGilded Blackstone JE2 BE2.png
  • Have been given new textures.
Mossy Cobblestone and Mossy Stone Bricks Mossy Cobblestone JE4 BE2.pngMossy Stone Bricks JE3 BE2.png
  • Can now be crafted using moss blocks.

Items[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Obtaining Uses
Amethyst Shard Amethyst Shard JE2.png
  • Obtained by breaking fully grown Amethyst Clusters.
  • Can be used to create Spyglasses and Tinted Glass.
  • Four Amethyst Shards can create an Amethyst Block
Copper Ingot Copper Ingot JE2 BE1.png
Ingredients Smelting recipe
Copper Ore +
Any fuel


0.7
  • Have a chance to be dropped by drowned.
  • Can be used to craft Copper Blocks, Lightning Rods and Spyglasses.
Spyglass Spyglass JE3 (item).png

Spyglass JE2.png

Ingredients Crafting recipe
Amethyst Shard +
Copper Ingot

  • When used, the player's view zooms in, allowing them to see distant objects close up.
Powder Snow Bucket Powder Snow Bucket JE1 BE1.png
  • Obtained by using a bucket on a snow cauldron.
  • Can be used to place Powder Snow.
Bucket of Axolotl Bucket of Axolotl JE1.png
  • Obtained by using a bucket on an Axolotl.
  • Can be used to spawn an Axolotl.
Glow Ink Sac Glow Ink Sac JE1 BE1.png
  • Drops from glow squids.
  • Can be used to make sign text glow.
  • Can be used to craft glow item frames.
Glow Berries Glow Berries JE1 BE1.png
  • Grows on cave vines.
  • Can be found in mineshaft chests.
  • Produces light while on the vine.
  • Can be eaten to restore 2 (🍗) and 0.4 saturation.
  • Can be used to plant cave vines.
  • Can be fed to foxes.
Goat Horn Goat Horn BE1.png
  • Drops from goats struck against a solid block
  • Makes a horn noise, identical to the raid horn sound.
Raw Iron, Copper and Gold Raw Iron JE3 BE2.pngRaw Copper JE3 BE2.pngRaw Gold JE3 BE2.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Block of Raw Iron or
Block of Raw Copper or
Block of Raw Gold
  • Drop from their respective ores.
  • Can be smelted into ingots.
Spawn Eggs for all new mobs Axolotl Spawn Egg JE1 BE1.pngGlow Squid Spawn Egg JE1 BE1.pngGoat Spawn Egg JE1 BE2.png
  • Obtained from the creative inventory.
  • Can be used to spawn the corresponding mob.

Changed[edit]

Name Image Changed
Clock Clock JE3.gif
  • Has been given a new Texture.
Compass Compass JE3.gif
  • Has been given a new Texture.

Non-Mob Entities[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Creation Drops Note
Glow Item Frame Glow Item Frame JE1 BE3.pngGlow Item Frame (map) JE1 BE3.png
Ingredients Crafting recipe
Item Frame +
Glow Ink Sac

  • An item frame that glows.

Structures[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Generates Chests Mobs Description
Amethyst Geode Amethyst Geode JE4 BE1.png
  • Underground
  • No
  • No
  • A round chamber consisting of an amethyst and budding amethyst inner wall, a smooth basalt outer wall, and a layer of calcite in between.
Dripstone Cluster Dripstone cluster.png
  • No
  • No
  • A large vertical cluster of dripstone blocks.
Azalea Tree Azalea Tree.png
  • No
  • No
  • A small tree currently made of azalea leaves and oak logs.

Changed[edit]

Name Image Changed
Mineshaft Mineshaft with Chain.png
  • Mineshaft pieces no longer generate if they would be fully floating in the air.
  • Corridors now generate with oak log pillars or chains for support if needed.
  • Cobwebs no longer generate if they would not be connected to solid blocks.

Biomes[edit]

New[edit]

Name Image Description Structures
Dripstone Caves Dripstone Caves.png
  • Naturally generates only when experimental features are turned on.
  • Contains lots of dripstone blocks and pointed dripstone on the floor and ceiling.
  • There are large columns made of dripstone blocks extending from the ceiling to the floor of the cave.
  • Also contains many pools of water.
Lush Caves Lush Caves.png
  • Naturally generates only when experimental features are turned on.
  • Contains lots of moss and cave vines.
  • Also contains many pools of water and lava.