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"Netherite ore" redirects here. For the ingot, see Netherite Ingot. For the scrap, see Netherite Scrap.

Ancient debris is a rare ore found in the Nether, and is the main source of netherite scraps. Its high blast resistance makes it immune to normal explosions. In item form, it floats on lava and cannot be burned by any form of fire.


Natural generation[]

Ancient Debris Spawn Rate Per Layer

Ancient debris spawn rate per layer; Y=15 has the most ancient debris. Average only.

Ancient debris generates in the Nether in the form of scatter ores. Ancient debris never generates naturally exposed to air and can replace only netherrack, basalt, and blackstone.[note 1]

In Java Edition, up to two clusters may generate per chunk: one cluster of 0–3 ancient debris attempts to generate with a triangle distribution from levels 8 to 24, and an additional cluster of 0–2 ancient debris attempts to generate evenly from levels 8 to 119. On average, Y-level 15 has the most ancient debris. There is an average of 1.65 ancient debris blocks per chunk[needs testing], with a normal maximum of 5. However, it is technically possible for up to 11 ancient debris to be found in a single chunk; adjacent chunks can generate blobs on the border with up to 2 blocks spawning in an adjacent chunk. As of Java Edition 1.16.5, on average they generate 1.56 ores per chunk. Given this number, and that there are 32768 blocks in a chunk (16×128×16), there is approximately a 0.004% chance that any randomly selected block will be an ancient debris block.

In Bedrock Edition, up to five clusters may generate per chunk: two clusters of 0–3 ancient debris attempt to generate with a triangle distribution from levels 8 to 24, and an additional three clusters of 0–2 ancient debris attempt to generate evenly from levels 8 to 119.


Ancient debris drops itself if mined by a diamond or netherite pickaxe. If mined by any other tool, it drops nothing.

Block Ancient Debris
Hardness 30
Breaking time[A]
Default 150
Wooden 75
Stone 37.5
Iron 25
Diamond 5.65
Netherite 5
Golden 12.5
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools as wielded by players with no status effects, measured in seconds. For more information, see Breaking § Speed.

Chest loot[]

Item Structure Container Quantity Chance
Java Edition
Ancient Debris Bastion remnant Generic chest 1 13.5%
Hoglin stable chest 2 5.7%
Treasure chest 2 12.7%
Bedrock Edition
Ancient Debris Bastion remnant Hoglin stable chest 1 5.7%
Generic chest 1 13.5%
Treasure chest 2 12.7%


Smelting ingredient[]

Ancient Debris can be smelted using a furnace or blast furnace, which gives the player netherite scrap. If a player takes out the netherite scrap, they are rewarded with 2 experience points.

Name Ingredients Smelting recipe
Netherite Scrap Ancient Debris +
Any fuel



Java Edition:

SoundSubtitlesSourceDescriptionResource locationTranslation keyVolumePitchAttenuation
Block brokenBlocksOnce the block has brokenblock.ancient_debris.breaksubtitles.block.generic.break1.00.816
Block placedBlocksWhen the block is placedblock.ancient_debris.placesubtitles.block.generic.place1.00.816
Block breakingBlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenblock.ancient_debris.hitsubtitles.block.generic.hit0.250.516
None[sound 1]Entity-DependentFalling on the block with fall damageblock.ancient_debris.fallNone[sound 1]0.50.7516
FootstepsEntity-DependentWalking on the blockblock.ancient_debris.stepsubtitles.block.generic.footsteps0.151.016
  1. a b MC-177082

Bedrock Edition:

SoundSourceDescriptionResource locationVolumePitch
BlocksOnce the block has brokendig.ancient_debris1.00.8-1.0
BlocksWhen the block is placeddig.ancient_debris1.00.8-1.0
BlocksWhile the block is in the process of being brokenhit.ancient_debris0.230.5
PlayersFalling on the block with fall damagefall.ancient_debris0.41.0
PlayersWalking on the blockstep.ancient_debris0.171.0
PlayersJumping from the blockjump.ancient_debris0.121.0
PlayersFalling on the block without fall damageland.ancient_debris0.141.0

Data values[]


Java Edition:

NameIdentifierFormBlock tagsTranslation key
Ancient Debrisancient_debrisBlock & Itemmineable/pickaxe

Bedrock Edition:

NameIdentifierNumeric ID FormItem ID[i 1]Translation key
Ancient Debrisancient_debris526Block & Giveable Item[i 2]Identical[i 3]tile.ancient_debris.name
  1. ID of block's direct item form, which is used in savegame files and addons.
  2. Available with /give command.
  3. The block's direct item form has the same id as the block.


Icon Advancement In-game description Parent Actual requirements (if different) Resource location
Advancement-plain-rawHidden in the Depths
Obtain Ancient Debris NetherHave an ancient debris in your inventory.nether/obtain_ancient_debris


Java Edition
1.1620w06aAncient Debris JE1 BE1 Added ancient debris.
20w16aAncient debris now generates in bastion remnants chests.
1.16.220w30aIncreases the chance of ancient debris generating in bastion remnant chests.
Bedrock Edition
1.16.0beta Debris JE1 BE1 Added ancient debris.
beta debris now generates in bastion remnants chests.
beta ancient debris now gives experience.


Issues relating to "Ancient Debris" are maintained on the bug tracker. Report issues there.


  • The texture of the ancient debris is supposed to look like pressed metal plates.[1]
  • Ancient debris is actually what remains of the mining activity of the piglins, who extracted all the original netherite ore.[2]
  • It is possible to find blobs of up to 20 contiguous ancient debris - up to five debris can generate in a chunk, so if a blob of five generates in adjacent corners of four different chunks, a blob of 20 debris would be created.


See also[]


  1. The generation system explicitly attempts to place ancient debris where it is not exposed to air. Rarely, ancient debris can be exposed by later generation processes. It can also be exposed to fungi, or alongside smaller pockets of lava.


  1. "ok so the ancient debris is supposed to be packed metal plates in a block"@JasperBoerstra (Jasper Boerstra) on X, March 12, 2020
  2. "Minecraft Nether Update" (archived) – Minecraft.net, June 23rd, 2020.

External Links[]