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An enchanting table surrounded by bookshelves

Enchanting is a mechanic that augments armor, tools, weapons, and books with one or more of a variety of "enchantments" that improve an item's existing abilities or imbue them with additional abilities and uses.

Enchanting equipment

Name Icon Usage
Enchanting Table Enchanting Table Used for enchanting items
Bookshelf Bookshelf Each bookshelf (up to 15) increases the level of the enchantments given by the enchanting table
Lapis Lazuli Required to power the enchanting table
Anvil Anvil Used to combine enchanted items (tools, armor, and weapons)


Grindstone Used to remove all non-curse enchantments on an item, returning a small amount of experience
Enchanted Book Enchanted Book Can be combined with another item through an anvil to add enchantments to the item

Enchanting methods

There are three ways to enchant an item in Survival mode:

  • Through an enchanting table in exchange for experience points and lapis lazuli. Only unenchanted items may be enchanted this way.
  • Through an anvil, combining an enchanted book with an item.
  • Through an anvil, combining two of the same item with different existing enchantments into a single item that has the enchantments of both.

A player may also obtain items already enchanted:

  • Through a villager, who may trade some enchanted items for emeralds.
  • Through fishing, which gives a chance of obtaining enchanted items.
  • Through a zombie, drowned, husk, piglin, skeleton, stray, wither skeleton, and zombified piglin – if they have enchanted items and the player kills them, it has an 8.5% chance of them dropping each said item.
  • Through finding them in end cities and other assorted treasure chests, such as shipwrecks, mineshafts, dungeons, desert temples, jungle temples, woodland mansions, ocean ruins, strongholds, ruined portals, and bastion remnants.
  • Bartering offers an enchanted book or iron boots.
  • Through killing pillagers and vindicators in raids.[Bedrock edition only]

Server operators and players in singleplayer worlds with cheats enabled can also enchant items using commands such as /enchant. When enchanted with the /give command, the maximum enchantment level is 2,147,483,647[Java edition only]. In Creative mode, items can be enchanted via an anvil and enchanted books, with no experience points required. Enchanted books are available in the Creative mode inventory, with individual book displays for the highest level of each enchantment and other levels available via the "Search" tab.

Enchanting table

Ana Başlık: Enchantment mechanics

Enchanting table interface. Top: Without item. Bottom: With item, hovering over the third line.

An item can be enchanted by using an enchanting table and placing the item in the input slots and 1–3 Şablon:SlotSprite in its dedicated slot. Upon placing the item, three (pseudo)randomized options appear on the right of the GUI. The glyphs here do not affect the enchantment, but hovering over a presented enchantment shows one enchantment to be applied (on mobile devices, the player can tap an enchantment before putting in the lapis lazuli or hold the enchantment before release). The only choices available have a level requirement equal to or below the player's current level and a lapis lazuli requirement equal to or below the number of lapis lazuli placed in the table. Each option imbues the item with a randomized set of enchantments that are dependent on the number of experience levels required (e.g. a level 10 enchantment can give a pickaxe the "Efficiency II" enchantment); the actual level cost and the number of lapis lazuli required have no effect.

Although the player must have at least the level requirement to get an enchantment, the number of levels that the player is charged is the same as the lapis lazuli requirement. For example, if the third enchantment listed is a level 30-50 enchantment, the player must have at least 30 levels, pays only 3 levels and 3 lapis lazuli.

The level requirement influences the quantity, type, and level of enchantments instilled in the item, with a higher experience level generally resulting in more and/or higher-level enchantments. Nevertheless, there is a significant random factor, and even a level 30 enchantment (the maximum) doesn't guarantee more than one enchantment, or even that enchantments are "maximum strength" — a level 30 enchantment can still yield Fortune II or Efficiency III alone, for example.

To increase the enchantment level, bookshelves should be placed next to the enchanting table while keeping one block of air between them. To gain access to the previously mentioned level 30 enchantments, a total of 15 bookshelves need to be placed around the enchanting table. See the enchantment mechanics page for more detailed information on this.

Enchanting a book produces an enchanted book, which does nothing on its own, but effectively "saves" the enchantment for later application to another item with an anvil.

Unlike with an anvil, using the enchanting table while on Creative still costs experience. However, if the player doesn't have enough experience, then experience reduces to zero and the enchantment still works, even when using the enchanting table while already at level zero.

Affecting offered enchantments

Enchanting any item at any enchantment level changes the player's enchantment seed, which changes the possible enchantments for every item at every enchantment level. Thus, if none of the available enchantments for a tool are desired, 1 lapis lazuli and 1 level could be spent to enchant a book or a different tool to refresh the list.

The possible enchantments depend on the player's enchantment seed, the item type, and material, and the enchantment level (1–30). Removing the item and putting it back in, clicking on the item slot with a different item, using a different item of the same type and material, replacing or moving the table (but keeping the same number of bookshelves), using a different table with the same number of bookshelves, or replacing or rearranging the bookshelves without changing their total number does not affect the possible enchantments.

Changing the enchantment levels offered by adding, removing, or blocking bookshelves alters the enchantments shown, but does not change possible enchantments; using another enchanting table with the previous bookshelf number still shows the previous enchantments. The enchantments for a particular enchantment level (with the same seed and item) do also differ depending on which row they appear in, but they are not "better" or "worse" based on the row despite the different resource costs.

Anvil combinations

Ana Başlık: Anvil mechanics

An anvil can be used to combine the enchantments of two items, sacrificing one of them and repairing the other. The items must be compatible; they must either be the same type and material (such as two iron swords) or an item and an enchanted book with an applicable enchantment (such as a bow and an Infinity enchanted book).

Combining two enchanted items, books or one of each with the same enchantment at the same level produces an item or book with the next higher level of that enchantment up to the maximum allowed in survival mode; for example, a book with Thorns I and Unbreaking II combined with a book with Unbreaking II produces a book with Thorns I and Unbreaking III.

To combine items, the player places the target item in the anvil's first slot and the sacrifice item in the second slot. If the combination is allowed, the resulting enchanted item appears in the anvil's output slot and an experience level cost, labeled "Enchantment Cost", appears below (green if the player has enough experience levels, red if they don't). To complete the enchanting, the player removes the enchanted item from the anvil's output slot, and their experience level is reduced accordingly.

The experience cost depends on the enchantments, with highly enchanted items costing more. If the target item is also being repaired, that costs more as well. The target item can also be renamed, at additional cost. There is also an accumulating surcharge for prior work done on anvils. In Survival mode, work that costs more than 39 levels of experience is refused although it may still be possible to perform the same work in steps. For example, a damaged enchanted bow may be repaired on an anvil with an ordinary bow, and then another enchanted bow may be used to combine enchantments with the repaired bow.

Enchanted books

Ana Başlık: Enchanted Book

Enchanted books can be made by using an enchanting table to enchant a book. (They can also be found in generated chests, purchased with emeralds from a villager librarian, or looted by fishing rod.) The book can receive multiple enchantments of any type, but only enchantments appropriate to a given item type may be applied to that item. For example, the same book may receive Respiration and Power enchantments, but the Respiration enchantment is lost if the book is applied to anything but a helmet, and the Power enchantment is lost if the book is applied to anything but a bow.

Enchanted books are used on an anvil to add enchantments to items, including other books. They can apply some enchantments to items that cannot be enchanted from an enchanting table, such as applying Thorns to boots.

In Creative mode, books can enchant any item with any enchantment, such as a stick having Knockback II.[Java edition only] Mutually-exclusive enchantments, such as Infinity and Mending, remain mutually-exclusive.

The experience costs for using books are considerably less than for combining items with similar enchantments since the books themselves cost levels to create. However, it's still an extra cost, and enchanting items directly has a chance to get multiple enchantments. The advantage of books is that they can be stockpiled for use on an item of choice and allow for controlled combinations. For example, a Silk Touch book can be used on an axe, pickaxe, or shovel, and the player can decide which item receives which enchantment.


The only way to disenchant items is via the grindstone or by repairing the items via the crafting grid. Using the grindstone removes all enchantments (except Curse of Binding and Curse of Vanishing) and gives experience back based on the level of the enchantment(s) and their value.

Summary of enchantments

Şunlara da bakın: Enchanting/Levels

Each enchantment in the table below includes attributes that are possible for the player to acquire legitimately in Survival mode. Other combinations are possible in creative mode or with cheats, mods, or third-party software.

  • Max Level: The maximum level of experience is 2147483647 (2^31-1, the maximum value for ints in Java) which can be obtained using commands. However, items with levels higher than 32767 (2^15-1) or lower than -32768 get changed to between -32768 and 32767 when moved in the inventory.
  • Primary Items: The items that can receive the enchantment legitimately in Survival mode by using an enchanting table. Items of any material can be enchanted (some more easily than others).
  • Secondary Items: Items that, in Survival mode, cannot receive the enchantment from an enchanting table but can from an enchanted book with an anvil.
  • Weight: Relative probability of the enchantment being offered.

The table may be inaccurate and is subject to change.

Summary of enchantments
Name Summary Incompatible
Aqua Affinity Increases underwater mining speed. I 2
Bane of Arthropods Increases damage and applies Slowness IV to arthropod mobs (spiders, cave spiders, silverfish, endermites and bees). Smite & Sharpness V [Be edition only] [Je edition only] 5
Blast Protection Reduces explosion damage and knockback.
Fire Protection; Protection; Projectile Protection IV 2
Channeling Trident "channels" a bolt of lightning toward a hit entity. Functions only during thunderstorms and if target is unobstructed with opaque blocks.
Riptide I 1
Cleaving Şablon:Upcoming Increases damage and shield stunning.
Sharpness, Bane of Arthropods & Smite III
Curse of Binding
Items cannot be removed from armor slots, except in Creative mode or due to death or breaking. I 1
Curse of Vanishing
Item destroyed on death. I 1
Depth Strider Increases underwater movement speed.
Frost Walker III 2
Efficiency Increases mining speed. When applied to an Axe it increases the chance that the axe may stun a shield, with the base chance being 25% and a 5% increase for each level of efficiency. V 10
Feather Falling Reduces fall damage. IV 5
Fire Aspect Sets target on fire. II 2
Fire Protection Reduces fire damage and burn time.
Mutually exclusive with other protections.
Blast Protection; Protection; Projectile Protection IV 5
Flame Arrows set the target on fire, and ignite TNT if hit. I 2
Fortune Increases certain block drops. Higher levels increase chances. Silk Touch III 2
Frost Walker Turns water beneath the player into frosted ice and prevents the damage the player would take from standing on magma blocks. Depth Strider II 2
Impaling Trident deals additional damage to mobs that spawn naturally in the ocean. Şablon:IN, having impaling on a trident also deals extra damage to players or mobs in water or rain. V 2
Infinity Shooting consumes no regular arrows. Does not include Tipped Arrows or Spectral Arrows. Mending I 1
Knockback Increases knockback. II 5
Looting Increases mob loot. Higher levels increase loot dropped. III 2
Loyalty Trident returns after being thrown. Higher levels reduce return time. Riptide III 5
Luck of the Sea Increases rate of good loot (enchanting books, etc.). Higher Levels Increase chance. III 2
Lure Decreases wait time until fish/junk/loot "bites". Higher Levels increase speed. III 2
Mending Repair the item while gaining XP orbs. Infinity I 2
Multishot Shoot 3 arrows at the cost of one; only one arrow can be recovered. Piercing I 2
Piercing Arrows pass through multiple entities. Only available to the Crossbow. Multishot IV 10
Power Increases arrow damage. V 10
Projectile Protection Reduces projectile damage such as damage from arrows, thrown tridents, ghast and blaze fireballs, etc.
Protection, Blast Protection, Fire Protection. IV 5
Protection Reduces most types of damage by 4%‌[JE only] or 5%‌[BE only] for each level. Blast Protection; Fire Protection; Projectile Protection IV 10
Punch Increases arrow knockback. II 2
Quick Charge Decreases crossbow charging time. III 5
Respiration Extends underwater breathing time. Stacks with a Turtle Shell III 2
Riptide Trident launches player with itself when thrown. Functions only in water or rain. Channelling & Loyalty III 2
Sharpness Increases damage for melee weapons. Bane of Arthropods & Smite V [Be edition only] [Je edition only] 10
Silk Touch Mined blocks drop themselves, with a few exceptions. Fortune I [Be edition only] 1
Smite Increases damage to undead mobs.
Bane of Arthropods & Sharpness V [Be edition only] [Je edition only] 5
Soul Speed
Increases walking speed on soul sand or Soul Soil, but damages the Boots overtime III 1
Sweeping Edge
[Java edition only]
Increases sweeping attack damage. III 2
Thorns Reflects some of the damage taken when hit, at the cost of reducing durability with each proc. III 1
Unbreaking Increases item durability. Higher levels increase durability further. Recommended for Gold and Iron equipment but not as much for Diamond or Netherite. III 5

Summary of enchantments by item

Enchantments that have multiple levels are shown with their maximum level numbers.

Item Any combination of Plus no more than one from each column
Helmet Mending, Unbreaking III, Respiration III, Aqua Affinity, Thorns III Protection IV
Projectile Protection IV
Fire Protection IV
Blast Protection IV
Turtle Shell
Chestplate Mending, Unbreaking III, Thorns III
Boots Mending, Unbreaking III, Feather Falling IV, Soul Speed III, Thorns III Depth Strider III
Frost Walker II
Sword Mending, Unbreaking III, Fire Aspect II, Looting III, Knockback II, Sweeping Edge III[Je edition only] Sharpness V
Smite V
Bane of Arthropods V
Axe Mending, Unbreaking III, Efficiency V Fortune III
Silk Touch
Sharpness V
Smite V
Bane of Arthropods V
Cleaving III
Bow Unbreaking III, Power V, Punch II, Flame Infinity
Fishing Rod Mending, Unbreaking III, Lure III, Luck of the Sea III
Trident Mending, Unbreaking III, Impaling V Channeling, Loyalty IIIŞablon:Note
Riptide III
Crossbow Mending, Unbreaking III, Quick Charge III Piercing IV
Shears Mending, Unbreaking III, Efficiency V, Silk Touch[Bedrock edition only]
Shield Mending, Unbreaking III
Flint and Steel
Carrot on a Stick
Warped Fungus on a Stick

The tables below summarize the enchantments that can be given to specific items Şablon:İn and in Survival mode Şablon:İn. (Creative mode in Java Edition allows any item to have any enchantment.) Enchantments that can be applied to both hand slot items and armor slot items are listed in both tables.

  • An enchanting table indicates the item can receive the enchantment legitimately in Survival mode by using an enchanting table.
  • An anvil indicates the item cannot receive the enchantment legitimately in Survival mode by using an enchanting table (an enchanting table never offers the enchantment for the item), but can receive the enchantment by another method (for example, using an anvil to combine the item with an enchanted book or another enchanted item; note the enchanting table could still apply the enchantment to the item as a random additional enchantment).
Enchantments for hand slot items
Enchantment (Max) [JE edition only] [BE edition only]
Bane of Arthropods (V)
Channeling (I)
Cleaving (III) Şablon:Upcoming
Curse of Vanishing (I)
Efficiency (V)
Fire Aspect (II)
Flame (I)
Fortune (III)
Impaling (V)
Infinity (I)
Knockback (II)
Looting (III)
Loyalty (III)
Luck of the Sea (III)
Lure (III)
Mending (I)
Multishot (I)
Piercing (IV)
Power (V)
Punch (II)
Quick Charge (III)
Riptide (III)
Sharpness (V)
Silk Touch (I)
Smite (V)
Sweeping Edge (III)
Unbreaking (III)
Enchantments for armor slot items
Enchantment (Max)
Aqua Affinity (I)
Blast Protection (IV)
Curse of Binding (I)
Curse of Vanishing (I)
Depth Strider (III)
Feather Falling (IV)
Fire Protection (IV)
Frost Walker (II)
Mending (I)
Projectile Protection (IV)
Protection (IV)
Respiration (III)
Soul Speed (III)
Thorns (III)
Unbreaking (III)

Item data

  •  tag: The item's main tag.

Player.dat format/Enchantments



October 1, 2011The first images of the enchantment screen are revealed, with enchantments written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet. The first enchantment translates into "Well Played Internets You Are Good", the second translates into "These Names Will Be Random And Confusing", and the third translates to "Each Spell Costs Experience Levels". The Standard Galactic Alphabet or SGA was originally created by Tom Hall for use in the Commander Keen series of computer games.
October 3, 2011The first images of a player wearing enchanted armor are revealed.
1.0.0Beta 1.9 Prerelease 3The basics of enchanting have been added.
Enchantment tables do not require bookshelves to get maximum enchantments.
Enchantments are to be labeled in the enchantment table as random words written in the Standard Galactic Alphabet.
Beta 1.9 Prerelease 4A bug where all enchantments would show up as Feather Falling I has been fixed.
Enchanting has been now properly enabled in multiplayer. Previously, if a player attempted to enchant an item, it appeared enchanted for the client, but updated with the un-enchanted status once the player logged out and then back in again.
1.2.112w05aEnchanting no longer requires experience in creative mode.
12w06aBows and golden swords now have a small chance of being already enchanted when dropped by their respective mobs.
?Enchanting always gives the highest level available for the 3rd enchant, instead of randomly choosing a level (requiring clicking the item in and out (or attempting to insert a non-enchantable item over the item to be enchanted) many times to get level 50 enchants)
1.3.112w22aThe maximum enchantment power has been lowered from 50 to 30.
Experience is now collectable with mining and smelting in a furnace.
12w23aGlint (animated glow effect) on enchanted tools and armor is now visible on multiplayer.
1.4.212w41aEnchantments can now be combined using anvils, allowing some high level enchantments to be applied where they were not previously possible.
1.4.4preEnchantments can now be applied using /enchant. However, Protection is unavailable due to a bug.
1.4.612w49a/enchant now works with ID 0, meaning it can be used to apply Protection.
The player can now enchant books to then be used to enchant a tool.
1.7.213w36aThe fishing rod can now be enchanted without the use of books.
1.814w02aEnchanting has received a major overhaul where there is now a secondary cost, which is lapis lazuli.
When enchanting an item, one enchantment now appears in the tooltip when selecting an enchantment (e.g Looting III?...).
Levels are now hard to obtain again (like pre-1.3 settings.)
Level 5 enchants (Sharpness, Power, Smite and Bane of Arthropods) can now be applied without the use of an anvil.
Villager trading has been revamped: clerics no longer enchant items, while blacksmiths trade enchanted items.
1.915w42aEnchantments with max 1 level no longer displays the level, e.g. "Infinity" rather than "Infinity I".
15w47bShears can no longer be enchanted with Silk Touch.
15w47cShears now harvest cobweb without requiring Silk Touch.
1.11.1?Anvils no longer allow enchanted books to apply to items, if no change in enchantments would take effect. This can occur if all enchantments on the book are incompatible with existing enchantments on the item – or if the enchanted book has no enchantments.
1.1317w47aHoes can now be enchanted.
1.1519w42aEnchanted items now glow in the dark.
?Due to a rewrite of the rendering engine, the enchanting animation was changed.
1.1620w10a‎Hoes can now be enchanted with Efficiency, Fortune and Silk Touch.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.12.1build 1Added the enchanting system.
1.4.0beta Experimental Gameplay is enabled, tridents can now be enchanted.
1.16.0beta‎Hoes can now be enchanted with Efficiency, Fortune and Silk Touch.
Console Edition
TU7CU11.0Patch 11.0.1Added the enchanting system.
TU31CU191.22Patch 3Enchanting now consumes lapis lazuli.
Enchanting has been re-balanced.
Enchanted Books can now receive multiple enchantments at once.
0.1.0Added enchantments.


Şablon:İssue list


See also

  • Enchanting/Levels
  • Tutorials/Best enchantments guide
  • Brewing
  • Crafting
  • Smelting