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注:この構成構文は、「アップスタート」プロセス管理システム用です。 15.04以降、Ubuntuはsystemdに移行したため、新しいUbuntuインストールで他のsystemdベースのオプションを検討する必要がある場合があります。例を以下に示します。


  • Set up a user and group for minecraft so that it doesn't run as root
sudo adduser --system --home /srv/minecraft-server minecraft
sudo addgroup --system minecraft
sudo adduser minecraft minecraft # this adds user "minecraft" to the group "minecraft"
  • Hand your server-installation over to your new user, for example, in /srv/minecraft-server
sudo chown -R minecraft.minecraft /srv/minecraft-server
  • Create and edit the start/stop script creating a new file under /etc/init/minecraft-server (NOT /etc/init.d but /etc/init (without the .d) ) make sure that you save the file as minecraft-server.conf
sudo nano /etc/init/minecraft-server.conf

and pasting the following into it. Don't forget to change the directory after "chdir" to your installation.

# description "start and stop the minecraft-server"

start on runlevel [2345]
stop on runlevel [^2345]

console log
setuid minecraft
setgid minecraft

respawn limit 20 5

exec /usr/bin/java -Xms1536M -Xmx2048M -jar server.jar nogui

Above Explained (Note, this script isn't usable.):

# description "start and stop the minecraft-server" <-- Adds a tip to what this script does.

start on runlevel [2345] <-- Tells Ubuntu when to start the server. Runlevels 2, 3, 4, and 5 are the "normal operation".
stop on runlevel [^2345] <-- Tells Ubuntu when to stop the server. The ^ means NOT.

console log <-- Logs the actions taken
chdir YOUR_INSTALLATION_DIRECTORY <-- Changes the active directory to the installation dir.
setuid minecraft <-- Sets the UserID to "minecraft" (acts like Minecraft user)
setgid minecraft <-- Sets the GroupID to "minecraft" (acts like Minecraft group)

respawn <-- Allows the program to "respawn" (restart) when it dies unexpectedly.
respawn limit 20 5 <-- Allows the program to "respawn" 20 times in 5 seconds.

exec /usr/bin/java -Xms1536M -Xmx2048M -jar server.jar nogui <-- Below...
'exec' > Executes command
'/usr/bin/java' > Invokes Java.
'-Xms1536M' > Sets minimum allocated memory limit.
'-Xmx2048M' > Sets MAXIMUM allowable memory limit.
'-jar server.jar' > Tells Java to run the jarfile server.jar
'nogui' > Tells minecraft-server.jar to run without a GUI. (Graphical screen).
  • Following step does not work since depcrication of upstart in ubuntu 16+
  • Now, install the start/stop to the default runlevels by running
sudo initctl reload-configuration

If you get an error saying the file does not exist, try moving the minecraft-server file to /etc/init.d/ Also, if after running sudo start minecraft-server says that they is no job for it, try running "sudo /etc/init.d/minecraft-server start"


  • To start the server
sudo start minecraft-server
  • to stop the server
sudo stop minecraft-server


You can check the server log by using:

sudo tail /var/log/upstart/minecraft-server.log

If that doesn't help, just contact me: User:Cel1ne

With systemd[]

In this example, the player has created a user, as shown by Cel1ne.

After :

sudo gedit  /lib/systemd/system/minecraft-server.service

inside :

Description=start and stop the minecraft-server

RestartSec=20 5
ExecStart=/usr/bin/java -Xms1536M -Xmx1536M -jar server.jar nogui


To enable the service :

sudo systemctl enable minecraft-server.service

To start the service:

sudo systemctl start minecraft-server.service

View the status ("q" to go out of the view):

systemctl status minecraft-server.service 

If you would like to interact with the server from your keyboard, you may use an alternative service configuration like this:


ExecStart=/usr/bin/screen -dmS minecraft /usr/bin/java -Xms1536M -Xmx1536M -jar server.jar nogui


If you have changed the service file, you should issue the

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

command to update the system.