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Una tolva (hopper en inglés) es un bloque que puede usarse para atrapar entidades de objetos, o para transferir/recoger objetos de un contenedor.

Cómo obtenerlo[]

Ruptura[]

Para romper una tolva, mine en ella con un pico. Si usas cualquier otro objeto para romperla, solo obtendrás sus contenidos.

Bloque Tolva
Dureza 3
Herramienta
Tiempo de rotura[note 1]
Por defecto 15
Madera 2.25
Piedra 1.15
Hierro 0.75
Diamante 0.6
Netherita 0.5
Oro 0.4

Botín de entidad[]

Se puede conseguir una tolva al destruir una vagoneta con tolva.

Fabricación[]

Se puede fabricar una tolva con 5 lingotes de oro y un cofre.

Ingredientes Receta de Fabricación
Lingote de hierro +
Cofre




Uso[]

Véase también: Tutoriales/Tolva

Hoppers can face down or sideways.

La tola puede usarse como contenedor, como ingrediente de fabricación y como componente de redstone.

Las tolvas tienen un tubo de "salida" en su parte inferior, que puede colocarse hacia abajo o hacia los lados, y que proporciona una manera visual de comprobar hacia qué dirección soltará la tolva sus contenidos. Para colocar una tolva, usa el botón de Place Block mientras apuntas hacia la superficie hacia la que quieres colocar la salida (las tolvas no se orientan automáticamente, tendrás que seguir este proceso para colocarla correctamente). Para colocar una tolva directamente sobre la superficie de un bloque con la que interactuar, el jugador puede sneak mientras coloca la tolva. Al intentar colocar una tolva en la cara inferior de un bloque lo colocará mirando hacia abajo. Algunos bloques, como el horno o el soporte para pociones, hacen que la tolva tenga varias funciones añadidas. La tolva no puede cambiarse de orientación una vez se coloca, y no está unida al contenedor hacia el que apunta; eso significa que se puede eliminar o cambiar dicho contenedor, sin que la tolva se vea afectada.

Las tolvas no pueden ser movidas por pistones.‌[Solo Java Edition] A pesar de no ser un bloque sólido, los bloques pegados tales como raíles, palancas o polvos de redstone pueden colocarse encima de las tolvas pero no en sus laterales.

Contenedor[]

Hopper GUI showing the hopper's five slots of inventory at the top and the player's inventory below.

La tolva se puede usar como contenedor con 5 espacio de inventario para almacenar objetos.

To open the hopper GUI, use the Use Item/Place Block control. To move items between the hopper inventory and the player inventory or hotbar while the hopper GUI is open, drag or shift-click the items. To exit the hopper GUI, use the Esc key, B button or circle button, depending on the device.

By default, the GUI of a hopper is labeled "Item Hopper". A hopper's GUI label can be changed by naming the hopper in an anvil before placing it, or, en Java Edition, by using the data command (for example, to label a hopper at (0,64,0) "Steve's Hopper", use /data merge block 0 64 0 {CustomName:'"Steve's Hopper"'}).

En Java Edition, a hopper can be "locked" (or subsequently unlocked) by setting the hopper's Lock tag with the data command. If a hopper's Lock tag is not blank, the hopper cannot be accessed except by players holding an item with the same name as the Lock tag's text. For example, to lock a hopper at (0,64,0) so that only players holding an item named "Steve's Key" can access the hopper, use /data merge block 0 64 0 {Lock:"Steve's Key"}. Powering a hopper with redstone also locks it so that items cannot enter or leave it. In any edition, hoppers can be chained to form “conveyors” which isn’t recommended because large amounts of hoppers cause lag.

Ingrediente de fabricación[]

Se puede usar una tolva para fabricar una vagoneta con tolva.


Componente de redstone[]

Véase también: Redstone circuit y Redstone components § Hopper

Flowchart of hopper logic

A hopper's behavior is the opposite of most redstone mechanisms as a redstone signal turns the hopper off rather than turning it on. Because of this reverse behavior, a hopper is actually turned off when it is activated (it receives a redstone signal). To avoid confusion over the terms activated and deactivated, powered hoppers are often described as being locked and unpowered hoppers described as being unlocked (as previously mentioned). Hoppers do not push/pull in the same redstone tick that they are unlocked; they have a 1 tick delay before continuing to push/pull items.

Hoppers can be powered by soft powered blocks, meaning a redstone dust trail pointing into a block touching the hopper locks it just as effectively as a redstone block or any other power component touching the hopper.

An unlocked hopper has three functions:

  • Collect item entities (free-floating items in the world) into its inventory from the space above it
  • Pull a single item into its inventory from a container above it
  • Push a single item from its own inventory into a container it faces

A hopper with a container above it, such as a furnace, chest, or another hopper, cannot collect dropped items; for run-time efficiency, the hopper's code doesn't check for floating items. Dropped items can still be collected from a hopper with a regular block above it, however. En Java Edition items are gathered from the entire 1 block space above the hopper, meaning that items sitting on partial blocks such as soul sand directly above a hopper can be collected. En Bedrock Edition items are gathered from the lower 3/4 of the block space above the hopper, so items sitting on a lower slab or bed can be collected while items sitting on an enchanting table or horizontal grindstone cannot.[1] (Moreover, soul sand is a full block in Bedrock Edition.[2]) It is also possible for a hopper to collect items from inside a full, solid block, a situation that might come from items rising up through solid blocks or being summoned. Item entities are not collected when they are outside of the collection area however; for example, items on top of a stone block directly above a hopper are not collected.

En Java Edition, if there is no container above the hopper, then the hopper collects dropped items in the order in which they landed on the hopper. This order is remembered even while a hopper is locked. For instance, if a hopper is locked under a carpet while a fully equipped armor stand is broken above it, then it always collects items in this order when it is unlocked: armor stand, boots, leggings, chestplates, helmets. This is due to the order in which these items land.Verify En Bedrock Edition, hoppers do not remember the order in which items land on the hopper. Instead, hoppers with multiple dropped items above them collect the items in the order in which they entered the chunk in which the hopper is located. Items that drop from a broken armor stand are collected in a random order.[3]

Hoppers usually check for dropped items every game tick and they can collect items even before they are picked up by a playerVerify or destroyed by lava. However, en Bedrock Edition hoppers have a "collection cooldown" time. After collecting an item (or stack of items), a hopper waits 4 redstone ticks (0.4 seconds, barring lag) before attempting to collect again.

Hoppers also have a "transfer cooldown" time. After pulling and/or pushing items, a hopper waits 4 redstone ticks (0.4 seconds, barring lag) before pulling or pushing again (a transfer rate of 2.5 items per second, barring lag). A hopper that has an item pushed into it from another hopper also starts a 4 tick cooldown period, regardless of whether it pushed or pulled items itself. Item entities can be collected at any time without affecting the transfer cooldown time. The transfer cooldown and the Bedrock Edition collection cooldown are independent of each other.

Hoppers collect groups of items all at once rather than collecting them as single items one at a time. As a result, hoppers can collect item entities much faster than they can pull items from a container. Pulling from a moving minecart with chest or minecart with hopper is even slower, since the minecart is not always above the hopper.


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Item pushes and pulls are processed in the same game tick, but pushes are processed before pulls. In the schematic, the empty hopper first pulls an item from chest A as it cannot push anything into chest B. After the cooldown, the hopper first pushes its item into chest B before pulling another item from chest A, both pushing and pulling in the same tick, and the process repeats. The hopper stops pulling when A is empty, and stops pushing when B becomes full.

A hopper always tries to push, pull, and collect items using the leftmost available slot. When a hopper is removing items from a chest, the items disappear from left to right. Similarly, when filling up a chest, the chest fills up from left to right. Hoppers prioritize pulling from the first slot of a container over pulling into the first hopper slot. If a hopper has stone in its first slot and nothing in its second while the container it is pulling from has chicken in its first slot but stone in the second, the hopper pulls the chicken from the first slot of the container into its empty second slot. However, if the hopper is unable to pull the chicken, such as if all slots are filled with stone, the hopper pulls the stone from the second slot of the container instead. Similarly, hoppers prioritize pushing from their first slot over pushing into the first slot of a container. If a hopper has stone in its first slot and chicken in its second while the container it is pushing to has chicken it its first slot but stone in the second, the hopper pushes stone from its first slot into the second slot of the container.

Some containers interact with hoppers in specific ways:

Composter
Hoppers above composters can push compostable items into the composter's top face with a chance of increasing the level of the composter as if the player used the item on the composter. Items that are not compostable cannot be pushed into the composter. Hoppers below the composter can pull bone meal when the composter is in stage 8, emptying the composter and resetting it to stage 0. Hoppers to the side of a composter do not interact with it.
Brewing Stand
A working hopper on the top face of a brewing stand deposits only into the ingredient slot and it can push only valid brewing ingredients. A hopper on side face of a brewing stand can deposit only blaze powder or filled bottles into the three brew slots. A hopper underneath a brewing stand always extracts from the three brew slots, whether brewing is finished or not—The hopper must be locked to allow potions to finish brewing.
Chest
Trapped Chest
Large chests and large trapped chests are treated as a single container: A hopper depositing into a large chest fills up the entire chest and a hopper underneath a large chest empties the entire chest. Trapped chests being accessed by a player lock any adjacent hoppers, per the standard behavior of a hopper next to an active power source.
Furnace
Blast Furnace
Smoker
A working hopper pointing into top of a furnace deposits only into the ingredient slot. It can push any item, including items that can't be smelted by the furnace. A hopper pointing into the side of a furnace deposits into the fuel slot, and only items that are usable as fuel. A hopper below a furnace pulls everything from the output slot and empty buckets from the fuel slot left over from using lava buckets as fuel. When a hopper removes items from a furnace, the experience points are 'stored' in the furnace until a player removes at least one smelted item, or the furnace block is broken.
Tolva
A sequence of three or more hoppers, each pushing items into the next, is called a hopper pipe. Working horizontal hopper pipes simply push items into each other at the expected rate of 2.5 items per second, but vertical hopper pipes are more complicated, as the hoppers are trying both to pull and to push. When a vertical pipe pulls from a single container, it simply transfers items at 2.5 items per second because the transfer rate is limited by the first hopper pulling items from the container. If a stack of items is in a vertical pipe, the items can be transferred twice as fast, because the hopper with the item stack is pushing items down while the hopper below it is also pulling items down.
A redstone comparator measuring the fullness of a hopper in a hopper pipe usually reads a continuous stream of items instead of blinking on and off as each item passes, but because pulls and pushes both occur in the same game tick, certain hoppers in a vertical hopper pipe may never power comparators even with a continuous stream of items: Their items get pulled out a single game tick after they're pushed in, which isn't measurable by a comparator—En Java Edition, comparators need measurements of at least 1.5 redstone ticks to produce a reading.
Minecart with Chest
Minecart with Hopper
Unlocked hoppers fill chest minecarts and hopper minecarts if any part of the entity's hitbox is within the hopper's target block-space. Hopper minecarts try to pull items from the hopper at high speed. Hoppers can pull items from minecarts above them so rails can be placed directly on the top faces of a hoppers. If a detector rail is in the right position, it could lock the hopper per standard redstone-hopper behavior.
Jukebox
En Bedrock Edition, discs play instantly when inserted.
Shulker Box
Las tolvas no pueden colocar cajas de shulker en otras cajas de shulker. Esto permite la creación de filtros para objetos.
Aparte de eso, las tolvas interactuan con las cajas de shulker de manera normal.
Lectern
Hoppers cannot remove or place books on lecterns. The redstone pulse emitted from a lectern when a page is turned can temporarily lock hoppers.
Ender Chest
Las tolvas no pueden interactuar de ninguna forma con cofres de ender.
Barril
Dispensador
Dropper
Hoppers interact normally with Barrels, Dispensers and Droppers.

A disabled hopper does not collect, pull or push items, but may receive items from dispensers, droppers and other hoppers, and may have its items removed by another hopper beneath it. To stop item transfer in a horizontal hopper pipe, only one hopper must be disabled, but to stop item transfer in a vertical hopper pipe, it is necessary to disable two hoppers in a row, because if a single hopper is disabled, the hopper above can still push items into it and the hopper below can still pull items from it.

Sonidos[]

Plantilla:Sound table/Block/Metal

Valores de datos[]

ID[]

Java Edition:

NombreID con espacio de nombresFormaClave de traducción
Hopperhopper Bloque y objetoblock.minecraft.hopper
NombreID con espacio de nombres
Block entityhopper

Bedrock Edition:

TolvaID con espacio de nombresID numérico FormaClave de traducción
Blockhopper 154Bloquetile.hopper.name
Itemhopper 410Objetoitem.hopper.name
NombreID de partida guardada
Block entityHopper

Metadatos[]

Véase también: Data values

En Bedrock Edition, a hopper uses its block data to specify its orientation and activation status.

Tolva/DV

Estados del bloque[]

Véase también: Block states

Tolva/BS

Datos del bloque[]

Véase también: Block entity format

A hopper has a block entity associated with it that holds additional data about the block.

Tolva/BE

Logros[]

Icono Logros Descripción en el juego Requerimientos reales (si difieren) Puntaje de jugador obtenido Tipo de trofeo (PS)
100pxFreight StationUse a Hopper to move an item from a Chest Minecart to a Chest.15GBronce
100pxSmelt Everything!Connect 3 Chests to a single Furnace using 3 Hoppers.Be within the range of three chests connected to a Furnace with 3 Hoppers.15GBronce

Vídeo[]

Historial[]

Java Edition
1.513w01aHopper (D) JE1.png Hopper (N) JE1.png Hopper (E) JE1.png Hopper (S) JE1.png Hopper (W) JE1.png Hopper (None) JE1.png Added hoppers.
Hoppers with the damage value of 1, which are obtainable only through world editing, point in no direction. It may be possible that they point in the upwards direction, and that the final cuboid is simply concealed within.
Hopper (item) JE1.png There is currently a temporary "work in progress" sprite for hoppers in the inventory.
Hoppers can be crafted from a chest and stone blocks with the following recipe:
13w01bRails can now be placed on top of hoppers.
Hoppers no longer load items into minecarts without chests.
13w02aHopper (item) JE2 BE1.png The inventory sprite of hoppers has been changed.
Hopper (item) 13w02a.png However, the item of hoppers appears bugged if dropped or placed in an item frame.[4]
Applying a redstone signal to a hopper now deactivates the hopper until the signal is removed.
Hoppers can no longer be used as fuel in a furnace.
Hoppers are now crafted using 5 iron ingots rather than 5 stone blocks.
Hoppers now pull only from the output slot of furnaces.
Hoppers now output 1 signal strengh per 1/3 of a stack (21 items) when interacting with a redstone comparator.
Hopper (D) JE2 BE1.png Hopper (N) JE2 BE1.png Hopper (E) JE2 BE1.png Hopper (S) JE2 BE1.png Hopper (W) JE2 BE1.png Hopper (None) JE2.png The texture of hoppers has been given a unique texture. Hoppers no longer use the cauldron texture. Note that the top texture does not rotate with facing direction.
The preferred tool is now a pickaxe, rather than the axe.
13w02bHoppers now treat large chests properly, no longer needing two hoppers connected to them to fill up the entire inventory.
Hoppers no longer take items from containers when powered via a redstone current.
Hoppers now display correctly as a dropped or frame item.
13w03aHoppers are now used to craft a minecart with hopper.
Hoppers can now empty a minecart with hopper.
13w04aThe transfer rate of hoppers has been changed from 7 to 8 game ticks per item (2.5 items per second).
1.5.1preHoppers now take empty buckets out of furnace fuel slots.
1.8?Hoppers no longer generate multiplayer lag when idle.
14w25aHopper (N) JE3.png Hopper (E) JE3.png Hopper (S) JE3.png Hopper (W) JE3.png[se necesita más información] The top texture of hoppers now rotate according to the direction it faces.
14w31aHoppers now no longer use wood sounds.[5]
1.915w33cA hopper now generates as a part of the end ship in the end cities.
15w41aEnd ships no longer contain a hopper.
15w43aLoot tables have been added; hoppers can now use loot tables.
1.9.1pre1A hopper can now push into and pull items from a blocked chest.
1.1317w47aPrior to The Flattening, this block's numeral ID was 154.
1.1418w43aHopper (D) JE3 BE2.png Hopper (N) JE4.png Hopper (E) JE4.png Hopper (S) JE4.png Hopper (W) JE4.png
Hopper (item) JE3 BE2.png The textures of hoppers have been changed.
19w03cHoppers now use correct cullface arguments, and some redundant faces have also been deleted.
Pocket Edition Alpha
v0.14.0build 1Hopper (D) JE2 BE1.png Hopper (item) JE2 BE1.png Added hoppers.
v0.15.0build 1Hoppers can now be moved by pistons.
Bedrock Edition
1.10.0beta 1.10.0.3Hopper (D) JE3 BE2.png Hopper (item) JE3 BE2.png The textures of hoppers have been changed.
Legacy Console Edition
TU19CU7 1.12 Patch 11.0.1Hopper (D) JE2 BE1.png Hopper (item) JE2 BE1.png Added hoppers.
1.90 Hopper (D) JE3 BE2.png Hopper (item) JE3 BE2.png The textures of hoppers have been changed.
New Nintendo 3DS Edition
0.1.0Hopper (D) JE2 BE1.png Hopper (item) JE2 BE1.png Added hoppers.

Gallery[]

Issues[]

Los problemas relacionados con "tolva" se mantienen en el rastreador de problemas. Informar (en inglés) en esta página sobre los errores que encuentres.

Curiosidades[]

  • A real-life hopper is a large, pyramidal or cone shaped container used in industrial processes to hold particulate matter, like dust, gravel, nuts, seeds etc. and can then dispense them from the bottom
  • A Hopper can transfer 9000 items/hour or 150 items/minute.

Referencias[]


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