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Para la mecánica usada con piglins, véase Trueque.

El menú actual de comercio en Java Edition.

El menú actual de comercio en Bedrock Edition.

Una tabla de referencia del comercio de aldeanos y el trueque de Piglins a partir de 1.17. Los comercios pueden ser diferentes en Bedrock Edition.

El sistema de comercio es una mécanica de jugabilidad que permite a los jugadores comerciar esmeraldas por objetos (y viceversa) con aldeanos al igual que los vendedores ambulantes.

Mecánicas

Presionando uso en un aldeano adulto con una profesión o en un vendedor ambulante abre un menú. Permite a un jugador comerciar con un aldeano o un vendedor ambulante. Todas las transacciones involucran esmeraldas. Los aldeanos compran o venden productos para esmeraldas y los vendedores ambulantes venden artículos por esmeraldas, pero no compra artículos. Trading is the only legitimate method of acquiring the globe banner pattern,‌[Solo JE] woodland explorer maps, ocean explorer maps and dripleaves in Survival mode. It is also the only renewable way to obtain bell, diamond gear[1], lapis lazuli[Solo BE], bottle o'enchanting, glass, brick[Solo BE], terracotta[Solo BE], sand, red sand and coral blocks.

Villagers have five career levels that can be increased by trading with them. Each villager starts at the "novice" level. A villager's level can be seen in the trading menu. The badge they wear can also be identified: stone for a novice, iron for an apprentice, gold for a journeyman, emerald for expert, and diamond for master. Trading until the villager's trading bar gets full unlocks the next level of trades. When a player trades with a villager, both the villager and the player gain experience. All villager trades reward the player with 3–6 experience, or 8–11 experience if the villager is willing to breed. Trading with a wandering trader also rewards the player some experience, although the trader does not have experience level to gain. A villager levels up when its experience bar becomes full and gains up to two new trades, along with keeping their old ones. Additionally, a villager receives a Regeneration effect, and becomes surrounded by purple and green particles for a ten seconds.

Level Badge Name Total Villager experience required
1 Villager badge Novice.png Novice Available from start
2 Villager badge Apprentice.png Apprentice 10
3 Villager badge Journeyman.png Journeyman 70
4 Villager badge Expert.png Expert 150
5 Villager badge Master.png Master 250

A villager's profession dictates the trading pool used to determine its trades. For example, villagers wearing straw hats are farmers, so their trades are based on the Farmer trade pool. Each profession unlocks a pre-defined and finite set of offers. Different professions are assigned to each villager based on their job-site block. This profession is indicated by their appearance and in the trading interface. Novice villagers who have not traded can lose their profession and change back into unemployed villagers if their claimed job site block is removed. Removing and then replacing a job site block can alter the trades offered, and a villager with no experience resets its trades every so often. Once a player trades with a villager, the villager keeps its profession forever and subsequently locks in the offered trades.

Villagers disable an offer after a certain number of trades, the exact number is different for each item and referenced in the tables below. When villagers work at their job site blocks, they activate their offers again, up to twice per day. When an offer is disabled, a red "X" appears in the trading interface, and the villager displays the same particle effect as an offer being created.

Villagers distinguish between data values, so damaged tools cannot be traded in place of fully repaired tools.‌[Solo Bedrock Edition] NBT data, however, is ignored, so the content of a written book does not matter. However, written books can no longer be sold to villagers, and no villagers currently buy any tools that have durability.

Economics

Permanent discounts (observed prices may be higher or lower due to other temporary factors)

En Java Edition, villagers can have a maximum of 10 trades. Each level unlocks a maximum of two new trades. If a level can pull from more than two trades, the two offered trades are chosen randomly from the set.

En Bedrock Edition, villagers have 8–10 trade slots. Some slots with multiple possible trades display only one trade; for example, farmer villagers have 4 potential trades in their first trade slot, so each trade has a 14 chance to be chosen.

Each trade can be used a maximum number of times, after which the trade becomes disabled. Once trades are disabled, villagers must work at their corresponding job site block to resupply their trades.

The price of an item rises and falls depending on three factors. Items with a high price multiplier (0.2) are affected by these changes more than items with a low multiplier (0.05). All price fluctuations affect only the first item involved in trade; for example, for an initial trade of 32 sticks for 1 emerald, the price might be driven down to 1 stick or up to 64 sticks for 1 emerald, but never for 2 emeralds. Additionally, no quantity can go lower than 1 or higher than the stack size.

The first factor is demand. An item that was sold out gets a price increase for all players when resupplied. If a player does not trade for a higher-priced item, the price is reduced the next time villager resupplies. Demand is tracked per item, not per villager, so a villager can offer a higher-priced trade for a single item while other items are cheaper. Trades that have a price multiplier of 0 are not affected by demand.

The second way to affect prices is the Hero of the Village effect, which temporarily reduces prices for the affected player depending on the level of the effect.

Finally, players get personal discounts or fines based on their reputation with that particular villager. A positive reputation is gained by curing zombie villagers (the villager that was cured gives a permanent discount much larger than the temporary discount in nearby villagers). To cure a zombie villager, a player must splash it with a splash potion of weakness and then feed it a golden apple. The permanent discount is capped at 5 cures, while the temporary discount is capped at 8 cures. En Java Edition, players can also gain negative reputation by hitting or killing villagers, and positive reputation by trading or splashing healing on villagers.

Non-trading villagers

Nitwit

A nitwit shaking its head.

Nitwits are green-coated villagers. They cannot trade, nor can they change profession or gain a profession. If the player attempts to trade with a nitwit en Java Edition, the nitwit grunts and shakes its head.

Unemployed villager

An unemployed villager shaking its head.

Villagers without a job overlays are unemployed and cannot trade. They wear biome outfits without a professional overlay. An unemployed villager gains a profession by claiming an unclaimed job site block. For example, an unclaimed cartography table converts an unemployed villager into a cartographer when the villager claims it, and both the villager and the table emits green particles. An inaccessible (or destroyed) job site block causes the connected villager to lose its profession, but that does not affect the player's popularity in the village. If the player attempts to trade with an unemployed villager en Java Edition, the villager grunts and shakes its head.

Bedrock Edition offers

The villager pictured on the right is from the plains biome. To see villager professions dressed for other biomes, see Professions.

Armorer

Job site block: Blast Furnace

An armorer.

Armorer Economic Trade
Level Trade slot Item wanted Default quantity Price multiplier Item given Quantity Trades until disabled XP given to villager
Novice 1 Coal 15 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
2 Emerald 5 0.2 Iron Helmet 1 12 trades 1
Emerald 9 0.2 Iron Chestplate 1 12 trades 1
Emerald 7 0.2 Iron Leggings 1 12 trades 1
Emerald 4 0.2 Iron Boots 1 12 trades 1
Apprentice 3 Iron Ingot 4 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 10
4 Emerald 36 0.2 Bell 1 12 trades 5
Emerald 3 0.2 Chainmail Leggings 1 12 trades 5
Emerald 1 0.2 Chainmail Boots 1 12 trades 5
Journeyman 5 Lava Bucket 1 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 20
6 Emerald 1 0.2 Chainmail Helmet 1 12 trades 10
Emerald 4 0.2 Chainmail Chestplate 1 12 trades 10
Emerald 5 0.2 Shield 1 12 trades 10
Expert 7 Diamond 1 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30
8 Emerald 19-33 0.2 Enchanted[note 1] Diamond Leggings 1 3 trades 15
Emerald 13-27 0.2 Enchanted[note 1] Diamond Boots 1 3 trades 15
Master 9 Emerald 13-27 0.2 Enchanted[note 1] Diamond Helmet 1 3 trades 30[note 2]
Emerald 21-35 0.2 Enchanted[note 1] Diamond Chestplate 1 3 trades 30[note 2]

Butcher

Job site block: Smoker

A butcher.

Butcher Economic Trade
Level Trade slot Item wanted Default quantity Price multiplier Item given Quantity Trades until disabled XP to villager
Novice 1 Raw Chicken 14 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
Raw Rabbit 4 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
Raw Porkchop 7 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
2 Emerald 1 0.05 Rabbit Stew 1 12 trades 1
Apprentice 3 Coal 15 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 10
4 Emerald 1 0.05 Cooked Rabbit 5 16 trades 5
Emerald 1 0.05 Cooked Chicken 8 16 trades 5
Emerald 1 0.05 Cooked Porkchop 5 16 trades 5
Emerald 1 0.05 Cooked Mutton 4 16 trades 5
Journeyman 5 Raw Beef 10 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 20
Raw Mutton 7 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 20
6 Emerald 1 0.05 Cooked Beef 3 16 trades 10
Expert 7 Dried Kelp Block 10 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30
Master 8 Sweet Berries 10 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30[note 2]

Cartographer

Job site block: Cartography Table

A cartographer.

Cartographer Economic Trade
Level Trade slot Item wanted Default quantity Price multiplier Item given Quantity Trades until disabled XP to villager
Novice 1 Paper 24 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
2 Emerald 7 0.05 Empty Map 1 12 trades 1
Apprentice 3 Glass Pane 11 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 10
4 Emerald
Compass
13
1
0.2 Ocean Explorer Map[note 3] 1 12 trades 5
Journeyman 5 Compass 1 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 20
Emerald
Compass
14
1
0.2 Woodland Explorer Map[note 3] 1 12 trades 10
Expert 6 Emerald 7 0.05 Item Frame 1 12 trades 15
7 Emerald 3 0.05



one of 16 blank Banner

1 12 trades 15
Master 8 Emerald 1 0.05 Flower Charge Banner Pattern 1 12 trades 30[note 2]
Emerald 2 0.05 Field Masoned Banner Pattern 1 12 trades 30[note 2]
Emerald 2 0.05 Bordure Indented Banner Pattern 1 12 trades 30[note 2]

Cleric

Job site block: Brewing Stand

A cleric.

Cleric Economic Trade
Level Trade slot Item wanted Default quantity Price multiplier Item given Quantity Trades until disabled XP to villager
Novice 1 Rotten Flesh 32 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
2 Emerald 1 0.05 Redstone Dust 2 12 trades 1
Apprentice 3 Gold Ingot 3 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 10
4 Emerald 1 0.05 Lapis Lazuli 1 12 trades 5
Journeyman 5 Rabbit's Foot 2 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 20
6 Emerald 4 0.05 Glowstone Dust 1 12 trades 10
Expert 7 Scute 4 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30
Glass Bottle 9 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30
8 Emerald 5 0.05 Ender Pearl 1 12 trades 15
Master 9 Nether Wart 22 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30[note 2]
10 Emerald 3 0.05 Bottle o' Enchanting 1 12 trades 30[note 2]

Farmer

Job site block: Composter

A farmer.

Farmer Economic Trade
Level Trade slot Item wanted Default quantity Price multiplier Item given Quantity Trades until disabled XP to villager
Novice 1 Wheat 20 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
Potato 26 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
Carrot 22 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
Beetroot 15 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
2 Emerald 1 0.05 Bread 6 16 trades 1
Apprentice 3 Pumpkin 6 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 10
4 Emerald 1 0.05 Pumpkin Pie 4 12 trades 5
Emerald 1 0.05 Apple 4 16 trades 5
Journeyman 5 Melon 4 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 20
6 Emerald 3 0.05 Cookie 18 12 trades 10
Expert 7 Emerald 1 0.05 Suspicious Stew[note 4] 1 12 trades 15
8 Emerald 1 0.05 Cake 1 12 trades 15
Master 9 Emerald 3 0.05 Golden Carrot 3 12 trades 30[note 2]
Emerald 4 0.05 Glistering Melon 3 12 trades 30[note 2]

Fisherman

Job site block: Barrel

A fisherman.

Fisherman Economic Trade
Level Trade slot Item wanted Default quantity Price multiplier Item given Quantity Trades until disabled XP to villager
Novice 1 String 20 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
Coal 10 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
2 Emerald 3 0.05 Bucket of Cod 1 16 trades 1
Emerald
Raw Cod
1
6
0.05
0
Cooked Cod 6 16 trades 1
Apprentice 3 Raw Cod 15 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 10
4 Emerald 2 0.05 Campfire 1 12 trades 5
Emerald
Raw Salmon
1
6
0.05
0
Cooked Salmon 6 16 trades 5
Journeyman 5 Raw Salmon 13 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 20
6 Emerald 8-22 0.2 Enchanted[note 1] Fishing Rod 1 3 trades 10
Expert 7 Tropical Fish 6 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30
Master 8 Pufferfish 4 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30[note 2]
9
One of 5 Boats[note 5]
1 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30[note 2]

Fletcher

Job site block: Fletching Table

A fletcher.

Fletcher Economic Trade
Level Trade slot Item wanted Default quantity Price multiplier Item given Quantity Trades until disabled XP to villager
Novice 1 Stick 32 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 2
2 Emerald 1 0.05 Arrow 16 12 trades 1
Emerald
Gravel
1
10
0.05 Flint 10 12 trades 1
Apprentice 3 Flint 26 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 10
4 Emerald 2 0.05 Bow 1 12 trades 5
Journeyman 5 String 14 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 20
6 Emerald 3 0.05 Crossbow 1 12 trades 10
Expert 7 Feather 24 0.05 Emerald 1 16 trades 30
8 Emerald 7-21 0.05 Enchanted[note 1] Bow 1 3 trades 15
Master 9 Tripwire Hook 8 0.05 Emerald 1 12 trades 30[note 2]
10 Emerald 8-22 0.05 Enchanted[note 1] Crossbow 1 3 trades 15[note 2]