Minecraft Wiki
Stone Slab.pngStone Slab.pngSandstone Slab.pngSandstone Slab.pngCobblestone Slab.pngBrick Slab JE3 BE2.pngStone Brick Slab JE3 BE2.pngOak Slab JE5 BE2.pngSpruce Slab JE4 BE2.pngBirch Slab JE3 BE2.pngJungle Slab JE3 BE2.pngAcacia Slab JE3 BE2.pngDark Oak Slab JE3 BE2.pngNether Brick Slab.pngQuartz Slab.pngRed Sandstone Slab.pngRed Sandstone Slab.pngPurpur Slab.png
Double Smooth Stone Slab JE2 BE2.pngSmooth Stone JE2 BE2.pngSandstone.pngSmooth Sandstone.pngCobblestone.pngBricks JE5 BE3.pngStone Bricks JE3 BE2.pngOak Planks JE6 BE3.pngSpruce Planks JE4 BE2.pngBirch Planks JE3 BE2.pngJungle Planks JE3 BE2.pngAcacia Planks JE3 BE2.pngDark Oak Planks JE3 BE2.pngNether Brick.pngBlock of Quartz.pngRed Sandstone.pngSmooth Red Sandstone.pngPurpur Block.png

Double slab: No
Single slab: Partial (blocks light)



Blast resistance

Wood: ?
Stone: ?




Stone: Yes
Wood: Yes
Cobblestone: Yes
Stone Brick: Yes
Purpur: Yes
Quartz: Yes[Console edition only]
All others: No


Yes (64), same type only


Wood: Yes
Stone: No


Single Slab: Itself
Double Slab: 2

Data values

See Data values


See Data values

Slabs are half-versions of their respective blocks.


Stone-type slabs require a pickaxe to mine. Wooden slabs can be mined with anything, but an axe is quickest. Double-slab blocks cannot be acquired by normal means or by /give, though it can be placed with /setblock or /fill.

Block Stone Wood
Hardness 2 2
Breaking time[note 1]
Hand 10 3
Wooden 1.5 1.5
Stone 0.75 0.75
Iron 0.5 0.5
Diamond 0.4 0.4
Golden 0.25 0.25
  1. Times are for unenchanted tools in seconds. For more information, see Haste § Instant mining.

Natural generation[]

Stone slabs can be found naturally in villages lining the roof of blacksmith shops and inside the Butcher's Shop and the Blacksmith where they form counters. They are also found in strongholds where they are used in some of the stairs, ledges and torch pillars. Sandstone slabs can be found naturally in desert villages, desert wells, and desert temples. Double stone slabs can be found in villages, in the butcher's shop and in blacksmiths. A spruce wood slab serves as a table in igloo basements. Oak, birch, spruce, stone and cobblestone slabs can also be found in woodland mansions.


Wooden slabs must be crafted entirely from one type of wood, but by the same token, they keep the type and color of the wood used, thus "Birch Wood Slabs" and so forth.

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Stone Slab Stone

Sandstone Slab Any Sandstone

Cobblestone Slab Cobblestone

Bricks Slab Bricks

Stone Bricks Slab Any Stone Bricks

[[Stone Bricks Slab|6
Wood Slab Matching Wood Planks

Nether Brick Slab Nether Brick

Quartz Slab Any Quartz Block

Red Sandstone Slab Any Red Sandstone

Purpur Slab Purpur Block




Slabs can be placed either right side up or upside-down:

  • Pointing at a block top or the bottom half of a block side will place the slab right side up.
  • Pointing at a block bottom or the top half of a block side will place the slab upside-down.

Crafting ingredient[]

Name Ingredients Crafting recipe
Daylight Sensor Glass +
Nether Quartz +
Any Wood Slab


An example of how upside-down slabs can make redstone travel compactly "up stairs".

Slabs do not block a vertical redstone connection as it is a transparent block.

Slabs are treated as a whole block by other blocks and liquids. Two slabs of the same type can be placed one on top of one another to make a full-size block, but different slab types cannot be mixed in this way.

Redstone can be connected to the wire on the side of the slabs. Redstone placed on top of an upside-down slab can receive signals from an adjacent block of redstone one block lower but cannot transmit signals to it. This is why "ladders" made from upside-down slabs, as pictured to the right, can transmit redstone signals up, but not down.

Mobs see a slab as a full block. Mobs can also spawn on the tops of upside-down slabs and double slabs, but not on lower slabs.

Due to the way blast rays propagate from an explosion, bottom-half slabs provide extremely effective absorption to explosions directly on top of them.

Sneaking only reduces the player's hitbox height to 1.65 blocks, and so does not allow the player to walk over a single slab with one block of air above it, which is 1.5 blocks of space. A player cannot walk from a block of soul sand directly up to a slab without jumping – this applies not just to soul sand, but to any block 78 of a block high or shorter, because the maximum step height of the player is 0.6 of a block. The player can walk off a slab while sneaking, because the sneaking only prevents falling when the distance is higher than one half block.

If a slab is placed underwater, the empty half of that slab's block will appear and act as air. If the slab is upside-down, not only can the player grab a quick breath of air there, but the player can see as clearly as if they were above the surface.

Minecarts on powered rails will not be repelled from a slab. They will, however, be repelled by a slab with a minecart on top.


Wooden slabs can be used as a fuel in furnaces, smelting 0.75 items per slab. In Pocket Edition, they smelt 1.5 items per slab.

Data values[]

The slab blocks use IDs and data values to differentiate between types. They also have block states which will replace data values in the future.


Block ID Name Numerical ID
Double Stone-type Slabs double_stone_slab 43
Stone-type Slabs stone_slab 44
Double Wood Slab double_wooden_slab 125
Wood Slab wooden_slab 126
Double Red Sandstone Slab double_stone_slab2 181
Red Sandstone Slab stone_slab2 182
Double Purpur Slab purpur_double_slab 204
Purpur Slab purpur_slab 205
Pocket Edition
Double Wood Slab 157
Wood Slab 158

Block data[]

See also: Data values

Double stone slabs[]

Block 43
DV Description
0 Double Stone Slab
1 Double Sandstone Slab
2 Double (Stone) Wooden Slab
3 Double Cobblestone Slab
4 Double Bricks Slab
5 Double Stone Brick Slab
6 Double Nether Brick Slab
7 Double Quartz Slab
8 Smooth Double Stone Slab
9 Smooth Double Sandstone Slab
15 Tile Double Quartz Slab (note the underside)
Block 181
DV Description
0 Double Red Sandstone Slab
8 Smooth Double Red Sandstone Slab

The full stone, sandstone, quartz and red sandstone slabs have a top texture on all sides.

Stone slabs[]

Block 44
DV Description
0 Stone Slab
1 Sandstone Slab
2 (Stone) Wooden Slab
3 Cobblestone Slab
4 Bricks Slab
5 Stone Brick Slab
6 Nether Brick Slab
7 Quartz Slab
8 Upper Stone Slab
9 Upper Sandstone Slab
10 Upper (Stone) Wooden Slab
11 Upper Cobblestone Slab
12 Upper Bricks Slab
13 Upper Stone Brick Slab
14 Upper Nether Brick Slab
15 Upper Quartz Slab
Block 182
DV Description
0 Red Sandstone Slab
8 Upper Red Sandstone Slab

Double wooden slabs[]

Block 125
DV Description
0 Double Oak Wood Slab
1 Double Spruce Wood Slab
2 Double Birch Wood Slab
3 Double Jungle Wood Slab
4 Double Acacia Wood Slab
5 Double Dark Oak Wood Slab

Wooden slabs[]

Block 126
DV Description
0 Oak Wood Slab
1 Spruce Wood Slab
2 Birch Wood Slab
3 Jungle Wood Slab
4 Acacia Wood Slab
5 Dark Oak Wood Slab
8 Upper Oak Wood Slab
9 Upper Spruce Wood Slab
10 Upper Birch Wood Slab
11 Upper Jungle Wood Slab
12 Upper Acacia Wood Slab
13 Upper Dark Oak Wood Slab

Block state[]

See also: Block states

Double stone slabs[]


Name Value Description
 seamless true
If true, the top texture is used on all sides.
Smooth Double Stone Slab
Smooth Double Sandstone Slab
Tile Double Quartz Slab
 variantstone Double Stone Slab
sandstone Double Sandstone Slab
wood_old Double Wood Slab (with stone properties, no longer craftable)
cobblestone Double Cobblestone Slab
brick Double Brick Slab
stone_brick Double Stone Brick Slab
nether_brick Double Nether Brick Slab
quartz Double Quartz Slab


Name Value Description
 seamless true
If true, the top texture is used on all sides.
Smooth Double Red Sandstone Slab
 variantred_sandstone Double Red Sandstone Slab


Name Value Description
 variantdefault Purpur Double Slab

Stone slabs[]


Name Value Description
 half top
Where the slab is within its block.
 variantstone Stone Slab
sandstone Sandstone Slab
wood_old Wood Slab (with stone properties, no longer craftable)
cobblestone Cobblestone Slab
brick Brick Slab
stone_brick Stone Brick Slab
nether_brick Nether Brick Slab
quartz Quartz Slab


Name Value Description
 half top
Where the slab is within its block.
 variantred_sandstone Red Sandstone Slab


Name Value Description
 half top
Where the slab is within its block.
 variantdefault Purpur Slab

Double wooden slabs[]


Name Value Description
 variantoak Double Oak Wood Slab
spruce Double Spruce Wood Slab
birch Double Birch Wood Slab
jungle Double Jungle Wood Slab
acacia Double Acacia Wood Slab
dark_oak Double Dark Oak Wood Slab

Wooden slabs[]


Name Value Description
 half top
Where the slab is within its block.
 variantoak Oak Wood Slab
spruce Spruce Wood Slab
birch Birch Wood Slab
jungle Jungle Wood Slab
acacia Acacia Wood Slab
dark_oak Dark Oak Wood Slab



May 17, 2009Slabs suggested on the TIGSource forums.
0.26 SURVIVAL TEST 4 Dirt slab test.
0.26 SURVIVAL TEST 7Half block nearly finished.
0.27 SURVIVAL TEST 10 Stone slabs were introduced to the game.
Stone slabs could be obtained by mining coal ore because of the lack of inventory and crafting.
At the time, slabs were called "stair" blocks before the introduction of what are currently called stairs in Alpha 1.0.0.
0.31January 29, 2010Slabs received a crafting recipe: 3 slabs from 3 cobblestone.
1.3 Added sandstone, wooden, and cobblestone slabs.
These old wooden slabs did not burn, and could only be collected with a pickaxe. Wooden slabs were also are not affected by fire and had a stronger blast resistance than wooden planks, which made them a useful building material.
Before the additional slabs were added, a double stone slab would only yield one slab when broken. Since this update, all double slabs yield 2 of their respective single slabs when broken. Destroying double slabs with TNT, however, still only yields single slabs (when the slabs aren't simply destroyed by the explosion).
Before Beta 1.3 came out, stone slabs were made with cobblestone instead of stone, but this update introduced cobblestone slabs to the game and changed the recipes for pressure plates and stone slabs so that there wouldn't be any conflicting recipes.
1.8 Added the stone brick, bricks, and smooth full half-slab. (Smooth full half-slab was only obtainable through inventory editing at the time.)
The sprinting feature was added in this update. While stairs stopped the player's sprinting at the time, slabs allowed a player to continue sprinting.
Official release types of slabs were now able to be placed upside down and under blocks; these occupy the top half of their block space rather than the bottom half.
The crafting recipe changed so that 6 slabs would be crafted rather than 3. The prior restriction was likely due to the fact that the slab types were differentiated by their damage values instead of by different data values, similar to wood, coal or charcoal, and colored wool.
1.3.112w17a New slabs were added for the four different types of wood planks, replacing the old wooden oak/"stone" slab. These new slabs were vulnerable to fire, and could be collected faster with an axe than with a pickaxe. Wooden slabs already crafted or placed in the world remain the old 'stone' type.
12w21aSandstone slabs now generates in desert temples.
12w25aRedstone (including repeaters, torches, levers, and pressure plates) and rails can now be placed on slabs and stairs positioned upside down.
12w26aMobs can now spawn on upside down slabs.
1.4.212w39aSlabs interact properly with lighting now; when slabs are placed upside down, they now accept light from light sources themselves, and no longer block light to surrounding blocks; they no longer cast the shadow of a full-sized block.[1]
1.4.6November 28, 2012Jeb tweeted a picture of himself crafting nether brick slabs.
12w49a Added nether brick slabs, which causes the smooth stone full half-slab to change its damage value to 43:7
1.5January 22, 2013Jeb states that the smooth stone full half-slab will be re-implemented with a value of 43:8. The smooth sandstone slab will also be implemented, with a value of 43:9. He also stated that they may be obtained legitimately later.[2]
13w01aWooden Slabs can now be used to craft daylight sensors.
13w02a Added quartz slabs. The formerly unused slab type, known as the smooth stone full half-slab (see gallery), was removed from the game. Its data values were replaced with the nether quartz slab.
13w04a The smooth stone full half-slab is re-implemented with a value of 43:8. The smooth sandstone full half-slab is also added, with a value of 43:9. Added acacia and dark oak slabs.
1.814w02aStone brick slabs can now be used to craft chiseled stone bricks.
Stone slabs could be crafted using granite, diorite, andesite, or their polished counterparts.
14w25aDouble Stone slabs and Double Wooden slabs can no longer be obtained as an item.
14w32a Added red sandstone slabs, including full slabs.
Armor stands are crafted using any slab.
14w32bArmor stands can only be crafted using stone slabs.
14w33aStone slabs can no longer be crafted using granite, diorite, andesite, or their polished counterparts.
1.9June 22, 2015Jeb reveals purpur slabs on Instagram, with the words "MINECON 2015 HYPE!"
15w31a Added purpur slabs.
15w43aA spruce slab acts as the middle of a table generated within igloo basements.
1.1116w39aOak, birch, spruce, stone, and cobblestone slabs now generate in woodland mansions.
Pocket Edition Alpha
0.1.0 Added stone slabs.
0.3.0 Added wood (original oak), brick and cobblestone slabs.
0.6.0 Added sandstone and stone brick slabs.
Slabs can be placed on the top half of blocks.
The recipes for crafting slabs gives 6 slabs instead of 3 slabs.
0.7.3 Added quartz slabs
Wooden slabs crafted during and after this update are now flammable. Existing wooden slabs (which have stone properties) are now tagged "Fake Wood Slab" and drop real wooden slabs.
0.8.0build 2 Added birch, spruce and jungle wood slabs.
0.9.0build 1 Added acacia and dark oak wood slabs.
Stone slabs now generate naturally in villages.
Slabs now have the correct name.
build 11Added crafting recipe for jungle wood slabs.
0.12.1build 1 Added nether brick slabs.
0.13.0build 1Wooden slabs are now used to craft daylight sensors.
0.14.0build 1 Added red sandstone slabs.
Pocket Edition
1.0build 1 Added purpur slabs.
Console Edition
TU1CU11.0Patch 1 Added stone, wood (original oak), sandstone and cobblestone slabs.
TU5 Added stone brick and brick slabs.
TU9 Added birch wood, spruce wood and nether brick slabs.
Wooden slabs crafted during and after this update are now flammable. Existing slabs (which have stone properties) are not stackable with the new slabs.
TU12 Added jungle wood slabs.
Slabs can be placed upside down. Items can be placed directly on upside down slabs.
TU141.04 Added quartz slabs.
Changed placement of half blocks & other blocks on half blocks.
Changed placement of upside down slabs.
TU27CU151.18 Added acacia and dark oak wood slabs to the creative inventory.
TU46CU361.38Patch 15 Added purpur slabs.


Issues relating to “Slab” are maintained on the issue tracker. Report issues there.


  • Slabs let a small amount of light pass through their edges. This light is only visible with Smooth Lighting is turned on, and does not affect mob spawning or other light-dependent processes.
    • The exception of this is that any light directed through a slab does not affect any block's light values north of the source.