Minecraft Wiki
Advertisement
Minecraft Wiki
Bedrock Edition
Mclogo.svg
Author(s)
Platform(s)
Native

Windows 10AndroidiOSFire OSAmazon Fire TV

Backward Compatible

Discontinued

Windows PhoneApple TVGear VR

Written in

C++[6]

Latest version

Release: style="background-color: #FFC7CE; color: #9C0006;" |bedrock
Beta: style="background-color: #FFC7CE; color: #9C0006;" |bedrock-beta

Released
Android 5.0+
August 16, 2011 (Xperia PLAY only - 2.1+)[7][8]
October 7, 2011[9]
January 30, 2013 (2.3+)[10]
December 19, 2013 (3.0+)[11]
October 11, 2015 (4.2+)[11]
June, 2021 (5.0+)[12]
iOS/iPadOS 10.0+
November 17, 2011
August 15, 2013 (5.0+)
April 27, 2016 (6.0+)
June 13, 2016 (8.0+)
September 24, 2019 (iPadOS)
June 23, 2020 (9.0+)
November 17, 2020 (10.0+)
Fire OS 3+
September 13, 2012
April 2, 2014 (3+)
Windows 10 Mobile
December 10, 2014
(Windows Phone 8.1)
February 22, 2017
(Windows 10 Mobile)
Fire Phone
27 August 2015
Windows 10
July 29, 2015
Gear VR
April 27, 2016
Fire TV 3rd gen+
December 19, 2016
June, 2021 (3rd gen+)[12]
Xbox One
September 20, 2017
Nintendo Switch
June 21, 2018
PlayStation 4
December 10, 2019
Rating(s)
Size
  • Android: Varies with device[13]
  • iOS/iPadOS: 309.3 MB[14]
  • Fire/Fire Phone: 114.6 MB[26]
  • Windows 10: 556.75 MB[27]
  • Gear VR: 309.3 MB[28]
  • Fire TV: 114.6 MB[29]
  • Xbox One: 479.97 MB[30]
  • Nintendo Switch: 1.1 GB[31]
  • PS4: 224.92 MB[citation needed]
License

Proprietary

Source available

No

Links

Bedrock Edition (also known as the Bedrock editions, Bedrock versions, or just Bedrock) refers to the multi-platform versions of Minecraft developed by Mojang Studios, Xbox Game Studios, and SkyBox Labs and based on the Bedrock codebase. The latest Bedrock Edition version is style="background-color: #FFC7CE; color: #9C0006;" |bedrock.

Although all Bedrock editions are nearly identical, the price[note 1] varies depending on the platform. The Android version costs US$7.49 (£5.41), while the iOS and Fire versions cost US$6.99 (£5.05). PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Fire TV versions cost US$19.99 (£14.45). The Windows 10 version costs US$26.99 (£19.51), and the Nintendo Switch version is the most expensive, costing US$29.99 (£21.68). DLC purchased from the Marketplace on one platform is usable on all other platforms, but the game itself is sold separately on each platform. Xbox Live achievements are not shared between platforms and buying the game on one of these platforms does not get the game on the others. The Xbox One version is also playable to Xbox Game Pass subscribers. The Xbox One and PlayStation 4 versions are playable on Xbox Series X|S and PlayStation 5 respectively via backward compatibility.[32][33] As with all other versions of Minecraft, updates are free of charge.

Bedrock codebase[]

The term "Bedrock Edition" comes from the Bedrock codebase, which was created in the C++ programming language to run on platforms that cannot support Java. Code was added to accommodate differences in the target platforms for such facilities as networking and storage access, though around 90% of the code is used on every platform.[citation needed] This common core of functionality is called the "Bedrock engine", but the engine itself has no independent physical existence.[citation needed]

The codebase resides within a software system that manages the pieces of code and tracks their evolution. This allows the codebase to host not only the current version but all past versions, the standalone Bedrock Dedicated Server (BDS) versions, and several Beta versions simultaneously with no conflicts.

Target platform builds are created individually, then transmitted to the platform's app store. Most stores have their own compliance requirements and subject the incoming edition to a series of certification tests before making it available for download. Xbox Game Studios attempts to synchronize availability across stores, but the certification process is not under their control and can delay an edition's availability on a certain platform, especially if it fails certification and has to go back to the developers for a fix.

Nomenclature[]

The name "Bedrock Edition" is not the official name of any edition of the game. Starting with the Better Together Update, all Bedrock editions of Minecraft have been named simply Minecraft. Before then, they each had a subtitle identifying the target platform, including Pocket Edition (for all mobile platforms), Windows 10 Edition, Gear VR Edition, and Fire TV Edition. The earliest of these was Pocket Edition, also known as "MCPE" or "PE", and these names were (and still are) sometimes used to refer to all the Bedrock editions, possibly even including those that were introduced after the renaming occurred.

The renaming of the Bedrock editions to Minecraft with no "Edition" subtitles created confusion in the community for several reasons:

  • This name had until then referred to the version now known as Java Edition, which is not a Bedrock edition. The Java version was renamed to Minecraft: Java Edition at the same time the Bedrock editions were renamed to Minecraft, so for a while any use of the name was hopelessly ambiguous.
  • Although officially named just Minecraft, the Bedrock editions for consoles are marketed as Minecraft for Xbox, Minecraft for PlayStation 4, and Minecraft for Nintendo Switch.[34][35][36] These names are similar to the Legacy Console Editions on the same platforms, styled as Minecraft: Xbox One Edition, Minecraft: PlayStation 4 Edition, and Minecraft: Nintendo Switch Edition, leaving many confused about the differences between the two versions.
  • The term "Minecraft" was (and still is) also commonly used to refer to the game in general.

Together, these complications made the official name Minecraft useless for referring to the Bedrock editions collectively. The editors of this wiki, however, needed such a term in order to describe the functioning of the Bedrock engine across all editions, so despite there not being a real Bedrock Edition, the wiki chose to use this as a term of art. Subsequently, the community adopted it as well and it is now the de facto standard term for referring to all the Bedrock editions collectively.

Gameplay[]

See also: Bedrock Edition exclusive features

The objective of the game remains the same as its Java Edition and Legacy Console Edition counterparts, where players can build virtual realities in a sandbox-like environment. Like them, Bedrock Edition has survival elements such as hunger and brewing, and the Nether and the End dimensions. The multiplayer mode is cross-platform compatible between all supported devices.[37]

Bedrock Edition differs from Java Edition and Legacy Console Edition in a variety of ways, such as more saturated graphics, different terrain generation, some exclusive items, and an official add-on system.[38] The HUD and other elements vary for each relevant device. Players can interact with the game via keyboard and mouse, touchscreen or controller.

Differences from Java Edition include:

  • Some mobs have some sort of difference from their Java Edition counterparts.
  • Multiplayer allows for 4 ways of player connection:
    • LAN, allowing for 8 or more players to be on a single world
    • Realms
    • a user-created external server
    • A Microsoft Account
  • A list of "featured" (Mojang Studios partner) servers, offering predefined multiplayer mini-games in a Minecraft setting, is also provided.

Some features of Bedrock Edition are available only on certain platforms.

  • Virtual reality is available only on Gear VR, Windows 10 and PlayStation 4.
  • Importing or exporting worlds is supported only on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile.
  • Joining servers through IP isn't supported by PlayStation 4, Nintendo Switch or Xbox One.
  • Playing with friends using Xbox Live is available only on Windows 10 and Xbox One.
  • Windows 10 Edition supports multiple different control types. Xbox One gamepads, keyboards, or a touchscreen can be used if attached.

Compatible devices[]

Android iOS/iPadOS Windows 10[39]
Minimum version Android 5.0[39]
  • Latest version: Android 5.0
  • Until 1.16.201: Android 4.2
  • Until 0.12.1: Android 3.0
  • Until 0.8.0: Android 2.3
  • Until 0.5.0: Android 2.1
iOS 10.0[39]
  • Latest version: iOS 10
  • Until 1.16.50: iOS 9
  • Until 0.14.3: iOS 6
  • Until 0.14.1: iOS 5
  • Until 0.7.2: iOS 4.3.3
Windows 10 version 1803 (build 17134.0) or higher
Processor Any with support of floating-point calculations ("ARM-v7a code") and Neon[40] Dual-core A6 processor or better

Intel Celeron J4105 | AMD FX-4100 (Intel i7-6500U | AMD A8-6600K recommended)

Video card Not applicable

Intel HD Graphics 4000 | AMD Radeon R5 (NVIDIA GeForce 940M | AMD Radeon HD 8570D recommended) (Minimum RTX 2060 For RTX)

Graphics Any with support of OpenGL ES 2.0

DirectX12FL11

RAM memory

768MB

512 MB minimum

4 GB (8 GB recommended)

Storage 300 MB (100 MB to 1GB is the max to save a map)
Data connection Optional (Realms access)
Supported devices Most Android phones and tablets
  • iPhone
    • iPhone 5 or later
  • iPod Touch
    • iPod Touch (6th gen or later)
  • iPad
    • iPad (4th gen or later)
    • iPad mini 2 or later
    • iPad Air (all models)
    • iPad Pro (all models)
Most PCs and laptops

Some devices below these specifications have been known to work fine either with or without custom ROM images, kernels, and overclocking of the CPU. The MSM7227 CPU is not supported due to its lack of the floating-point unit.[41] The "Tegra 2" processor is also not supported because it lacks support for Neon.

Development[]

See also: Pocket Edition§ Development

Release[]

A video of an early prototype was released on Twitter, showing the game on the Xperia PLAY. The Alpha version was later released, and was released for different platforms on October 7, 2011. The non-exclusive version was going to be released on September 29 for Android[42] but there were several severe bugs that needed to be fixed; the release was delayed until October 7.

A version for iOS devices was confirmed to be released before 2012 in an interview with Mojang Studios[43] and was subsequently released on November 17, 2011.

Alpha[]

After the initial releases for Android and iOS, updates were released in parallel, with the same features being added for both platforms. During the Alpha stage, various aspects of gameplay were introduced into the Bedrock codebase including: crafting, smelting, more blocks, items, mobs and more game modes to bring it closer to the Java Edition. As the Pocket Edition development team works closely, often blocks released on the Java Edition are released around the same time for Pocket Edition. Certain features were also tested on Pocket Edition before their Java releases, such as beetroots and their related items, and also block models.

During the Alpha phase, the Bedrock codebase was ported to more platforms: first, Pocket Edition was released for Fire on September 13, 2012, and for Windows Phone on December 10, 2014. The Windows 10 Edition Beta was released on July 29, 2015, at a higher price than Pocket Edition. Gear VR Edition was released April 27, 2016 for the same price as Pocket Edition.

Two other versions of Minecraft that are based on the Bedrock codebase, but separate from Bedrock Edition, were also released during this period. Pi Edition is a free and discontinued version of Minecraft for the Raspberry Pi, which was based on an old alpha version of Bedrock. Education Edition was released for Windows 10 and macOS on November 1, 2016.

Full release[]

On November 11, 2016, the full release of the game, version 1.0.0 (dubbed the Ender Update), was announced. It was released on December 19, 2016, along with the Apple TV Edition and Fire TV Edition. Pocket Edition began to receive updates again for Windows 10 Mobile on February 22, 2017.[44]

From version 1.2.0, the Better Together Update, the Bedrock editions no longer have the "Edition" subtitle and are renamed to simply Minecraft.[45] A port of Bedrock Edition for Xbox One was released along with the update, and one for the Nintendo Switch was released digitally and physically on June 21, 2018.[46] PlayStation 4 users received the Bedrock Edition with the 1.14.0 update on December 10, 2019.[47] Owners of the original Legacy Console Edition for these consoles are able to download the new version for free. In October 2020, the Gear VR and Windows 10 Mobile editions of the game were discontinued.[48]

Beta test versions[]

Starting on November 22, 2013,[49] Mojang Studios began to publicly release testing versions of full updates to Android users who opt into the beta program, in order to get major feedback, especially for bug reporting. This enabled the official updates to be considerably more stable.

Versions from 0.8.0 to 0.12.1 required opting into a Google+ group to receive development builds. Players would then see development updates appear as normal updates in the Play Store. On July 17, 2015, the Google+ group was removed due to the amount of spam and advertisements that the group attracted.[50][51][52] On November 3, 2015, the PE Beta team published a dedicated blog[53] that was subsequently used for users to opt into the 0.13.0 beta program and to display changelogs for these development builds.

The Xbox Insider Hub app is used to opt into the beta program on Windows 10 since July 31, 2017, and on Xbox One since August 24. Before the release of the Better Together Update, the Xbox One beta was available only to owners of the digital version of the original Xbox One Edition, and not owners of the disc version.

Players can also test certain features using Experimental Gameplay, a toggle that can be turned on through world settings, but once on it cannot be turned off again in that world.

Sales[]

Minecraft sales data, up to December 2015.

As of December 2013, Pocket Edition (the only Bedrock Codebase edition at the time) had sold 16.5 million copies, while at the same time, the Java Edition had sold 13 million. These calculations came out after the 0.8.0 update.[54] This was considered a huge success, with Pocket Edition outselling both Java Edition and Legacy Console Edition, despite being considered to be the least-developed at the time.

On December 2, 2016, Marsh Davies announced that Pocket Edition had sold over 40 million copies[55] (at the time, Java Edition had sold over 24 million). This statistic included Windows 10 Edition and Gear VR Edition.

Minecraft is also usually in the top 10 and regularly #1 in the App Store's and Google Play's Paid Apps Section in the Top Charts.[56][57]

Platform differences[]

Further information: Compare platform & features

There are several features in Bedrock Edition that are exclusive to certain platforms due to capability restrictions on different platforms. Here is a table of the features that are available only on certain platforms.

Android iOS Fire OS Amazon Fire TV Windows 10 Playstation 4
Export world button Yesbedrock 1.16.230 No No No Yes No No No
RenderDragon No No No No Yes Yes No Yes
Import world button No No No No Yes No No No
Join servers via IP Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Keyboard controls Yes PartialΠρότυπο:Fn Yes Yes Yes Yes PartialΠρότυπο:Fn Yes
Mouse controls Yesbedrock 1.16.230 No Partial Partial Yes Yes No Yes
Shader language GLSL GLSL GLSL GLSL HLSL HLSL GLSL PSSL
Structure block 3D export No No No No Yes No No No
Touch controls Yes Yes Yes No Yes No PartialΠρότυπο:Fn No
VR No No No No YesΠρότυπο:Fn No No YesΠρότυπο:Fn
Gamepad controls Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RTX No No No No Yes No No No
Price (USD) $7.49 $6.99 $6.99 $19.99 $26.99 $19.99 $29.99 $19.99

Πρότυπο:Fnlist

Trivia[]

  • The Bedrock Edition logo is flatter than the Java Edition logo.
  • The button textures are recolored versions of the buttons that are in Notch's unfinished game Legend of the Chambered.

Gallery[]

Footnotes[]

  1. Minecraft is sold in USD by the publishers, conversions vary from different distributors.

References[]

  1. Πρότυπο:Cite
  2. Xbox Game Studios § Subsidiaries
  3. https://skyboxlabs.com/news/skybox-labs-brings-bedrock-version-of-minecraft-to-nintendo-switch/
  4. https://skyboxlabs.com/games/minecraft-nintendo-switch/
  5. https://skyboxlabs.com/games/minecraft-playstation4/
  6. https://twitter.com/jeb_/status/122350670648066049
  7. https://www.mojang.com/2011/08/say-hello-to-minecraft-pocket-edition
  8. The initial general Android release blog post said the minimum version was 2.2, but this was a typo, as shown by this later blog post that mentions both 2.1 & 2.2 as previously-supported versions.
  9. https://www.mojang.com/2011/10/minecraft-pocket-edition-on-android
  10. https://www.mojang.com/2013/01/minecraft-pocket-edition-0-6-0-submitted
  11. a b Determined by viewing the Πρότυπο:Code files of some APKs. See discussion here.
  12. a b Πρότυπο:Article
  13. a b c d https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.mojang.minecraftpe
  14. a b https://itunes.apple.com/app/id479516143
  15. http://amazon.com/dp/B00992CF6W
  16. Minecraft: Pocket Edition PEGI Rating
  17. https://microsoft.com/ru-ru/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  18. https://microsoft.com/de-de/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  19. ACB Rating
  20. https://microsoft.com/zh-tw/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  21. https://microsoft.com/ko-kr/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  22. https://microsoft.com/en-za/store/games/minecraft-for-windows-10-mobile/9wzdncrdzsbb
  23. https://microsoft.com/pt-br/p/-/9wzdncrdzsbb
  24. https://microsoft.com/p/minecraft-windows-10-edition/9nblggh2jhxj
  25. https://www.esrb.org/ratings/35148/Minecraft/ Minecraft ESRB Rating]
  26. https://amazon.com/dp/B00992CF6W
  27. https://microsoft.com/p/-/9nblggh2jhxj
  28. https://oculus.com/experiences/gear-vr/1046887318709554
  29. https://amazon.com/dp/B01NCJDPER
  30. https://microsoft.com/p/-/9NBLGGH537BL1
  31. https://nintendo.com/games/detail/minecraft-switch
  32. https://playstation.com/games/minecraft
  33. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/-/9NBLGGH537BL?rtc=1&activetab=pivot:overviewtab
  34. https://www.minecraft.net/en-us/store/minecraft-xbox-one
  35. https://www.minecraft.net/en-us/store/minecraft-ps4
  36. https://www.minecraft.net/en-us/store/minecraft-switch
  37. Πρότυπο:Cite
  38. https://minecraft.net/addons
  39. a b c https://help.minecraft.net/hc/en-us/articles/360045863292-What-are-the-Device-Requirements-to-run-Minecraft-
  40. Πρότυπο:Cite
  41. MSM7000#MSM7227
  42. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rCcsuPH4vJY
  43. http://unboundgamer.com/_/minecraft-pocket-edition-interview-with-mojang-r393
  44. https://minecraft.net/article/upgrade-windows-phone-players
  45. Πρότυπο:Article
  46. “Minecraft Bedrock edition hits Nintendo Switch on June 21st! Available both digitally and physically at retail, it includes the Mario mash-up pack AND the Better Together update. Already own Minecraft on Switch? You'll be able to update to the new version for free!” – @minecraft, May 11, 2018
  47. Πρότυπο:Cite
  48. Πρότυπο:Article
  49. https://www.mojang.com/2013/11/android-beta-program-for-minecraft-pe
  50. https://twitter.com/missmarzenia/status/621982409140105216
  51. https://twitter.com/missmarzenia/status/621984399349948416
  52. https://twitter.com/missmarzenia/status/621992330313236480
  53. https://twitter.com/missmarzenia/status/661531497527164928
  54. http://theguardian.com/technology/2013/dec/17/mojang-minecraft-pocket-edition-apple
  55. https://minecraft.net/article/pocket-edition-5-years-old
  56. https://apple.com/itunes/charts/paid-apps
  57. https://play.google.com/store/apps/collection/topselling_paid

Πρότυπο:Bedrock Edition